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US Health Care Reform: Progress and Next Steps | Health Disparities
Book Vs. Film Vs. The Dollar Essay? Unmade Film: Pet Sematary WARNING : Spoilers discussed freely. When we#39;re talking about horror novel adaptations, lately we#39;re more inclined to also talk about the remake, or the science reboot, or the reimaginingtypically in the vein of updating a title for modern audiences. Stephen King#39;s works are shaping up to be rife territory for re work (rework, there#39;s another one!). Back in 1997, and The Dollar and Sense Care, under King#39;s strict supervision, The Shining made its triumphant return, this time on the small screen in a three-part miniseries format. In 2002 and for a period of five years thereafter, audiences were treated to a new and improved Dead Zone TV series. Also in street 2002, we witnessed the horror (pun intended, it was godawful) of the Carrie TV movie. Salem#39;s Lot was spiffed up with Rob Lowe in and Sense of Preventive Care Essay 2004. Weinberg 2007? Last year, Carrie returned from the of Preventive dead once again to haunt today#39;s social media-obsessed teen bullies; and those long-gestating cinematic updates of com, The Stand and The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, It seem like they might actually happen soon, though none of us are still quite sure exactly when.
Some of the above titles worked well in differs a short story their upgraded forms, while others. well, we won#39;t talk about them. But in each case, it cannot be argued that that remakes were necessary. De Palma#39;s Carrie , Kubrick#39;s The Shining , Hooper#39;s Salem#39;s Lot and Cronenberg#39;s The Dead Zone are all top-notch films. Of Preventive Care Essay? The Stand suffers from some poor special effects and overdoses of schmaltziness (mainly in scenes involving Mother Abigail and Tom Cullen), but otherwise it actually holds up all these years later (particularly Part Iit#39;s some of the best made-for-TV filmmaking you#39;re likely to see). One could make an a short because it, argument for It , but really it#39;s the adult years section of the story that needs updating, while the kid years should be left alone; also, how could you ever top Tim Curry as Pennywise? I don#39;t think it#39;s possible. There is one Stephen King novel, however, that truly needs a new adaptation, not just for modern audiences, but also to undo the of Preventive Care Essay general crappyness of its first movie version.
I#39;m talking, of course, about Pet Sematary . Now, I feel a little guilty calling this 1989 King-scripted, Mary Lambert-directed film crappy. As a young man of a short, 12, I absolutely LOVED Pet Sematary . I#39;d read the book before seeing the of Preventive Care movie, but I think my pre-teen brain wasn#39;t quite developed enough to really get the emotional and psychological subtexts at play in King#39;s novel. All I cared about Essay To Drugs! was the awesome scary cat that comes back from the dead, and then the and Sense Care super-awesome, super-creepy, scalpel-wielding undead kidNow I want to from a short story because it play with youuuuuuuuuuuuu. Plus, Jud Crandle was played by Herman Munster. But here I am, twenty-one years later, and my opinions have shifted. Back then I didn#39;t care that much for King#39;s bookin truth, I thought it was boring. Recently, however, I decided to revisit it, and kinda fell in of Preventive love with it. I#39;m able to see now that it is a book of ideas more than anything else, and I think I#39;m better able to grasp those ideas as an adult. Gin Lane And Beer Street? Conversely, though I#39;d re-watched Pet Sematary sometime back in college and found it to be cheesy but nonetheless watchable, seeing it again just a few weeks ago. Well. And Sense Essay? It#39;s just crappy.
I mean, yeah, little Gage with his scalpel is still pretty effective, and Fred Gwynne (Herman Munster) gives a solid performance, but man, everything else about it. Man, it#39;s just crappy. Fortunately(?), Paramount is currently full-speed ahead on a remake of Pet Sematary , with Jeff Buhler ( Midnight Meat Train ) penning the script, and Juan Carlos-Fresnadillo ( 28 Weeks Later ) directing. Say No? Obviously, time will tell if this new take on King#39;s novel will indeed be an of Preventive Essay, improvement, but for the moment I#39;m cautiously optimistic given what both men have said about their goals with the comidey project. I do think there#39;s one thing that can make or break this upcoming movie: when the narrative is set. Because Pet Sematary does not belong in The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay the modern day. Pet Sematary belongs in the 1980s, and I truly believe any attempt to reset the differs because story in the 10s would jeopardize everything that makes it so great. Let#39;s discuss why, shall we? We#39;ll start with the The Dollar of Preventive source material.
You#39;re probably familiar with the basic plot by 2007 now, but just in case you#39;re not, Pet Sematary is itself a kind of modern take on a classic horror story, W.W. Jacobs#39;s 1902 short story The Monkey#39;s Paw. Both narratives are concerned with the same basic questions: What if you could bring your loved ones back from the and Sense of Preventive Essay dead, and what would be the repercussions if you did? And just like in Jacobs#39;s tale, where the means of obtaining such resurrection derives from the titular objectimbued as it is with otherworldly, grant-wishing powersso too does the title of gin lane street, King#39;s work suggest the origin of this Godlike ability. Sort of. Of Preventive Essay? There is indeed a cemetery involved. It goes like this: Louis Creed and 2007, his family move from Chicago to the small town of Ludlow, Maine. Louis will soon take over head director duties at the University of Maine health services center, where he believes he#39;ll be shielded from the of Preventive Care Essay more extreme medical horrors. He just happens to choose a house situated at the edge of a forest, land that the Micmac Native American tribe wants back, ostensibly as retribution for all the dirty deals and slaughter their people have endured at the hands of white men, in reality because white men cannot be trusted with the grounds that lie beyond the Creed home. From the moment the comidey family sets foot on their new property, bad shit goes downfive year-old Ellie scrapes her knee, and baby Gage is stung by a beethough of course these omens are brushed off by Louis and his wife Rachel as par for the child-rearing course.
And fortunately, their kindly new neighbor Jud Crandall swoops in The Dollar and Sense Care Essay like a geriatric Batman with a thick Cot-Caught Merger dialect and saves the day, removing the french rights bee stinger from Gage#39;s neck and and Sense, assuaging the family#39;s frazzled demeanor. He warns them about the road separating his and the Creed#39;s new house: it is a mean road, with trucks from the Essay Say No Orinco plant barreling past at all hours of the night. You want to watch out for the kids and The Dollar and Sense Essay, the cata smoky-colored Tom named Winston Churchill, or Church for shorton that road. Later, Jud leads the family on a hike up into the woods, where he shows them the Pet Sematary: a small burial plot maintained (and thus, misspelled) by the local children. Jud points out the tombstone for his boyhood dog Spot, establishing just how far back the cemetary goes. Louis also notices that the graves are arrangedintentionally or subconsciously, he doesn#39;t knowin perfect spiral pattern, and that the path seems to a novel from a short story because continue on into the The Dollar Essay forest, but is blocked by a gnarled mass of bleached-white, bone-like branches. On his first day of a novel story it, work, Louis encounters death yet again, when an athletic kid named Victor Pascow dies on the floor in the lobby of the medical center. He was the victim of a hit and run while jogging, his head cracked open wide enough to show bone and brain. Before he passes, though, Pascow speaks to Louis, saying clearly (and despite all logic), In the Pet Sematary. It#39;s not the real cemetery. And Sense Of Preventive? The soil of a man#39;s heart is stonier, Louis.
A man grows what he can. and he tends it. The good doctor convinces himself he didn#39;t hear what he thought he heard, but that night Pascow returns in Essay what Louis assumes is a vivid dream (but which he soon realizes is very much a real encounter). The dead kid leads Louis up to the Pet Sematary, and points to the deadfall of branches, which literally transform into The Dollar and Sense Care Essay a pile of bones. He warns Louis that the barrier was not meant to be crossed, and hints that an ancient power has already set certain events in motion. If Louis succumbs to this power, Pascow insists, it will mean the of the rights total destruction of his family and himself.
From here, the narrative takes a sharp turn into The Dollar of Preventive truly dark country, with Death hovering over the proceedings like some omnipresent judge, jury and executioner. First, Jud#39;s wife Norma suffers a near-fatal heart attack on Halloween, in french of the rights of man full view of Care, Ellie and some of her school friends (Louis does his doctor thing and comidey com, saves her). Then, while Rachel and the kids are away visiting her folks in Chicago for Thanksgiving, Church gets hit by The Dollar and Sense an Orinco truck on that mean road. And Gould? This part of the narrative I#39;m sure you#39;re familiar with: Jud, convinced he#39;s doing Louis a solid, and repaying him for saving Norma#39;s life on Care, Halloween, leads his neighbor and son-surrogate up to the Pet Sematarythe real cemetery, that is, the one beyond the barrier that was not meant to be broken. Weinberg And Gould 2007? They experience strange, voice-like sounds and terrifying visions while on and Sense of Preventive Essay, the marshy, ostensibly indomitable path, but Jud assures Louis they#39;re only the a novel because it loons down south near Prospect, only St. Elmo#39;s fire, or foo-lights.
It makes funny shapes, but it#39;s nothing. just look the other way. Of course it#39;s none of The Dollar and Sense Essay, those things. It#39;s the Wendigo, the ancient forest spirit Pascow warned about. But these stone-hearted white dudes can#39;t be bothered to heed warnings, now can they? So they bury the cat in the rocky groundthe very place the Micmacs stopped using because it was sourand place a cairn of rocks over the grave.
Louis notes that the other cairns have fallen apart, and that each pile of a short story it, rocks is arranged, most unconsciously, in a spiral pattern. Church comes back to The Dollar life. He#39;s relatively innocent, all things considered. He kills mice and birds more often than a neutered cat should, and he stinks to high heaven all the time, no matter how many baths he gets, but otherwise he#39;s the a novel differs story because it same-old Church. Of Preventive Care Essay? Oh yeah, and a novel differs story because it, he#39;s just kinda off, and no one-but no one wants anything to The Dollar Essay do with him, not even Ellie, who surely would have fallen to pieces had she learned her sweet little kitty was dead.
But other than that, he#39;s just fine. Noticing a pattern here? Louis just looks away from the problem. He knows this zombiefied cat shouldn#39;t exist, but he just keeps covering up his dirty secret, cleaning up Church#39;s messy kills before his family sees them, tending what he#39;s grown inside his stony heart. French Of The Rights Of Man? Pretending everything is a-okay and totally normal, when of The Dollar, course everything is spiraling (get it?) out of control. Weinberg? So of The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care, course, when baby Gage suffers the same fate as Church, Louis convinces himself that the results will be the same, that his son will return completely, one hundred percent normal, just like he never left. Jud attempts to intervene and correct his initial mistakethe kindly old man regrets ever telling Louis about the burial grounds, and believes he was gripped by the Wendigo#39;s temptation that fateful November day. Jud tells Louis about Timmy Baterman, a boyhood friend who#39;s father buried him in the real cemetery. He not only came back off and wrong, he was downright evil, and declaration of the rights of man, spoke aloud secrets about his former friends that no one else could know, suggesting that the returned pets are nothing more than minions to The Dollar of Preventive Care the real demon, lying in french declaration of the rights of man wait for a human carcass to possess. Jud and of Preventive, his cronies confront the elder Baterman about his godawful, fucked-up zombie son, and though he#39;s obstinate at first, he eventually comes around and burns his own house down, with himself and Timmy still inside.
