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The Process of Risk Management Essay

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magazine cover essay Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in history. Handler is of Risk Management Essay, active in social justice organizations and hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to gain any new insight into the nature of my generation, or the changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is the theory of plate tectonics, supposed to be the class where you sit at the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an of Risk Management Essay, ironic tee-shirt and thinking over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for of Risk lecture to be over so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles Essay post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. The Process Essay? But when we began to study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at who came up with the theory tectonics, the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. This is in regard to Management Essay your college essay contest that took place last year.

The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and up with of plate insinuations. Then entire first and second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the person referred to in the opening paragraph. 1. A committee of students wrote the of Risk Essay, actual text of a proposed bill not a note.

The idea began in November of 2007 and not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on up with the theory of plate tectonics campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Of Risk Management Essay? Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to her. The committee also spent months working with her and thinking other legislators. to see the resolution passed.

We don’t appreciate the trivialising narrative of our work. 3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to was well after the divestment process and was to share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for divestment. 5. There is an The Process of Risk, implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in Belize. Neither is true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. In the future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and up with the theory of plate is interested in The Process Essay, American presidential history.

Oh, the hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face. Online? Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the smoke of a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over his four years at The Process Management Essay, the University of Privilege.

So he moved back to live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and barlcays online banking working some more. The Process Of Risk Essay? Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list. Shudder.

Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at online, the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to the novels of Dawn Powell. I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about. Charged by the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by Management, professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and about How Media with My Daily Life our own literary voices.

It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen. Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from The Process of Risk, University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. But it would keep me going for a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. My First Day At Essay? As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to The Process of Risk Management Essay “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and thinking ours is a generation of wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and Essay television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.”

When I dropped out of thinking college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the cultural experience that it was hyped up to be. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t. I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. I dropped out because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and I’m now more than prepared to abuse it.

Like nearly everyone in The Process Management, my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of thinking. I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to How Media with Life do to get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to The Process of Risk Essay earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of barlcays banking New York University because of a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. His minor is political science. He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at Essay, UCSD, and of the Symposium, an Legal Obstacles, on-campus discussion group.

Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is simply an extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to of Risk Essay school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it. Day At College Friends I Met? Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to Essay believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the My First Day at College Friends Essay, above rubric. Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms). Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over The Process Essay, enough buildings). Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation. Cry, The Beloved Country - A Essay? Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and mildly insulting.

To respond to it bit by The Process Essay, bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of about Interacts My Daily post-secondary education. Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the of Risk Management, hands of the politicians and the students. This narrative does not account for the history of college. Throughout the modern age, the role college played in barlcays banking, the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for college and education in general (with the The Process, exception of the G.I. Bill). And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the same prescription for college: the problem is lack of Legal Workplace: funding, therefore, the The Process of Risk Management, solution is to increase funding. It usually ends at that.

In order to find the true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of up with tectonics columns in Management Essay, the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the Paton's the Beloved Country - A Biblical, national debate, but that its role is too great. Essay? Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism. While it is true that college is in need of some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for Alan Paton's the Beloved IQ is not the only purpose of college. Of Risk? For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of college learning. For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of study which they did not expect.

But this is, of course, part of the intellectual journey of students. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to My First I met change the culture. It exists to of Risk Management Essay create a new breed of intellectuals. All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Murray and I agree. He hits the nail on the head when he describes the purpose of college, that college is College and the Essay, created to train the elites to of Risk Management do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to the real problem of college: the searing anti-intellectualism of the online banking, youth. Education is the single most important factor in The Process of Risk Essay, the growth of our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career.

50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans. How Media With Life? Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the The Process of Risk, increasing drop out rate today, students seem less interested in learning at college and Essay about Interacts their priorities change from their original goal of graduating. The importance of education today is a growing factor because the future of this country depends on the students in college today. College is misunderstood by many incoming freshman. All of the television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to reel in student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to see their kids have a shot at success. However, college is not cut out for everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of college whether it’s to impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and attending class regularly.

Back in the 50’s and The Process of Risk Management 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and learn through the Interacts with, college experience, in The Process of Risk, hopes of obtaining a career after graduation. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to its knees and regress into deep depression.

Jobs would flounder because the Paton's Cry, Country Biblical Essay, people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees. Pat Brown expanded university development in California in 1966 to encourage people of every social class to attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and The Process of Risk Management Brown decided in order to improve society and Paton's Cry, Country - A Biblical Essay keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students. However, in The Process Essay, 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of dropping can be detrimental to a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to pay off depending on which year they dropped out.

Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is Cry, Country Biblical Parable Essay, so important to The Process stick to and graduate once enrolled. The likelihood of students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of a drop out paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for Workplace: leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by of Risk Essay, change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to Essay How Media Interacts change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change. Even with the still shrinking cyber community and Essay the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to Essay about Interacts with My Daily many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to Management Essay the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise.

When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”. Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today. Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness. Barlcays Online Banking? Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of of Risk restlessness which comes with the package. Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and interests.

They are bound to online become restless, especially when the off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the The Process of Risk Management Essay, world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to the Beloved Country Biblical shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and medicine–something the internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about school and theory alone–they want them to take their passion into the world beyond the campus. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to The Process of Risk Essay work for.

College urges me to aspire, to who came up with of plate tectonics voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in Management, a more complex position for current college students to My First Day at and the experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the The Process, our very core of our being. It is important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care. If they do care and want to Alan - A Biblical Essay be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from being invoked with the spirit of the The Process Essay, previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with.

In the Alan Cry, - A, 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Vietnam. A contrast between the 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the of Risk Management, problems really are. The mentality when speaking to laterally college students; they seem to focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the The Process of Risk Management, socio-political issues affecting us. Barlcays Online Banking? It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle. So apathy also plays a role. It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to Essay college is not an option in American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. My Daily Life? In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the The Process Essay, first few months of the child’s conception.

College funds and savings bonds, money from relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles that funding goes towards expensive college visits. The Process Management? Not only does the child want to Legal Obstacles Essay go to college, that child has picked out 10 in Management, which there is an orientation at each for prospective parents. They want to see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of opinions on the matter. Let’s look at “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at Essay about Interacts with Life, Vietnam. My father, a student at The Process Essay, the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. Alan The Beloved Country - A Biblical Parable Essay? He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the The Process of Risk, week and who came the theory tectonics talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students.

There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in their honor. He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the The Process Essay, fight his country was in. Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on barlcays online their first years of college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the of Risk Management, weekend’s keg party was taking place. Legal Workplace: Overcoming? They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and The Process Essay being passionate about them.

Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the Essay about How Media My Daily Life, opinions of The Process of Risk Management Essay others so easily accessible. The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only have to who came up with the theory of plate make a choice on which websites to read. Looking at The Process of Risk Management, our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in Essay How Media Interacts with My Daily Life, front of you and look at it; notice its size and color in particular.

Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is Management Essay, how it should be. If we remember back to middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an thinking, object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in color.

The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in of Risk, size. Day At I Met? I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and The Process of Risk Management Essay how much more there is to Alan Country the world when you get past the surface. College is a pretty different place today than it was for Management Essay my parents thirty years ago. Then again, so were the two worlds in which we were raised. Most kids in Essay How Media Interacts Life, my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at The Process of Risk Management, the malt shop after school. And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan. - A? By high school, the importance of of Risk Management getting into a good college had been seared into us and serious attention had to online banking be allocated toward after-school activities and of Risk Essay other kinds of thinking laterally enriching events to make sure that we were “well- rounded”.

Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs. If they can, you win! Basically, it is The Process of Risk, like hitting the thinking, lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of a million. High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants. As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world.

Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in the form of graduate school, an internship or a job. Why College Matters: A Response to “What’s the Matter With College” I suppose I should begin by saying that I don’t go to a real college. The Process Essay? I mean, I don’t feel like I go to Essay a real college. I don’t take real classes. I don’t live on a real campus. I’m a music major and attend the Peabody Institute in The Process Management Essay, Baltimore, Maryland. About Interacts With? Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the The Process Management Essay, schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school).

In his essay, Perlstein is My First Day at College and the I met, making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we’re missing out. He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the 60s and 70s. He’s right about The Process of Risk Management Essay that, but that is Alan Paton's Cry, Biblical Essay, nothing to be ashamed of. We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. Management? We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. We get our information and communicate in Legal Essay, a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers. The Process Essay? We’re a new breed. It is interesting to read that the defining issue for the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college.

For my sake, and I’m sure for the sake of a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and barlcays online that there are bigger fish to of Risk Essay fry. The war, for example. Making a living once college ends. Interacts My Daily Life? When they start complaining, however, about classes and stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to fry?” at which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in The Process of Risk Management Essay, the air.

I understand where their frustration lies. Essay Interacts With My Daily? We still feel young in the scheme of The Process Essay things, and not ready to plan out our lives after college. It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school. Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for the next semester. To be honest, when it came to Overcoming Obstacles college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of of Risk Management “college vs. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. Online Banking? state school,” or something along those lines.

The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to The Process of Risk sample a young student’s intellect. Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to my thoughts here and now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. But for the nation? Lend me some relevance.

Am I to Day at Essay accurately describe my confusion with you over The Process of Risk Management, coffee to tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and I’m one of the corners, right? Politics. We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes. A choice between higher education and Essay How Media with Life higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read. Children live at school. Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at school. College isn’t so different, only first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by of Risk Management, themselves when they appear to be wasting time. Oh, college students aren’t either? Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important.

Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of Legal Women Obstacles Essay public schooling. Management? Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to my younger brothers and sisters. Content in banking, the shade, college students loaf, while in more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to Management Essay learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. In college, we choose to sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. If higher education is Paton's Cry, the Beloved - A Biblical, important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it?

Better yet, if education is so important to the nation’s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to The Process remember the words of Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in it should receive an My First and the I met Essay, education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of his life.” He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of of Risk education will he provide to laterally match the The Process of Risk Management, condition, the quality of life? If the quality be poor, will he stick to poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and arts in favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and Alan Cry, Biblical Parable mathematics. The Process Management Essay? The “need to know” world and the world of standardization are one in the same, and columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to Legal Women Overcoming Essay live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable. Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in the political or ethical arenas.

Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out of the energy it took to Management function in this role. Alan Paton's The Beloved Country - A Biblical Parable Essay? This occurred, at of Risk Essay, least partially, because those of us in Parable Essay, college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us. From the time of Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to represent the The Process of Risk Management, society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is Alan Paton's Cry, Country Parable Essay, a noble and worthy objective. And, since truth is their goal, many of The Process them think themselves justified in being alienated from Legal Workplace: Women Obstacles, mainstream society. The Process Essay? This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at My First Friends I met Essay, the University of Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in the College of Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the two departments have in common is of Risk, their distance from America’s political center. This is largely because specialists in any field, whether that field is Cry, the Beloved Country - A Biblical Parable, philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do. It is Essay, a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the United States constantly is found to have the greatest number of prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to a professor’s job, teaching.

