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What shakespeare play is the lion king based on

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The Lion King, or The History of King Simba I - Summer of Shakespeare

Summer of Shakespeare concludes with the classic retelling of the tale of a troubled young prince. No, not that one. Or maybe it is...

Which Shakespeare play is the Lion

What shakespeare play is the lion king based on

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Which Shakespeare play is the Lion

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Hamlet and The Lion King:

A Roadmap for Making Business Strategy Actionable. Businesses need a framework for guiding the mobilization of an organization around its strategic plan. A #8220;roadmap#8221; enables everyone in the business to clearly understand each action and what decisions need to be made, who needs to make them and when. European businesses are often faced with the on challenge of deploying centrally developed business strategies in athena in greek a uniform manner, while at the same time accommodating local customer, market and regulatory differences. It is risky to assume that interpretations and shakespeare king based on adjustments across diverse European business geographies will simply happen. Likewise, it is unwise to Risk Analysis Report for Woolworths Essay, believe that a well-defined business strategy will implement itself. What Play Is The King Based? No matter how well conceived by senior management, business strategy becomes virtually worthless when others in the organization misinterpret it, block it or simply do not know how to act on it. Business leaders and practitioners need a framework for guiding the la belle dame mobilization of an organization around its strategic plan. Such a roadmap enables business leaders and members to clearly understand each element for rolling out a strategy. It details what decisions need to be made, who needs to make them and when. This approach is translated into a project plan, specifying the nature of work in each of the associated phases of what shakespeare play is the king construction.

As shown in Figure 1, the for Woolworths Supermarket Essay five phases of the roadmap are: illustrate, translate, indicate, dedicate and operate. This approach to making strategy actionable assumes that a business is pursuing a strategy that is appropriate and timely. Methods used to develop a business strategy are broad, complex and well beyond the scope of this article. But regardless of the business#8217;s level of what shakespeare play is the king based maturity or the approach with which it executes its strategy, the roadmap is designed to illustrate the elements which a business needs to consider when making strategy actionable. It is not necessarily designed to be prescriptive in terms of the meaning precise sequence in which these elements are addressed. It does, however, acknowledge the is the lion king based inter-dependencies of the elements and can serve as a framework for developing a plan for executing strategy. As the business evolves in the necessary capabilities and systems, the Supermarket Essay roadmap can be more thoroughly integrated into the existing planning cycles. How is value really delivered to customers? In almost any business, products and services for customers are produced not by king on departments, but by processes which tend to cross functional lines.

These are referred to on Bad, as value delivery or core processes. Core processes have all the play lion based elements of the business processes (suppliers, inputs, boundaries, outputs and customers), but are far more significant in scope. They tend to be the way the customers identify with the company. Their effectiveness is directly tied to the extent they can satisfy customer needs and achieve the objectives of the business. Process capabilities and competencies are the key leverage points for achieving business strategies.

It also is important to remember that core business processes allow the various elements of an Comparison Disorder and Schizophrenia, organization to link its activities to the delivery of value to the market. Then, if businesses define themselves in the market based on their core processes, where is it that the rest of the organization can make a difference? The answer lies in support, or enabling processes. These are the critical business activities that are required for an organization to operate, sustain and continually improve. Enabling processes provide their service to core processes, or internal customers. In this way, they provide the inputs, information and resources that #8220;enable#8221; the core processes to deliver value to external customers. If poorly performed, enabling processes can #8220;disable#8221; the core processes from being successful. Examples of enabling processes include recruiting, skills development, marketing, performance management and compensation, information technology, and shakespeare play is the lion based on administrative support services. Just as external customers have demands of products and Writing services, enabling processes are expected to meet internal customer critical-to-quality factors (CTQs). They must have measurement systems to evaluate and shakespeare is the lion king based on continuously improve their ability to meet core process requirements.

Defining and agreeing on the strategy of athena in greek a business is the responsibility of senior leadership. Shakespeare Play Is The Lion On? It is about making choices regarding what processes will be developed to john card, deliver what products and services to what customers. Equally important, the top tiers of leadership must translate strategic objectives into what shakespeare play is the lion king operational terms. They must communicate the athena in greek strategy in a manner that is meaningful to every member of the organization, for these are the what play lion king based on people who must execute the strategy. This requires a business to consider its operations in the context of a whole processes that are designed and linked to one another. Going well beyond a continuous improvement plan to eliminate inefficiencies, this deals with the very identity of the business. One key to building accountability for the strategy is to be able to define the Comparison of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia financial impact of each element of the strategy. In other words, if a business is to attempt a sustained 10 percent increase in what shakespeare based on revenue during the next three years, what is important is that the 10 percent annual growth in sales be translated into a net income figure. The #8220;how#8221; of the increase is what the Comparison of Bipolar and Schizophrenia strategy is all about.

The #8220;by#8221; what means is what the strategy translation is all about. It is critical that leadership define the strategy to this level of detail prior to attempting to communicate it to what shakespeare play king, the business. Athena In Greek? The message must be crafted and communicated in a manner that each stakeholder perceives it to what shakespeare play lion king based on, be relevant to him or her. If this cannot be done, it is a good indication that the athena in greek strategy has not been sufficiently defined or thought out. Shakespeare Lion King On? It can be beneficial to include trusted members from different areas of the la belle sans merci business to shakespeare is the king, help in Essay on Bad Effects the translation process. This insures a cogent message delivered in a consistent way.

Also key to play lion king on, translating strategy is to identify and develop the areas of athena in greek current operations that have the most significant impact on the business#8217;s ability to achieve its strategic objectives. Randomly chosen operational improvement efforts may result in increased efficiencies and elimination of what lion king based on cost and non-value-adding activities, but they may have little or no strategic impact. True strategy is the action of differentiating a business through what it does as much as how it does it. Comparison Of Bipolar Disorder Essay? Differentiation is achieved by what play based on performing value delivery processes in a unique and john card contact complementary fashion. Competitive advantage is sustained by maintaining operational excellence across all value delivery processes. Once operations are prioritized according to strategy, a business can assess the current levels of performance relative to the levels desired. This enables companies to identify the critical cause-and-effect relationships between process actions and desired results. Only then can improvement opportunities be selected based on their ability to leverage competitive advantage. Shakespeare Is The Based On? One key to building accountability for the strategy is to Hemingway's Essay, be able to define the financial impact of each element of the strategy. In order for the strategy to be made actionable, measurement systems and data must be developed to show the link between process performance and the business and customer objectives. Shakespeare Is The Lion Based? The first exercise is to understand the quantification of the strategy.

If the strategy is achieved, what will the business processes be able to deliver? How will they perform relative to what they now deliver, relative to competitors and relative to the desired process goals? Most strategic goals are stated in terms of lagging indicators revenue, operating costs as a percentage of revenue, market share, new sales, even share price. But there are an infinite number of ways to athena in greek, effect those measures some that may be in direct conflict with the desired direction of the business. These lagging indicators are used to define, establish and communicate the what is the based on strategy of the business. The challenge, however, is to direct and coordinate every member of the business into activities that have a cause-and-effect relationship with the desired outcomes of the business. Before anything can be made actionable, one must make sure that it can be measured and quantified. Describing how each particular element of the strategy will be manifest is an effective way to force more clarity into the strategic planning process. If the leadership of the business cannot describe what a particular aspect of the strategy will look like when it is Comparison of Bipolar and Schizophrenia Essay, achieved, how could that translation be expected of the business? Understanding how the business improves on the delivery of value to its customers is only the first step of integrating improvement with strategy.

Management must have real-time information on how well the processes are performing relative to the process performance levels required by the strategy. This can help a company identify what to measure, thus enabling process decisions and adjustments to be based on leading performance indicators. Awareness of the strategy is shakespeare is the lion on, not sufficient to ensure its achievement. Individual accountability must be established at all levels to ensure sufficient focus, motivation and reward. This includes operational and lewis card contact organization development performance indicators as well as more traditional financial and customer satisfaction measures. This step in what is the king based the roadmap is Ernest Hemingway's, designed to create an organizational culture which fosters alignment with every organization department and member. Leaders themselves demonstrate the process and what shakespeare lion king data-based decision-making behaviors that serve as models for the rest of the business. Activities in this phase include:

Engage and make accountable the personnel necessary to achieve, sustain and continuously improve process performance Allocate the right process indicators and measures to the appropriate personnel Design appropriate process performance reporting disciplines and procedures Develop and credit contact implement visual management systems Train and engage personnel and process management teams Link process performance to individual performance management systems. Executive leaders must first recognize that they are not just responsible for the output and costs of their respective functional areas. Each executive must both share accountability for what shakespeare play king based the performance of the value delivery processes and ensure proper integration and coordination of the processes across the business. Process performance defines the extent that a business will win or lose in the marketplace. In the final phase of the roadmap, process management systems are integrated as a decision-making tool and discipline to continually adjust and direct the improvement efforts of the business. Not only does the la belle merci approach compel organization-wide improvement that is linked to achieving strategic business priorities, but it fosters a high-involvement, high performance culture that can become self-sustaining without reliance on external consultants.

Process management systems can vary greatly in terms of complexity and organizational scope. While the effort and resources required to develop variously sized systems can be significant, there are some fundamental aspects that are common to what play, all process management system deployments. It is these fundamental components that can best be addressed using a standardized approach, or roadmap, to assure that the right people are involved in answering the right questions at the right time. It also serves as a framework for the project plan that will effectively manage the Disorder and Schizophrenia Essay many contributions by organization leadership and members. Some of the what based activities associated with the operate phase of the roadmap include: Conduct process and athena in greek process-based performance management systems per design Evaluate process performance and prioritize improvement opportunities Determine appropriate methodologies for addressing improvement opportunities Train, engage and shakespeare is the king based dedicate appropriate personnel in process improvement efforts Assess changes in john lewis credit card contact business environmental conditions (e.g. market, technological, regulatory) and reflect in process management system. Conclusion: Answers for the Right Questions. By having a framework for mobilizing an lion king based on, organization around its strategy, European business leadership can better direct resources to answer the right questions about how a strategy can be deployed in a consistent but flexible fashion across diverse market and cultural geographies.

About the Author: Victor Cascella is la belle sans meaning, a Director with Grant Thornton#8217;s Global Public Sector, and is responsible for developing excellence in mission performance for the firm#8217;s Federal Government clients. As an king based, expert in strategy and operations consulting, he works with executive-level leadership teams to translate business strategies into Comparison Disorder and Schizophrenia operational goals, and helps them develop measurement systems to improve strategic clarity and accountability for is the lion performance. Supermarket Essay? Cascella has worked in a wide range of industries, including government, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, services and financial. He is based in Washington, D.C., and can be contacted at If You Loved This Article, You Might Also Love. Stop this in-your-face notice Reserve your username Follow people you like, learn from. Extend your profile Gain reputation for your contributions No annoying captchas across site. Connect on Twitter. Find us around the web. Copyright iSixSigma 2000-2017. User Agreement.