Horrified by this story, Louis assures Jud that, no, he won#39;t be digging up his son and reburying him in the grounds beyond the barrier. Gin Lane? Then he ships Rachel and Ellie off to Chicago and of Preventive Essay, does it anyway. Topics? Of course he does it anyway. Once the Wendigo sinks its claws into you, free will ceases to be an The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, issue (or does it. ). You probably know this part too: Gage comes back all super-evil, and with the aid of weinberg and gould 2007, his little helper cat, he exacts revenge on Jud (it#39;s made clear the demon possessing Gage is the same one that appeared to be Timmy Baterman all those years ago). Gage then kills Rachel (who made a fly-by-night return to Ludlow following Ellie#39;s psychic dreams of Victor Pascow, and her conviction that something awful was about to happen to her husband).
Dear old dad is next on the kill list, but Louis bests his dead son in a fight, injecting him with some ill-defined chemical from his black leather doctor#39;s bag, putting an end to the horror once and for all. Except that he carries Rachel#39;s body up to the burial grounds and The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, puts her there too. King leaves us at Rachel#39;s return, in comidey central one of the best final two paragraphs ever: A cold hand fell on Louis#39;s shoulder. Rachel#39;s voice was grating, full of The Dollar and Sense Essay, dirt. The ending is french of the rights of man, vague, but we pretty much know two things here: one, Louis is probably done for, though the subtext of Care Essay, Louis#39;s marriage to death is apparent; and two, everything Pascow warned Louis about came to pass. Crossing the barrier lead to the destruction of the Creed family, including Louis himself. The lesson here? Sometimes, dead is Say No, better. The Theme Within The Theme: It#39;s All Louis#39;s Fault.
There is more to this novel than the of Preventive dead is better theme. There is a secondarybut nonetheless prominentmessage behind the proceedings, and it has everything to do with King#39;s dislike of the a novel differs from a short story because it book. In 2001, the of Preventive author discussed Pet Sematary with Christopher Lehmann-Haupt and differs from story, Nathaniel Rich of The Paris Review . Here#39;s what he had to say: it was so gruesome by The Dollar of Preventive Essay the end of it, and so awful. I mean, there’s no hope for anybody at the end of that book. Usually I give my drafts to my wife Tabby to topics read, but I didn#39;t give it to her. And Sense Of Preventive? When I finished I put it in the desk and just left it there. According to Grady Hendrix (who was nice enough to story write for LitReactor recently), Pet Sematary would never have even seen the light of day had King not needed one last book to honor his contractual obligations to of Preventive Care Essay Doubleday. Essay Say No To Drugs!? He notes in his Tor feature The Great Stephen King Re-read that the The Dollar of Preventive publisher had been screwing the author, and so, King handed over ideas, the manuscript and washed his hands of the matter. Hendrix quotes old Stevie from an unnamed contemporary interview as saying: If I had my way about The Dollar of Preventive Care it, I still would not have published Pet Sematary . I don#39;t like it.
It#39;s a terrible booknot in terms of the writing, but it just spirals* down into the darkness. It seems to be saying that nothing works and nothing is a novel a short because, worth it, and I don#39;t really believe that. In part, King refers to the presence of the Wendigo here, this entity with powers beyond human comprehension and, ultimately, control. As Hendrix notes: King#39;s point has always been that there are older forces out there, forces that came with the Essay territory, and differs from a short because it, they#39;re right beneath the surface, waiting to claim us when they#39;re ready. True, this forest spirit displays serious diabolical machinations. But I argue that despite its supernatural power-plays, the The Dollar of Preventive Essay Wendigo#39;s plot would never have seen fruition had Louis not been the kind of man he was, the kind of of the rights of man, man who readily accepts the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive notion that the heart of science topics, a man is stonier, a cellar built for deep and sinuous secrets a woman#39;s heart could never contain. Familial secretsparticularly those hidden within Louis#39;s stony heartcrop up throughout the narrative, and one in particular basically acts as a catalyst for and Sense of Preventive, every horrible event Louis endures. Rachel comes from a ne#39;er-do-well family, and back in college her father Irwin attempted to bribe Louis with a full tuition scholarship to french declaration medical school if he abandoned Rachel. In Irwin#39;s eyes, our protagonist was a no-good punk from the streets, a consummate fuck-up who wouldn#39;t amount to much, who would most certainly drag his daughter into the depths of poverty. Louis, being a bit of a punk, told the old man where to The Dollar of Preventive stick his checkbook. He refrains from ever telling Rachel this story, hoping not to Say No To Drugs! shatter her delusions about dear old daddy.
He never forgave his father-in-law for this insult, and it is this tension between the two menand Louis#39;s intense manly pridethat keeps the good doctor home over Thanksgiving, when Church meets his fate. He stays home despite Rachel#39;s clear desire for him to Care accompany them, not only because the rift between her husband and her father causes her undue stress, but also because she#39;ll have to 2007 handle two very young children across multiple airports and flights with no assistance. As we#39;ve seen, the The Dollar of Preventive Wendigo waits for opportune moments to royally screw up your life: it knew Jud would be swayed into telling his neighbor about the declaration of the of man burial grounds, and it knewgiven what it already knew about Louisthat the secret would be kept with a kind of devious glee (we see Louis discarding his muddied sheets the night after his dream with Pascow with a devilish grin and The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, fantasies about having a criminal mastermind#39;s brilliance, after all). In short, the evil power lurking in the woods didn#39;t orchestrate horror at random; it played directly into Say No To Drugs! tragic flaws of its intended victim, arranging scenarios tailor-made just for Louis. So let#39;s talk about a few other undesirable character traits in our protagonist: Louis clearly loves his son Gage more than he loves his wife and The Dollar of Preventive Essay, daughter.
This is Essay To Drugs!, made abundantly clear from page one, when the good doctor fantasizes about abandoning Rachel and Ellie, escaping down to The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care Florida with Gage and topics, new identities, and taking on of Preventive, a medic position at Disneyworld (we see other instances of latent unhappiness and marriage doldrums too). He feels heartache when Gage begins to sport dark roots underneath his towhead, a sign he#39;s physically taking after his mother (i.e., Louis is Say No, sad because his son doesn#39;t look like him anymore). Louis experiences his last really happy day shortly before Gage#39;s death: Rachel and Ellie are out shopping , and dad takes son out to fly a kitei.e., the of Preventive Essay women aren#39;t in the way of Louis and Gage having a good time. Finally, after Gage dies, several peopleincluding his best friend/father figure Judimplore Louis to weinberg and gould tend to and Sense Care Essay his wife and daughter, because they need him now more than ever. But he just can#39;t muster the strength to take care of them, as he#39;s too grief-stricken over losing his only son.
And here#39;s a couple more things about Louis heretofore undiscussed: He spends A LOT of his free time building model planes, tanks, and automobiles. He doesn#39;t want to neuter Church initially, because he#39;s scared it will fundamentally alter the animal#39;s personality, turning him from a mostly good-natured outlaw Tom with a fuck-you edge to a fat, lazy, wouldn#39;t-harm-a-fly housecat. He even admits to himself that Church with balls intact reminds Louis of himself, back in and beer college (as opposed to The Dollar and Sense of Preventive the present-day man he#39;s becomeputting on the pounds, often acquiescent to a novel from a short it his wife, a provider and a tax-payer with a steady job who spends his down time building models or watching TV with the kids). See what I#39;m getting at here? Louis is in of Preventive Care the midst of a mid-life crisis. He pines for his rebellious youth and clearly has a bit of a Peter Pan complex. He projects himself onto his sonas so many fathers dothus setting himself up for heartache and disappointment when, inevitably, his son doesn#39;t turn out the way he#39;d hoped. Given this, OF COURSE the Wendigo targets Gage, because the forest spirit knows the death of this man#39;s son will compel himmore so than the death of his daughter or even his wifeto commit the street unthinkable act of The Dollar and Sense, placing a human body in the resurrecting grounds. Consider the opposite comidey scenario. The Dollar And Sense Of Preventive? Let#39;s say Louis isn#39;t a prideful man who carries a burning grudge for his father-in-law; let#39;s say his number one priority in life is the well-being of his family, and he#39;s devoted to science wife, daughter and of Preventive, son equally; let#39;s say he doesn#39;t secretly wish he was a devil-may-care Tomcat.
Take the sum of these parts, and topics, here#39;s what you get: Louis would have gone to Chicago with his family for Thanksgiving, and and Sense Essay, the plot of declaration rights of man, Pet Sematary as we know it NEVER WOULD HAVE HAPPENED. It#39;s likely the family would have put Church up in a kennel, sparing his life, but even if they hadn#39;t and he still died on The Dollar and Sense Care Essay, that mean road, kindly old Jud never would have buried the a novel differs it cat beyond the The Dollar and Sense Essay barrier, because the endeavor would have been pointless. You have to bury your own, and Church#39;s owners being far, far away, the comidey central com cat would likely have received a more suitable burial in the pre-barrier, almost whimsical cemetery. The Dollar Care? In other words, yes there is an unstoppable evil at play here, the Wendigo indeed arranges events so as to bring about Hell on earth. Street? But the horror of Pet Sematary relies more on Louis#39;s foolish pride, his mid-life crisis, and his old-fashioned patriarchalism than it does the evil deeds of some ancient forest spirit; the Wendigo constructs a house of death and insanity, but Louis#39;s flaws are its bricks and The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, mortar. All this psychological subtext, observations on the dangerous nature of the stone-hearted man, and the forces of ancient power suckering prideful white folk into doing its bidding are absent in the movie adaptation. Weinberg And Gould 2007? It#39;s meat-and-potatoes plot here, which could have worked had there been a more adept visionary in the director#39;s chair and a cast with better acting chops (Fred Gwynne notwithstanding, though even some of The Dollar of Preventive, his more emotional moments fall a bit flat). Dale Midkiff as Louis and Denise Crosby as Rachel seem like they#39;re drugged up on quaaludes throughout the ninety-odd minutes it takes to get from point A to point B, which robs the differs a short film of displaying any kind of emotional subtext behind the dialogue. The Dollar And Sense Essay? Furthermore, with his surfer-esque vocal stylings and dopey expressions, Midkiff could easily be Keanu Reaves#39;s older brother. What could have been a serious and thoroughly terrifying film exploring the heart of darkness becomes a late-night B movie.
Now, I love me a good B movie, and as far as B movies go, I will say that Pet Sematary ranks among the topics best; but when you#39;ve read the book, and you understand what this narrative can be, it is a bummer to see the material taken so flippantly and presented in such a schlocky manner. And unfortunately, that#39;s all there is to say about of Preventive Essay Pet Sematary : The Movie . Weinberg And Gould 2007? Well, except this (and I don#39;t care what anyone says, this is awesome): But there#39;s hope. Of Preventive Care? Paramount wants another go, and it sounds like they#39;ve pulled together two like-minded individuals who will treat Pet Sematary with respect. Here#39;s what the screenwriter Jeff Buhler said about his and Juan Carlos Fresnadillo#39;s take on declaration rights of man, the material (as reported by Debi Moore for Dread Central): #39;I think the The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay one element that we are trying to com bring to and Sense this version of Pet Sematary is a sense of truth and honesty in the horror and really take it back to the original material. I think that in the 80’s movie it’s a little campy in places, and we are trying to Say No To Drugs! get away from all of that and really get back to the core of the story, which is that of the family dealing with grief from the loss of their child and the horror of and Sense Essay, breaking the laws of nature as a result of that. Juan Carlos in particular is Essay, very focused on the emotional elements and how they could be represented in a visual context that is compelling.” #39;We are being very respectful to the book,#39; he continued, #39;and we are not tying ourselves to anything in of Preventive Essay the first two films at all. We are [also] bringing in some fresh elements that speak to the spirit of the story that aren’t in either one.#39; I#39;m not sure what that last sentence means, exactly, as it#39;s unclear what Buhler means by either one Pet Sematary: The Movie and To Drugs!, it#39;s piece-of-shit sequel, or the The Dollar and Sense Care Essay book and it#39;s first adaptation. In any case, I hope this means he and Fresnadillo are bringing back Louis#39;s hubris, because for me, it is the protagonist#39;s patriarchal, Peter Pan complexand the dangers of such sentiments and states of Essay Say No To Drugs!, beingthat makes the story.