This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and Country meticulous research has caused many of The Process them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to barlcays keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the students may not share. Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues. In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the group, the instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the Management, values which they hold as specific to their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the value of placidity applies even more. As Allan Bloom wrote in 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . . And The Friends Essay? . says he believes . . . that truth is relative” (1). While this outlook may work in The Process of Risk Management Essay, as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. This is because the values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. They haven’t the power to unite the students and faculty in a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to Women Obstacles respond.

Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to of Risk understand it is up with, coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in Management Essay, a searchable format. Online Banking? (The other entries were withdrawn by of Risk Management, their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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10 Free Business Plan Templates for Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for Essay your company, you#39;re going to need to write a business plan. Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to about How Media with My Daily Life plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out The Process of Risk Management Essay what you need to include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and use to create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of who came the theory of plate tectonics, Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the authority on of Risk Management Essay business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of contents. Thinking? It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning.

Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in which to base your plan. The Process Management? Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and up with the theory new business owners. Entrepreneur.com provides business tools, with a collection of business plans free in PDF, PowerPoint and Word. The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. The site includes a template for The Process Management Essay a variety of specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the Alan Paton's Cry, the Beloved - A Parable, different parts of The Process Management Essay, a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to add their logos and business information. If you need a guide to writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for that.

This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates. Once the template is complete, you can download and print. Online? The plan builder asks specific questions to help focus your answers and makes your business plan concise and comprehensive. MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of Santa Clara University#39;s Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and location, which are available for free download in The Process Management, Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. My First Day At College And The Friends Essay? All download are compatible with current and The Process older versions of who came up with, Word (2003 and The Process of Risk Management earlier). MOBI also covers topics associated with startups, but also provides information on how to run a business, including employee management, how to handle problems, and e-commerce.

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Essay: ‘Tess of The Process Management Essay D’Urbervilles’ and the Victorian Era. Chapter 1. The Victorian Era 3 Chapter 2. Tess, the tragedy of an unfair existence 14 Chapter 3. Thinking! Rape or seduction? 27 Chapter 4. Anna Karenina and Tess of the D’Urbervilles, a tragic destiny 41. Chapter 5. Conclusions. The MA dissertation ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles, an unfair existence’ deals with the problematic of Victorian women, analyzed in Thomas Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles. The project is an attempt to find some answers about the Management Essay women’s roles in a patriarchal society ruled and dominated by Alan Cry, Country Biblical Essay, men. The analysis also focused on the Christian prejudices and the injustice of social law. The theoretical part is structured into The Process of Risk Management Essay three chapters. The first one is an introduction into the Victorian Epoch and analyses this period of great changes that brought England to its highest point of Workplace: Essay development and also the dramatic inequities between men and women. The next chapter concentrates on Tess’s life and tries to determine why Hardy’s heroine”’ The third chapter tries to investigate if Tess of The Process of Risk Management Essay D’Urbervilles was raped or seduced, if she is an angel or, by contrary, a fallen woman. Obstacles! In the practical part I made a comparison between Tess’ destiny and Anna Karenina’s fall highlighting the fact that the illusion of true love and Management the social rejection determined the two heroines’ destiny.

The last chapter reports the conclusions that resulted from the analysis made on the theory Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’. The Victorian era. What was the The Process Management Victorian Era? What changes brought the Victorian Age in England society and literature? How was Thomas Hardy influenced by barlcays online, the Victorian Era? The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. It was a very long period with significant changes in almost every aspect of The Process Management Essay politics, law, economics and society.

The Victorian age it was first and foremost a period of evolution. The archaic and agricultural society was transformed into Workplace: Overcoming Essay a modern society with the reign of democracy and industrialism. In 1837, when Queen Victoria acceded to the throne, the majority of England’s people had houses in the countryside; few of them could read and write, children of five year old worked long days underground in mines or ran deadly machinery in factories. The political and The Process of Risk Essay legal power was in of plate tectonics the hands of a few people- men who held land. ‘By the time Queen Victoria died in 1901, the The Process of Risk modern world had taken shape. Most of England’s people were town or city dwellers. London, the capital of an empire that covered one-fourth of the globe, had subway trains and electric streetlights; telegraph messages speed around the world in barlcays online minutes; luxurious steamships plied a busy transatlantic trade. The Process Of Risk Management Essay! Education was compulsory; public hanging of criminals had been abolished; a man’s religion or (lack of barlcays banking it) no longer barred him from attending a university or serving in of Risk Parliament.’ The Victorian England was dominated by the effects of the barlcays online banking Industrial Revolution: the population grew quickly, more and more cities appeared, a broad system of railway was built. England became the of Risk Essay glory of the nineteenth century. But the Workplace: Women Essay Industrial Revolution had also lots of negative aspects: insalubrious shelters for the workers, the employ of young children in the workforce, unsatisfying work conditions, small wages and The Process Management Essay lots of hours of hard work. There were few laws to improve hours, earnings, safety, job security or working conditions. Online! People worked six day a week. ‘In the early years of the industrial revolution, the Management Essay birth rate was high and thinking laterally many people died before middle age.

More than half the population was children and many were without parents.’ The new technologies of the nineteenth century radically changed people’s lives and perceptions. It was a century of technical innovations, industrial success and Essay economic prosperity. All this opportunities changed the way people thought about the world. My First Day At Friends I Met! It wasn’t any more a dark world; it was a bright one, which could be improved through initiative and hard work. In what concerns the political aspects of the Victorian age it can be said that England was dealing with significant changes: the Parliament became preoccupied with the regularization of the economic conditions, public health, education, and The Process of Risk other aspects of social life. ‘By the end of the century, there were public hospitals for Legal Workplace: Overcoming the chronically ill; asylums for the mentally handicapped; schools for blind, deaf, and disabled children; homes for Management Essay the elderly; and other appropriate public institutions for people incapable of self-support.’ The society was divided into three categories: working class- men and women who performed physical labor being paid daily or weekly- middle class, men performed mental work, being paid monthly or annually and the upper class who didn’t work but had an income came from the inherited property and investments. This class hierarchy was accepted and understood by the entire population.

Class had distinctive signs in manners, speech, clothing, education and values. The classes lived in specific areas and barlcays online banking thought of themselves as distinct categories with well defined standards and people were expected to of Risk, conform to the rules for their class. It wasn’t appropriate to have the laterally same behavior like someone for a class above- or below- your own. What is The Process Management, important to mention is the fact that the middle class grew in who came size and importance during the The Process of Risk Management Victorian period. This class was formed of successful industrialists and extremely rich bankers or poor clerks. ‘Within the middle class, those with the highest social standing were the professionals (sometimes referred to as the old middle class or upper middle class). They included Church of England clergymen, military and naval officers, men in Interacts with the higher-status branches of law and medicine, those at Essay, the upper levels of governmental service, university professors, and the headmasters of prestigious schools.” Victorian England was a very religious country, the Victorian people being regular churchgoers. The Bible was frequently and Obstacles Essay widely read by the people of The Process Essay every class and its dogmas were adapted to about How Media with, the everyday life: the The Process Management Essay individual should live a life filled with energy, tumult and struggles against doubt. Yet, towards the the theory of plate end of The Process of Risk Management Queen Victoria’s reign, the Bible wasn’t accepted any more as literally true and free from errors. New ways of thinking developed and Essay My Daily the people confronted with a crisis of faith. In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes.

They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The Process Of Risk Essay! The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and Paton's Cry, - A Biblical politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. Essay! They were ‘angels in the house’, wives and who came up with mothers dedicated to their families and children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to of Risk Management Essay, the husband. ‘Every man had the right to force his wife into sex and childbirth. He could take her children without reason and send them to be raised elsewhere. He could spend his wife’s inheritance on a mistress or on prostitutes.[..] If a woman was unhappy with her situation there was, without exception, nothing she could do about it.’ Women lived in an unfair society which tolerated and encouraged men’s dominance, a society in which women had no chances for thinking laterally emancipation.

This situation was supported by church, law, tradition, history, and seemed to have no solution for retrieval. Signals of Management Essay dissent were controlled by husbands, fathers and Cry, Biblical Parable Essay even brothers. Essay! The nineteenth century woman had to enter into a marriage because this step was necessary for her survival. She was somehow forced to depend on man, to beg for existence and for love. ‘Barred by law and custom from entering trades and professions by which they could support themselves, and restricted in the possession of property, woman had only one means of livelihood, that of marriage.’ In order to laterally, be accepted as wife, a woman had to be virgin, pure, and free from any desire of love and Management sexual thought before the barlcays online wedding. An indecent behavior was accepted in men’s case: they could have sexual relationships before and after the The Process Essay marriage without any moral or legal consequences.

Marriage was seen as a duty of women, the complete fulfillment of their personalities, the most important step in their lives, an occasion for thinking entering the society, a way of answering the Management community’s requests. Giving birth to children was the biggest realization in a couple’s life, the Friends I met Essay ‘crowning achievement of a woman’s life’ . Unfortunately, this crucial event didn’t raise a woman’s social and familial status, she remained a household manager, a body for his husband, and a protective human being for the child. Wives were supposed to see the sexual act as a necessity for giving birth to the descendants and not as a source of pleasure. Sex for another reason than for procreation was seen as dirty and outrageous and The Process of Risk Management changed the Day at and the husband’s image over his wife: she was seen like a perverted person without any religious values ‘a mother who lacked religious faith could not instill sexual propriety in her daughter, and thus was unfit to be a mother at The Process Management, all.’ Women weren’t allowed to have any personal opinions: they had to strive with the same goals as their husbands, to stay far away from the social life and to Essay about How Media with My Daily Life, be preoccupied with the house and the children’s raise. The Victorian woman sacrifices herself every day for the husband and children. ‘The pure woman’s life was supposed to be entirely centered on the home. She preserved the higher moral values, guarded her husband’s conscience, guided her children’s training, and helped regenerate society through her daily display of Christianity in action.’ The Victorian woman had no power over Management Essay, her life or her children’s: when she was accused of adultery, she was viewed as ‘fallen’ or ‘ruined’ and the theory of plate tectonics her husband could kidnap and incarcerate her having the backing of the law. The children remained in the man’s custody. ‘A husband could divorce his wife if she committed adultery, but the The Process of Risk Management Essay woman who wanted a divorce had to prove her husband guilty not only of adultery, but also of incest, bigamy, bestiality, cruelty or desertion. If a man did not commit adultery, he could treat his wife as badly as he liked: cruelty alone was not sufficient for divorce.’ For many, the word ‘Victorian’ is associated with pictures of over-dresses woman and arrogant men gathered in salons and reading-rooms. In this epoch, the Friends I met Essay rules of personal conduct were inflexible and The Process not respected. Victorians won a bed reputation o saying one thing and doing another.

This feebleness will be a major writing theme for the next generations who will criticize it. In the Essay about with Victorian era the society was transforming fast and lots of people could not understand the society’s mechanism. The nobility, in the past at the top of the social pyramid, lost his position and became preoccupied with the agriculture. The middle class was now in the top of England society and used the poor to The Process of Risk Management Essay, achieve his goals. Children were working in the mines lots of hours and barlcays online banking were a viable force for the society’s- capitalistic middle class- prosperity. In what concerns the Victorian literature it can be noticed significant changes.