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Which Shakespeare play is the Lion

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The Lion King and Hamlet: Similarities

mit thesis dspace Associate Director for Technology. Senior Business Strategist. HP External Engagement Manager. DSpace User Support Manager. DSpace Systems Manager. Senior Business Strategist. For the past two years the what play king based on, Massachusetts Institute of Effects of Steroids Technology (MIT) Libraries and Hewlett-Packard Labs have been collaborating on the development of an open source system called DSpace#153; that functions as a repository for the digital research and educational material produced by members of a research university or organization. Running such an institutionally-based, multidisciplinary repository is increasingly seen as a natural role for the libraries and what shakespeare is the, archives of research and la belle merci, teaching organizations. What Play Based On. As their constituents produce increasing amounts of original material in digital formats#151;much of which is never published by traditional means#151;the repository becomes vital to protect the significant assets of the institution and Risk for Woolworths Supermarket Essay, its faculty.

The first part of this article describes the DSpace system including its functionality and design, and its approach to various problems in play is the lion king, digital library and archives design. The second part discusses the implementation of DSpace at MIT, plans for federating the system, and issues of Risk Analysis Report Supermarket sustainability. DSpace Definition, Features and shakespeare is the king on, Functionality. In March 2000, Hewlett-Packard Company (HP) awarded $1.8 million to the MIT Libraries for Comparison of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia, an 18-month collaboration to build DSpace#153;, a dynamic repository for the intellectual output in digital formats of multi-disciplinary research organizations. HP Labs and MIT Libraries released the what shakespeare is the lion king based on, system worldwide on November 4, 2002, under the terms of the merci, BSD open source license [1], one month after its introduction as a new service of the MIT Libraries. As an open source system, DSpace is now freely available to other institutions to run as-is, or to modify and extend as they require to meet local needs. From the outset, HP and MIT designed the system to be run by institutions other than MIT, and to support federation among its adopters, in both the technical and the social sense. The DSpace Federation will be explored in a later section. So what is DSpace? It is an attempt to address a problem that MIT faculty have been expressing to what shakespeare play is the on, the Libraries for the past few years.

As faculty and other researchers develop research materials and scholarly publications in increasingly complex digital formats, there is a need to athena in greek, collect, preserve, index and distribute them: a time-consuming and expensive chore for individual faculty and their departments, labs, and centers to manage themselves. The DSpace system provides a way to manage these research materials and publications in a professionally maintained repository to what play, give them greater visibility and accessibility over time. DSpace was built breadth-first: it supports every function that a research organization needs to run a production digital repository service, but as simply as possible. Essay Effects Of Steroids. The project focus was on building a production quality system. It complements and was influenced by previous research in computer science and digital library architectures [2]. Our goals were to build a system that: would be immediately useful at what play on MIT, and hopefully at other institutions; could be expanded and improved over time; and could serve as a platform for future research. Effects. With the help of developers at other institutions that adopt DSpace under its open source license, we will work to add features and improve the different functions of the system as we learn what users actually want, and how to best support such complex requirements as digital preservation and digital rights management. DSpace is designed to king based on, make participation by dame merci depositors easy.

The system's information model is built around the idea of organizational Communities#151;natural sub-units of an institution that have distinctive information management needs. What Play King On. In the case of MIT (a large research university) Communities are defined to be the schools, departments, labs, and centers of the Institute. Athena In Greek. Each Community can adapt the system to meet its particular needs and manage the what play based, submission process itself. DSpace uses a qualified Dublin Core metadata standard for Hemingway's, describing items intellectually (specifically, the Libraries Working Group Application Profile). Only three fields are required: title, language, and shakespeare play on, submission date, all other fields are optional. There are additional fields for la belle sans merci, document abstracts, keywords, technical metadata and rights metadata, among others. This metadata is displayed in the item record in what on, DSpace, and is indexed for browsing and searching the system (within a collection, across collections, or across Communities). For the Dissemination Information Packages (DIPs) of the OAIS framework, the system currently exports metadata and digital material in a custom XML schema while we work with the METS [3] community to develop the necessary extension schemas for the technical and rights metadata about arbitrary digital formats. DSpace's current user interface is web-based. There are several interfaces: one for submitters and others involved in the submission process, one for end-users looking for information, and one for system administrators. The end-user or public interface supports search and retrieval of items by sans meaning browsing or searching the metadata (all fields for now, and specific fields in the near future).

Once an shakespeare play lion based on item is located in the system, retrieval is accomplished by clicking a link that causes the Writing, archived material to be downloaded to the user's web browser. What Shakespeare Lion King On. Web-native formats (those which will display directly in a web browser or with a plug-in) can be viewed immediately; others must be saved to the user's local computer and viewed with a separate program that can interpret the file (e.g., a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, an SAS dataset, or a CAD/CAM file). DSpace is the first open source digital repository system to tackle the Risk Analysis Report Essay, complex problem of how to accommodate the differing submission workflows needed for a multidisciplinary system. In other words, different DSpace Communities, representing different schools, departments, research labs and centers, have very different ideas of how material should be submitted to DSpace, by whom, and with what restrictions. Who is allowed to lion based, deposit items? What type of items will they deposit? Who else needs to review, enhance, or approve the submission? To what collections can they deposit material? Who can see the items once deposited? All of these issues are addressed by Ernest Hemingway's the Community representatives, working together with the Libraries' DSpace user support staff, and are then modeled in what shakespeare lion on, a workflow for athena in greek, each collection to enforce their decisions.

The system models e-people who have roles in the workflow of a particular Community in what is the lion king based, the context of a given collection. Individuals from the Community are registered with DSpace, then assigned to appropriate roles. For example, a department may choose to have two collections: one for working papers and another for datasets. They may then decide that any member of the faculty can deposit items to either collection directly, and that any member of the athena in greek, general public can have access to these collections. In this example the workflow is very simple, and the only what shakespeare play is the on role is Analysis Report Supermarket that of submitter. In a more complex example, the play lion, same department may have a working paper collection that requires tight editorial control by the head of the department.

In this case, they may choose to again designate all faculty as submitters, but also designate a small group of lewis credit card people as reviewers, an administrative staff person as a metadata editor, and the head of the department as the what play is the lion based on, final coordinator. An item deposited by a faculty member would then go through a process of review, cleanup and approval before finally being deposited to the relevant DSpace collection. Each person with a role to play in this process is notified of the new submission, and goes to a personal workspace in the system to perform their assigned task. Items that do not make it through the process are not archived in the system. DSpace was developed to la belle dame sans, be open source, and in such a way that institutions and organizations with minimal resources could run it. Play Is The Lion On. The system is designed to of Bipolar and Schizophrenia, run on the UNIX platform, and comprises other open source middleware and shakespeare play king, tools, and john credit contact, programs written by the DSpace team. All original code is in the Java programming language. King Based On. Other pieces of the technology stack include a relational database management system (PostgreSQL), a Web server and Comparison and Schizophrenia, Java servlet engine (Apache and Tomcat, both from the Apache Foundation), Jena (an RDF toolkit from HP Labs), OAICat from what play is the lion based on OCLC, and several other useful libraries. All leveraged components and Risk Analysis, libraries are also open source software.

Libraries are bundled where possible (exceptions are described in the installation instructions). The system is available on what is the lion king based on, SourceForge [4], linked from both the DSpace informational web site [5] and Risk, the HP Labs site [6]. While DSpace is open source and freely available, neither MIT Libraries nor HP offer formal support for DSpace adopters. It is what shakespeare play is the lion king on our assumption that institutions that use DSpace will have resources to dame sans merci meaning, use the system, including adequate hardware that runs the UNIX operating system, and a UNIX systems administrator to what king based, install and configure the system [7]. Most institutions using DSpace will also want the services of a Java programmer who can localize and customize for them, or enhance it, although this is not absolutely necessary to Risk Essay, run the lion based, system. As DSpace continues to be improved by staff at HP, the MIT Libraries, and other institutions that adopt it during the coming year, MIT will take responsibility for evaluating and reincorporating these improvements into Disorder and Schizophrenia Essay the main open source system available to the public.

Plans for building a more sustainable open source maintenance strategy through the DSpace Federation will be discussed later. The DSpace architecture is a straightforward three-layer architecture, including storage, business, and application layers, each with a documented API to what shakespeare on, allow for future customization and enhancement. Effects Of Steroids. The storage layer is implemented using the file system, as managed by PostgreSQL database tables. The business layer is what is the lion king based on where the DSpace-specific functionality resides, including the workflow, content management, administration, and search and browse modules. John Lewis. Each module has an API to allow DSpace adopters to replace or enhance that function as desired. Finally, the application layer covers the interfaces to the system: the web UI and batch loader, in particular, but also the what lion king, OAI support and Handle server for resolving persistent identifiers to DSpace items. This is the Disorder, layer that will get much of the attention in future releases, as we add web services for new features (e.g., to shakespeare play is the, support interoperation with other systems) and define Federation services across the range of institutions adopting DSpace. To further its goal of supporting interoperability with other DSpace adopters, and with other digital repositories, preprint, and e-print servers, the system has implemented the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) [8]. DSpace used the OCLC OAICat [9] to accomplish this, and is currently exposing Dublin Core metadata for Essay Effects of Steroids, every item in the system. For material that is restricted to local access, the item metadata is exposed to what play king based, OAI harvesters but the system will enforce the john contact, restriction when a user requests the associated bitstream(s).

DSpace at MIT has recently been added to the OAI registry, and what lion king based, as the system is deployed at other institutions, we intend to investigate what added-value services might be built on top of Ernest Writing this promising piece of infrastructure to work across the Federation. For example, we may examine the possibility of defining and building preprint and e-print collections for what on, a particular academic discipline with individual items distributed among many institutionally-based multidisciplinary repositories, all OAI compliant. One goal of persistent digital repositories is that it be possible to find and retrieve deposited items far into for Woolworths Essay the future. In particular, it is considered crucial that citations to archived material, whether found in printed articles or online, remain valid for long periods. To this end, DSpace chose to implement CNRI handles [10] as the what play is the lion king based on, persistent identifier associated with each item.

The Handle System® covers assignment, management, and resolution of these persistent identifiers (or handles). Although CNRI has not registered with the IETF for Ernest Hemingway's Writing, an official namespace, handles are compliant with the IETF's Uniform Resource Name (URN) specification. Handle resolution can be done using a special client, or handles can be packaged in what is the lion based on, the form of URLs and a proxy server used to resolve these into the handle form, which is, in athena in greek, turn, resolved to the local system location for lion on, the item. This second approach is the one we have taken in DSpace. The main alternative to using handles is to use persistent URLs with HTTP redirection to allow items to move around over time. The long-term viability of these alternatives is john lewis not yet sufficiently understood.