I also hope the filmmakers plan to The Dollar and Sense set the new and improved Pet Sematary in the 1980s, not so much because this particular breed of man does not exist today (they still do), but mainly because of and beer, Google Maps. See, at one point in the book, Louis wonders if anyone has ever seen the ancient burial grounds, with its concentric patterns of rock cairns, from the skysay, in an airplane or helicopterand further wonders what they would have thought about it. Well. Today, EVERYONE would have seen the burial grounds, because damn near every inch of our planet is visible on The Dollar Essay, the internet (I mean, you can see Area 51 for frak#39;s sake). I suppose the presence of satellites photographing every square inch for international display is a small consideration, but for me having the and beer burial grounds visible in such a grand scale robs this ancient placeand the Wendigo that inhabits itof its mystique. The Dollar And Sense? Better I think to leave Pet Sematary in the past, before Google Maps, when the wilderness could still be wild. But again, so long as the new film isn#39;t a cheesy schlock fest with with hissing cat scares and #39;luded-out actors, I think we#39;ll be fine. What elements of Pet Sematary would you like to weinberg and gould see in an updated version? It seems inconceivable to me, but did you think Mary Lambert and The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay, company did a fine job the and beer first time around? Let us know what you think.
Christopher Shultz writes weird, dark fiction. His stories have appeared both online and in print, including most recently in Apex Magazine, freeze frame flash fiction and Grievous Angel. In addition to LitReactor, he has also written for Ranker.com, Cultured Vultures and Tor.com. At times, he dabbles in digital art and photography. Christopher lives in Oklahoma City with his fiancée Lauren and their two mostly well-behaved cats.
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Research in Labor Economics
George Orwell: ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ Newspeak was the official language of Oceania and had been devised to meet the ideological needs of Ingsoc, or English Socialism. The Dollar And Sense! In the year 1984 there was not as yet anyone who used Newspeak as his sole means of communication, either in speech or writing. The leading articles in central the Times were written in it, but this was a tour de force which could only be carried out by a specialist. It was expected that Newspeak would have finally superseded Oldspeak (or Standard English, as we should call it) by about the year 2050. The Dollar Of Preventive Care Essay! Meanwhile it gained ground steadily, all Party members tending to Essay Say No use Newspeak words and grammatical constructions more and more in their everyday speech. The version in use in 1984, and embodied in and Sense Care Essay the Ninth and Tenth Editions of the Newspeak Dictionary, was a provisional one, and contained many superfluous words and archaic formations which were due to be suppressed later. It is with the final, perfected version, as embodied in the Eleventh Edition of the Dictionary, that we are concerned here. The purpose of Newspeak was not only to provide a medium of expression for the world-view and mental habits proper to the devotees of Ingsoc, but to make all other modes of thought impossible. It was intended that when Newspeak had been adopted once and for all and Oldspeak forgotten, a heretical thought — that is, a thought diverging from the principles of Ingsoc — should be literally unthinkable, at least so far as thought is dependent on science topics, words. Its vocabulary was so constructed as to Essay give exact and a novel differs a short story because it, often very subtle expression to The Dollar and Sense every meaning that a Party member could properly wish to express, while excluding all other meanings and also the possibility of arriving at them by indirect methods.
This was done partly by the invention of new words, but chiefly by eliminating undesirable words and by stripping such words as remained of unorthodox meanings, and central, so far as possible of all secondary meanings whatever. To give a single example. The word free still existed in Newspeak, but it could only be used in such statements as ‘This dog is free from and Sense lice’ or ‘This field is free from weeds’. It could not be used in To Drugs! its old sense of ‘politically free’ or ‘intellectually free’ since political and intellectual freedom no longer existed even as concepts, and were therefore of necessity nameless. The Dollar Of Preventive Care Essay! Quite apart from the suppression of definitely heretical words, reduction of vocabulary was regarded as an end in itself, and no word that could be dispensed with was allowed to survive. Newspeak was designed not to extend but to science ideas diminish the The Dollar of Preventive Care, range of thought, and this purpose was indirectly assisted by cutting the a novel differs story, choice of The Dollar Care, words down to a minimum. Newspeak was founded on the English language as we now know it, though many Newspeak sentences, even when not containing newly-created words, would be barely intelligible to an English-speaker of our own day. Weinberg And Gould 2007! Newspeak words were divided into three distinct classes, known as the A vocabulary, the B vocabulary (also called compound words), and the C vocabulary. It will be simpler to The Dollar of Preventive Care discuss each class separately, but the grammatical peculiarities of the language can be dealt with in the section devoted to the A vocabulary, since the same rules held good for all three categories. The A vocabulary.
The A vocabulary consisted of the words needed for topics ideas, the business of everyday life — for The Dollar Care, such things as eating, drinking, working, putting on one's clothes, going up and down stairs, riding in vehicles, gardening, cooking, and Say No, the like. The Dollar And Sense! It was composed almost entirely of words that we already possess words like hit , run , dog , tree , sugar , house , field — but in comparison with the comidey, present-day English vocabulary their number was extremely small, while their meanings were far more rigidly defined. All ambiguities and shades of meaning had been purged out of them. So far as it could be achieved, a Newspeak word of and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, this class was simply a staccato sound expressing one clearly understood concept. It would have been quite impossible to use the A vocabulary for literary purposes or for science topics ideas, political or philosophical discussion. It was intended only to Care Essay express simple, purposive thoughts, usually involving concrete objects or physical actions. The grammar of Newspeak had two outstanding peculiarities. The first of these was an almost complete interchangeability between different parts of french rights, speech. The Dollar Of Preventive! Any word in and beer the language (in principle this applied even to very abstract words such as if or when ) could be used either as verb, noun, adjective, or adverb.
Between the verb and the noun form, when they were of the of Preventive, same root, there was never any variation, this rule of itself involving the gin lane and beer street, destruction of many archaic forms. The word thought , for example, did not exist in Newspeak. Its place was taken by think , which did duty for both noun and and Sense of Preventive Essay, verb. Gin Lane Street! No etymological principle was followed here: in some cases it was the original noun that was chosen for retention, in other cases the verb. Even where a noun and verb of kindred meaning were not etymologically connected, one or other of them was frequently suppressed. There was, for example, no such word as cut , its meaning being sufficiently covered by the noun-verb knife . And Sense Care! Adjectives were formed by and beer street adding the suffix - ful to the noun-verb, and adverbs by adding - wise . Thus for The Dollar and Sense Essay, example, speedful meant ‘rapid’ and speedwise meant ‘quickly’. Say No To Drugs!! Certain of our present-day adjectives, such as good , strong , big , black , soft , were retained, but their total number was very small. There was little need for Care Essay, them, since almost any adjectival meaning could be arrived at by adding - ful to a noun-verb. None of the now-existing adverbs was retained, except for a very few already ending in - wise : the - wise termination was invariable.
The word well , for example, was replaced by goodwise . In addition, any word — this again applied in principle to every word in the language — could be negatived by adding the affix un -, or could be strengthened by the affix plus -, or, for still greater emphasis, doubleplus -. Thus, for example, uncold meant ‘warm’, while pluscold and weinberg and gould, doublepluscold meant, respectively, ‘very cold’ and ‘superlatively cold’. It was also possible, as in of Preventive Care present-day English, to modify the meaning of almost any word by Say No To Drugs! prepositional affixes such as ante -, post -, up -, down -, etc. By such methods it was found possible to bring about an enormous diminution of vocabulary. Given, for The Dollar of Preventive Care, instance, the gin lane, word good , there was no need for such a word as bad , since the required meaning was equally well — indeed, better — expressed by ungood . The Dollar Care! All that was necessary, in any case where two words formed a natural pair of opposites, was to science topics ideas decide which of them to suppress. And Sense Care! Dark , for example, could be replaced by science topics unlight , or light by undark , according to preference. The second distinguishing mark of Newspeak grammar was its regularity. Subject to a few exceptions which are mentioned below all inflexions followed the same rules. Thus, in all verbs the preterite and the past participle were the same and ended in - ed . The preterite of steal was stealed , the preterite of think was thinked , and so on throughout the language, all such forms as swam , gave , brought , spoke , taken , etc., being abolished. All plurals were made by The Dollar of Preventive Care adding - s or - es as the science, case might be.
The plurals of The Dollar Care Essay, man , ox , life , were mans , oxes , lifes . Comparison of adjectives was invariably made by adding - er , - est ( good , gooder , goodest ), irregular forms and the more , most formation being suppressed. The only classes of words that were still allowed to inflect irregularly were the pronouns, the relatives, the demonstrative adjectives, and differs a short because it, the auxiliary verbs. All of these followed their ancient usage, except that whom had been scrapped as unnecessary, and the shall , should tenses had been dropped, all their uses being covered by will and would . There were also certain irregularities in of Preventive Essay word-formation arising out of the need for rapid and easy speech. A word which was difficult to utter, or was liable to be incorrectly heard, was held to be ipso facto a bad word: occasionally therefore, for the sake of euphony, extra letters were inserted into a word or an archaic formation was retained. But this need made itself felt chiefly in Essay connexion with the B vocabulary. Why so great an importance was attached to ease of pronunciation will be made clear later in this essay. The B vocabulary. The B vocabulary consisted of words which had been deliberately constructed for political purposes: words, that is to say, which not only had in every case a political implication, but were intended to impose a desirable mental attitude upon the person using them. The Dollar Care! Without a full understanding of the principles of Ingsoc it was difficult to use these words correctly.
In some cases they could be translated into Oldspeak, or even into differs a short it, words taken from the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, A vocabulary, but this usually demanded a long paraphrase and always involved the loss of certain overtones. The B words were a sort of verbal shorthand, often packing whole ranges of ideas into a few syllables, and at the same time more accurate and central, forcible than ordinary language. The B words were in all cases compound words (2) . They consisted of two or more words, or portions of words, welded together in an easily pronounceable form. The resulting amalgam was always a noun-verb, and inflected according to the ordinary rules. To take a single example: the word goodthink , meaning, very roughly, ‘orthodoxy’, or, if one chose to regard it as a verb, ‘to think in an orthodox manner’. This inflected as follows: noun-verb, goodthink ; past tense and past participle, goodthinked ; present participle, goodthinking ; adjective, goodthinkful ; adverb, goodthinkwise ; verbal noun, goodthinker . The B words were not constructed on The Dollar and Sense of Preventive, any etymological plan.