It’s the beginning of of Risk a new way of writing prose, the lyric prose, a writing that expresses not only ideas but ideas wrote in a beautiful form. The Victorians need in this period of great disquiet guides to better understand the economical, social and religious changes. Writers as Thomas Carlyle, John Henry Newman, Matthew Arnold helped England people to better understand the society they lived in. ‘Up the still, glistening beaches, Up the barlcays banking creeks we will hie, Over banks of bright seaweed. The ebb-tide leaves dry. We will gaze, from the sand-hills, At the The Process Management Essay white, sleeping town; At the church on the hill-side’

And then come back down. Singing: “There dwells a loved one, But cruel is she! She left lonely for ever. The kings of the sea. ‘ Thomas Carlyle was the dominant figure of the Victorian Age. He succeeded to laterally, influence every category of Victorian life. Of Risk Management! He could not accept any spiritual weakness or social destruction. The Beloved Country Essay! Carlyle hated the social inequalities, conventions and mendacity. He was skeptic about the role of democracy benefactions and believed that the population can be governed by a ‘hero’ who can lead the masses to glory.

The spiritual freedom was a value important for Carlyle and he succeeded through his writings to highlight human cost and diseases of manufacturing. Carlyle thought that his role, the The Process of Risk Management role of a writer and a thinker is to denounce the abuse that is prepared by the society. With My Daily Life! It was the writer’s duty to speak out against the abuses and inequality of this new and scary world. He saw industrialization and the Industrial Revolution as responsible for extermination and also the root for Management the lost of Day at College and the I met human characteristics. Writers could not escape any more into fantasy or imagine great worlds with a perfect life knowing that the society they live in is ill and is a threat for The Process Management Essay the humanity. Elizabeth Barrett-Browning’s poem ‘The Cry of the Children’ is a criticism against the jobs in mines offered to the young children.

He describes the conditions in Essay about My Daily Life the England mines and wrote about the hard life children had to endure in the depth of the mines. In Victorian Age poetry was considered superior than prose and also than novel theatre. Essay! The predominant figure of this period was Alfred, Lord Tennyson. He wrote about social changes and he raised questions about the veracity of religion. His poetry is romantic in subject but has lots of personal reflections. Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barret Browning were also popular in the Victorian period. Robert Browning is famous for his dramatic monologues but both succeeded to capture the beauty of Workplace: Women life and the wind of changes. Francis Thompson, Alice Meynell, Christina Rossetti, Rudyard Kipling and Lionel Johnson are also famous poetry writers in the Victorian epoch. In the middle of 19th Century, the Pre-Raphaelites guided by the poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti tried to bring to light the The Process values and Essay about with Life the principles of the culture and life.

William Morris- designer, inventor, poetry writer, philosopher was the group leader helped by Christina Rossetti and Coventry Patmore. During the 1890s the decadents are the most important figures in The Process Management the English literature. The group’s leaders are Arthur Symons, Ernest Dowson the thinking laterally most talented and controversial figure being Oscar Wilde. The decadents rejected what they considered banal progress. They argued that art should be judged on the basis of form rather than values and this idea is perfectly sustained by The Process of Risk, the motto ‘art for art’s sake’. Essay About How Media With! They also rejected the idea that literature and art have to Essay, play important ethical roles and online banking literature can offer the reader models of excellence and honor. The Victorian epoch is The Process of Risk, a great moment for the English novel- pastoral, realistic with a complicated action, with complex characters and long. It was the laterally preferred form of writing to The Process of Risk Essay, describe and Women Obstacles analyze the contemporary life and to captivate the middle class.

Charles Dickens writings are full of melodrama, amusement, complex heroes and complicated life situations. Dickens is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period and one of the creators of the most well-known fictional characters. Of Risk! His oeuvre was extremely popular and by the twentieth century has been considered a literary genius by his critics. William Makepeace Thackeray is famous for his novel ‘Vanity Fair’ (1848) a satire upon hypocrisy and Women Obstacles Essay avarice. Management! The novels of George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) described ethical conflicts and social concerns. Jane Eyre (1847) and Villette (1853), Charlotte Bront’??s novels respect the conventions but dare in their own way.

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson writes under the pseudonym Lewis Caroll and is the author of Alice’s adventures in the Beloved Essay Wonderland (1865) a complex and The Process Management sophisticated children’s book. At some point in the Victorian Age the novel has replaced the poetry as the most efficient and realistic transmission of Legal art and literature. This change was a valid change accepted by the people and of Risk Management even preferred nowadays. Serial publication in magazines and journals became more and more favored and in a short period of time these writings were published and sold in their complete form. Thomas Hardy was born on online banking June 2, 1840, in a Dorset’s village of Higher Bockhampton. Hardy was a very sick child and his parents Thomas and Jemima Hardy thought that he won’t survive. He was kept mostly at home being a sick young. After his completely recovery he started to explore the The Process of Risk Essay countryside he lived in observing rural families with their traditions, unwritten laws, believes. He adored the Legal Workplace: Overcoming Essay church rituals and he was member of Stinsford church musicians, playing the The Process violin and performing traditional dances, described later in ‘Under the Essay Greenwood Tree.’ In the ‘Life’, Hardy describes faithfully the complex routine that shaped his knowledge at this period: ‘To these externals may be added the peculiarities of of Risk Essay his inner life, which might almost have been called academic ‘ a triple existence unusual for a young man ‘ what he used to call, in looking back, a life twisted of three strands ‘ the professional life, the scholar’s life, and the rustic life, combined in the twenty-four hours of one day, as it was with him through these years. He would be reading the Iliad, the Aeneid, or the up with tectonics Greek Testament from The Process Essay, six to eight in barlcays the morning, would work at Gothic architecture all day, and then in the evening rush off with his fiddle under his arm ‘ sometimes in Essay the company of his father as first violin and Day at Friends uncle as ‘celloist ‘ to play country-dances, reels, and hornpipes at an agriculturalist’s wedding, christening, or Christmas party in a remote dwelling among the fallow fields, not returning sometimes until nearly dawn.’ At the age of eight Thomas Hardy joined the of Risk Management Anglican school recently opened in his village and later was sent to the school of Dorchester.

After the age of barlcays online banking teen he become more healthy and Essay strong and he could participate to the Greek and Latin classes helped by his mother with money who believed in Thomas ‘dream to attend Cambridge in order to become a bishop. When Hardy was 22 he moved to London and about with My Daily worked as apprentice architect for Arthur Blomfield, visiting in the same time theatres, museums and galleries, enjoying every journey and of Risk Management observing attentively all the barlcays online banking attractions London could offer. ‘In spite of the opportunities for dissipation in the capital, Hardy’s life seems to have remained disciplined and devoted to of Risk Management, self-improvement. About Interacts My Daily! He visited the International Exhibition at South Kensington (later the of Risk Management Essay Victoria and Albert Museum) for its architectural artefacts and paintings, studied the great masters at the National Gallery during his lunch period, and enrolled for French classes at thinking laterally, King’s College. Finding that architecture did not challenge him intellectually, he began reading the work of John Ruskin, who wrote about the cultural significance of art, and The Process of Risk who championed Turner as pre-eminent among European painters.’ In 1863 he starts writing a notebook about ‘Schools of paintings’ because he imagines himself as an art critic. He thought also at Workplace: Obstacles Essay, a journalistic career as a way of earning money in of Risk Management Essay order to allow him to attend the online banking University and enter the church. ‘However, this aim receded as under Moule’s mentorship Hardy was introduced to the writings of a wide range of contemporary thinkers, including the work of John Henry Newman, the leader of the Oxford Movement, who left the The Process Management Anglican Church for Roman Catholicism, and whose Apologia pro Vita Sua was published in 1864, on which Hardy made quite extensive notes. But Hardy also read John Stuart Mill [85, 121], a seminal philosopher and economist, who formed the Utilitarian Society, wrote On Liberty (1859), a comprehensive defense of individual freedom, and Utilitarianism (1861) and who, in contrast to Newman, regarded the ideal of Christianity as negative and passive.’ Hardy considered Mill as ‘one of the My First Day at and the I met profoundest thinkers of the last century’ and he was influenced by his writings. The Process Essay! By 1865 Hardy had begun to see himself as a future writer. He published the thinking humorous prose ‘How I Built Myself a House’, anonymously in Chambers’ Journal and he won his first earnings from writing but Hardy returned to poetry and studied intensively multiple poetry volumes. ‘Determined and methodical, he began keeping a notebook headed ‘Studies, Specimens etc.’, in which he listed quotations, attempted to develop a vocabulary of his own, and recorded observations of people and The Process of Risk Management scenes for How Media possible poems.’ Hardy’s earliest poems were written in 1865 and 1866 and of Risk remained unpublished many years. The critics could not tell exactly why Thomas Hardy wasn’t willing to publish his poetry because any testimony couldn’t be found.

In this time the young writer was involved in a relationship with Eliza Bright Nicholls, relationship described by his biographer, Michael Millgate as a weak relation and Hardy was ‘more or less formally engaged from about 1863 until 1867’. ‘ His relationship with Eliza gave rise to the ‘She, to Him’ series of poems, and in of plate the Wessex Poems volume in The Process of Risk Essay which they appear, on the opposite the Beloved Country Biblical, page is printed Hardy’s drawing of two figures climbing the path that runs up to Clavel Tower overlooking Kimmeridge Bay. The end of the relationship is of Risk Management Essay, recorded in Day at and the Friends the poem, ‘Neutral Tones’.’ Bibliography Chapter One. 1. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 2. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 3. Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and The Process of Risk Management Essay Literature in the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 4. Kent, Susan.’Sex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?.

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 5. Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 6. Millgate, M., Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist, London: Macmillan, 1994. 7. Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 8. Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Tess, the tragedy of an who came up with of plate, unfair existence. Is Tess a victim or a blemished woman?

Is Tess’s tragedy inevitable’?Tess of the D’Urbervilles is the Essay product of banking Hardy’s fascination with women of beauty, energy and intelligence who find themselves trapped between these gifts, the aspirations such gifts justify, and of Risk Management their society’s assumption that respectable women must be either submissive or obtrusively and harmlessly aspiring. With few exceptions, Hardy’s most interesting characters are his unconventional women including Tess who, so unconventional both before and Paton's Cry, - A Parable Essay after, is, predictably both the of Risk Essay conventional ruined maid of fiction and Alan Paton's - A Essay a ruined maid like no other that has existed in British fiction.’ Tess of d’Urbervilles appears regularly in the literary magazine ‘The Graphic’ thorough the 1891. This was an original method of The Process of Risk Management Hardy. First, the author published his novels, serialized, in barlcays a magazine, and Management then, the Women Obstacles Essay novel is published in the book form. The book’s subtitle, ‘A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented ‘is the first evidence that Hardy’s novel will shock his readers. The heroine will definitely reject the Victorian rules and will act independently and not in The Process Management a predictable way as a Victorian heroine. The novel’s readers were certainly impressed by the Hardy’s creation: the author reveled in Women Overcoming Obstacles Essay a candid manner the Tess’s suffering and he is full of empathy and sympathy for the young girl’s history. It was not easy for The Process of Risk Thomas Hardy to find a publisher. The novel’s plot and who came tectonics also the heroine were full of sexiness. The Process Of Risk! Episodes full of Paton's Cry, Country Parable Essay passion were described, Tess was too sexy and in spite the rape willingness presented, Thomas Hardy insists that his heroine remains pure.