We plan to discuss this decision and its implications with other institutions adopting DSpace over play lion king the coming year, to sans merci meaning, see if the DSpace Federation can support other systems of persistent identification while supporting distributed services. MIT Libraries' DSpace Implementation. DSpace is a system, a tool, and a platform for what shakespeare is the lion king on, collecting, managing, indexing, and distributing digital items. Exactly how it is used, for what sort of digital material, by whom, for how long, and so on, are policy issues to Comparison of Bipolar Disorder, be decided by each organization adopting the system. In order to make the difference between system and policy more transparent, and to shakespeare king on, help other institutions get started, MIT is openly sharing its own policy decisions with regard to DSpace. It is our hope that, while we acknowledge that our policies may not work well for other institutions, and will certainly evolve over time, they may offer guidance to others regarding the depth and breadth of issues that should be considered. At MIT, the original goal of DSpace was to capture the faculty's intellectual output in digital formats: research papers, other documents, datasets, images, audio/visual material, databases, or any other format they deem important. Risk Analysis Report For Woolworths Supermarket. This goal led to two important policies: only faculty research would be accepted (not student material, not institutional records, and not material from non-faculty researchers without sponsorship from faculty), and faculty would choose what would be submitted (within certain general constraints set by the Libraries and shakespeare play king based on, Archives). As a result of discussions with faculty, early adopter Communities, and others, the goal is Comparison of Bipolar Essay unchanged but the policies have evolved.

The first change was in what could be submitted. If a DSpace Community defines a collection that, in order to shakespeare play based on, be useful, should include material authored by non-faculty (or non-MIT faculty) then it can be deposited by that Community as long as the necessary copyright permissions are obtained. La Belle Dame Sans Merci Meaning. The second change was to accommodate material from the MIT Libraries and Archives. What Is The Lion Based On. We will create a Libraries and Archives Community to athena in greek, hold digital collections of material such as e-theses and reformatted images#151;material that is what shakespeare is the based heavily used and represents valuable assets of the Comparison of Bipolar Disorder Essay, institution. Beyond faculty-authored documents and data, another category of material has taken the spotlight for possible support by DSpace: educational material, or Learning Objects.

As course web sites and online teaching and learning environments proliferate, faculty are increasingly creating new and valuable digital material to support their teaching activities. These can take the form of traditional lecture notes, sample exams, and course calendars, but also include things like complex simulations and visualizations, multimedia presentations, or videos of key lectures. As a matter of local policy, the MIT Libraries will accept this type of material and is actively collaborating with two MIT-based projects in this area: the Open Knowledge Initiative (OKI) [11] and OpenCourseWare (OCW) [12]. For OKI, DSpace could serve as an active repository of course content items#151;those items of persistent, ongoing value (e.g., a physics simulation used regularly in shakespeare is the based, various courses). The OKI project is developing APIs to support interoperability across OKI-compliant course management systems and athena in greek, OKI-compliant digital repositories. For OCW, DSpace will collect older course web sites so that courses can be examined and course material found after the course is no longer actively taught. Many questions remain about the appropriate relationship between digital repositories like DSpace and burgeoning online teaching environments, but this area is of such importance to faculty that it cannot be ignored. There are several ways to describe the value of an what shakespeare lion based institutional repository to the faculty who will contribute material, and the administration that will support the effort.

And it is critical to athena in greek, explain those benefits, and to market the service, to both constituencies. As a multidisciplinary repository that represents the scholarship of MIT, DSpace at MIT showcases the what play king on, international prominence of our faculty both individually and collectively. The interdisciplinary content of the credit card, archive should attract a wider audience than a repository dedicated to one individual discipline would; moreover it provides currently lacking service to shakespeare play lion on, the growing body of interdisciplinary research efforts. The ability to lewis card, distribute research results quickly will emphasize the cutting-edge nature of MIT's research, and shakespeare is the lion king based on, supports the mission of the Institute to generate, disseminate, and john credit contact, preserve knowledge [13]. The MIT faculty's research output will be valuable to researchers far into the future, but preserving digital material (publications, datasets, images, visualizations, and so on) is extremely difficult.

To ensure long-term access to this important scholarship the play, MIT Libraries will manage DSpace as a preservation archive, keeping this material accessible, and often immediately usable, far into the future. The Libraries provide guidance in establishing new Communities, and assistance to faculty and others in using the system. DSpace was envisioned by sans merci meaning the MIT Libraries as a continuation of their mission to collect, make available, and shakespeare play based, preserve important scholarly material of all kinds, especially that of MIT's own faculty and research community. The Libraries are working to extend their services in the digital era, to reflect current trends in scholarly communication and education, and to offer new means of distributing research material that are enabled by network technology. Over the past few years MIT has been placing new emphasis on athena in greek, educational technology with initiatives such as OpenCourseWare and Open Knowledge Initiative. Faculty are investing a lot of time and what play lion, effort in creating online educational materials that are valuable assets. DSpace is collaborating with the major educational technology initiatives at the Institute, including OpenCourseWare, so that storing, relocating, reusing and Analysis for Woolworths Essay, repurposing course content becomes reliable and easy. Faculty accustomed to finding documents online, whether published or pre-publication, expect to continue to work with discipline-defined collections. DSpace can store and deliver preprints and eprints from the host institution and what play lion on, could support virtual collections from different academic disciplines by means of federation across large numbers of participating institutions. Where disciplinary archives already exist for an academic community (e.g., the arXiv system at Cornell University [14]) DSpace could be made to Hemingway's Writing, automatically submit copies of relevant documents to these centralized archives during the local deposit process.

Transition Team and Business plan. From the fall of 2001 until spring of lion based 2002, the Libraries formed a DSpace Transition Team consisting of project staff and athena in greek, senior library staff from key departments (e.g., the Archives, collection services, public services, and the systems department). This group was charged with figuring out how to deploy DSpace as a new service of the is the lion king, MIT Libraries: the Essay, necessary policies, staffing requirements, communications strategies, management and governance structures, training plans, and operational requirements. Participation in this group proved to what shakespeare play lion king based on, be a useful vehicle for the library staff to become more familiar with the Comparison of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia Essay, system, and discussions of these various issues were invaluable to what play based on, the development of the production DSpace service. Participating in Risk Report Essay, the Transition Team group were two senior business consultants funded by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to write a formal business plan for a sustainable DSpace system at MIT. Their work consisted of compiling the results of the shakespeare play king based on, transition team deliberations and decisions, incorporating the work into detailed cost information for system operation, and outlining possible revenue options. The major conclusion of this planning process was that DSpace at MIT would be offered as a combination of for Woolworths Supermarket subsidized core services (built into the Libraries' operating budget), and cost-recovered premium services that would allow the Libraries to meet varying unique needs for DSpace from particular Communities (e.g., exceptional amounts of what shakespeare play based disk storage, assistance with metadata creation, or conversion of files to supported formats). With this strategy we have insured that DSpace is an affordable undertaking for the MIT Libraries without compromising the service that can be offered [15]. Recent discussions of digital preservation focus on at least two levels: bit preservation, where a digital file is carefully preserved exactly as it was created without the slightest change, and la belle sans merci, what we'll refer to as functional preservation, where the digital file is kept useable as technology formats, media, and what is the king based on, paradigms evolve.

In the first case, it's very unlikely that the file could still be read or processed by Risk Report for Woolworths Supermarket Essay software after five or ten years have passed, but we assume it's possible for digital archeologists to what lion king on, work with the file to try to unlock its secrets many years later, especially if they have some additional information about the format (e.g., a specification, creation or processing program, user documentation, etc.). In the latter case the Report Supermarket, material is always kept immediately useable (viewable, playable, searchable, or whatever you could do with it originally). Obviously, functional preservation is the more desirable level, but it will come with a price. As a community, our understanding of functional digital preservation is at an interesting juncture: we know how important the need is, we know how it can be done at an abstract level (e.g., format migrations or complex system emulation and so on). But few institutions have actually had to do functional preservation in a production setting on what shakespeare play, large quantities of heterogeneous material. So we have very little information about actual production strategies, costs, user reaction to information loss, or how much technical metadata is needed to support all of this. How does this all relate to DSpace?

The system captures minimal technical metadata to support digital bit preservation (file format, MD5 checksum, creation date), and Comparison of Bipolar Essay, provides descriptive fields to record more information when available. With this metadata and proper production procedures (e.g., high-quality servers and storage devices, good backup and disaster recovery plans), DSpace can support bit preservation so that the material deposited can be delivered to is the on, future users exactly as it was originally received. For some digital formats this may be the athena in greek, best option available#151;for example, an executable program for which no corresponding source code was provided or a format that's so rare (or proprietary) that the based, DSpace host institution has no way of knowing how to provide functional preservation. However, functional preservation is currently a matter of institutional policy, and Essay, will only be implemented more thoroughly in DSpace when we understand more about the production techniques, user requirements, and cost/benefit tradeoffs. In the meantime, each institution running DSpace will develop its own preservation policies which will depend on their submission policies (i.e., whether they accept all file formats or only standard formats like TIFF or AIFF). MIT plans to provide functional preservation for a list of supported formats, listed on the web site and shown to users during the deposit process. Supported formats include those that are documented standards (e.g., TIFF, AIFF, XML) or have published specifications (e.g., PDF, RIFF). The other two categories of support for MIT's DSpace are known and unsupported. What Is The Lion. Known formats are those that are common enough to be familiar and usually quite popular, but which are proprietary in that there are no published specifications on which to lewis credit, base functional preservation. Unsupported formats are those that are either unknown to shakespeare play is the, the Libraries or are extremely rare (e.g., a compiled program, a commercial CAD/CAM file, etc.).

The reason for of Steroids, distinguishing between known and unsupported is that for the former we expect to see commercial conversion programs become available as these formats become obsolete since there are so many files in these formats in existence with many industries dependent on them. If and when such commercial conversion programs emerge, MIT will move these formats into the supported category and offer functional preservation for them. Since the very beginning, the DSpace project intended to make its system open source and to actively promote it to other institutions. Why? There are many reasons for taking this approach: Developing a critical corpus of content that represents the intellectual output of the world's leading research universities Promoting the continued development of the DSpace service through the what shakespeare play is the lion king, open source community Promoting interoperability of archival repositories and long-term preservation of scholarly work. In 2002, MIT formed collaborative partnerships with a small number of other academic research institutions in the US, UK, and Canada, to of Bipolar and Schizophrenia, address some specific questions such as: what will it take to successfully deploy the system at another institution? How much localization, how much customization, and how much time and effort are needed? What services can be defined to what shakespeare is the lion based, leverage the digital collections of these institutions, and how can they be implemented in DSpace? What sort of organization will the athena in greek, Federation become: A consortium? A new membership organization?

An informal and loose collaboration? Should it reside inside MIT, at another institution, or as a completely separate organization? These official partners include: Cambridge University (UK), Columbia University (US), Cornell University (US), Rochester University (US), and the Universities of Ohio (US), Toronto (Canada), and Washington (US). In addition to these formal collaborations, many organizations have downloaded the DSpace system (almost 1,500 since early November) and many of what shakespeare play lion based these are in the process of Essay on Bad Effects of Steroids evaluating it for adaptability to their local requirements. Clearly there is great need for a system like DSpace, and as we explore the definition of the DSpace Federation over the coming year, we hope to get feedback and advice from shakespeare play lion king based many of these institutions about Essay on Bad Effects of Steroids how the shakespeare is the king based, system should evolve and how to make it sustainable beyond MIT.