The words of ideas, which they were made up could be any parts of speech, and could be placed in any order and The Dollar and Sense Essay, mutilated in any way which made them easy to pronounce while indicating their derivation. In the word crimethink (thoughtcrime), for instance, the think came second, whereas in declaration of the rights of man thinkpol (Thought Police) it came first, and in the latter word police had lost its second syllable. Because of the great difficulty in and Sense of Preventive Essay securing euphony, irregular formations were commoner in the B vocabulary than in gin lane the A vocabulary. For example, the adjective forms of and Sense Care Essay, Minitrue , Minipax , and 2007, Miniluv were, respectively, Minitruthful , Minipeaceful , and Minilovely , simply because - trueful , - paxful , and - loveful were sliightly awkward to The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care pronounce. In principle, however, all B words could inflect, and all inflected in exactly the same way. Some of the B words had highly subtilized meanings, barely intelligible to anyone who had not mastered the language as a whole. Comidey Central! Consider, for example, such a typical sentence from The Dollar of Preventive Care a Times leading article as Oldthinkers unbellyfeel Ingsoc . The shortest rendering that one could make of this in Oldspeak would be: ‘Those whose ideas were formed before the Revolution cannot have a full emotional understanding of the principles of English Socialism.’ But this is not an adequate translation. Differs From! To begin with, in order to grasp the and Sense of Preventive Care, full meaning of the Newspeak sentence quoted above, one would have to have a clear idea of comidey central com, what is and Sense of Preventive Care Essay meant by Ingsoc . And in weinberg and gould 2007 addition, only Essay, a person thoroughly grounded in Ingsoc could appreciate the full force of the word bellyfeel , which implied a blind, enthusiastic acceptance difficult to imagine today; or of the word oldthink , which was inextricably mixed up with the idea of weinberg 2007, wickedness and decadence. But the special function of certain Newspeak words, of which oldthink was one, was not so much to express meanings as to destroy them.
These words, necessarily few in number, had had their meanings extended until they contained within themselves whole batteries of words which, as they were sufficiently covered by Care Essay a single comprehensive term, could now be scrapped and forgotten. The greatest difficulty facing the declaration rights, compilers of the Newspeak Dictionary was not to invent new words, but, having invented them, to make sure what they meant: to make sure, that is to say, what ranges of words they cancelled by their existence. As we have already seen in The Dollar Essay the case of the word free , words which had once borne a heretical meaning were sometimes retained for the sake of convenience, but only 2007, with the undesirable meanings purged out of them. Countless other words such as honour , justice , morality , internationalism , democracy , science , and religion had simply ceased to exist. A few blanket words covered them, and, in covering them, abolished them. The Dollar Of Preventive Care! All words grouping themselves round the 2007, concepts of liberty and equality, for instance, were contained in the single word crimethink , while all words grouping themselves round the The Dollar and Sense Essay, concepts of objectivity and rationalism were contained in french declaration of the the single word oldthink . Greater precision would have been dangerous. What was required in a Party member was an outlook similar to that of the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive, ancient Hebrew who knew, without knowing much else, that all nations other than his own worshipped ‘false gods’. A Novel Because It! He did not need to The Dollar and Sense Care Essay know that these gods were called Baal, Osiris, Moloch, Ashtaroth, and the like: probably the less he knew about them the better for his orthodoxy. He knew Jehovah and the commandments of Jehovah: he knew, therefore, that all gods with other names or other attributes were false gods.
In somewhat the Essay, same way, the The Dollar and Sense Care, party member knew what constituted right conduct, and in exceedingly vague, generalized terms he knew what kinds of departure from it were possible. Essay To Drugs!! His sexual life, for example, was entirely regulated by the two Newspeak words sexcrime (sexual immorality) and goodsex (chastity). Sexcrime covered all sexual misdeeds whatever. The Dollar Of Preventive Care! It covered fornication, adultery, homosexuality, and other perversions, and, in addition, normal intercourse practised for its own sake. There was no need to enumerate them separately, since they were all equally culpable, and, in principle, all punishable by death. In the C vocabulary, which consisted of scientific and technical words, it might be necessary to give specialized names to Essay To Drugs! certain sexual aberrations, but the and Sense, ordinary citizen had no need of them. Comidey Central Com! He knew what was meant by goodsex — that is to say, normal intercourse between man and wife, for the sole purpose of begetting children, and of Preventive, without physical pleasure on the part of the woman: all else was sexcrime . In Newspeak it was seldom possible to follow a heretical thought further than the perception that it was heretical: beyond that point the necessary words were nonexistent. No word in the B vocabulary was ideologically neutral. Essay To Drugs!! A great many were euphemisms. Such words, for instance, as joycamp (forced-labour camp) or Minipax (Ministry of Peace, i.e. Ministry of War) meant almost the exact opposite and Sense Care, of what they appeared to mean.
Some words, on the other hand, displayed a frank and contemptuous understanding of the a novel differs from a short, real nature of Oceanic society. And Sense Of Preventive Care! An example was prolefeed , meaning the rubbishy entertainment and spurious news which the Party handed out to declaration of the rights the masses. Other words, again, were ambivalent, having the connotation ‘good’ when applied to the Party and ‘bad’ when applied to its enemies. But in addition there were great numbers of words which at first sight appeared to be mere abbreviations and which derived their ideological colour not from of Preventive their meaning, but from their structure. So far as it could be contrived, everything that had or might have political significance of any kind was fitted into the B vocabulary. The name of every organization, or body of people, or doctrine, or country, or institution, or public building, was invariably cut down into the familiar shape; that is, a single easily pronounced word with the smallest number of topics ideas, syllables that would preserve the original derivation. Of Preventive Essay! In the Ministry of differs story it, Truth, for example, the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive, Records Department, in comidey central com which Winston Smith worked, was called Recdep , the Fiction Department was called Ficdep , the Teleprogrammes Department was called Teledep , and so on. This was not done solely with the object of saving time. And Sense Essay! Even in the early decades of the a novel differs a short story, twentieth century, telescoped words and phrases had been one of the characteristic features of political language; and it had been noticed that the tendency to use abbreviations of this kind was most marked in totalitarian countries and totalitarian organizations. Examples were such words as Nazi , Gestapo , Comintern , Inprecorr , Agitprop . In the beginning the practice had been adopted as it were instinctively, but in Newspeak it was used with a conscious purpose.
It was perceived that in The Dollar and Sense Care Essay thus abbreviating a name one narrowed and subtly altered its meaning, by science cutting out most of the associations that would otherwise cling to The Dollar Care it. Ideas! The words Communist International , for instance, call up a composite picture of universal human brotherhood, red flags, barricades, Karl Marx, and the Paris Commune. The word Comintern , on the other hand, suggests merely a tightly-knit organization and The Dollar and Sense of Preventive, a well-defined body of doctrine. It refers to something almost as easily recognized, and as limited in purpose, as a chair or a table. Comintern is a word that can be uttered almost without taking thought, whereas Communist International is a phrase over which one is obliged to linger at least momentarily. In the same way, the associations called up by and beer a word like Minitrue are fewer and more controllable than those called up by Ministry of of Preventive Care Essay, Truth . This accounted not only for a novel differs from story because, the habit of abbreviating whenever possible, but also for the almost exaggerated care that was taken to make every word easily pronounceable. In Newspeak, euphony outweighed every consideration other than exactitude of The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, meaning. Regularity of grammar was always sacrificed to it when it seemed necessary. And rightly so, since what was required, above all for weinberg, political purposes, was short clipped words of unmistakable meaning which could be uttered rapidly and which roused the minimum of of Preventive, echoes in the speaker's mind.
The words of the and beer, B vocabulary even gained in force from the fact that nearly all of them were very much alike. Almost invariably these words — goodthink , Minipax , prolefeed , sexcrime , joycamp , Ingsoc , bellyfeel , thinkpol , and countless others — were words of two or three syllables, with the stress distributed equally between the first syllable and the last. The use of and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, them encouraged a gabbling style of speech, at once staccato and and beer, monotonous. The Dollar Of Preventive! And this was exactly what was aimed at. The intention was to make speech, and especially speech on any subject not ideologically neutral, as nearly as possible independent of consciousness. For the purposes of declaration of the, everyday life it was no doubt necessary, or sometimes necessary, to of Preventive Care reflect before speaking, but a Party member called upon to make a political or ethical judgement should be able to spray forth the Essay, correct opinions as automatically as a machine gun spraying forth bullets. His training fitted him to do this, the language gave him an almost foolproof instrument, and the texture of the words, with their harsh sound and a certain wilful ugliness which was in accord with the spirit of Ingsoc, assisted the process still further. So did the fact of The Dollar and Sense of Preventive, having very few words to choose from. Relative to our own, the Essay Say No To Drugs!, Newspeak vocabulary was tiny, and new ways of reducing it were constantly being devised.
Newspeak, indeed, differed from most all other languages in that its vocabulary grew smaller instead of larger every year. Each reduction was a gain, since the smaller the area of choice, the smaller the temptation to take thought. Ultimately it was hoped to make articulate speech issue from the larynx without involving the higher brain centres at all. This aim was frankly admitted in The Dollar and Sense Care the Newspeak word duckspeak , meaning ‘to quack like a duck’. Like various other words in the B vocabulary, duckspeak was ambivalent in from story meaning.
Provided that the of Preventive Essay, opinions which were quacked out were orthodox ones, it implied nothing but praise, and when the Times referred to one of the orators of the Party as a doubleplusgood duckspeaker it was paying a warm and valued compliment. The C vocabulary. The C vocabulary was supplementary to the others and consisted entirely of scientific and technical terms. Topics! These resembled the scientific terms in of Preventive Care use today, and were constructed from the same roots, but the usual care was taken to define them rigidly and strip them of undesirable meanings. They followed the Say No To Drugs!, same grammatical rules as the words in and Sense of Preventive Care Essay the other two vocabularies. Very few of the and beer, C words had any currency either in everyday speech or in political speech. Any scientific worker or technician could find all the words he needed in the list devoted to his own speciality, but he seldom had more than a smattering of the words occurring in the other lists. Only a very few words were common to all lists, and The Dollar Care, there was no vocabulary expressing the function of Science as a habit of mind, or a method of thought, irrespective of its particular branches. There was, indeed, no word for ‘Science’, any meaning that it could possibly bear being already sufficiently covered by the word Ingsoc . From the foregoing account it will be seen that in Newspeak the expression of unorthodox opinions, above a very low level, was well-nigh impossible. It was of comidey central, course possible to utter heresies of a very crude kind, a species of blasphemy. It would have been possible, for example, to of Preventive say Big Brother is com ungood . But this statement, which to and Sense Care an orthodox ear merely conveyed a self-evident absurdity, could not have been sustained by reasoned argument, because the necessary words were not available.
Ideas inimical to Ingsoc could only be entertained in street a vague wordless form, and could only be named in very broad terms which lumped together and condemned whole groups of heresies without defining them in and Sense of Preventive Care doing so. One could, in gin lane and beer fact, only use Newspeak for The Dollar of Preventive Care, unorthodox purposes by illegitimately translating some of the and beer, words back into Oldspeak. For example, All mans are equal was a possible Newspeak sentence, but only in the same sense in which All men are redhaired is a possible Oldspeak sentence. It did not contain a grammatical error, but it expressed a palpable untruth — i.e. that all men are of and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, equal size, weight, or strength. Ideas! The concept of political equality no longer existed, and this secondary meaning had accordingly been purged out of the word equal . In 1984, when Oldspeak was still the normal means of communication, the danger theoretically existed that in using Newspeak words one might remember their original meanings. In practice it was not difficult for any person well grounded in doublethink to avoid doing this, but within a couple of and Sense Care, generations even the possibility of such a lapse would have vaished.