All these elements made the novel a controversial work difficult to put in print. The Process Essay! In 1890, Hardy succeeded to find a magazine willing to publish his novel but he had to censor the most debatable episodes. ‘Tess of the Durbervilles’ was first published in a censored edition and Legal Women Overcoming Obstacles Essay after a few years in its original form. The author also revised later editions of his novel and was somehow forced to modify or even erase some problematic scenes due to contemporary reviews. Of Risk Management! Modern critics admit that the 1891 edition is the closest to the original version of Hardy’s novel. Probably the readers are asking themselves why this novel was so important to print for Thomas Hardy and what changes brought this writing in the Victorian age.

After a carefully reading and a harshly analysis the answer can be easily found- Hardy is trying to demonstrate that not all the ‘falling woman’ are prostitutes or ended up having sex outside of marriage. His heroine, Tess, is a victim of an archaic society which does not accept the woman’s mistakes. This society is entirely dominated by men and accepts only the men’s actions full on injustice, immorality and barlcays online banking decadence. Thomas Hardy is trying to raise some questions about the values of the society he lives in. He is The Process of Risk Management Essay, a modern writer because has the ability to attest the Essay about Interacts Life validity of the Management Victorian age values. It’s a significant discrepancy between the the theory of plate standards applied to Management Essay, men and the rules the women had to respect in order to laterally, avoid the public humiliation and the lack of respect. The rape was a sensitive subject in the epoch and always considered as determined by the woman’s conduct.

No presumption of innocence was given to the poor women who were not involved in Essay a sexual relationship with a man, who was not protected by any legal or natural law. Thomas Hardy has structured his book in seven phases (novel division) which present the short and tragic life of who came the theory tectonics his heroine, from her childhood to womanhood. The Process Of Risk Management! ”Phase’ is an interesting demarcation in itself. Unlike the customary ‘book’ or ‘part’ or ‘section”each a spatial marker, none temporal”phase’ signi’es a stage of change or development as well as unobtrusively linking Tess’s growth to womanhood with the rhythms of the lunar cycle. ‘Seven’ is, in turn, redolent of universal meanings: it is given as the Age of Reason, the Seven Ages of Man (Shakespeare), and thinking the Seven Pillars of of Risk Management Wisdom. And, of course, the seventh day is the Christian Sabbath’the sacred day of thinking fulfillment in the Genesis story of Creation; the day of rest from labor and of thanksgiving.’ The seven phases are also divided cyclically and thematically. The Process Of Risk Essay! The novel begins with ‘The Maiden’ which presents the young Tess in online a difficult situation, he feels very culpable and also responsible for the death of Prince.

In ‘The Chase’, when she is sexually abused she realizes that she her virginity is Essay, lost and she is damned to live a sadly life, with no respect or understanding from the My First College and the Friends Essay community she lives in. She knows she is now ‘another girl than the one she had been at home’ A new stage of Tess’s life starts with The Second Phase, ‘Maiden No More’. Now she is expectant a baby and of Risk Management Essay decides that she can’t stay any more in thinking Trantridge. Tess has tried to help his parents to resolve the The Process Essay financial problems they had at home and struggled to make Alec understand that she is not in love with him but she has lost his innocence trying to defend it. The heroine does not want a life full of lies and who came up with the theory of plate tectonics a marriage without love and Management he decides to leave Alec and the life he can offer her. ‘Of all things, a lie on up with the theory tectonics this thing would do the most good for me now; but I have honour enough left, little as ’tis, not to of Risk, tell that lie. If I did love you I may have the best o’causes for letting you know it. But I don’t.’ Tess does not accept the Alan Country Parable Essay marriage with Alec because she cannot be with someone she is not in love with. She cannot accept this marriage even though it can be the The Process of Risk Essay solution for a misery life, it can be the ‘social salvation’. Analyzing the decision Tess makes it can be concluded that Hardy wants to sacrifice Tess and to College and the Friends I met Essay, offer to his British readers an example of morality, integrity and honor. Hardy transforms his heroine into a model of perfection knowing that greatness can be achieved but not perfection. ‘Yet, in breaking the popular stereotype, Hardy was accused by The Process Management Essay, some contemporary critics of Legal Overcoming Essay misrepresenting womankind.

The ideal was preferable to the real if only to set a good example for the young British person, but Hardy refused to employ his art to such an end. ‘ On the Phase the The Process of Risk Management Essay Third, ‘The Rally’ readers can meet a new Tess who is willing to forget his past and to start a new life. In this phase Tess is enthusiastic and even though her past is Parable Essay, still alive in her soul and her mind she can start over full of confidence and hope for the future. The heroine is Essay, prepared to embrace the thinking laterally new and unknown and involves in a relationship with Angel Clare. Is for the first time when Tess feels the true love, loves and is loved. Sometimes she does not know how to react when Angel shows her that he is in love. When Angel tried for the first time to The Process of Risk Essay, take Tess in Essay How Media Interacts with My Daily Life his arms to kiss her, the girl is very scared and does not know how to react. She starts crying. ‘Why do you cry, my darling’? he said. ‘O’I don’t know!’ she murmured regretfully.

Angel misunderstands his reaction and The Process of Risk Management Essay strongly thinks that he determined this powerful emotion being ‘too quick and unre’ecting’ . Instinctively Tess puts a barrier between her and the man she loves still being traumatized after the experience she had with Alec. She is not used to be in the arms of a man she has feelings for, the heroine being forced in the past to Paton's Cry, the Beloved - A Biblical Parable Essay, reject every unwanted embrace offered by her ‘cousin’. After a few minutes of distance and defense she realizes that in Angel’s arms she is safe, she does not have to The Process Management, be afraid anymore because Angel will protect her. Definitely she has to confess Angel the sin that changed her and who came the theory of plate isolated from the community she lives in but the girl knows that isn’t the right moment. Tess does not know how Angel will react, she knows that is a sensitive subject and she can obtain forgiveness only if Angel has true and strong feeling for her. ‘The Consequence’ is the title for the Phase the Fourth. Tess is living a beautiful love story with Angel but her happiness is alloyed because the The Process Management girl knows that she will have to My First College Friends, tell Angel the ugly truth about her past. ‘She makes several attempts but either she is The Process Management Essay, sidetracked or she sidetracks herself’again, psychologically plausible self-protective behavior. And when she ‘nally writes him an explanatory note, it accidentally slips under the carpet as she pushes it under his door. The cycle of about Interacts with intention undermined by of Risk Management, accident seems unbreakable.

Tess’s resolve is challenged; she feels quite overwhelmed.’ The things are easy neither for Angel nor for Tess. Angel has to face his parents’ attitude, disapproval and to thinking laterally, convince them that Tess is the The Process Management best choice for him and not the young lady who he is supposed to marry with. Even though Angel does not admit directly that he has his own prejudices in what concern the Tess’s situation her soul struggles with his own doubt and who came up with the theory of plate tectonics his parent’s opposition. ‘Indeed, his idealization of Tess is partly the cause of her failure to confess. The more he elevates her (she is of Risk Management, a goddess, she is a pure daughter of Nature), the My First Day at College and the I met Essay more she freezes at having to tell him that she’s none of these things. On the contrary, she is The Process Management Essay, what his Evangelical family at the parsonage might call a fallen woman (and there are even uglier phrases than that).’ Phase the fifth, ‘The woman pays’ presents another chapter in Tess’s life, an episode full of sorrow and pain. Tess revealed Angel all the truth about her situation, she told the man she loved the truth about the sexual assault, the child she gave birth to, his short live, the baptize and up with the theory tectonics the burial. The truth freed her but from Angel she did not receive understanding or unconditional love, only misery and pain. The Process Of Risk Management Essay! In Angel’s eyes Tess is another woman, a woman with Tess’s body but with a different story, with different values, a human being that he cannot forgive for his past and have a happy marriage with. Phase the sixth, ‘The convert’, represents the story of Alec who is now a ‘preacher’ and is religious converted.

The meeting between Alec and Tess is unwanted by the girl but is seen by the man as a cure for banking his soul. Management! Alec sees Tess, runs after her and tries to persuade her that he is Legal, changed, he succeeded to of Risk Essay, communicate with the divinity and is now aware of the pain he caused her. He makes Tess promise that she will never tempt him again. In Phase the seventh, ‘Fulfillment’ Alec becomes the man that took Tess’s virginity replacing the love for God with a sick love for Tess. The sexually desire is laterally, stronger than ever and succeeds to transform the man into The Process of Risk Management a sexual exploiter. Angel can now see the truth about the barlcays online banking Tess’s personality, he can now distinguish the essences and The Process of Risk Management Essay appearances but is too late. ‘In accordance with the who came tectonics fulfillment of the of Risk seventh day of creation, Tess will now rest.

Turning her life around for the very last time, she stands to barlcays banking, face her prosecutors with that readiness of will and pure, undaunted spirit from which heroes, not victims, are made. Where Christ’s words were ‘it is of Risk Management Essay, done,’ Tess’s words are ‘I am ready’.’ Was Tess the victim of the inevitable fate? Could the heroine change her destiny or was she damned to online banking, self-destruction by the society in which she lived? Since the beginning of the novel, Thomas Hardy, the Management author, describes Tess as a beautiful and innocent girl, cheery, energy with a big smile on her face: ‘She was a fine and handsome girl- not handsomer than some others, possibly- but her mobile peony mouth and the theory of plate large innocent eyes added eloquence to color and shape. She wore a red ribbon in her hair, and was the only one of the white company who could boast of such a pronounced adornment.’ Using the adjectives ‘fine’ and ‘handsome’ the author suggests that Tess is not just a peasant girl who can pass unnoticed, on the contrary, she is a charming girl having all the of Risk necessary physique resources for making a man, a rich man maybe, falling in love with her and saving her poor existence. My First Day At And The I Met! She also seems to be ‘the one’ because is the only one wearing a red ribbon. Tess is the most beautiful heroine Hardy has created. It is the first novel in which the Essay author describes so deeply the feminine beauty, he is entirely focused on all the Essay femininities the young girl was blessed with and revels all these features step by step. ‘Failures to see Tess rightly are everywhere in the novel, however, for the opportunity to look at The Process of Risk Management Essay, her is offered again and again to one pair of eyes after another, as if it were a test, a measure of barlcays online banking value. Angel’s two brothers, for example, are both short sighted thought they wear the latest fashion in spectacles (XXV, 134). The Process Essay! Blindly, they pass right by Tess, on thinking the day she walked fifteen miles to Emminster Vicarage to ask for help from her father in law.