Moving forward from here, there are many, many questions remaining, but we feel that great progress has been made, and sans merci meaning, we are eager to see how things develop. At MIT we are very pleased and excited to have a platform to begin exploring these issues, both within the Institute and with other institutions that want to advance the agendas of open access to scholarly information and the management and preservation of what is the digital material. At HP we are excited by the role that DSpace can play as a vehicle for exploring and developing standards, and for ongoing research in digital asset management, archival, and preservation systems. Essay Effects Of Steroids. Together we anticipate that DSpace will play an important role in what shakespeare play is the lion based, the future of academic libraries and athena in greek, archives, and shakespeare play is the lion based, we look forward to productive collaboration with other institutions in Essay on Bad Effects of Steroids, this area. The authors would like to thank our sponsors: the Hewlett-Packard/MIT Alliance and the Andrew W. Play Is The Lion Based On. Mellon Foundation. We would also like to thank the previous members of the DSpace project team whose contributions were invaluable, including Eric Celeste, Bill Cattey, Dan Chudnov, Peter Breton, Peter Carmichael, and Joyce Ng.

Finally, we would like to thank the many colleagues at HP, MIT, and the Libraries in particular, who made this project possible. [7] Since the system is written in java in can, in theory, run on other platforms than UNIX but this is john lewis card untested by the DSpace development team.

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Manchester Metropolitan University. You can access information regarding coursework and what king based, coursework submission deadlines via Moodle (in the Assessments area). Within this area you should find the following information relating to Ernest Hemingway's, coursework: The units you are registered for Coursework for shakespeare play lion king based, each unit The type of coursework ie. essay, portfolio, presentation, in Ernest Hemingway's Writing Essay class test etc. Submission deadline(s) for each piece of coursework Number of copies to be submitted Whether it has to lion king based, be run through Turnitin Whether it is a group submission. From the Moodle Assessment area you can: Download and print the relevant coursework cover sheets for your assignments. Go to Coursework Information Site and access My Assignments A list of the Comparison Disorder Essay units for what king on, which you are registered. The units where the athena in greek element of assessment is shakespeare play is the on, coursework.

The submission deadlines for all coursework related to a particular unit. John? The location where the coursework is to be submitted. Any revised submission deadlines where these have been approved by a Faculty Exceptional Factors Panel or via a Personal Learning Plans (PLP). What King Based On? Coursework you have already submitted and the dates submitted. Coursework that has not been submitted or has been submitted late and the date submitted. What do I need to do to submit my coursework? Select the relevant piece of coursework - each piece of coursework will have its own cover sheet. Click ‘Download Cover Sheet’ and print. Attach the cover sheet securely to Risk Essay, your coursework. Does it matter if I print the wrong coursework cover sheet? Yes it does.

Each coursework cover sheet is specific to you and specific to the individual piece of coursework you are submitting. DO NOT submit a coursework cover sheet for another piece of what is the based, your coursework. DO NOT use another student's coursework cover sheet. On Bad Effects Of Steroids? Using the wrong coursework cover sheet could result in is the lion king on a late or non-submission record for that piece of athena in greek, coursework. Contact the Student Hub with the following details if you believe you have submitted the wrong coursework cover sheet. Your name Your MMU ID Unit title, Unit code, piece of assignment title and submission deadline on the incorrect submitted Cover sheet Unit title, Unit code, piece of coursework title and shakespeare king, submission of the correct cover sheet Your Unit Tutor. Can I print off my coursework cover sheet in advance? Yes #150; As long as you are registered on the unit, the coursework cover sheet will be available to download. If I lose my coursework cover sheet will I be able to print another copy? You can print new copies of the athena in greek coursework cover sheet up until your coursework has been submitted and recorded. Once the piece of play lion based, coursework has been submitted and Report Supermarket, recorded in shakespeare play lion based the database, the Download Cover Sheet link is replaced by the date your coursework was submitted.

I need to Analysis Essay, submit more than one copy of the same piece of coursework what do I do? You only shakespeare play king on, need to print off one coursework cover sheet. Secure the copies together (or put in a plastic folder) and athena in greek, attach the coursework cover sheet. The coursework is a group submission what do I do? If submitting as part of shakespeare based, a group, every member of the group MUST print off their own coursework cover sheet Tick the box on sans merci meaning the coursework cover sheet indicating it is a group submission Attach each member of the groups coursework cover sheet to the ONE piece of coursework. I have to submit my work via Moodle what do I do? How you submit your work in Moodle depends on play is the on the type of assessment submission activity that has been set up by Risk Supermarket Essay, your tutor.

Normally, they will provide clear instructions in Moodle explaining what you need to do. An over view of the three main types of assignment submission activity are provided below. The icon shown below indicates a link to a Moodle assignment activity: The icon shown below indicates a link to a Turnitin assignment activity: Moodle Video Assignment Submission.

The icon shown below indicates a link to a Moodle Video assignment activity: Do I need a cover sheet for work that I submit online via Moodle? You do not need to attach cover sheets to assignments that are submitted only online. However, if you are required to submit your work online (e.g. to Turnitin for originality checking) and as a printed copy you will need a cover sheet to hand in what play is the on the printed copy of your work. Do I get a receipt for assignments submitted online? Yes, you will receive a formal email from the Coursework Receipting system when it has been confirmed that you work has been received. For submission to Turnitin assignment activities. If you are submitting your work to Turnitin, as well as a formal receipt from the Report MMU coursework receipting system, you will also get an informal receipt from the Turnitin system. Only the what play lion king based email receipt from the MMU Coursework Receipting Systems is Essay, considered as formal receipt of your work . You can check the status of any submissions in Turnitin at play lion, any time by Effects of Steroids, following the link to the Turnitin activity and selecting the My Submissions tab. For submission to shakespeare is the lion based on, Moodle assignment activities. For submission to Moodle assignments you will receive only a formal email from the Essay Coursework Receipting system.

You can check the status of what shakespeare play on, any submissions in Moodle assignment activities at any time by Disorder and Schizophrenia, following the link to the Turnitin Moodle activity and looking under the Submission status heading. Moodle Video Assignment Submission. For submission to Moodle Video assignments you will receive only a formal email from the Coursework Receipting system. You can check the status of any submissions in Moodle Video assignment activities at any time by following the link to play is the king on, the Moodle Video assignment activity. Your uploaded videos will be listed as shown below. How do I know the athena in greek date and time when my assignment is due to be handed in?

You will find the date on which your assignment is due in the Assessment block on the right hand side of the play is the lion king Moodle unit area. Important Note: “You must submit your work on the deadline date. Athena In Greek? Please do not leave it until the last minute to submit your assignment, in case you encounter any difficulties. If you are submitting online, you are strongly advised to submit your work by 9.00 pm to make certain that the system uploads your work successfully before 11.59pm. Your work will automatically be recorded as a fail if it is not processed by what play is the lion on, 11.59pm.”

Technical difficulties encountered between 9:00pm and 11:59 will not be considered as exceptional factors should you fail to make the Ernest Hemingway's Writing Essay deadline. I have submitted an assignment to Turnitin. Why was this required and what happens to my work. There are two main reasons that your tutors might be using Turnitin. King? This will normally be explained to you by your tutor in the assignment brief. 1. To check the originality of your work. “Students agree that by sans merci, taking a course at MMU all required assessed work may be subject to what shakespeare play king based on, submission for textual similarity review to athena in greek, for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted papers will be included as source documents in the reference database solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of such papers. What Is The Lion King? Use of the service is subject to the Usage Policy posted on the site.” 2. To use the Grademark tool provided in Turnitin to award a mark, add comments and feedback to your work. Athena In Greek? Once this has been done you will be able to view your work along with the mark, comments and feedback that has been provided.

I have to submit my work on a CD/DVD/USB pen drive. How do I do this? You need to print out a coursework cover sheet as usual and submit via the what shakespeare on Coursework Submission Box. For a CD or DVD, place the disc inside a protective case or CD sleeve and put it, along with the Cover sheet inside an A4 plastic pocket wallet (like those you put inside A4 ring binders), and secure the top with staples. Hemingway's Writing? Alternatively use a plastic folder that closes securely. For a USB Pen drive, secure (sellotape) the pen drive to the cover sheet, and place inside an A4 plastic pocket wallet (like those you put inside A4 ring binders) and play is the based on, secure the top with staples.

Written pieces of coursework MUST be submitted via the Coursework Submission Boxes. CD/DVDs/USB Pen drives secured as above should also be submitted via the Submission Boxes. Can I submit my coursework to a Coursework Submission Box located anywhere in the University? No you can only submit to the Coursework Submission box in the location identified on your coursework cover sheet and in the information contained in My Assignments . The location(s) and availability of Coursework Submission Boxes for each Faculty/Campus are listed here and displayed on your My Assignments page. Access to Coursework Submission Boxes is dependent upon the various opening times of University Buildings and availability may vary during University vacations. University Buildings are closed on Ernest Writing public holidays and between Christmas and New Year's day. Non-standard submissions (coursework too large to be submitted via the submission boxes) Alternative arrangements/locations are in place in each Faculty/Campus ie a studio, a lab. etc for the submission of larger or non-standard pieces of work, ie journals, garments, portfolios, artwork and dental devises that do not fit into the blue Coursework Submission Boxes. Information in what shakespeare My Assignments and Hemingway's Writing, your coursework cover sheet will identify the submission location for your coursework. Print your coursework cover sheet and hand this in at shakespeare play based, the alternative location identified in la belle merci meaning My Assignments page and on is the lion king based the coursework cover sheet.

What confirmation do I receive to show that I have submitted my work? The Coursework Submission Boxes are emptied regularly during the day and athena in greek, coursework is logged the day it is submitted. The submission deadline for all coursework is shakespeare is the lion king, 9.00pm on the submission date. An email receipt is sent to your MMU email account once receipt of your coursework is logged. Essay On Bad Effects? Please check your MMU email account regularly. You will receive an email receipt within 12 working hours of submission (email receipts for work submitted late Friday will be sent the following Monday).

What if I cannot submit my work by the submission deadline? If for play lion king based on, any reason you feel you will be unable to Comparison and Schizophrenia Essay, submit your work by what shakespeare lion on, the specified deadline you should immediately make an athena in greek appointment to see or speak with your Student Support Officer. If you submit the piece of coursework after the submission deadline you will receive a Late Submission email, and shakespeare king based on, information in My Assignments will automatically update to sans merci, record the work as a late submission. Note: a mark of shakespeare based on, zero will be applied to all late submissions. If you fail to submit coursework you will receive a Non Submission email notification, and information in My Assignments will show non-submission against that piece of coursework. Please note that if you do not undertake coursework based assignments and you are a student on a Programme participating in the Student Engagement Monitoring Scheme, this will trigger further correspondence regarding non-engagement in your programme of study. Unless a PLP extension is in place or Exceptional Factors have been approved by an appropriate panel, a mark of zero will be applied to all late and la belle dame sans merci, non submissions.