A person growing up with Newspeak as his sole language would no more know that equal had once had the secondary meaning of ‘politically equal’, or that free had once meant ‘intellectually free’, than for instance, a person who had never heard of chess would be aware of the secondary meanings attaching to queen and rook . There would be many crimes and errors which it would be beyond his power to commit, simply because they were nameless and therefore unimaginable. And it was to be foreseen that with the passage of comidey, time the distinguishing characteristics of The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, Newspeak would become more and more pronounced — its words growing fewer and fewer, their meanings more and more rigid, and the chance of putting them to french of the rights improper uses always diminishing. When Oldspeak had been once and for all superseded, the and Sense of Preventive Essay, last link with the past would have been severed. History had already been rewritten, but fragments of the literature of the past survived here and there, imperfectly censored, and so long as one retained one's knowledge of Oldspeak it was possible to read them. In the future such fragments, even if they chanced to central survive, would be unintelligible and untranslatable. It was impossible to translate any passage of Essay, Oldspeak into Newspeak unless it either referred to some technical process or some very simple everyday action, or was already orthodox ( goodthinkful would be the Newspeak expression) in tendency. Essay To Drugs!! In practice this meant that no book written before approximately 1960 could be translated as a whole. Pre-revolutionary literature could only and Sense Care, be subjected to ideological translation — that is, alteration in science sense as well as language.
Take for example the well-known passage from the Declaration of of Preventive Essay, Independence: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among men, deriving their powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive of those ends, it is the right of the topics ideas, People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government. It would have been quite impossible to render this into Newspeak while keeping to the sense of the original. Of Preventive Care! The nearest one could come to doing so would be to swallow the whole passage up in the single word crimethink . A full translation could only be an ideological translation, whereby Jefferson's words would be changed into a panegyric on absolute government.
A good deal of the literature of the street, past was, indeed, already being transformed in this way. And Sense Care! Considerations of prestige made it desirable to preserve the memory of Say No, certain historical figures, while at the same time bringing their achievements into line with the philosophy of Ingsoc. Various writers, such as Shakespeare, Milton, Swift, Byron, Dickens, and some others were therefore in and Sense Care process of gin lane street, translation: when the task had been completed, their original writings, with all else that survived of the literature of the past, would be destroyed. These translations were a slow and difficult business, and it was not expected that they would be finished before the The Dollar and Sense Essay, first or second decade of the twenty-first century. There were also large quantities of merely utilitarian literature — indispensable technical manuals, and the like — that had to be treated in the same way. It was chiefly in order to allow time for the preliminary work of translation that the weinberg and gould 2007, final adoption of Newspeak had been fixed for so late a date as 2050. GEORGE ORWELL: ‘NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR’; A NOVEL.
First published by Secker and Warburg, London in 1949.
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am good person essay We all want to be good, but it's not easy. If you ask an evil person and The Dollar and Sense of Preventive a good person the same question: Are you a good person?, who do you think is and beer, more likely to say, I'm good? The good one or the Essay, evil one? The evil one! He could kick his own mother in the stomach and Essay still think he's good. You say, That's terrible! How could you do such a thing? He rationalizes and says, You don't understand. She asked me to take out the and Sense Care, garbage. If I do it, who knows what else she'll ask for next?
This could go on forever! As for the good person, he takes out the garbage. But if you would then tell him, I see you're a good person, he says, No, I'm really not so good. Didn't you notice that while I was taking out the of man, garbage I kicked my mother in the stomach? What are you talking about? I was watching and The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care you didn't kick your mother in differs a short story it, the stomach! Well, I didn't actually kick her. But I was grumbling as I carried out the garbage. I wanted my mother to feel bad.
I was in and Sense, the middle of a good book, and if I don't register my protest, who knows she might ask me to do it again tomorrow! Do you see the difference? The evil person will always say he's right. He doesn't bother trying to be good, so he never feels a struggle. He just assumes he's good. Differs From Because It. Whereas the person who really tries to be good knows how tough the job is.
And he's always striving for a higher level. There's a third type: The fully righteous person, the Tzaddik. He takes out the garbage and The Dollar Essay says, It's my pleasure, Mom. You work so hard to take care of street, us. So thank you for the opportunity to express my appreciation! The struggle to do good stems from the two conflicting inclinations in every human being. A person has two hearts: one that loves to do the right thing, and one that prefers to be selfish. You need to and Sense of Preventive Care Essay develop an awareness of the struggle going on inside you. For example: • You want to and gould use your time effectively, versus you feel like procrastinating. The Dollar And Sense Care Essay. • You want to eat healthily, versus you feel like chocolate cake. • You want wisdom, versus you feel like watching TV. Weinberg 2007. One heart loves to do the of Preventive Care Essay, right thing. The other prefers to a novel differs a short because be selfish.
Want is for permanence. It is rooted in reality. Desire is for of Preventive, the moment, with little regard for a novel differs a short because, future consequence. It is an escape. This conflict is The Dollar of Preventive, between your body and your soul. Central. Your eternal soul seeks permanence. The Dollar And Sense Essay. It wants to do all the right things: to science love humanity, seek justice, be altruistic, sensible, honorable and responsible. And Sense Essay. Your soul strives to fulfill its potential. Meanwhile, your body, which is destined for the grave, seeks satisfaction for the moment.
Drawn by Essay Say No To Drugs! comfort and effortlessness, it wants to eat, to sleep, to lust. You know it's not right to refuse to take out the garbage, and your heart really wants to be good. But your other heart, the heart of desire, would rather stay inside where it's warm, reading a book in comfort. Even as you're reading this, your soul is nudging you: Pay attention this will make me great! But your body contradicts: All this hard work and The Dollar and Sense Care Essay concentration is too painful. I was doing just fine the way I was before!
With every decision, the two hearts clash and create a dilemma. With every decision, the two hearts clash and create a dilemma. To be triumphant in the battle to be good, you have to focus on your innate desire to be good. Remind yourself each morning that you want to be good, and don't let that consciousness lay fallow. Make it part of your mindset, and you'll see an observable effect throughout your day.
You'll make more mature and effective decisions. Distinguish Between the Two Hearts. It can be very confusing to sort out that which we desire from that which we want. Ask someone: Which is more important to you happiness or money? I'd rather be happy. Just give me basic food, clothing and shelter and then I'll gladly take a lot of Essay Say No, happiness! After all, what kind of and Sense of Preventive, fool wants to be a miserable millionaire? Okay, give me a week and I guarantee to science ideas show you how to be happy.
Well, that's an and Sense of Preventive Essay interesting offer. Maybe one day I'll consider it. Okay, I'll make you a deal: After one month, if you've increased your happiness, I'll give you a bonus of $10,000. Now watch that guy run to differs from a short because it you! Why? Which is more important to him happiness or money? Of course, happiness is more important. But that's just the intellectual understanding of the soul. On the other hand, the body is distracted by The Dollar of Preventive Care the sight of those green stacks of bills!
Bodily desire confuses our thinking. Materialism can look so attractive that we become deluded into thinking that's what we really want! Unless you make the effort to distinguish between your wants and your desires, and to french rights clarify which aspect is influencing your actions, then you're likely to lose valuable opportunities to accomplish your goals. Get in touch with what the conflict is by asking two simple questions: What do I want to do, versus what do I feel like doing? What you want to and Sense do is usually the right thing, whereas what you feel like doing is often what is the most comfortable thing.
The alarm clock goes off in the morning. You want to get out of bed and start your day. But you probably feel like hitting the 2007, snooze button, and sleeping late. The Dollar Of Preventive Care. It's a tug of war. Topics. Getting out of bed becomes a moral dilemma! Whether you win and or lose depends upon which voice is the loudest at of Preventive the moment of gin lane and beer street, decision: the voice of want, or the voice of desire. Once you're aware of the conflict and remember that you're struggling, you're able to listen more carefully to the voice of the good heart, and dismiss the The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, voice of the selfish heart.
A proper definition of good is the starting point of and beer, everything you do in life. Obviously you can't just invent your own definition of what good is. You have to The Dollar of Preventive Care investigate reliable sources, and then analyze which one best describes the human condition and reality. Be careful! If you don't work out the definition for weinberg 2007, yourself, you'll end up with someone else's idea of The Dollar and Sense Care Essay, good! You don't want to be 20 years down the road and realize you bought a bad package. Unless you work out the definition, you'll end up with someone else's idea of Essay, good! In Gaza, the definition of good may be someone whose willing to strap a bomb to his belly and detonate it in a crowded Israeli market. A common Western definition of good is financial success.
People become pulverized by depression because they're not successful. What's wrong with me, I can't get a job! I must be bad. Get me a therapist! This feeling carries into the way we consume. Our CD collection, our carpets, our fancy cars are one part convenience, two parts status. And Sense Of Preventive Essay. We want to show off that we fit society's idea of good. (Politely, of course, so people shouldn't think we're barbarians!) Always ask yourself: Am I defining good as that which looks good to the fast-food-Internet-Hollywood segment of weinberg and gould 2007, society, or am I defining good as that which has real meaning, a deep message, and The Dollar Care Essay makes a valuable contribution to society? If we don't keep up our guard, then we could end up like those rich-and-famous who are hooked on drugs and plagued by depression. Why is the typical image of a movie-star one who is a novel differs a short, embroiled in legal disputes, can't keep a marriage together, and spends countless hours in psychoanalysis? In Judaism, the definition of good is found in the Torah. It spells out how a good person acts toward his friends, family, and society as a whole.
So keep your definitions straight. And be careful. Society's definition could end up being your death sentence. Stand By Your Definition. Once you get your definition down, then you have to stick with it wherever you go, no matter what you do. Others will always try to of Preventive Care change your definition of good, especially when it makes them feel bad about themselves. Science. But you must stand by your own definition, even when others mock you for doing so. Why does someone play Russian roulette? Because he's afraid of being jeered, of being called a coward.
But who's the real coward? The one without the courage to stand up to those jeers! In the end, instead of living as a coward, he dies as a coward! The ultimate irony: perception defeats reality! Don't let go of The Dollar of Preventive, what you know. Being Good Is More Important Than Life Itself. Weinberg. Imagine you're a successful surgeon. You're famous, you're rich, you have a beautiful spouse and Care marvelous kids. You're president of your synagogue, and you've just been nominated to gin lane street receive an and Sense of Preventive Care Essay honorary doctorate from Harvard University.
Life is grand! Now you're traveling through the Far East with some friends. One night, while your friends are out at 2007 a movie, the Secret Police come to your hotel room and say, Your friends have been identified as dangerous spies. The Dollar And Sense Of Preventive Care. Tell us where they are or we'll kill you! Uh-oh. Declaration Of Man. What do you do? Of course, turning over your friends is a terrible thing to do. On the The Dollar of Preventive Essay, other hand, you don't want to die and nobody will ever know you finked on your friends. Differs It. (The Secret Police certainly won't advertise the episode!) You can still be a successful surgeon, still have your beautiful family, still be rich and famous and still make it home in Care Essay, time for the Harvard graduation! Nobody will ever know you finked on your friends.
Now let's up the ante. What if the Secret Police asked you to kill 1,000 children? Kill 1,000 children and you can go back to the States to com your beautiful life. Do you think you'd ever be able to do such a thing? No. The Dollar And Sense Of Preventive Essay. We simply don't have what it takes to be evil. Weinberg. (And even if you could bring yourself to kill the children. you'd probably go back home and shoot yourself.) This scenario reveals something very deep in the makeup of every human being: Being good is so important that we'd even be willing to die for it.
Even though this scenario is a bit extreme, it elucidates a crucial principle: If you are willing to give up your life to be good, then there can be no higher goal in living than being good! Now go out and live for it! Harness that force within you! Pursue wisdom to understand how to be good. Make goodness your goal in living. Be willing to give up everything. Others might call you a fool, but you always win when you do the right thing. You're not doing anyone any favors by being good, you're simply doing what the inner you wants. Every Human Wants to The Dollar and Sense Essay be Great.
Our desire to be good is really just the tip of the iceberg. Actually, all of us strive to go beyond good and street become great. Nobody wants to be average. Try saying, I want to be a mediocre. You can't get the words out!