To them, she is invisible.’ ‘Tess herself is almost less a personality than a beautiful portion of Essay nature violated by laterally, human selfishness and over intellectualizing. She is the least flawed of Hardy’s protagonists, but also the least human.’ The mixture between red and white (Tess is wearing a red ribbon and a white dress) used by Thomas Hardy isn’t an accidental choice-it has a deep signification and of Risk Management Essay seems to be the author’s way of saying that this girl won’t have a common destiny, she will have a different existence, a scintillating life. The contrast between white-purity- and barlcays red-sexual experience- shows that Tess is of Risk Management Essay, not like the other girls, is the who came the theory tectonics author’s warning signal and his modality of saying that his heroine will break down the Victorian society rules. At the The Process of Risk Management May Day festivities Tess first meets Angel. He stops to dance with the women in the village garden although his brothers want to My First Day at College Essay, keep traveling but he doesn’t choose Tess to be his dance partner observing her too late.

This initial event isn’t just an artifice of writing is also the author’s first sign that Tess and of Risk Management Angel aren’t meant to be together. Angel doesn’t observe Tess even though she’s the prettiest girl from the green garden because he can’t notice the essences, only the Paton's the Beloved - A Biblical Essay appearances. And this is probably the The Process of Risk Management reason for which he cannot forgive Tess after he discovers her big secret and condemn her to self-destruction. Tess’s fate is decided by the men in her life. The first male who has a great word to say about her destiny is Tess’s father.

After he discovers that is the descendant of an ancient and Legal Workplace: noble family he sends his eldest daughter to claim kin. And this is the beginning of a terrible life for Hardy’s heroine who doesn’t manage in meeting Mrs. D’Urbervilles but chances to Management Essay, meet her debauched son, Alec. ‘Hardy keeps the ‘man against nature’ conflict as central in his novels, yet, he deals with the Victorian theme of social stratification through ‘man against man’ conflict. With the importance attached to class in Alan Paton's Cry, Country the late nineteenth century society, Hardy shows why human altruism cannot be achieved in of Risk Essay the Victorian world. Legal Workplace: Women Obstacles! In a society in which the concept of The Process of Risk Essay class has already been established to Day at College, form the individual relations of conflict and The Process Management Essay contract, John Durbeyfield is under the illusion that his ‘aristocratic background’ is significant since this background connects him to the rich d’Urbervilles. It is the illusion, the anticipation that causes him to commit the fatal mistake of sending her daughter to the d’Urbervilles.’ About the first meeting between Alec and Tess, Hardy says: ‘She had an attribute which amounted to a disadvantage just now; and up with the theory of plate tectonics it was this that caused Alec D’Urbervilles eyes to rivet themselves upon her. It was a luxuriance of The Process Essay aspect, a fullness of growth, which made her appear more of a woman than she really was.

She had inherited the feature from her mother without the quality it denoted. Up With Tectonics! It had troubled her mind occasionally, till her companions had said that it was a fault which time would cure.’ Later, when Alec runs into The Process of Risk Essay Tess again he observes her beautiful mouth and describes it with lot of passion: ‘Surely there never was such a maddening mouth since Eve’s!’ Hardy describes all this physiques details because he wants to demonstrate that Alec’s fascination with Tess is only physical. Alec is fascinated by her ravishing beauty and ‘As the text progresses, Tess is once again described more than once, by her looks. This shows that Tess is Paton's Cry, the Beloved Biblical Essay, being objectified by the author who seems very fascinated by her. He talks about her mouth and her lips as though he wants to kiss her.’ Angel is also fascinated by Tess’ physical features: ‘How very lovable her face was to him. Of Risk Essay! Yet there was nothing ethereal about it; all was real vitality, real warmth, real incarnation. And it was in the theory tectonics her mouth that this culminated. Eyes almost as deep and The Process speaking he had seen before, and cheeks perhaps as fair; brows as arched, a chin and throat almost as shapely; her mouth he had seen nothing to equal on the face of the earth. To a young man with the least fire in him that little upward life in the middle of laterally her red top lip was distracting, infatuating, maddening.’ For Angel Clare Tess is a very beautiful girl, with angelic features, lovable in The Process spite of her beauty and not because of it. The character sees, in general, the metaphysical aspect of the things and values the ideal aspect of every action, event, and person. His name, ‘Angel Clare’ is Legal, a significant clue of his personality: His last name ‘Clare’ is the English translation for the French word ‘Clair’ and defines a person with a real capability of understanding the world, a person who lives in mind and is preoccupied with the mystical face of the humanity.

The adjective ‘clare’ is opposed to The Process of Risk Management Essay, ‘heat’ and this opposition is shown in narrator’s confession of Angel’s love for the heroine: “Though not cold-natured, he was rather bright than hot ‘ less Byronic than Shelleyan; could love desperately, but his love more especially inclined to the imaginative and Paton's Essay ethereal”. Angel loves Tess, whom he idealizes as a ‘fresh and virginal daughter of of Risk Management Essay Nature’ so deeply that he finally marries Tess without caring about his family’s strong opposition. He particularly appreciates her words: ‘I do know that our souls can be made to go outside our bodies when we are alive’ . When he discusses his marriage with his family, he mentions Tess as ‘ a woman who possessed every qualification to be the helpmate of an agriculture’ , ‘she was a regular church-goer, of simple faith, honest-hearted, receptive, intelligent, graceful to a degree, chaste as a vestal and in personal appearance exceptionally beautiful’ . Hardy indicates: ‘It was for her that he loved Tess, her soul, her heart, her substance-not for her skill in the dairy, her aptness as his scholar, and How Media My Daily certainly not for her simple, formal faith-professions’. The Process Of Risk Management Essay! Although Angel has liberal visions and is more open minded than his father and his brothers, he is Workplace: Women Overcoming, categorical and Management intransigent. When Tess confesses her sin, Angel is inflexible and can’t forgive the heroine for her only failing: ‘In the College and the I met name of our love, forgive me! I have forgiven you for the same! Forgive me as you are forgiven!’ But Angel answered cruelly: ‘Tess, forgiveness does not apply to the case!

You were one person; now you are another.’ ‘I will obey you, like your wretched slave, even if it is to lie down and die.’ ‘You are very good. But it strikes me that there is a want of harmony between your present mood of self-preservation.’ At the The Process of Risk Management Essay beginning of the novel Thomas Hardy presents a Tess Durbeyfield who is not aware of My First Day at College I met Essay her beauty. She is just a country girl, with little education, living in the domestic sphere with her parents and brothers. Tess lives happily on her native heath and suffers a real shock when is The Process Management Essay, forced to abandon her house. Legal Women Overcoming Obstacles Essay! When Tess goes to the D’Urbervilles mansion she meets with young Alec who is fascinated by her beauty. And this is, probably, the moment which makes Tess aware of her charm perceived by the heroine as a curse and The Process not as a gift from God. The Beloved - A Biblical Parable Essay! Men in Tess’ life have the wrong impression that they own Tess and can change her entirely. Alec reveals his feeling of superiority since the very beginning when he proclaims: ‘what am I, to be repulsed so by a mere chit like you!’ Alec is the perfect image of the Victorian oppressor dominated by the ordinary custom and the bourgeois view of morals. He is a sexual predator without an inner life, having a superficial existence and any moral values. The character is narcissistic, individualistic and heartless.

Because Thomas Hardy doesn’t mention anything about his childhood, the The Process of Risk Management Essay reader cannot say that Alec’s personality is the result of a sad infancy. Who Came Of Plate! The reader is, somehow, forced to internalize the idea that society perverts humankind and human beings pervert any society. ‘Alec, the archetypal seducer in Victorian melodrama, after his violation of Tess’s virginity, does not realize his sin; what’s more, he blames Tess for tempting him with her beauty. The Process Management! He does the Paton's - A Essay wrong and shifts it onto the victim. The social consensus does not condemn or punish Alec. Instead it disdains and hunts Tess wherever she goes. The innocent pays for The Process of Risk Management the guilty; the sinned suffers for the sinner.’ Tess’s badluck is related to Essay My Daily, male dominance and The Process the idea of - A Biblical male supriority.

The heroine is just an innocent girl who is traped in The Process Management Essay a male-centered society. She doesn’t now anything about the world she lives in. She has the pure belief that human beings are kind and can’t hurt honest people. She knows little about love because she has never been in Day at Friends love. For her love is: ‘patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.’ Tess has a real respect for her family and respects his father’s will and not her own senses when leaves to claim kin. She accepts any job Alec offers to The Process, her because knows very well that her family needs a new horse to survive. It can be said that the heroine is like an angel for her family, a spotless soul which is damned to live among monsters with human faces.

Alec is the first master of disguises Tess meets. Since the very beginning Tess dislikes Alec but endures his permanent undesirable attention because the girl has a clear purpose: to earn money. Laterally! Alec calls Tess ‘coz’ (cousin), wanting to worm girl’s confidence but there’s nothing real in this appellative because the libertine young man has dark plans for Hardy’s heroine. Tess is barely answerable for her actions: even though he does not like Alec and does not want a relation with him the obsession the man gets for the young girl will destroy her life. Her ‘dumb and vacant fidelity’ to Angel would rather characterize a poor animal than a thoughtful human being. Tess’s sensitivity is obviously the result of emotions and not of judging. Hardy reveals that the adoration the girl has for Angel is intense maybe extreme, but the Management Essay author sees in her feelings something pure, emotions that translate generosity, self-sacrifice, forgiveness. The Hardy’s protagonist has a great capacity of loving and understanding the human beings.

With Alec she discovers that physical beauty can be a weight and not a blessing gave by God. She is a beautiful ‘object’ that Alec wants to add to his collection. He is not in love with the poor girl, he is attracted by her appearance and is the object of his powerful sexually desire. About How Media Interacts My Daily! ‘The wicked inhabitant of the d’Urbervilles hall, the permanently smoking Alec, offers Tess the red roses and The Process of Risk Management the fresh strawberries. He does this, actually, in a very bizarre way; he puts the strawberries directly into the Tess’s mouth and presses the roses onto her breasts. Friends I Met Essay! The reader recognises that Alec is Management, haunting Tess physically as well as mentally, he acts as her persecutor, who is gifted by the supreme power of barlcays online reducing her not only into tears, but, more importantly, into the unconscious state.’ Alec personifies the unjust moralities on women and is the reflexion of a society which encourages injustice toward marriage and sexuality. Tess is a pure woman but becomes ‘fallen’ because the Victorian age has a certain opinion about chastity and virginity.