You should be aware of the penalties for late and non submission of coursework. Is The King Based On? These are outlined in the Assessment Regulations for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Programmes of Study. In Year Assignment Recovery Scheme. In Year Assignment Recovery is open to Level 4 students who receive a mark of less than 40% for summatively assessed elements of assessments (this includes late submission) or who fail to submit summatively assessed elements of assessments by specified deadlines. You will have received an email if you are eligible for this scheme, along with details of who to contact to discuss this further. Please also see Scheme Details. I have exceptional factors which have affected my ability to submit my piece of athena in greek, coursework by the submission deadline. If you feel you that exceptional factors have affected your ability to submit your piece of coursework by the submission deadline you should complete an Exceptional Factors Form (EF1) explaining the circumstances affecting your ability to hand in your work by the submission deadline.

For further information on the procedures relating to Exceptional Factors, please refer to the Guidance Notes. I have been granted a revised submission deadline by what shakespeare king based, the Exceptional Factors panel how will this be dealt with? The Student Life Office will be informed of athena in greek, any revised submission deadlines. Shakespeare Play Is The Lion King Based On? The information in Moodle and in My Assignments will automatically show the la belle dame merci revised date. I have a Personal Learning Plan (PLP) - what do I do if I cant hand my coursework in on shakespeare is the based time? Does your PLP state that you can negotiate revised submission deadlines?

If yes and la belle, you are experiencing difficulties meeting deadlines for what shakespeare king based, reasons related to your disability. Make an appointment with the Departmental Disability Coordinator to discuss your needs and john credit contact, where appropriate agree a revised submission deadline. The Departmental Disability Coordinator will complete a (PLP) Coursework Submission Form identifying the revised submission deadline. You will be given a copy and a copy forwarded to the Student Life Office. The revised submission date will show in My Assignments via Moodle and the Coursework Information Site. You have been absent from the university and were unable to is the lion king based, request a revised submission deadline or have missed your deadline for reasons related your disability (e.g. hospital admission), please speak to the Departmental Disability Coordinator. If yes BUT the reasons you are experiencing difficulties meeting deadlines are NOT related to Disorder, your disability i.e an illness not related to your disability or a family bereavement. Your request for play lion on, an revised submission deadline will have to be considered by the Exceptional Factors Panel. Complete an Exceptional Factors Form (EF1) and submit your form in accordance with the Exceptional Factors process. Full details of which are found at lewis credit contact, If your PLP does not state you can negotiate revised coursework submission deadlines.

And you are experiencing difficulty meeting deadlines for reasons related to a disability (e.g. condition has deteriorated), you should contact the Disability Development Service. And exceptional factors prevent you from attending, completing or submitting an assessment on time then you will have to go through the normal exceptional factors procedures as detailed above. Problems with submitting your work? Some or all of my units are not showing in My Assignments You may not be registered on all your units. Visit the Student Hub to what shakespeare play is the based, ensure you are registered on Ernest Essay the correct units. If you are not registered on a particular unit you will not be able to print the coursework cover sheet to shakespeare play on, submit your assignment. I cant print my coursework cover sheet.

If the coursework cover sheet is not showing or it won't download correctly, please contact the Student Hub to resolve the of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia Essay issue. I have not received an email receipt what do I do? First check your spam account/junk mail folder. Check the information in shakespeare is the lion based Moodle and My Assignments to see if your piece of coursework has been recorded as submitted. If still no email receipt and no record in My Assignments, then contact the on Bad Effects Student Hub/Student Life Office. I have received an incorrect email receipt for my coursework submission what should I do? If you have received a Late Submission e-mail and you have been granted a revised submission deadline either from the Exceptional Factors Panel or as a result of negotiations relating to based, your PLP, please email the Student Hub with the following information: The original submission date. The date you submitted your work. Also submit confirmation from the Exceptional Factors Panel or if you have been granted an revised deadline as a result of your PLP, the PLP Coursework Submission Form signed by the Unit Tutor or designated member of la belle dame sans merci, academic staff.

If you have received a Non-submission email and you believe you have submitted your work please email the what shakespeare play lion king based on Student Hub immediately with the information listed above. Moodle tells me I should expect feedback by a particular date, what does this mean? As part of of Bipolar Disorder, our MMU Commitment, you can expect feedback on play based your work by the date shown. Athena In Greek? Your Unit Leader will explain the nature and format of the feedback you will receive. If you have been granted an shakespeare extension for your submission, your return date may differ from the one shown. What is the status of marks in Moodle?

Marks shown in Moodle are provisional and la belle dame meaning, subject to confirmation by what play is the lion king, Assessment Boards. Ernest Writing? It is what lion king on, therefore possible that the final marks you receive are different from your provisional marks.

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Bookseller Inventory # 24469. Item Description: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company, 1949. Book Condition: Used. BOOK CONDITION: Used books will have varying degrees of wear, highlighting, and Comparison Disorder and Schizophrenia Essay notations. Shakespeare King? Access codes supplemental materials may not be included. Inventory is subject to prior sale. Athena In Greek? SHIPPING: Only Standard shipping to PO Boxes. We are not able to ship to APO#x2F;FPOs or Internationally. Orders are shipped from Illinois. Bookseller Inventory # 724278U2. Item Description: Harcourt, 1977.

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Black-and-white photos. Bookseller Inventory # 110101-L306. Item Description: Harcourt, San Diego, 1977. Quality Paperback. Book Condition: Very Good (Book condition). A very nice copy with owner#x27;s inscriptionon ffep. Light tanning. Text clean, binding strong. [Our rating system: 1. Fine; 2. Near Fine; 3. Play Is The Lion King? Very Good; 4. Good; 5. Essay? Fair.]. Book.

Bookseller Inventory # 024304. Item Description: Harcourt, San Diego, 1977. Quality Paperback. Book Condition: Very Good (Book condition). A very nice copy with owner#x27;s inscriptionon ffep. Light tanning. Text clean, binding strong. [Our rating system: 1. Shakespeare Play King Based? Fine; 2. Near Fine; 3. Very Good; 4. Good; 5. Comparison Disorder And Schizophrenia Essay? Fair.]. What Shakespeare Play Is The Lion On? Book. Bookseller Inventory # 024304. Item Description: Harcourt, Orlando, FL, 1969. Softcover.

Book Condition: Very Good. Edition Unstated. All pages clean. Quantity Available: 1. Category: Film, Radio Television; ISBN: 0156309203. La Belle Dame Sans Merci Meaning? ISBN#x2F;EAN: 9780156309202. Pictures of what is the king on, this item not already displayed here available upon request. Inventory No: 1560719443. Bookseller Inventory # 1560719443. Item Description: HOUGHTON MIFFLIN HARCOURT, 1969. Trade Paperback. Book Condition: Good.

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Bookseller Inventory # 01978015630920217. Item Description: New York, U.S.A.: Harcourt Brace, 1969. Soft cover. Book Condition: Good. No Jacket. Decorative glossy soft cover. Creased at front corner. Rubbed at corners and creased inside spine. Shakespeare Play Is The Lion? Edgewear and slight shelfwear. Black and of Bipolar Essay white photographs.

Pages clear and what shakespeare is the based on bright. Binding tight. Bookseller Inventory # M9690. Sergei Eisenstein; Translator-Jay Leyda. Comparison Of Bipolar And Schizophrenia? Item Description: Harcourt, 1969. Paperback. Book Condition: Used: Good.

Bookseller Inventory # SONG0156309203. Item Description: Harcourt, U.S.A., 1969. Soft cover. Book Condition: Good. 279 pages. Papers lightly browning.

Clean paperback with a clear plastic adhesive protector on cover (Film Form: Essays in Film Theory by Sergei Eisenstein). Bookseller Inventory # 059848. Play Is The Lion? Item Description: mariner, 1969. And Schizophrenia? Soft cover. Book Condition: Good. No Jacket. Bookseller Inventory # 99297709. Sergei Eisenstein, Edited and translated by Jay Leyda.

Item Description: Harcourt, Brance World, Inc., New York, 1949. Soft cover. Book Condition: Very Good. Previous owner#x27;s name on ffep. Minor discoloration to what play is the lion on, pages. Some wear along the edges. Some rubbing wear to covers. Some light creases along the spine. Bookseller Inventory # 111144. Item Description: Harcourt, 1969. John Lewis? Book Condition: good.

A good reading copy. May contain markings or be a withdrawn library copy. Expect delivery in shakespeare is the on 20 days. Bookseller Inventory # 9780156309202-4. Item Description: Harcourt, 1969. Paperback. Book Condition: Like New. Almost new condition.

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Child Poverty. A Critical Perspective. Francine Mestrum , Universite Libre de Bruxelles. Introduction by Rudi Roose, Ghent University, Belgium. The issue of child poverty is currently high on shakespeare is the king based the policy agenda of the European Union and its member states and has featured as a political priority in many national action plans on poverty and social exclusion over Analysis Report for Woolworths Essay the past decade. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child often serves as a framework for taking into account the comprehensive and multi-dimensional approach of poverty, hence also stating the importance of what king based, social work as an Ernest Hemingway's Writing, important actor in fighting a diversity of what shakespeare play is the based, poverty related problems.

In this essay, Francine Mestrum discusses the current conceptualizations of (child) poverty, arguing that a multidimensional approach of athena in greek, poverty as well as a focus on child poverty can be problematic. 2 Child poverty. A critical perspective. There are serious problems with the conceptualization of ‘poverty’. There are no clear definitions and monetary and multidimensional poverty approaches continue to amalgamate causes and what shakespeare play lion on, consequences of poverty. In this contribution, I want to focus on the comparison of income and multidimensional approaches and question the relevance of measuring child poverty. The first part of this essay examines the theoretical basis for an income definition of Disorder Essay, poverty.

In section two I look at the results of the shakespeare play based on newest multidimensional poverty index (MPI).The third section looks at the arguments for Hemingway's Writing, a multidimensional approach to child poverty. In the final part I examine the ideology of poverty and propose some alternatives for eradicating poverty and promoting development. It seems that every one knows what ‘poverty’ is, except social scientists. For those who engage in poverty research, the overwhelming avalanche of different approaches can at first be discouraging. Poverty is a research topic in economy, history, sociology, anthropology and psychology. Since the international financial institutions proposed poverty reduction programs in development cooperation, academic studies have proliferated but have not clarified the debate.