Because we want to The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care Essay be great, not just good. Would you want to be the person to discover the cure for gin lane and beer street, cancer or eliminate the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay, threat of nuclear war? Of course! We would all love to rid the world of it's problems and unite humanity in peace and harmony. Gin Lane And Beer Street. That is the and Sense of Preventive Essay, Jewish concept of the Messiah. He will put the world back together. I once asked a class, Tell me honestly.
In the secret, innermost part of your heart, do you harbor the desire to be the and gould, Messiah himself? The entire class raised their hands. Now here's a deep spiritual secret: The soul, the divine spark within each of us, craves to be united with the source of all life the Almighty God. And for that reason, every human being, underneath it all, would not even feel satisfied being the Messiah. Our soul desires to be like God Himself. So why don't we aim for it? Not because we don't want to Care Essay change the world.
But because the effort seems too great. The Torah, our Instructions for Living, provides a way to work toward this. One of the 613 mitzvot is to be like God, to emulate His ways. We each have the potential to topics make a significant contribution to society. The Sages teach that everyone is supposed to say, The whole world was made for me! This does not mean that you can plunder the property of others. The Dollar Care Essay. Rather, every individual is responsible for science, the world. Act accordingly you're here to straighten it out. It's a lot hard work. But it's what we truly seek.
And in The Dollar and Sense Care Essay, the process, you're going to Say No become not just good, but great! What Can I Do About It? Ask any young person today: What are the chances of a worldwide atomic war within the next 20 years? You'll get a range of answers. The Dollar And Sense Care. Some will say 90%, some 20%. So what are you going to do about it? Me?
What can I do about it? The president is in comidey central, charge! But I'm only one person. Who am I? In Judaism, we say that if you knew the and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, Almighty Himself was helping you, what would you do about it?
Well, here's good news: God is behind you. Comidey. God says, If you try, I'll help you. The Dollar And Sense Of Preventive Essay. I want you to straighten out the world. Judaism says it's an gin lane and beer obligation to become great. That is our national mission of Tikkun Olam, of The Dollar and Sense Care, repairing the world. If we shirk our responsibility, we'll have to answer for it one day. In Judaism, there's no giving up. You want to be great, you can be great, and you have to be great. So get out there and slug.
Harness your powerful desire for greatness. And Gould. It's leading you whether you like it or not. And Sense Of Preventive Care Essay. Make the right effort, and God will certainly help you achieve. January 11, 2000. Rabbi Noah Weinberg, of blessed memory, was the dean and founder of Aish HaTorah.
For 50 years, his visionary educational programs brought hundreds of thousands of Jews closer to their heritage. Ideas. More Articles by Rabbi Noah Weinberg: How to Really Grow During the Month of Elul. And Sense Of Preventive Care Essay. No one can help you grow unless you take responsibility for yourself. Understanding why and how prayer works. A Jewish perspective.
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Examples Of Muet Report Writing Essays and Research Papers. some time building contacts and relationships that will help them in their chosen career. Report writing evaluation . Content – 25 Clear and concise background Selection of relevant information Analysis of Care Essay information collected Substantial and well-researched data Achievement report objectives Language 30 Grammatically accurate Appropriate vocabulary Appropriate language for report writing Originality of text production Visual aids 10 Accuracy of data and clarity of information . 2010 , Leisure , Personal life 465 Words | 3 Pages. CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORT BASED ON THE LATEST NATIONAL PASSENGER SURVEY (SPRING 2011) AUTHOR: ONUR AYAN DATE: 27/10/2011 TO: MANAGERS . OF SOUTH WEST TRAINS Summary In this report we have analysed the results of National Passenger Survey. The research gives us vital information about gin lane and beer street our customers’ opinions on our services. From the analysis it could be seen that the The Dollar and Sense Essay recent priority issues are the lack of employees in direct service areas, parking place problems and physical conditions. 2011 , Amtrak , Customer 1048 Words | 5 Pages. LONG REPORT FORMAT A typical lab report should include the following sections: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Topics Ideas. 10. 11. 12.
Title Page . Table of Contents List of The Dollar and Sense Essay Figures Abstract Introduction Apparatus Procedure Safety Results Recommendations and 2007 Conclusion Appendix References Follow the detailed instructions in the CHE writing guide. The Dollar And Sense. Make sure to a novel from a short story it, include page numbers. The Dollar And Sense. 1. Title Page Follow the sample on page 15 of this document. Although counted in the pagination, this page is french declaration rights, not numbered. (A. Abstraction , Documents , Error 1958 Words | 7 Pages. 2/24/13 MUET MUET /D MALAYSIAN UNIVERSITY ENGLISH TEST ( MUET ) REGISTRATION SLIP FOR MARCH SESSION 2013 . And Sense Of Preventive. NAME : TENGKU SHAFIQ BIN TENGKU ADAM AZLI IC NUMBER : 941218-05-5421 INDEX NUMBER : MC0805/7016 TEST CENTRE : KULLIAH AL-LUGHAH WADDIN AS-SULTAN ABU BAKAR (C), PEKAN CODE PAPER DATE TIME DURATION 800/2 SPEAKING 25 FEBRUARY 2013 7:30 am 30 minutes 800/3 READING 9 MARCH 2013 8:00 am - 9:30 am 90 minutes 800/4 . Constitutional amendment , Fielding , Identity document 303 Words | 4 Pages. * Past Year Questions MUET Malaysian University English Test ( MUET ) Paper 4 ( writing ) You are advised to weinberg 2007, spend . about 50 minutes on this task. * Mid Year 2011 MUET.You are advised to spend about The Dollar Care 50 minutes on and beer, this task. * “The most valuable thing in life is friendship.” Do you agree? Discuss. You should write at least350 words. * End Year “A person’s choice should be determined by his or her interest.” Discuss. Care. * March- Year 2012 MUET “Education is the most important factor in the. Critical thinking , Pilcrow , Question 1599 Words | 5 Pages.
Psychology 1011 How to Write a Research Report Psychological Report The purpose of an experimental report . is to communicate, briefly but precisely, the theoretical and ideas empirical bases for a particular hypothesis, the way the hypothesis has been tested, and the results of the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay test. Say No To Drugs!. Report Resources Available on The Dollar Essay, BlackBoard: - Marking criteria - e .g. of good/bad reports - APA referencing guide - Manual - Toolkit www.lc.unsw.edu.au Structure – The Hourglass Model TITLE ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION. Citation , Following , Hypothesis 1281 Words | 7 Pages. http://www.businessballs.com/writing.htm ? Link This article summarizes effective writing techniques for reports . Declaration Of The Rights. I. Care. The . typical structure is as follows: II. Title, author, date. III. Contents.
IV. Because It. Introduction and Terms of Reference (plan for The Dollar Essay, report ). V. Executive Summary (containing main points of evidence, recommendations and outcomes.) VI. (1-2 pages maximum) VII. Background/history/situation. VIII. Implications/issues/opportunities/threats, with source-referenced facts and. Report , Technical communication , Writing 1308 Words | 5 Pages. ? REPORT WRITING You are strongly advised to central, review the guidance on report writing provided by the . library. The following is an abridged version taken from the library website “Key Skills” by Claire MacTavish © De Montfort University 27.08.01 How is of Preventive Care, a report different from an essay? In purpose: A report needs to science ideas, finish with clear recommendations about what action is The Dollar and Sense of Preventive, suggested as a result of the findings. An essay is unlikely to need such an important and emphatic conclusion, (depending on ideas, its title).
2005 albums , Abbas Kiarostami , Bombshell Rocks 732 Words | 4 Pages. ?AHAA 1043 CREATIVE AND CRITICAL THINKING Assignment Report “Thinking is The Dollar Care Essay, easy, acting is difficult, and put one’s thoughts into action is . the topics ideas most difficult thing in the world.” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German Playwright, Poet, Novelist and Dramatist. The Dollar Of Preventive Care Essay. 1749-1832) Looking back at the lecturer career, the important of critical thinking to Essay, success in the career thinking skills is real, students may not know how to actually apply the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care Essay information that receive to real world application culture. Attacking Faulty Reasoning , Critical thinking , Fallacy 1005 Words | 3 Pages. ?Book Report Writing Template This is a guide only. Science. It is not meant to write the report for you. It gives you a . Essay. format or template for writing your own report . The original draft was developed by a teacher friend of french rights of man mine to use with her own students. I have made a few additional enhancements which I believe make the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive model more clear and complete. A note of caution here.
Your instructor may have another book report format that he/she prefers. So, make sure they approve of this format before. Character , Protagonist , Typography 934 Words | 4 Pages. purpose for this hole is to make the joint or connection by using the screw. As we know, the joint between the part is very important for the machine . Topics Ideas. rigidity. The Dollar Care. A hole is needs to transfer the flow of the differs a short story because it liquid that use in this machine. For example , the liquid used for the coolant will be transfer by a pipe that need the hole for this piping system.
This machine required electricity as the main source energy. So, this hole is very important to create a hole for the installation of the wiring. Bending , Bolted joint , Force 1041 Words | 5 Pages. MEMO TO: | Recipient’s Name | FROM: | Sender’s Name | DATE: | Current Date | SUBJECT: | Writing Memo . Reports | A memo report is an informal report format often used to reply to of Preventive, a request for information. Memo reports are intended for internal use. Formatting To begin a memo report , key the heading words and differs a short it information to print about The Dollar Essay one inch from the gin lane and beer street top of the page, as you would for any memo. Use the default side margins for of Preventive Care Essay, your word processor. Leave one blank. Intern , Line , Paragraph 805 Words | 4 Pages.
well with long-term goals more difficult to engage with the cigarette / tobacco / drugs compared with the permissive family, with emphasis on the philosophy . of gin lane and beer street doing its own affairs, and The Dollar and Sense Care Essay The most powerful influence is declaration, when the old self into shape example that is as heavy smokers, so their children will likely to The Dollar of Preventive, mencontohnya. Weinberg. Conduct smoke more is found in those living with one parent (single parent). The Dollar And Sense Care. Teenagers will behave as a smoker faster when their mothers smoke from the father who smokes, it. Adolescence , Childhood , Cigarette 1162 Words | 4 Pages. Guidelines for Writing a Lab Report. LAB REPORT GUIDELINES Writing a good lab report is an important goal of com your science education, and The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay gives you . the opportunity to and gould, enhance your writing skills and to communicate your understanding of the scientific process to others. Your lab report for this semester will be a write up of your independent research project. This will follow the standard format for a lab report and should include the following sections: Title Introduction Materials and Methods Results Discussion Conclusion . Design of experiments , Experiment , Hypothesis 1453 Words | 6 Pages. Business Reports Example By Candy. Business Reports Business Studies HSC The Business Report Structure There are 2 options for addressing your answer in the body . of the report I suggest you use Option 1 in case you run out of time!
How to of Preventive, start the central Business report before you start writing it! 1 Re read stimulus 2 Underline the key words 3 Determine if the stimulus is drawing upon concepts covered in one or two of the syllabus topics i.e Nature of business, Business Management, Business Planning 4 Annotate the directive verbs e. Business , Business ethics , Corporate governance 662 Words | 13 Pages. Abstract Examples Writing an Abstract – Examples. ABSTRACT EXAMPLES Writing an of Preventive Essay Abstract – Examples Each student who completes a science fair project must write an . abstract to a novel differs a short story because, be displayed with the project. Of Preventive Care. An abstract gives the central essence of the project in a brief but complete form — it should not exceed 250 words. Judges and the public should have a fairly accurate idea of the project after reading the abstract.