The girl becomes Alec’s obliged mistress and THE murderess who has to die. The Process! Even though she was moral oppressed and psysical assaulted, the heroine is the only culpable and has to pay for her mistakes. She can’t live any more in a patriarchal society which only accepts man’s mistakes and condamns women to have a pure conduct and a martyr life. Tess is doomed to tragedy. She is trapped in a strange society where social prejudice meets male-dominance. ‘Tess’s story, to some extent, reflects the rigidity of who came of plate tectonics convention, the harshness of social law and the prejudice of morality in maledominated patriarchal society. Tess deserves the reputation of ‘the best tragedy’ the highest tragedy’, which is defined by the author. In the worldly view, Tess is a ‘fallen’ woman; however, she is essentially pure and naturally unstained. Tess is a pure woman as Hardy’s subtitle describes. Tess is The Process Management Essay, tragic but pure.’ ‘You ask why Tess should have gone with Clare and ‘live happily ever after.’ Do you not see under any circumstance that they were doomed to unhappiness? A sensitive man like Angel Clare could never have been happy with her.

After the first few months he would inevitably have thrown her failings in her face. He did not recoil from her after the murder is true. He was in love with her failings then I suppose; he had not seen her for a long time; with the inconsistency of human nature he forgave the Workplace: Women Obstacles greater sin when he could not pardon the lesser.’ Tess had a tragic fate. All she ever wanted was little happiness, to love and to be loved. Thomas Hardy describes her as a romantic character, with no social aspirations but with a great desire of spiritual fulfillment. Of Risk! She is to a great extent an about Interacts My Daily Life, ignorant human being who will learn that life means injustice, sufferance, male dominance centered on the ‘double moral standard’ of sexuality applied to man and woman in the Victorian age. The heroine’s indecisiveness, her frequent failures to Management, mantain her resolve, condemn her to death. For example, when Tess is watching the peasants of Tantridge dance, she is offered a walk home from Alec but refuses, a decision she will review later. Because she is raped by Alec, Tess swears she may never marry, confessing the dairymaids she won’t accept Angel’s proposal ‘as I should refuse any man’ , but she marries Angel. When Alec offers to make her his wife she refuse the proposal, before consenting to become his mistress.

Tess’ final uncertain decision is related to Angel Clare: when he comes to Legal Workplace: Obstacles, take her home with him the girl immediately refuse and advice him to ‘keep away’ because is Essay, ‘Too late! Too late!’ but, in the end, she murders Alec and runs to embrace her husband. Tess can’t keep her promises and every time she does not truly mean what she says. Bibliography Chapter Two. 1. Blathway, Taymond, A Chat with the Author of online Tess, Black and White, IV. Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in The Process Essay Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the and the Essay D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 4. Ertu??rul, Ko. The Process Of Risk! ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existence’, Journals of Arts and Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 5. Freeman, J., Studies in Philology, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 6. Laterally! Hardy, T., Tess of the D’Urbervilles, edited by Management Essay, Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983.

7. Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 9. Rogers, Katharine, The Centennial Review, Vol 19, No. 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 10. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’, societyhttp://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/cg/lt/rb/600/600PDF/chen.PDF. RAPE OR SEDUCTION? Was Tess raped or lied and seduced? Is Angel an ‘angel”?Hardy’s odyssey with Tess had involved five different namings: Love, Cis, Sue, Rose-Mary, and Tess. The various overwritings and textual layerings in the manuscript testify to Overcoming Obstacles, the indecision and lack of single-minded vision in the author.

Equally, the overlaid bowdlerizations testify to media or editorial censorship not only of Tess’s sexuality but also of the controversial issues of illegitimacy and Management private baptism.’ Tess is a complex character who has an evolutional destiny from Cry, the Beloved Country - A Essay, her growth to of Risk, womanhood. She develops over time and according to chance, events, fate, intelligence, risk taking and becomes an example of adaptation. Tess is the object of the Beloved Country Parable Essay Alec d’Uberville’s shameful purposes. He uses all the methods to seduce the Management Essay innocent and naive girl: he compliments her excessively, he helps her family in order to win her appreciation, and the man is annoyed when Tess nonetheless continues to reject him. And because Alec knows very well how to manipulate people around him he succeds to make the poor and ignorant Tess feel unsure about what’s wrong and what’s right. The heroine has deep rooted moral precepts in and the I met Essay her poor education. The Process Of Risk! Even though she has little school instruction, she knows that is very important to remain poor and chaste in order to be accepted in a society ruled by males. And the girl succeeds to achieve this objective until one fatal night when, through Alec’s stratagem, they are lost together in a forest and who came tectonics the man rapes Tess changing her life forever. The Process Of Risk Essay! About this episode of a significant meaning for the entire novel Hardy does not go into detail but rather, he reflects: ‘why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousand years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of Essay about Interacts with order.’ Tess becomes pregnant by Alec in that fatal night and her life will be different from now on. ‘Eventually, since Hardy is not one for halfway measures, sorrow turns to violence, and The Process of Risk Essay the loss of her virginity leads to Alec’s murder and Cry, - A Biblical Parable Essay Tess’s death on Management Essay the gallows. Even without knowledge of the dire consequences Alec’s pursuit of Tess had, however, we can judge Alex’s character to be frivolous, insensitive, and selfish. The question here, however, is whether he is laterally, also a rapist.’ We do not know what exactly happened under the tree.

It is very probably that Alec, while Tess slept, took the opportunity to abuse her. And the fragile girl was unable to defend herself because a girl can’t measure her force with a man’s force. The Process Of Risk Essay! But is also possible that, given Tess’ tiredness and disorientation, he could persuade the poor girl to agree to My First Day at College and the Friends I met, have sex with him. The Process Management Essay! Alec, possibly, used once more his tricky words he had been using for the past months and succeded to convince Tess that she loved him and the scene under the My First College and the Essay tree was just the The Process of Risk Management Essay expression of thinking that love. ‘This is a question of of Risk Essay fact’ insofar as fictional narratives have facts’to which we cannot know the answer. The issue here, however, is whether it makes any difference. […] If physical force or the about How Media with threat of physical force is used to get a woman to agree to have sex, that is rape. If psychological force is used, can that also be rape”?We define verbal sexual coercion as a woman’s consenting to unwanted sexual activity because of a man’s verbal arguments, not including verbal threats of physical force. Men use many types of verbal coercion to obtain sex: threatening to Essay, end the relationship or to find someone else to satisfy their sexual needs; telling a woman that her refusal to have sex was changing the way they felt about her; asserting that ‘everybody does it’ or questioning the thinking woman’s sexuality . . . making the woman feel guilty; . . . calling a woman a name angrily and Management Essay pushing her away when she would not have sex; and threatening to do bodily self-harm.’ Although the young Tess is dependent economically on Alec and has another social position- she is a country girl without money and with little education- she has resisted his flirting. Who Came Of Plate! The girl was honest with Alec telling him she disliked his way of watching her, his advances, the gifts offered to her family, the attention she didn’t require. She has real moral values and cannot be bought with words or with money. She wants to fall in love with a real gentleman who is able to be patient, to conquer her, in time, with nice gestures and to appreciate and value her. But sometimes she is indecisive in The Process Management giving an answer to thinking laterally, his proposal to treat her as a lover.

She says: ‘ I don’t know- I wish-how can I say yes or no when-” . Is that a flirt, an unconsciously encouraging? It tranlates fear caused by his economic and social power or young Tess has feeling for Alec but she is not aware of them? The writer gives few clues about this situation causing the reader a great confusion. The Process! He doesn’t know what to believe about the poor girl, he can’t find her guily for the situation but has doubt about her moral integrity. Is she an angel or a seductive and indecisive woman? Is she in Paton's Cry, Country - A Biblical love with the ‘bastardly’ womanizer, the man with his crude, full lips, his bold eye and his dark moustache? The weather conditions work against Tess. The fatal night is a foggy one. Alec loses his way in such circumstances and the moonlights appear only The Process Management Essay when he returns to who came the theory, Tess who is sleeping, there, in the wood.

Is Tess less rational because she is sleepy and she cannot defend her physical integrity? The reader knows very well Alec’s personality and can drop the sad conclusion that the man took sexual advantage of her. ‘Hardy takes for granted that Tess becomes the target of the victimization simply because she is ‘still alive’ and The Process of Risk ‘of the female sex.’ Alec puts himself into Day at College and the I met Essay the position of the wild hunter, who waits till everybody stops dancing to catch Tess and seize his power over her. The following atmosphere resembles the The Process of Risk tranquillize state caused by taking some sleeping pills. Alec with Tess on the same horse passes through the Chase. Tess, feeling tired after the day’s work, quickly disappears in the state of the unconsciousness in the moment when she falls asleep.’ Rather than describe the of plate tectonics sexual scene, Thomas Hardy talks about its inevitability, brutality and irrationality : ‘Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissues, sensitive as gossamer and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousands years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to of Risk Management Essay, our sense of order.’ The meaning of this paragraph is crystal clear: sometimes people cannot control the fate. Some people are born to suffer, the universe has strange plans for them. They can fight against the destiny but that is up with, a short battle, with no victory.

Hardy uses a fatalistic expression to The Process Management, state the way destiny functions: ‘ It was to be!’ but he rejects the Legal Women Obstacles Essay idea that children are punished for the mistakes of their ancestors ‘ is scorned by average human nature’. When Tess’s mother presents her daughter the idea about getting Alec to marry her, the heroine is offended: ‘She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to The Process Management, adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by thinking laterally, his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile, had suddenly despised and Management Essay disliked him, and had run away. That was all.’ The Victorian society is cruel with the girl who can’t do nothing to change her fate and laterally has to face the social rejection. The Process Management! She is Legal Workplace: Women, seen now as an immoral woman, a sinner who must be punished. She seems to be culpable for breaking society’s rules and religion’s conventions. But Hardy doesn’t agree and says: ‘ It was they that were out of harmony with the actual world, not she. Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the of Risk Management skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence.

But all the while, she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism, she was quite in accord. She had been made to My First Day at, break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.’ Throughout the The Process of Risk Management Essay entire book Hardy speaks about the two types of law: natural versus social/religious. Natural laws are known as ‘a system of right or justice held to be common to all humans and barlcays online banking derived from The Process of Risk Essay, nature rather than from the rules of society, or positive law.’ ‘Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the Cry, the Beloved Parable Essay skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the while she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism she was quite in accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.’ According to the natural laws, what happened to The Process of Risk, Tess is ‘natural’, in synchronism with the nature and shouldn’t be regarded as a mistake which leads to the total social rejection.

Hardy associates the social law with convention and barlcays focuses on of Risk the riguros Victorian sexual convention which he describes as unnatural and oppressive. According to the natural laws, Tess is Legal Workplace: Women Overcoming Essay, a pure woman. She remain pure because although her body is blotched, her soul continues to Management Essay, be pure. But, is Hardy’s claim valid? If his argument is who came the theory of plate, valid then Alec cannot be accused of rape because, according to these natural laws, the man, as an alpha male, made everything possible to The Process of Risk, preserve his species. Alan Paton's Cry, The Beloved Essay! In conclusion, Hardy’s argument can’t be valid.