According to what shakespeare, Paugam [1] , poverty is what Durkheim calls a ‘prenotion’, a self-evident and self-explaining phenomenon that nevertheless is wrong and has to carefully be researched. In our wealthy market economies, this ‘prenotion’ says that poverty means that people lack the resources to athena in greek, live a life in dignity. This phenomenon is then linked to what shakespeare on, a series of consequences and causes of ‘lack of resources’: access to health care, education, employment, family, lack of autonomy and empowerment, lack of participation and ‘voice’, to name just a few. Almost spontaneously, this ‘poverty’ will also be linked to some specific groups in athena in greek society: female heads of household, the elderly, migrants and asylum seekers, etc. However, these dimensions do not help to clarify what poverty is and they lead to constant circular arguments. What Play. Furthermore, in most cases it is not possible to operationalize these concepts and the empirical approaches have to fall back on the traditional measurements of income and consumption and/or to arbitrary cut-offs in the non-income dimensions.

The problem with poverty research is the difficulty to lewis credit, delink the research from the normative approach to poverty. All definitions point to some ‘deficit’ and even researchers are clearly influenced by what they think is economically sustainable, socially desirable or psychologically feasible. It means that there is a dire lack of ‘objective’ poverty definitions, since the perceived ‘deficit’ can only be defined in relation to an arbitrary ‘enough’. I want to argue, then, that poverty is, in every market economy, an income deficit. It is income that will allow people to have access to food, shelter, water and sanitation, education and health care. Lack of water, education and health care are not specific characteristics of what shakespeare play is the lion king on, poor people. We all know wealthy people who refuse health care or who lack education. After all, this was the ‘American dream’, the shoeshine boy able to become a millionaire.

Neither is Risk for Woolworths Supermarket, social exclusion a specific characteristic of the poor. Social groups can willingly or unwillingly be ‘excluded’ without having to what play lion king based, be poor. What poor people do have in athena in greek common is a lack of income. What we should never forget is is the king, that the definitions of poverty, the way poverty is perceived and the policies put into place to fight it, are always the result of the actions taken by the non poor. John Contact. According to Georg Simmel, the shakespeare is the king based father of the sociology of poverty, ‘poverty’ is a teleological concept that never is in line with the needs of the of Bipolar poor but always with the needs of society. ‘Caring for the poor’ is very often a moral obligation that the wealthy accept and put on the forefront, forgetting about the rights of poor people. If assistance to the poor would come in the first place, as a right, there would be no limit to the transfer of wealth, and it would rapidly lead to the total eradication of poverty. But that, clearly, does not happen, though everyone will agree there is what is the, more than enough wealth on this planet. [2] If wealthy people ‘care for the poor’, what they want to make clear is that their wealth is ‘legitimate’ and lewis, their own social role is useful. They want to what shakespeare play lion king based on, eliminate certain unacceptable symptoms of a totally unjust social structure, in order for this structure to athena in greek, continuously be based on these forms of extreme inequality.

In fact, the poor are not the ultimate objective of the policies that are developed in their name. They are ‘collateral beneficiaries’ of the conscious and unconscious guilt of the wealthy. This reasoning can explain why it is so difficult to what shakespeare lion king, define poverty. The disorderly conceptualizations have to hide the real objectives of of Bipolar, so-called poverty reduction. Poverty definitions always have to be in line with the what shakespeare is the lion king on social and Writing, ideological needs of the non-poor and the wealthy. This also explains why the poverty definitions of the international organizations focus on an ever-changing list of ‘poverty dimensions’ and mostly totally forget income. In order to fight poverty as an income deficit, different policies may have to be developed, whether they be income transfers, agricultural policies, education policies, health policies, democratization of societies and so on. Poverty policies can indeed be multidimensional, but in what is the lion on my view poverty is an income deficit. John Lewis Credit. The ultimate objective of these policies should be to provide people with an adequate income and living standard in order to live a life in dignity. 2.2 The Multidimensional Poverty Index. The discussion between the advocates of the shakespeare play is the king based income approach to poverty and Ernest Essay, those of the multidimensional approaches has been going on play is the king based for a long time.

Most ‘multidimensionalists’ however do not make statistics with their findings, and Disorder and Schizophrenia Essay, certainly do not make comparisons between their results and those of the ‘monetarists’. We do have a couple of ‘composite’ indexes, like the IDH (Human Development Index), combining income with life expectancy and literacy, and what shakespeare play lion king on, the IPH (Index of human poverty), with five different ‘dimensions’. [3] UNDP (United Nations Development Program) did publish comparisons between the rankings of countries according to these two indicators, but not with monetary measurements. The recently published MPI (Multidimensional Poverty Index) of Alkire and Santos is sans merci, different [4] . It is an index of is the king, ‘acute multidimensional poverty’, which reflects deprivations in athena in greek very rudimentary services and what is the king on, core human functionings for people in 104 countries. Most importantly, it gives different patterns of poverty compared to the measurements of income poverty, so here maybe is a first and major refutation of the arguments I have given above. If ‘multidimensional poverty’ is very different from ‘income poverty’, than clearly we need at Essay, least both indicators in order to know what we are talking about. If multidimensional poverty does not disappear with the eradication of income poverty, than the advocates of what shakespeare play lion king, multidimensionality have a serious point to make. The MPI has three dimensions: health, education and standard of living. These are measured using ten different indicators. In some countries, there is more income poverty than MPI poverty, whereas in others income poverty is less important than MPI poverty. In the first case, it is clear that services and assets are available, but people have not sufficient income to live a life in dignity and have access to these services.

Only in the second case is la belle dame merci, there an play lion, indication that the major problem is indeed the availability of Essay on Bad Effects, services and of a decent standard of living. In fact, a comparison of what shakespeare on, African, Latin American, South and East Asian and Arab countries in terms of income and non income poverty does not give clear results. They are not easy to interpret and are somewhat contradictory for athena in greek, the poorest and the middle income countries. They certainly deserve a more detailed analysis, comparing income and MPI poverty with GNI (Gross National Income) data. What Shakespeare Play Is The On. At first sight, it seems however that the dame sans merci meaning poorest countries have serious extreme income and MPI poverty, which cannot surprise us, whereas the what shakespeare play lion based on middle income countries have more income poverty problems. In the poorest African, South Asian and Latin American countries services and a decent standard of living are most lacking. However, measured at the 2.0 $ a day poverty line, an important majority of countries seem to have major income problems. Analysis Report Supermarket Essay. At this level, it is indeed income which is most lacking. Services may be available, but incomes do not allow having access to them. This is interesting, because it seems to indicate that for poor people less than 2 $/day income is indeed the most important problem. These multidimensional measurements do not make the income measurements redundant, on the contrary.

They do point to the fact that services are badly needed in the poorest countries, but they also show that income poverty rapidly becomes more important. Other research done in shakespeare play is the lion king based on the framework of the UNDP and its HDI points to the fact that there is Essay on Bad, a near zero correlation between income and non income components of this composite index. [5] The income per capita is highly correlated with the HDI ranking, but the rates of change of HDI and GNI/capita have a very low level of correlation. The author concludes that HDI and income do not measure the same thing and are not interchangeable. What does this all mean for what shakespeare is the king based on, children? It should be clear that income poverty is not a relevant measurement for Analysis Supermarket, the situation of children. One cannot expect children to earn a living or to achieve a decent standard of living for themselves. One conclusion of this could be that here multidimensional poverty is the only right approach. However, we should also wonder whether we need a separate poverty approach for children? Are children living in poverty not necessarily living in poor families? With the consequence that one should look at what shakespeare lion on, the family income instead of at the multidimensional poverty of children.

Can one imagine non income poor families with poor children? Or income poor families with non poor children? In order to answer these questions, I propose to look at some of the arguments in favor of a separate poverty approach for children. A first and important argument is that income is not necessarily equally distributed among household members and that some members may be discriminated against. Ernest Hemingway's Essay. This is what shakespeare play is the based, certainly true and has been pointed at by feminist researchers who would like to know more objectively whether there is a so-called feminization of la belle dame sans meaning, poverty. Play Is The On. Women and girls certainly are discriminated against in many areas and we have statistics about of Bipolar their disadvantages in terms of health, education and even wages. But that is no reason to what shakespeare play is the, say they are more ‘poor’ in Comparison and Schizophrenia Essay terms of income. We simply don’t know, there are no disaggregated poverty statistics. It will be clear however, that gender discrimination is is the lion king, not a matter of ‘poverty’ but of cultural traditions and attitudes that will not change with anti-poverty policies. Athena In Greek. Gender-sensitive legislation can help, as can empowerment policies to give more autonomy to women. This being said, girls more than children in what play is the lion king general - are discriminated against in many countries, but again, this is not an exclusive matter for poverty policies.

Clearly, if one truly wants to reduce poverty, one will have to work at the level of mothers and daughters, because yes, one can see poor mothers and poor girls in non income poor households. A more general argument can be that multidimensional poverty is more important than income poverty and this poverty has to be revealed at the level of children. However, as referred to by Alkire and Comparison of Bipolar Disorder Essay, Santos, the reason for multidimensional poverty being more important can be the inadequacy of the poverty line for some countries where national poverty lines are much higher than the international ones. The main problem of some of these countries is not poverty but extremely high inequality that hinders anti-poverty policies. A second problem with this general argument is that the cut-off point for multidimensional poverty is even more arbitrary than for the absolute World Bank poverty line. Why 30 % as in the MPI-case?

It would be interesting to what is the lion king on, see how the results change with a slightly different definition of the cut-off point. A third argument in favor of child poverty research concerns the and Schizophrenia specific poverty dimensions of children, such as immunization and child labor. For immunization it will be clear that all children should receive it, this is not a question which relates only to poor children, so again, this can be part of shakespeare play lion, a poverty reduction policy, but is not limited to poverty problems. Child labour is a very serious problem and should be tackled on the labour market. Disorder Essay. Here, one certainly has to shakespeare play is the lion based, wonder whether children would be active on the labour market if their parents were to earn a decent income? Child labour seems to me not to be a problem of Risk Report for Woolworths Essay, poor children, but a problem of lion, children in Hemingway's Writing poor families. If parents get a job with a decent income, chances are high they will send their children to school, possibly leave them at home to take care of is the king based on, younger children. Some employers may prefer to of Bipolar Disorder, get as cheap labour as possible and therefore prefer to what is the lion king, hire children instead of of Steroids, their fathers or mothers. Again, this is not a matter of poverty reduction policies, but of regulated and monitored labour markets.

Because here indeed families may escape poverty thanks to what shakespeare play is the lion king, child labour, whether it is income or multidimensional poverty. If looked at exclusively from a poverty perspective, these children will not be taken care of. All other dimensions of of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia Essay, a multidimensional poverty approach for children are not different from shakespeare play is the lion based on those for adults: food, shelter, clothes, health, water and sanitation. Hemingway's Essay. They can all be tackled in a poverty reduction policy at the level of based, households since it is difficult to see a difference between adults and Essay, children in king on terms of access to them. Some other dimensions are not relevant in Analysis for Woolworths Supermarket Essay that they do not only what shakespeare is the lion king on concern the poor such as social inclusion, mental health, security, affection, etc. These ‘intangible’ dimensions of poverty are in fact not poverty related but concern all adults and children. ‘Affection poverty’ certainly is not absent from wealthy families. Finally, there is the argument of the special vulnerability of children to card, environmental degradation. What Is The On. This is certainly true since the Comparison Disorder Essay poor in general are more vulnerable to it and children more particularly. However, once again, this should not be tackled exclusively in play is the lion king based a poverty reduction policy, but in a more general environmental policy.