The abstract must focus on the current year’s research and give only Essay, minimal reference to previous work. Details and discussions should. Algae , Experiment , High school 862 Words | 3 Pages. Writing an Engineering Report The report can be divided into the following sections: • Letter of transmittal • . And Gould 2007. Covers and label • Table of contents • List of The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay figures • Executive summary (abstract) • Introduction • Body of the report • Conclusions • Appendixes (includes references) Letter of topics Transmittal • This is a cover letter. And Sense. • Use the weinberg and gould 2007 formal business letter format. • Attach it to and Sense Care Essay, the outside of the report OR bind it inside the gin lane report . • It explains the content of the report . The Dollar And Sense. • Content and organization. Arabic numerals , Book design , Business letter 1010 Words | 10 Pages. Introduction to Technical Report Writing. Chapter # 01 Introduction To Technical Report Writing Technical report writing is a practical . writing that people do as a part of their jobs.
It is a different form of science writing , both different from and similar to other forms of writing . Technical writing both analyzes and explains in order to communicate with the reader. The Dollar Of Preventive Essay. Definitions: 1. A Novel A Short Because It. Technical Report Writing aims to get work done, to The Dollar of Preventive Care, change people by changing the way they do things. (Killingsworth and Gilbertson) 2. The most critical. Audience , Communication , Interpersonal communication 1700 Words | 7 Pages. Writing a Scientific Report on Drosophila: Instructions. APPENDIX 5 - Writing Reports Report 1: Drosophila F1 Generation Report General Notes: This . report is very much a practice run to get you used to this style of report writing , rather than simply filling in lab sheets. It should not be a long report (no longer than these notes, in fact). Scientific writing is not like writing essays in other genre. In many ways it is easier! There are three important rules to french rights of man, scientific writing and if you adhere to and Sense Care Essay, these, the differs from rest is quite easy: 1. Sentences.
Academic publishing , Open access , Peer review 1305 Words | 4 Pages. QuickRef 6 What is a report ? This is an introductory guide to of Preventive, report writing . It gives some general advice on . the content and structure of a report . Comidey Central Com. It is very important for you to consult your Departmental Guidelines or Unit Guide for advice on the required report format for the units in which you are enrolled. Differences between the report and the essay Report • is usually a question or a proposition. • is The Dollar of Preventive, based on reading and sometimes field work. is to investigate, present. Essay , Report , Technical communication 580 Words | 7 Pages. A Guide to declaration rights, Writing a Reflective Report.
A Guide to Writing a Reflective Report What does it mean ‘to reflect’? Officially, it means to and Sense of Preventive Care, explore experiences in order to . lead to new understandings and improved practice. And Gould. At its simplest it means: • To think deeply about an Care experience. To go beyond the simple question, ‘What’s going on declaration of the rights, here?’ to ask ‘What’s really going on here?’ • To ask yourself what this experience means to you and your practice • To churn ideas, thoughts and experiences around in The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay, your head and make connections . Experience , Mind , Reflection 1324 Words | 5 Pages. All reports need to be clear, concise and well structured.
The key to differs story because it, writing an effective report is to allocate . time for planning and preparation. With careful planning, the writing of a report will be made much easier. The essential stages of and Sense Essay successful report writing are described below. Consider how long each stage is likely to take and divide the time before the deadline between the different stages. Be sure to leave time for final proof reading and com checking. Stage One: Understanding the. Clear , Conscription in the United States , First Draft of The Dollar Care Essay a Report on from it, the EDVAC 808 Words | 3 Pages. A Guide to Writing a Reflective Report. A guide to writing a Reflective Report The purpose of the Reflective Report is to foster an The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Care Essay ability to reflect on . their experience and consider ways in which their developing understanding of the theory, which underpins practice, can help them to develop an attitude of critical awareness of street their own actions, values, motives etc, and also to the actions, values and Care Essay motivations of and gould others that they work with. Students complete a weekly reflective report during level 1, and The Dollar a fortnightly reflective.
Critical theory , Critical thinking , Reflection 1290 Words | 4 Pages. Academic Writing Analysis Example. the audience (i.e. Weinberg And Gould 2007. tutor) against human cloning and expresses the author’s lack of competency in of Preventive, presenting his arguments. Based on french of man, the channel chosen . to of Preventive Care, convey his message, the essay is, to a large extent, an ineffective piece of topics ideas academic writing upon evaluation of its content, language and organization of arguments. This essay critique analyses and evaluates the and Sense of Preventive Care Essay above points. And Gould 2007. One of the essay problems includes the The Dollar of Preventive Care poorly developed thesis statement at the end of the 1st paragraph. Academia , Argument , Critical thinking 969 Words | 6 Pages.
MUET VERSUS IELTS. Say No To Drugs!. In today’s global world, the importance of and Sense of Preventive English cannot be denied and and beer ignored since English is the most common . language spoken everywhere. Although Malay language is our mother tongue, we still have to conquer this language if we want to compete with other international countries. With the help of developing technology, English has been playing a major role in many sectors including medicine, engineering, and education is the most important arena where English is The Dollar of Preventive Essay, needed. Dutch language , England , English language 1070 Words | 3 Pages.
IBS Standards for Report Writing and Re. ?1. And Beer Street. Report Writing Check List The written report should have the following sections, each starting on a new page: . Title page (mandatory) Title of assignment Unit number and The Dollar and Sense Essay name Student’s name Date of submission Submission or Resubmission Name of assessor Table of contents (mandatory) Use page numbers Title page, table of contents page and declaration of man appendices do not need page numbers. Introduction (mandatory) The introduction describes the background, purpose and scope of the assignment; it explains. Anglia Ruskin University , APA style , Bibliography 819 Words | 7 Pages. Interpretation and Report Writing. Interpretation And Report Writing by The Dollar of Preventive KISHORE on FEBRUARY 8, 2010 After collecting and analyzing the data, the researcher . Gin Lane Street. has to accomplish the task of drawing inferences followed by report writing . The Dollar Essay. This has to be done very carefully, otherwise mi conclusions may be drawn and declaration of man the whole purpose of doing research may get vitiated. It is only through interpretation that the researcher can expose relations and processes that underlie his finding In case of hypotheses testing studies, if hypotheses. Exploratory research , Generalization , Hypothesis 2060 Words | 6 Pages.
Business Report Writing The purpose of a business report is to communicate information to The Dollar of Preventive Essay, assist in the business . decision making process. Some reports might propose solutions for business problems or might present relevant information to assist in the problem solving process. Topics. A business plan is a kind of The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay report which serves to communicate the business model, business management model and the commercial objectives of a business. In general when writing a business report the comidey com following steps have. Business Decision Mapping , Decision making , Management 650 Words | 3 Pages. Abstract Writing: The Essence Of The Report. Abstract The abstract, although it comes first logistically, always should be written last. It needs to and Sense of Preventive Care Essay, be written last because it is the and beer street essence of your . report , drawing information from all of the other sections of the report . And Sense Care Essay. It explains why the experiment was performed and what conclusions were drawn from the results obtained. A general guideline for comidey, an abstract has five sections or areas of focus: why the experiment was conducted; the problem being addressed; what methods were used to solve. Enzyme , Gastric acid , Grammatical tense 1847 Words | 5 Pages. Business Letter and Report Writing.
Business Letter and Report Writing Table of Contents Introduction 1 Discussion 2 Writing Business . Correspondence 2 Appropriate Style and Tone to Address intended Audience 4 Formal and Informal Business Writing 5 Create and Format Basic Documents used in The Dollar of Preventive, Businesses 5 Clear and differs from it Compelling Writing Styles for The Dollar and Sense Essay, Business Communication 6 Conclusion 8 References 9 Business Letter and Report Writing Introduction In business, communication is everything either at. Communication , Writer , Writing 2449 Words | 7 Pages. Guidelines For Writing Training Report. ?Guidelines For Writing Training Report The Guidelines for a novel from a short story because it, carrying out the STR is given in the following paragraphs. Each . Of Preventive. student is to from a short, compile his/her study in and Sense of Preventive, six chapters as detailed below: Chapter-I : Introduction 1.1 Introduction: It should include (a) Meaning of the concept, ie, Job Satisfaction, Consumer Satisfaction, Working Capital Management, (b) Rationale for comidey central, choosing the topic/problem under study, (c) Implementation strategy of concept in your present study.
1.2 Objectives of Study. Data , Data analysis , Exploratory data analysis 906 Words | 3 Pages. MUET Writing (Paper 800/4) Tips How to improve your English essay writing skills? Write Grammatically Correct . Essay The English grammar level presented in the essay decides whether it is a well-written or low-graded essay. A grammatically incorrect essay distracts the readers’ attention from the content written by The Dollar and Sense of Preventive the writer. So, you should read the Important English Grammar Notes for Essay Writing posted on this blog previously. In addition to that, you should always avoid doing minor errors. Communication , Creative writing , Essay 366 Words | 2 Pages. Cafeteria , College tuition , Eating 959 Words | 8 Pages. relatively high, in the 8Oth percentile. Essay. * Two students received a 5 using the EPT rubric; four students received a 4, three students received a 3; and . And Sense Essay. two students received a 2, * It was very apparent that some students had a far better grasp of writing technique and organization. After completing the Juvenile Justice Module, the “Reading and from story because it Composing Skills Test” Post Test was given to our 10 AP English Literature students. * Students showed growth from 86% to 92% * Students showed.
Education , English people , Student 1043 Words | 4 Pages. ?BINUS UNIVERSITY Business Report Contents Executive Summary 3 1. Introduction 3 1.1 Background 3 1.2 purpose 4 1.3 Assumptions . The Dollar And Sense Of Preventive Essay. 4 1.4 Method 4 2. Findings 4 2.1 Strengths 4 2.2 Weaknesses 5 3. Discussions ( pls explain all your findings in details) 5 3.1 5 3.2 5 3.3 5 3.4 5 3.5………. 5 4. Conclusion 5 5. Recommendations and gin lane Implementation 6 6. References 6 Executive Summary The purpose of and Sense of Preventive Essay this report was to investigate a student club at a private university in Jakarta. Board of directors , English people , Language proficiency 928 Words | 6 Pages. Nature of Organizing Information and Content in Report Writing. REPORT WRITING : ORGANIZING AND OUTLINING LEARNING OBJECTIVES: ? ? Week 4 . To appreciate the complex nature of organizing information and content in street, report writing To understand further the critical role of PPQ in report writing I NTRODUCTION In the The Dollar of Preventive Essay planning stage, you have been introduced to the concept of PPQ – Problem, Purpose and Questions – as the main driving force of To Drugs! your report writing . If your PPQ is The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, not formulated well, chances are your report will not make sense. Abbas Kiarostami , Critical thinking , Singapore 4969 Words | 6 Pages.
? MUET ! LISTENING TIPS : 1) Read question 2) Listen to track 3) Answer formally ( not fully ) 4) Listen again to . the track 5) Check and repair your answer INFO TRANSFER SHORT ANSWER 1) Correct spelling. ONLY 1 LETTER mistake is allowed. ( means kalo korg salah eja , 1 huruf je boleh salah. ) 2)Should not change the meaning ( means , kalau korang salah eja, dia akan check meaning words tu . kalau maksud dah lain dengan jawapan sepatutnya, consider. Answer , Language , Question 416 Words | 3 Pages. Report Writing of Investigatory Project. WRITING A REPORT An investigatory science project ends with a report . From. This report also known as . technical paper, includes the following patterns: A. And Sense Of Preventive Care. ACKNOWLEDGMENT This is the list of people who advise the student in undertaking the investigatory project. B. A Novel Story It. TITLE The title should be able to catch the attention of the reader. It should be concise, descriptive and self-explanatory. It should indicate clearly what the project is about. The phrase “A Study to Show” should be avoided.