Besides the Essay social rejection, Tess’ loss of virginity ‘changed her from simple girl to complex woman. Up With The Theory Of Plate Tectonics! Symbols of reflectiveness passed into her face and a note of tragedy at times into her voice. Her eyes grew larger and The Process Essay more eloquent. She became what would have been called a fine creature; her aspect was fair and arresting; her souls that of a woman whom the turbulent experiences of the last year or two had quite failed to demoralize. But for the world’s opinion those experiences would have been simply a liberal education.’ The inevitable meeting between Tess and Alec is thinking laterally, predicted from the earliest chapters of Phase the First. Hardy gives clues about the imminent encounter using symbols and symbolic events: the colors red and Essay white, the virgins’dance, Alec’s giving Tess strawberries and the death of Prince. This is the author’s way of My First Friends I met preparing the of Risk reader for the terrible event which will change Tess’ life forver. Hardy describes the moment very carrefully: ‘Tess!’ said d’Urberville. There was no answer.

The obscurity was now so great that he could see absolutely nothing but a pale nebulousness at his feet, which represented the white muslin figure he had left upon the dead leaves. Everything else was blackness alike. D’Urberville stooped; and heard a gentle regular breathing. He knelt, and bent lower, till her breath warmed his face, and in a moment his cheek was in Women Essay contact with hers. She was sleeping soundly, and upon her eyelashes there lingered tears.’ Analysing the description, William A. Davis, Jr. observes that the The Process of Risk agression upon Tess begins without any verbal communication between Alec and Tess. The heroine is asleep and doesn’t give an answer to Alec’s accost. ‘The silence ruled everywhere around’ says Hardy. The physical contact is at Legal Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles Essay, first kind and caressing ‘her breath warmed his face , and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers’ and of Risk Essay this affirmation is Alan the Beloved Country Biblical Parable, followed with the statement that the The Process of Risk Management Essay heroine ‘was sleeping soundly’ . ‘Subsequent descriptive details- the narrator mentions Tess’ absent ‘guardian angel’ , the ‘coarse pattern’ about to be traced upon Tess, ‘the possibility of My First Day at and the a retribution lurking in the present catastrophe’ , and the certainty that Tess’ ‘mailed ancestors rollicking home from a fray had dealt the of Risk Essay same measure even more ruthlessly towards peasant girls of her time’ – all suggest the violent nature of Alec assault. To an barlcays, alert Victorian reader, however, these details would have confirmed rather than introduced the idea of rape. The Process Of Risk Essay! The rape of Tess actually begins with the Essay about How Media Interacts with Life passage that describe Tess’ sleep and her lack of The Process Essay verbal response- the Workplace: Women Overcoming Obstacles Essay passage, in short, that establishes her lack of consent to Alec’s advances.’ ‘Rape is the offence of having unlawful and carnal knowledge of a woman by force, and against The Process of Risk Management her will.’ Mews’ Digest of English Case Law further explains that: ‘to constitute rape, it is not necessary that the connection with the who came the theory of plate woman should be had against The Process Essay her will; it is sufficient if it is without her consent.’ And also the Interacts law specifies that: ‘If the woman is asleep, when the connection takes place, she is incapable of of Risk Management consent, and although no violence is used, the pisoner may be convicted of rape, if he knew that she was asleep.’ Because Alec does not receive any answer to his address, the reader can say that Tess is not a conscious woman in that crucial moment under the tree. She doesn’t communicate with Alec because she is asleep and the reader can assume that Alec knows that the Cry, Country - A Essay heroine is of Risk Essay, sleeping because he hears her breathing and receives no answer to his accost.

Hardy intentionally introduces that episode full of signification at the beginning of the who came up with of plate tectonics woods scene: he tries, in a subtle manner, to inoculate to his readers the idea that Tess is raped and not seduced. The girl isn’t awake, her consciousness is completely or partially lost. This sleep is crucial for the poor girl because does not allow her to return to her former condition and The Process brings her to who came, a new stage- the girl is obliged to start a new chapter in her poor existence. With the beginning of Phase the Second Hardy gives another signification to the scene under the The Process Essay tree: he seems to replace the idea of rape with the idea of Day at College I met seduction: Tess isn’t any more a victim of Alec’s desire, she is an accomplice in a romantic relationship of several months’ duration. The Process Essay! ‘In his personal comments on the novel, Hardy tended to emphasize the seduction rather than the sexual assault that prededes it. For example, in Paton's the Beloved Country - A a letter written in 1891 to thank Thomas Macquoid for his praise of the serial Tess, Hardy refers to the seduction (but not the rape) of Tess in the forthcoming volume edition: ?? Clare’s character [in the serial] suffers owing to a mock mariage having been substituted for the seduction pure #038; simple of the original MS.- which I did for The Process Management the sake of the Young Girl. The true reading will be restored in the volumes.

Thus, Hardy saw seduction as a major part of the Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles Essay true reading of Tess.’ Why does Thomas Hardy offer few details about the Management Essay scene under the the theory of plate tree? The reader cannot tell for sure the reason why , but he can draw the conclusion that this is an artifice of writing used by the author to maintain his readers’ curiosity about Tess’ sexuality and purity. In his readers’ mind will be a fight between two thoughts: Tess is an innocent young girl raped by a beast; Tess is Essay, not a pure girl, she fell in love with Alec, had a sexual relationship with the man and deserves everything that happened to her. ‘As I have suggested, Hardy’s writing (and rewriting) of the first of these events- the assault upon Tess in laterally Phase the First- grew out of his knowledge of English rape law. The legal premise that a sleeping woman is incapable of consenting to sexual intercourse was routinely upheld in Victorian courts. A sleeping woman’s purity- purity in The Process Management Essay the sense that she cannot consent to a sexual relationship and her will cannot be known- is beyond question in the eyes of the law; therefore Hardy turns his attention from Legal Workplace: Women Essay, rape to of Risk Management Essay, seduction and to the more complicated question of Tess’ purity as an apparently consenting woman.’ Alec is a dishonest character, he knows how to manipulate Tess, to play with her mind. When the girl discover that they are lost in the forest she says: ‘ How can you be so treacherous?….just when I’ve been putting such trust in you’ . Before Alec goes to try to find a way of leaving the wood, he makes ‘a sort of couch or nest for her’ with dead leaves, checking that they are dry. He also tells the girl that he has bought a new horse for her father and her siblings have now toys to play with.

Alec covers her ‘tenderly’ with his coat and goes to find the way. What can the Essay about Interacts with My Daily Life reader notice now is the of Risk fact that the entire forest is wrapped in fog. The fog has a deep signification in this episode and translate the fact that Tess is absorbed into the natural environment. Fog symbolizes confusion, danger, and the unseen. But here, in Alan the Beloved Country Biblical Parable the phase two, Maiden no more, the reader can find important clues about the seduction and not the rape of Tess. The heroine admits that ‘her eyes were a little dazed’ by Alec and The Process of Risk that the tragic event was a moment of vulnerability. And this is the first sign that Tess agreed to be involved in a sexual relationship.

She accuses Alec for seducing her and not for online banking an sexual assault. Writing about Tess’s drama, Ellen Rooney says that if the Management Essay reader has no declaration about truth from Tess herself, he cannot precisely say whether or not she is thinking laterally, sexual assaulted or seduced. But even though Tess never tells her story entirely, the of Risk Management reader has her thoughts on what she lived with Alec: ‘She had never wholly cared for him, she did not care for him now. She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile: had suddenly despised and disliked him, and had run away. That was all. Hate him she did not quite; but he was dust and ashes to Alan Paton's Country - A Parable Essay, her, and even for her name’s sake she scarcely wished to marry him.’ ‘Temporarily blinded by his ardent manners’ the heroine’had been stirred to confused surrender awhile.’ From Tess’ declaration the reader can draw the of Risk Management conclusion that for a little period of time the girl was superficially attracted to online, Alec and sexually stirred by him. She never ‘wholly’ loved the man and this is of Risk Management Essay, a strong reason to believe that the heroine could not have consented to thinking, have sexual relations with him. When leaving Alec’s house Tess confesses that she now ‘loathe (s) and hate (s) herself for (her) weakness’. But why the girl hates herself and blames her for her weakness if she was raped and not seduced? Why doesn’t she hate Alec for his cruelty?

When Tess says that she ‘succumbed to adroit advantages Alec took of The Process of Risk Management her helplessness’ , William Davis argues that she refers to the sexual assault of her while she slept. Thinking! Because a sleeping woman cannot consent to sexual relation, under the The Process Victorian Law this was rape. And surely Thomas Hardy knew about this law and wrote this scene under the influence of such law. Thinking! To conform Hardy’s intentions to Victorian law on of Risk Essay rape, Davis argues that what the online author calls ‘seduction pure #038; simple’ was rape followed by seduction. Thomas Hardy does not offer much information about the tragic event from that night but he argues that his heroine was very tired that night: ‘She was inexpressibly weary. She had risen at five o’clock every morning of The Process Essay that week, had been on foot the whole of each day, and on Essay about Interacts My Daily Life this evening had, in addition, walked the three miles to Chaseborough, waited three hours for her neighbours without eating or drinking, her impatience to start them preventing either; she had then walked a mile of the The Process way home, and had undergone the excitement of the quarrel, till, with the slow progress of their steed, it was now nearly one o’clock. Only once, however, was she overcome by actual drowsiness. In that moment of oblivion her head sank gently against up with the theory of plate tectonics him.’ Tess of D’Urberville felt offended when Alec tried to take her in his arms.

The girl knows that she is not safe, alone, with this man in Management the woods but she can do nothing to change this situation: ‘D’Urberville stopped the horse, withdrew his feet from the stirrups, turned sideways on the saddle, and enclosed her waist with his arm to support her. This immediately put her on barlcays banking the defensive, and with one of those sudden impulses of reprisal to which she was liable she gave him a little push from her. In his ticklish position he nearly lost his balance and only just avoided rolling over into the road, the horse, though a powerful one, being fortunately the quietest he rode.’ Alec D’Urbervilles, the master of tricks, embraces Tess although he knows very well that the girl has no feeling for him. He isn’t dissapointed that Tess doesn’t love him because Alec doesn’t look for love, he wants to take Tess’ virginity. ‘He settled the matter by clasping his arm round her as he desired’ and Tess expressed no further negative. The Process Of Risk! Thus they sidled slowly onward till it struck her they had been advancing for an unconscionable time’ far longer than was usually occupied by the short journey from Chaseborough, even at Workplace: Overcoming, this walking pace, and that they were no longer on of Risk Essay hard road, but in a mere trackway.’ After Tess’s fall Hardy asks himself: ‘But, might some say, where was Tess’s guardian angel? where was the Providence of her simple faith? Perhaps, like that other god of up with the theory whom the ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in a journey, or he was sleeping and not to be awaked. Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and The Process of Risk Management practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the My First I met Essay coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the The Process woman, the wrong woman the man […]’ Due to Tess’s first fall, her sexual experience with Alec, the girl is up with, seen as a fallen woman who must be despised and discredited wherever she goes.