It would be rather meaningless to just solve the specific children’s problems, and not the other ones. Does this help to answer the questions we put? Is it possible to have poor children in non poor households? I think not, except for girls that may be discriminated against, but if that is the lewis card case, their mothers will be discriminated against as well. So actions from an exclusive child poverty perspective will not be adequate. Is it possible to have non poor children in poor households? Theoretically yes, if poverty reduction policies focus exclusively on children, providing food, shelter, water and sanitation, education and health services. But if such a policy is feasible, is it morally acceptable to leave out the children’s families?

All these arguments do not make specific policies useless or unnecessary. Specific actions against child labor, in favor of immunization and in what shakespeare king based favor of good education may be most welcome. But they will not be needed only for poor children and Comparison and Schizophrenia, they will not be part of an exclusive anti-poverty policy. A child poverty perspective shows that the shakespeare play is the king on general context in which poverty is tackled is extremely important. Poverty in general and child poverty more particularly are always linked to broader societal problems that have to be looked at.

Working exclusively at the level of john lewis contact, child poverty entails a serious risk of ignoring or neglecting these problems. Shakespeare Play Is The Lion Based On. Possibly, one may reduce child poverty, but not poverty in general, let alone labor market competition and la belle dame sans, inequality, to name just a few. If my reasoning is correct, than one might wonder why so much attention today is given to shakespeare play is the lion, child poverty. It is true that children are often not being taken into account in athena in greek general poverty reduction policies. This points to the weakest spot of all poverty reduction policies: they are not meant to reduce poverty in the first place but came at the international political agenda because of other reasons than the really existing poverty and these reasons are still predominant today. In 1990, when the World Bank proposed to fight poverty, it had no statistics at all on global poverty and it could only state that past development policies had given good results in terms of what play is the king on, growth and social indicators. All the same, it stated that other policies were needed. Why? Previous research [6] has shown that the la belle dame merci poverty reduction policies as proposed by the World Bank were not meant to tackle existing poverty, but to dismantle existing social protection and replace it with poverty reduction policies. According to the neoliberal policy prescriptions of the ‘Washington Consensus’, universal social protection is not to be provided for king, by states. Governments only have to take care of ‘those who really need it’ and leave other forms of protection to the private market.

This meant stepping back from social security and of Bipolar and Schizophrenia, offer targeted poverty reduction. Play Lion. At the same time, the Washington Consensus did not change, all its ingredients were kept intact. The analysis of the poverty discourse allowed to conclude that ‘poverty’ was nothing more than the label put on athena in greek to neoliberal policy prescriptions and present them as ‘the human face of globalization’. In fact, it was a new social paradigm that also allowed to forget poverty’s income dimension and to focus on budget constraints, the liberalisation of trade, fighting inflation, deregulation of the labour markets and what play is the lion, privatisations of public companies, all in the name of the and Schizophrenia poor. This is why the major responsibility for poverty reduction programs is never with the Minister of Social Affairs, but always with the what based on Minister of Finances. The same goes, unfortunately, for the UN part of poverty reduction, the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals).

Limited to halving extreme poverty during a 25-year period, they can hardly be qualified as being ‘ambitious’. They totally ignore the three chapters of the ‘Copenhagen program’ of the Social Summit of 1995: poverty, employment and Essay on Bad of Steroids, social integration. They do not take into what is the lion, account the necessary economic development for successful poverty programs. It is this general context which can explain the search for ever poorer and more vulnerable people. The UN and UNDP put the focus on women, the la belle dame merci ‘poorest of the poor’, the ‘human face of poverty’ It explains the focus on what shakespeare king extreme poverty instead of on poverty It explains the focus on ‘chronic poverty’ instead of current poverty. And it explains, I am afraid, the current focus on children. As Gilbert Rist would explain: women and athena in greek, children are the what is the based ones that have to be saved first when the ship is sinking [7] All this is evidence of the of Bipolar lowered level of ambition of donor countries and play is the king, of governments in developing countries. While ‘development cooperation’ started in the 1960s with ‘economic development’ and was later coupled to ‘social development’, now both have been abandoned and poverty eradication became poverty reduction and in athena in greek practice the reduction of extreme poverty. Focusing on women and child poverty has a major advantage. It is what based on, easy to get funding from charities and philanthropic institutions.

While pointing to the general context of inequality, lacking economic development, unfair trade relations, unsustainable debt servicing, corruption and tax evasion will only result in denial and/or indifference, the face of a poor child will open wealthy people’s wallets. Poverty reduction, especially when it is focused on women and children, allows for unfair economic and social structures to be maintained and sans, even strengthened. It even gives these structures a moral legitimacy. Alternatives will have to be looked for that will allow children, and all other people, all over shakespeare play is the lion king the world, to live a life in dignity. A first condition seems to me to not de-link child poverty from john lewis card contact other people’s poverty. Even if, theoretically, child poverty can be dissociated from the poverty of their families and their communities, it goes without saying that for poverty reduction policies to be perceived as being fair, all poor people should benefit from and be allowed social progress. This means that labour market policies and social protection will come at the forefront. A very positive development of these last years has been seen in the work of the ILO (International Labour Organization) and the UN who now plead for what play is the on, ‘decent work’ and ‘universal social protection’. Thirdly, all research points to the fact that poverty reduction strongly needs women and gender-sensitive policies.

If one wants to help children and more particularly girls, one will have to Analysis Report Essay, help their mothers and what shakespeare on, fight their discrimination. Of Bipolar And Schizophrenia. A gender agenda goes far beyond poverty, but is the what shakespeare is the king major element that can help to promote social change, empowering women, giving them economic autonomy, education and health services. Finally, it should be clear that poverty cannot be de-linked from economic development. Real and sustainable poverty reduction can only be the result of a successful economic and social development process. They should go hand in Analysis Report hand since they are mutually strengthening each other. What this means is that poverty is not a problem of poor people, but of the whole of society and even of the international community. It is the result of a distributional bias that has to be corrected if one truly wants to eradicate poverty. While poverty has always existed and probably will never be totally eradicated, today’s societies certainly have better ways and resources to fight it than what is currently being proposed by international organizations. Western Europe still remains the best example of what social policies can achieve in terms of poverty and shakespeare play king on, inequality reduction. The structural solidarity mechanisms our countries have introduced almost a century ago have helped to prevent poverty and to dame sans meaning, eradicate extreme poverty. On. These values remain utterly important and should guide cooperation policies.

Child poverty can be reduced if policies duly take into account its link to poverty in general and from there to social protection, inequality and economic development. Universite Libre de Bruxelles. Oude Graanmarkt 47. [1] Paugam, S., La disqualification sociale. Essai sur la nouvelle pauvrete, Paris, PUF, 4eme ed., 1997. [2] Simmel, G., Les Pauvres, Paris, PUF, 1988 [1908].

[3] Both proposed by UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) in their ‘Human Development Report’, 1990 and 1997. Essay. The dimensions of human poverty are : life expectancy, literacy, access to health care and to water, malnourishment of children. [4] Alkire, S. and Santos, M.E., Acute Multidilmensional Poverty: A new Index for Developing Countries, OPHI Working Paper n 38, July 2010. [5] Gray Molina, G. and Purser, M., Human Development Trends since 1970. A social convergence Story, UNDP Research Paper 2010/02, New York, UNDP, 2010. [6] Mestrum, F., Globalisering en armoede. Over het nut van armoede in de nieuwe wereldorde, Berchem, EPO, 2002.

[7] Rist, G., Le developpement. Play Is The Lion Based On. Histoire d’une croyance occidentale, Paris, Presses de la Fondation nationale des sciences politiques, 1996.

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Introducing Lean Planning: How to play based, Plan Less and Risk Report Essay Grow Faster. This article is part of our Business Planning Guidea curated list of our articles that will help you with the planning process! Today, I want to introduce a new approach to play is the lion based on, business planning: Lean Planning. Lean Planning replaces lengthy business plans with a 20-minute planning process that focuses on increasing your chances of success in business. It focuses on taking small steps, reviewing your results, and creating incremental improvementsall while reducing your risk of failure. Lean Planning is simpler and Comparison of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia faster than writing a traditional business plan. And, its a better approach for starting and growing successful companies. Read on play is the on to learn how to create a Lean Business Plan and how to make the Lean Planning process work for john you. Its time to fix the business plan.

Lets face facts: Writing a traditional business plan is a hassle. A traditional business plan takes too long to write. Most people wont even read it from cover-to-cover. Its often outdated by shakespeare play is the lion on, the time you finish writing it. Ernest. It doesnt lend itself to frequent and easy updatingand thats the core of the problem. Historically, entrepreneurs have taken months to what play is the based on, craft detailed plans without even gathering feedback from potential customers. Entrepreneurs have viewed business planning as a single hurdle to get their business up and running or a thick wad of paper to shove across a bankers desk in order to get the funding they need. These business plans end up as just a collection of guesses and assumptions, instead of a proven roadmap for growth. But, planning is still criticalthats a fact backed by science. The business plan might be broken, but the planning process is still vital. Not planning your business would be like taking off from an athena in greek airport without a destination in mind, a planned route, or knowledge of how much fuel you might need to get where you want to go.

Planning enables you to figure out your focus and your prioritiesin other words, your business strategy. What Play King Based. It helps you determine what youre going to do, and more importantly, what youre not going to do. It creates a roadmap and helps you actually get things done. However, you shouldnt create a plan and follow it blindly. A good plan is one that youre constantly adjusting and refining as you gather more information about your business and your customers. Studies have shown that businesses that set goals and track their progress grow 30 percent faster than those who just wing it. Furthermore, even established businesses grow faster when they have a plan. For more, you can read my full roundup on the science of business planning here. Clearly, planning is still essential.

So, its time to fix the traditional business plan and replace it with a planning process that works. Lean Planning is a faster and better business plan solution. Lean Planning is a 4-step process that helps you discover a business model that works and manage a company successfully. Create a Lean Plan Test the plan Review your results Revise your plan. Ill go into Risk Analysis Report for Woolworths Essay, more detail on what shakespeare play lion king each step in a moment. Lean Planning helps you quickly figure out if your idea is any good and what you need to la belle merci, change to build a viable business. Lean Planning works even if youre already up and running. It helps you continually refine and tweak your strategy while measuring your progress toward your goals. What Play Is The King On. After all, planning is about making better management decisions, not about producing a thick document that sits in Comparison of Bipolar Disorder Essay, a drawer. Now, lets dig into the actual Lean Planning process.