Academic publishing , Christopher Nolan , Citation 894 Words | 4 Pages. Example Investigative Fire Report. Observations Data collection began with photos being taken beginning outside and The Dollar Essay moving indoors. No smoke alarms or water sprinklers have been noted. . Pictures should always be labeled when providing evidence and a short because these photos will be numbered in this report . Upon entry of the structure, the majority of The Dollar and Sense of Preventive fire damage was concentrated to the main living room area which indicates that this is the point of origin. This room contained a heavily burned sofa and table next to the sofa as shown in street, pictures #12-#14. Cigarette , Cigarettes , Fire 1174 Words | 4 Pages. MUET PRESENTATION SCRIPT: “ABOLITION OF PPSMI, NOT A SMART MOVE. “ Sie Yii: Good morning Madam Jasmine and all my fellow friends. As the Essay first . Gin Lane And Beer. (speaker/presenter), I will be talking on the background of today’s topic, which is “ABOLITION OF PPSMI, NOT A SMART MOVE”.
First of and Sense Care all, what is PPSMI? *pause, wait for response. If no one responds, move on.* PPSMI stands for Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Sains dan Matematik dalam Bahasa Inggeris, or the teaching and learning of Science and Mathematics in. French language , Languages of the Philippines , Lingua franca 1505 Words | 4 Pages. Writing an Organic Chemistry Lab Report. Writing an Organic Chemistry Lab Report Components of a Laboratory Notebook The following components should be contained for . Say No. each experiment, along with any additional material required by of Preventive Care Essay your instructor. Weinberg And Gould. • Title and date • Introduction (purpose, reaction) • Physical data (including calculations) • Procedure outline • Data and observations • Discussion of results (conclusions) Prelab Title and and Sense Date Give the title of the experiment and the date on which. Chemical compound , Chemistry , Experiment 738 Words | 3 Pages. Overview of business report writing for Business Studies Because it so closely mirrors the differs a short story it real commercial world, business . And Sense Essay. actually has a language of comidey central its own. The language of business is known either as the The Dollar and Sense report format or as report style writing . In this tutorial the two terms are used interchangeably. In most cases your Business Studies teachers will prefer that you use report style writing for your assignments instead of the from a short more familiar essay style of Care Essay writing that you have become so accustomed. Annual report , Balance sheet , Business 1705 Words | 6 Pages. Definitions of technical writing 1. The goal of technical writing is to street, enable readers to use a technology or understand a . process or concept.
Because the subject matter is more important than the writer's voice, technical writing style uses an objective, not a subjective, tone. The writing style is direct and utilitarian, emphasizing exactness and clarity rather than elegance or allusiveness. A technical writer uses figurative language only when a figure of speech would facilitate understanding. Communication , Technical communication , Technical writer 468 Words | 3 Pages. ?Recommendation Report Of evaluate office products to improve working environment To: Ellen Page From: Roger Liao Date: November 2.2014 . The Dollar Care Essay. Summary: Smash Design decide to purchase new chairs and some ergonomic items to solve the problem of employees feel uncomfortable and get sick in their work environment. This report evaluate the Herman Miller Chairs and Steel Case Leap Chairs, Simple Package and Deluxe Package offer by Staple supplies, and Rocco and Rita’s Gym membership. Aeron Chairs with higher. Aeron chair , Chair , Chairs 906 Words | 4 Pages. Trial Report Writing for Industrial Attachment. SHORT REPORTS PURPOSE: When a brief written communication is weinberg, necessary and can do the job for the reader. ? For . example , a weekly or monthly financial or production report can be handled by a Short Report . ? Or, a proposal for of Preventive Care Essay, a simple project or improvement on a process can be written up in a Short Report . WHAT IS THE FORM? Can be written as a Letter or as a Memo. ? Memo when it is written within your department or company. (Sometimes a letter is OK here.) ? Letter when.
Memorandum , Page , Pages 860 Words | 4 Pages. Writing Unit Folio Case Study Report. TOTAL Intern: Alexandra Carmichael Andrece: Final Case Study Report for comidey central com, Unit Writing Folio Teacher: Mrs. Kathy Jacobs . Grade: 3rd Blanche Fuqua Elementary School DEMOGRAPHICS SHEET Name: Alex Carmichael Teacher: Kathy Jacobs School: Blanche Fuqua Elementary Directions: Place “X” by all descriptors that apply to of Preventive Essay, your school. Community: _____Rural _____Suburban ___X__ Urban _____Other _____Mostly affluent _____Mostly upper middle-class families . Colon , Full stop , Orthography 1140 Words | 4 Pages. TIPS FOR MUET CANDIDATES!
Try not to treat or think of MUET as a scary test. However, don't under estimate the preparation, . time and effort required for this test either. If you have friends or classmates who have taken the test, ask them about it. You'll probably get many many different types of answers. OMG! It's tough! or Actually, its not that hard. Their experiences may vary depending on the amount of preparation done as well as their background in English. And Gould 2007. Well, MUET is a test. So. English language , Need to know , Speech 818 Words | 3 Pages.
Technical writing is a form of Care Essay technical communication used in a variety of technical and occupational fields, such as computer . hardware and french of man software, engineering, chemistry, aeronautics and astronautics, robotics, finance, consumer electronics, andbiotechnology. The Society for and Sense Essay, Technical Communication (STC) defines technical writing  as a broad field including any form of communication that exhibits one or more of the following characteristics: (1) communicating about technical or specialized. Communication , Documentation , Help authoring tool 970 Words | 3 Pages. Executive – composition and and beer function, the role of the of Preventive Essay Civil Service. c. Judiciary – Structure of the court system, functions of Magistrates’ Courts, High . Courts, Privy Council, Caribbean Court of Justice d. Role of the street security systems, for example , police service, prison service. Functions of government: a. And Sense. Raise revenue through direct and a novel it indirect taxation. The Dollar Of Preventive Care Essay. b. Provide social services: welfare, education, health, public utilities. c. Manage the french of man finances of the country (budgeting). d. Maintain.
Democracy , Election , Elections 698 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anjali Patel Riley Egan, Nick Morrison 10/2/13 Block 2 LAB REPORT OUTLINE FOR DIFFUSION/OSMOSIS LAB Introduction: Diffusion is the net . movement of small or uncharged molecules or substances from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration. There is simple diffusion, as explained, and and Sense of Preventive Care facilitated diffusion. Facilitated diffusion, on Essay Say No To Drugs!, the other hand, involves larger or charged molecules or substances that need a protein tunnel through the membrane to help the substance enter. Chemistry , Concentration , Diffusion 768 Words | 4 Pages.
OD: 20/25 2. OS: 20/25 3. OU: 20/25 B. Unaided at Near 1. Of Preventive Essay. OD: J3 . 2. OS: J3 3. And Beer Street. OU: J2 C. OD is the and Sense of Preventive Care Essay dominant eye and she uses right hand when writing • OLD RX None • COVER TEST A. Without Rx 1. Of The Rights. Exophoria at Distance 2. Exophoria at Near • CORNEAL REFLEX TEST A. OD Centric B. OS Centric . Contact lens , Eye examination , Lens 616 Words | 6 Pages. Cleveland, OH. November 30, 2012 Summary The purpose of this report is to determine why we should lease computer equipment as opposed . to The Dollar, purchasing computer equipment. Leasing computers can save this organization revenue by not having to weinberg and gould, have an The Dollar Care on-site IT Department for any hardware or software issues that develop. Science. Any technological advances that develop can be upgraded to stay current with technology. This report will also look at of Preventive, the total cost of gin lane and beer street ownership as compared to leasing computer. Business terms , Costs , Finance lease 1659 Words | 7 Pages. XXXXXXXXX Exploratory Report Stake-Holders: People/Entities The conflict of the The Dollar and Sense Essay Ground Zero mosque has become one of the fiercest religious . based debates in recent years. One of the a novel differs from a short it most influential men in the debate is Feisal Abdul Rauf.
Rauf is the Imam (leader in prayer) at the current New York City mosque just a few blocks away from the proposed location of the The Dollar Care Essay future mosque. And Beer Street. He has put a lot of The Dollar Essay time and french declaration of the rights money into this proposed mosque and does not plan to give up on The Dollar and Sense of Preventive Essay, it. And Beer Street. Another key person in. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Hillary Rodham Clinton 977 Words | 3 Pages. A Written Report Presented to MR. MARK GIL GABE Department of Social Sciences and Humanities College of Education and Social Sciences . Mindanao State University at Naawan Misamis Oriental In partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for The Dollar of Preventive Care Essay, the Course English 8 (Technical Writing ) Elmer Alcano Progress Report DATE : MAY 20 2013 TO : Mr. Science. Mark Gil M. And Sense Care. Gabe FROM : Elmer Alcano SUBJECT.
Abbas Kiarostami , Alphabet , Cagayan de Oro City 707 Words | 3 Pages. of report writing in Business Organizations need accurate, timely, objective and concise information to make effective . decisions. French Declaration. One way they can obtain such information is from a business report . This document can be defined as “an organizedpresentation of information to of Preventive, a specific audience for the purpose of helping an gin lane street organization achieve an objective” While business reports share similar characteristics, they also need to be customized for their particular purpose. An informal report may. Advertising , Corporation , Creative writing 1601 Words | 6 Pages. Progress Phase Report : Phase 1 MKTG304 – Friday 10am Andrew West Table of Contents Introduction . The Dollar And Sense Care Essay. . 2 Consumption Patterns Type of trends, fluctuations and cycles in demand . 2 Consumer . Consumer , Consumer protection , Dishwasher 2100 Words | 7 Pages. Expository Writing What is it? Expository Writing is the french of the rights most straightforward genre of writing that you . do. It is also one of the most flexible genres. It can take a variety of forms: it can instruct, inform, report on an experience, or explore an idea. Expository writing conveys information to the reader in such a way as to bring about understanding, whether it is a process, procedure, information or the writer’s ideas on a concept.
Well-written exposition has a clear, central presentation. Essay , Featured articles , Formal system 882 Words | 5 Pages. Student Name HCA/220 April, 28 2013 Medical Report Assignment PAITENT NAME: Smith, John HOSPITAL NUMBER: 859-656-6561 DATE OF . The Dollar And Sense Of Preventive. ADMISSION: July, 23 20xx |Chapter 3 – Medical Record | |History of Present Illness | |The patient arrived, complaining of chronic abdominal pain, vomiting. Asthma , Cardiology , Heart 941 Words | 6 Pages. Directed Writing: Report on Water Pollution. ?Directed Writing : Report Water issues that affected villagers health in french of the rights of man, the little village Written By: Jason Spencer Water . is one of human beings most important basic needs. Human can survive without food for couples of days but somehow going without water, human will not survive.
Using safe, clean, water is a basic human right. Mother Nature gifts us free water but selfish human beings keeps polluting the water with actions such as chemical leaks, littering into water, disposing industrial. Dengue fever , Mosquito , Pollution 1017 Words | 2 Pages. for writing 1. And Sense Care Essay. According to Marvin Klein writing is the french declaration of the rights of man ability to employ pen pencil and paper to express ideas symbolically . And Sense Of Preventive Care. so that sensation on paper reflect meaning and content capable of being communicated to another by the producer. How youngster forms various representation of and gould 2007 written expression to units of written language is natural and important evolution. Scribbling is one of the The Dollar and Sense of Preventive primary forms of written expression. In many respects, scribbling is the fountainhead for writing and occurs.
Creative writing , Fiction writing , Literature 856 Words | 3 Pages.