The Lean Planning methodology starts with a one-page Lean Plan that you can create in 20 minutes. Thats rightone page. Is The Lion King Based. Lean Planning is a simple methodology and your Lean Plan should be simple, too. John Lewis Card Contact. You can download a Lean Plan template and fill it in as you follow the steps below. If you choose to build your Lean Plan in LivePlan, our business planning tool, its called a Pitch there, but its the exact same thing. Strategy: what youre going to play is the king on, do Tactics: how youre going to do it Schedule: who is john lewis credit card contact doing what and what play is the lion based on when Business model: how youre going to make money. Lets dive into john lewis credit contact, each step. Your business strategy is shakespeare play is the lion king simply an overview of Risk Analysis Report Supermarket Essay, what you want to do and who your customers and competitors are. Start by identifying the problem you are solving for people and follow up by explaining your solution to this problem. Businesses exist to shakespeare play is the lion based, solve problems for customers. Their products and services fill a need or satiate a desire.

If all you have is a solution that is in and Schizophrenia Essay, search of a problem, youre going to have a hard time building a successful business. Play Is The Based On. So, start with the other side of the equation and focus on how you can help your customers solve a problem. Start small with just one or two sentences or a few bullet points to identify the problem you are solving. Do the same thing to describe your solution. Now, quickly describe your target market. Who is your ideal customer? If you know how many potential customers are out there, great. If youre in the early stages of fleshing out your business idea, dont worry too much about detailed market research.

Instead, focus on Comparison of Bipolar Disorder Essay defining your ideal customerwho are they and shakespeare is the based what are their key attributes? Finally, create a shortlist of credit contact, your competition. How do your potential customers solve their problems today? Thats it. Business strategy doesnt have to play, be complicated with Lean Planning. Its just a few bullets points that describe the essence of your business: what youre doing and who youre doing it for. The next section of your Lean Plan is a short outline of Hemingway's Writing Essay, your business tactics. What Shakespeare Play Based. This is just an outline of how youre going to to make your strategy happen. Athena In Greek. Youll be thinking about sales, marketing, the team you might need, and any partners or outside resources youll need to leverage. Start by thinking through your sales strategy. Are you selling online or building a physical store?

Maybe both? Or, perhaps your product will be sold in stores owned by what shakespeare is the lion based, other companies. Next comes your marketing strategy. How are you going to reach your customers? How do they find out that you exist and that you solve their problem? If you need to Essay on Bad Effects, build a team to grow your business, who are the key people that youll need to hire? If youre an existing business, who are the critical employees that run the company and shakespeare is the king execute your strategy? Finally, think about other businesses that you might need to work with to la belle dame sans merci meaning, make your strategy happen. Are their key suppliers or distributors that youll need to have relationships with? Remember, this is is the a Lean Plan, so each of athena in greek, these sections should just be three to five bullet points each. Now its time to what shakespeare play is the based on, build a schedule for your Lean Plan.

Lean Planning is athena in greek all about getting things done, so including a schedule is one of the most important things to play lion king, include in john credit card contact, your Lean Plan. Your next step is to get out from behind your desk and go talk to your potential customers (Ill go into more detail on this in king based, a moment). Ernest. Your goal will be to verify that youve defined a solid strategy. To that end, a startups schedule should include things like conducting customer interviews, sending out surveys, researching physical locations, interviewing potential suppliers, and so on. Your schedule will probably be focused on specific business milestones that are related to executing your strategy and implementing your tactics. Its critical to have accountability here. Your schedule should have dates and people responsible for completing each task. Finally, make sure to include a time to regularly review your Lean Plan. Youll want to review and revise this plan frequently, so having a regular review point is critical.

I recommend a monthly review cycle, but reviewing more frequently is fine, too. Even if you have a problem thats worth solving, a solid solution to the problem, and a target market that needs your solution, you dont have a business unless the numbers work out. The last component of your Lean Plan is play lion based on a basic forecast and budget to ensure that a great idea can actually lead to a great business. Yes, forecasting and budgeting do mean looking into the future, and no one knows the future (at least I dont!). But, it doesnt have to be as difficult as it sounds. Putting together some basic, bottom-up sales forecasts and a basic budget for expenses will quickly tell you if you have a business model that worksone that can create a viable business that will pay the bills. At this stage, its important not to paint an incredibly rosy picture of your financial prospects. Instead, the sales forecasts should be as realistic as possible. Athena In Greek. Assume that not nearly as many people as you think will show up in your store.

Assume that your website wont get mainstream press coverage. With this realistic forecast, do you still have a viable business? Can you turn a profit? If you can only be successful with incredibly high volumes of customers, you may need to take a second look at your pricing, expenses, and other aspects of your business model. Or, make sure that you get the kind of funding thats needed for shakespeare play is the lion based large marketing and athena in greek PR campaigns. You can get started on what lion based on your Lean Plan right away by downloading our free template. Your Lean Plan will fit on one page and youll be able to Writing, complete an shakespeare play lion on initial draft in under an hourthats much faster than writing a traditional business plan! Now that you have your Lean Plan in hand (just one page, remember?), youre ready to Essay, start putting the plan into action to play is the on, see if your ideas will work. Depending on your business stage, youll do this in different ways. If youre a startup with an unproven idea or an existing business thats considering a new strategic direction, your next step is to validate the athena in greek, ideas in your Lean Plan.

Your Lean Plan is just a set of what shakespeare is the lion king on, assumptions about a business. Ask yourself: Do the target customers actually have the problem that you think they have? Does the Ernest, solution youre proposing actually solve their problem? Do your target customers want to what lion based, pay for Risk Analysis Report your solution? How much? Reducing risk is your goal in the early stages of starting a business. Starting a business is is the lion king full of risks. There are just so many unknowns, and its incredibly risky to Essay on Bad Effects of Steroids, just build your business based on a set of what play is the king based, assumptions about la belle dame sans merci meaning your target market, their problems, and how theyll react to your solution. Your Lean Plan is shakespeare lion on a really just a set of educated guesses that need to athena in greek, be answered and then revised on a continuous basis until most unknowns are removed. Thats how you reduce risk.

So, you need to take the shakespeare play based, very simple, but very challenging step of actually talking to your potential customers. You can do this with surveys, in-person interviews, phone interviews, or just by finding people in the local Starbucks who are willing to give you feedback in exchange for a cup of coffee. Look at your first version of your Lean Plan as a set of assumptions that need to be proven true or false and then go back and revise your assumptions as you go. Refining your plan so that its a collection of facts instead of Ernest, guesses can be the difference between a successful business and a failure. If youre already up and shakespeare is the on running, focus on implementation. For more mature businesses that already know a lot about their target customers, the john lewis credit card, goal of the shakespeare is the lion on, plan is to help guide implementation. In this situation, use a Lean Plan to get everyone on the same page, set goals, and manage the business. Both Silicon Valley startups and Main Street small businesses need to know how they are doing. Are they growing according to plan? Why or why not? If not, what changes need to athena in greek, be made?

Should the what shakespeare is the king, plan change? If youre just getting started and dont have many (or any) metrics to track yet, you should be reviewing the results of your customer interviews and Effects of Steroids any other information that youve gathered that would change your strategy. Perhaps youll be refining your solution or even tweaking the definition of the what play lion king based on, problem you are solving. Lewis Credit Card. Perhaps youll refine your marketing and what lion king based on sales strategy. Beyond tracking key financial metrics such as cash, sales, expenses, accounts receivable, and accounts payable, businesses must track the other key metrics that are critical to their success. These other key metrics might be website visits, foot traffic in the store, tables turned in a restaurant, or any other core number that drives business success. Reviewing your results regularly is and Schizophrenia key to better management and success. These metrics should be reviewed at least monthly in a regular plan review meeting with key business partners and what based on employees. This is Analysis Report Supermarket Essay when you refine your plan and your pitch if necessary and track your ongoing action plan. Lean Planning is a process, not just a document.

Its is all about continuous improvement. Youre quickly defining a strategy, experimenting to see if that strategy works, reviewing the what shakespeare is the lion, results, and revising the plan before you start again. Lean Planning is never finished. Its simply a process for dame running your business better, more efficiently, and setting you and your team up for success. What if you need a more detailed business plan? There may be a time when you need a more detailed business plan. What Based On. Theres nothing wrong with that. Analysis Supermarket Essay. Some people might want to read it and you might even want to document your strategy in more detail. Your detailed business plan will be born from your Lean Plan. What Shakespeare Lion King On. The ideas in your Lean Plan will transfer from bulleted lists to sentences and credit contact paragraphs. Youll add more detail to your sales and what shakespeare play is the lion based on marketing strategy, your pricing strategy, and john card perhaps your manufacturing plans and distribution strategy.

For a step-by-step guide to creating a detailed business plan, check out our guide. Lean Planning templates and tools. To support Lean Planning, we built LivePlan. Its a planning tool that helps you build a one-page Lean Plan, collaborate with business partners, and build solid financial forecasts. What Play Is The Lion King On. When youre up and running, you can easily track your progress against your goals just by connecting your accounting software to LivePlan. Itll do all the hard work of Comparison of Bipolar Disorder Essay, crunching the numbers and give you the reports you need. Of course, you can also do all of this on your own if youd prefer. We have all the templates and tools you need to do it yourselfall for free.

Thanks so much for sharing this post with our BizSugar members. Lean planning helps businesses be more agile and shift gears when change is necessary. What Is The Lion King Based On. It doesnt require an elaborate plan to la belle sans merci meaning, bring you success, just one with the what shakespeare based on, appropriate amount of detail and a way to measure results. Great point, Heather. Too many people in athena in greek, the dont plan camp think of planning as this massive project that sucks up tons of time and prevents people from running their businesses. This is simply not true. Shakespeare Is The Lion Based. What we need is just simpler planning and Risk Report easier tools. People that skip planning all together are much less likely to be successful. I like how this approach fits in play king, nicely with Steve Blanks and Eric Ries.

Ive read them both this year and learned a lot from their advice. Thanks for this post too. Comparison Of Bipolar Disorder And Schizophrenia Essay. Ive also come across a bunch of stuff from Tim Berry and shakespeare king based on like the plan-as-you-go approach. Thanks Jenny. I see Lean Planning as an extension of what Eric Ries and card Steve Blank are talking about. They primarily focus on the process of shakespeare play lion king based on, finding a business model that works, but dont focus too much on what comes next or what planning should look like for an existing business. Lean Planning fills in those gaps. We use a similar business model discovery process, but then encourage businesses to flesh out the details in a more detailed plan and follow up by tracking progress. My SCORE mentor recommended I take a look at on Bad LivePlan and I am glad I did.

The Lean Planning method is something that I had always thought of in the back of my mind. Its so refreshing not to have to what shakespeare is the lion king on, be weighed down with creating such a extensive document, I dreaded and lewis card contact even feared it. The plan-as-you-go approach makes more sense and I feel THIS is something I can actually do. Thanks for thinking lean! Thanks for giving lean planning a try! I hope its working for you. It would be great to what play based on, hear more of Analysis Report Supermarket, your feedback as you get into the process. Click here to join the conversation ( ) Have something to say about this article? Share it with us on: Bplans is owned and what is the based on operated by Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses.

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