When she comes back to Marlott she is gossiped and indirect attacked. In the church ‘the people who had turned their heads turned them again as the service proceeded; and at last observing her they whispered to each other.’ She knows what the people were talking about and feels so hurt that she takes the The Process Management decision she won’t go to church anymore. Working in her village, on Day at and the Friends I met Essay a field, to The Process of Risk Management Essay, earn her living Tess still cannot escape from the rumor about her sexual relation with Alec and her child is the real proof of that sin. She is really unhappy in her village and thinks ‘she might be happy in some nook which had no memories. To escape the past and all that appertained thereto was to My First Day at College and the I met, annihilate it; and to do that she would have to get away.’ Under the great social pressure Tess is forced to leave her house and to try to start a new life somewhere else. She resembles with the rabbits, hares, rats, mice and snakes ‘retreating inwards as into a fastness, unaware of the ephemeral nature of their refuge and of the doom that awaited them later.’ ‘She cannot escape the The Process of Risk Management Essay censure and condemnation, which company her like her own shadow. She is hunted everywhere. Hardy’s poem, Tess’s Lament vividly portrays the dilemma Tess is plunged in. I would that folk forgot me quite, Forgot me quite! I would that I could shrink from sight,

And no more see the sun. Would it were time to say farewell, To claim my nook, to need my knell, Time for Legal Workplace: Women Overcoming Essay them all to stand and tell. When Tess meets Angel Clare the heroine has a certain sexual experience.

The love story lived with Angel, the love confessions they make to The Process of Risk, each other, the certainty in Angel’s confessions, all these good things in her life determine Tess to accept Angel’s proposal without a better prudence and Cry, the Beloved Country - A Parable understanding of the facts. The heroine proved that she is capable of sustaining herself, she is fearless and self-determined. She can live without being married, she can feed herself just with love and he can live respectiong only the natural laws. Of Risk! ‘Culture alone insists on marriage just as society insists on virginity and the church insists on the subordination of the woman in matrimony.’ In the bridal night, when Angel confesses his sins Tess has an innocent belief that she will be forgiven. She also has a dishonorable past but she is willing to Paton's the Beloved Parable Essay, forgive the man she loves and to live free in a happily marriage. Her mother does not agree with her decision of confessing Angel his past because she is a woman with experience and knows that in a society dominated by The Process Essay, men, in a patriarchal society she will be found guilty. ‘Despite her obsessive fear of Angel’s learning her history, Tess is Alan Paton's Country Biblical Parable, unrealistically unable to predict his response when he does’improbably na??ve in her jubilation that her transgression is The Process Management Essay, ‘just the same’ as his’. Cry, Country Parable! She will not use sex to The Process of Risk Essay, win Angel over during their honeymoon, although the narrator tells us that it might have worked.’ Garson tries to determine if Tess is characterized by lack of competence or honesty taken to Legal Workplace: Essay, extreme.

She decides that Tess could act completely different this action having another end but Hardy does not want a happy end for his heroine, he wants to prove that Tess acts having in mind her own moral values and not the society’s. Angel confesses to Tess his sin, his ‘dissipation with a stranger’ and after listening with great attention the girl concludes that her fall is not bigger than Angel’s mistake and he can obtain forgiveness. Of Risk Essay! ‘It can hardly be more serious, dearest,’ says Angel, condescendingly, smilingly. ‘It cannot’O no, it cannot!’ She jumped up joyfully at My First Friends I met, the hope. ‘No, it cannot be more serious, certainly,’ she cried. ‘I will tell you now.’ She sat down again. Their hands were still joined. The ashes under the grate were lit by the ‘ re vertically, like a torrid waste. The Process Of Risk Management! Her imagination beheld a Last Day luridness in this red- coaled glow, which fell on his face and hand, and on hers, peering into the loose hair about her brow, and ‘ ring the delicate skin underneath. According to Essay Interacts Life, Rosemarie Morgan (Student Companion to of Risk Management Essay, Thomas Hardy, p.93) in Essay Interacts with My Daily Life a later version for the 1912 Wessex Edition Hardy writes out Tess’s words. After the statement ‘No, it cannot be more serious,’ he adds, ‘because ’tis just the same!’ Saying these words she tries to convince herself and the man she is in love with that she ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’ be condemned by him because their situation is ‘just the Management same’. The repetitions prove that Tess is making a considerable effort to convince Angel and to convince herself that her mistake is Legal Workplace: Essay, not bigger than his.

Tess’ belief that Angel will love her and will forgive her sin is The Process Management, expressed in some words of a great innocence: ‘I thought, Angel, that you loved me’me, my very self! If it is I you do love, O how can it be that you look and speak so? It frightens me! Having begun to laterally, love you, I love you forever’in all changes, in all disgraces, because you are yourself. I ask no more. Management! Then how can you, O my own husband, stop loving me’?

Angel has annihilated the image of woman he was in love with- ”the woman I have been loving is not you’ . Tess is Essay about Interacts Life, scared and terrified; ‘Terror was upon her white face’ and her full and beautiful mouth that once charmed Angel and reminded him of ‘roses filled with snow’ is cursed ‘a round little hole’ ‘Angel, to a far greater extent than Tess, is formed and of Risk shaped by his past. She, with her rebounding spirits, vibrant sexuality and self-determination, had created herself anew, had risen above her past where Angel is still victim of his. Significantly, the fallen woman is rendered dumb, mute, and prone, not by the seducer but by the lawful husband.’ Thomas Hardy’s heroine is not killed by her past but by who came up with the theory, the man she is married to. Even though her sin is still alive in her soul, Tess succeeded to forgive herself and to start a new life far away from the man who raped her and away from the family that did not succeed to understand her sorrow and to cure her wounds. Essay! In a men’s world, Tess is thinking laterally, just a victim who cannot live in a lie and decides to tell all the truth to the man who convinced her to marry him and who will kill her soul slowly and gently. The heroine is punished because she is a woman in a men’s society and is married to a man caught in The Process of Risk Management Victorian conventions. How can she be a real human being if the men’s world decides to reduce her to an object”?Thus humanity is male and man defines woman not in herself but as relative to him; she is Legal Overcoming Obstacles, not regarded as an autonomous being’.she is simply what man decrees’.she is defined and differentiated with reference to man and not he with reference to her. She is the incidental, the unessential as opposed to the essential. He is the Subject, he is the Absolute- she is the The Process Other.’ Bibliography Chapter Three. 1. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press.

2. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 3. Davis, W., Thomas Hardy and the law, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and barlcays online and printing corp, 2003. 4. Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text, Oxford University Press, 1991. 5. Hardy, T., Tess of the D’Urbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 6. Hardy, T., ‘Letter to Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed. Richard Little Purdy and of Risk Management Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 7. Morgan, R., Women and Sexuality in the novels of My First Friends Thomas Hardy, Routledge London and New York, 2006. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2007. 9. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in Acquaintance rape, the hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 10. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans.

H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953, p. xiv. 11. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the of Risk Management D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’. Anna Karenina and Tess of D’Urberville- a tragic destiny. Anna Karenina is a novel wrote by the russian writer Lev Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877. Since the novel’s publication, Anna Karenina has been seen as ‘every man’s tragedy’ or considered as a Bovarian banality by banking, any masculinist critical view. Iuri Lotman, said: ‘ The plot of Anna Karenina reflects, on the one hand a certain narrow object- the Management life of the heroine…..We can regard the Paton's Biblical Parable life of the heroine as a reflection of the life of The Process of Risk any woman belonging to a certain epoch and a certain social milieu, any woman, any person. College Friends I Met! Otherwise, the of Risk Essay tragic vicissitudes of her life would only be of local interest.’ Lotman’s affirmation translates once again the idea that men’s problems are more important than the women’s problems. It’s not quite important that a woman is the theory of plate, not happy in her marriage, that she does not feel love and The Process of Risk Essay affection for the men she lives with, because the most important problems in any society are men’s problems: war, government, etc Once again, also in Anna Karenina as in Tess of D’Urbervilles it can be seen the preoccupation for a society which is dominated by barlcays online, men, is a patriarchal epoch concerned exclusively with men’s situations.

The question regarding the of Risk Management Essay women’s position in society was initially formulated in the Victorian England and Essay about Interacts Life later this preoccupation could be also found among the The Process of Risk Russian elite after the translation of Mill’s oeuvre, ‘The subjection of women’ in 1869. Paton's Cry, Country Biblical Essay! The beginning of the nineteenth century did not come with major ideas about women’s condition and life, but it can be seen as a start of The Process of Risk Essay reconsidering the role of women in a society governed by men and which needs a change. Russian woman’s emancipation had been initially treated in literature- the novels of Ivan Turgenev, the oeuvres of Alexander Druzhinin’s ‘Polinka Saks’ (1847), or the Nikolai Nekrasov’s play, ‘Sasha’. Early Russian writings concerning the idea of oppressed women were influenced by the novels of My First Day at Friends I met Essay George Sand, whose feminine characters suffer because cannot be free in choosing the man they want to love and to be happy with. Anna Karenina is The Process of Risk Management Essay, a very beautiful, noble, married woman from St. Petersburg who lives a life full of bitterness because she is married with a man she does not love and she is in love with a young officer. Legal Women Obstacles! This passion, these strong feelings will be the reason for his exile from the society she belongs to of Risk Management Essay, and will bring her death.

Even though Tess of D’Urbervilles is not a rich woman, on the contrary, is a very poor girl with a family that will sign her death conviction- she is sent to claim kin and she is not advised that out there is a big world and she has to be very careful because men might want to Essay with My Daily, harm her and to take advantages of of Risk her- the both heroines are guided by the same noble feeling and have the genuine belief that a woman can be happy only through love, loving and be loved. The both characters are very beautiful women- Tess is poor but beautiful, she does not have an Essay about Interacts with Life, elitist education but she cannot be seen as a simple peasant girl; Anna Arkadyevna Karenina is a model of beauty and perfection. The Process Of Risk Management Essay! He has a selective education, she is very intelligent, a big reader of up with the theory tectonics English novels and she also writes books for children. Anna is The Process Essay, very elegant and is considered a perfect woman who can make any man fall in Legal Obstacles Essay love with her. Her life with a cold and passionless government official taught her to play the role of cultivated, noble, perfect wife. The Process Of Risk Management Essay! She is also a good hostess and plays all these roles with style and refinement. The tragedy of beautiful women comes from the fact that they are considered as a trophy every respectable man must obtain. And if the woman is barlcays online, married then the battle will be more powerful: the competitor will try to The Process of Risk, conquer someone’s ‘good’ in order to prove to himself that he has the real qualities to Day at College, win, he is better than the husband and The Process of Risk Management Essay he can really understand the heroine’s needs for love and support. Anna is not a simple aristocratic woman who plays the role of the Essay How Media My Daily Life perfect and happy wife who is still in love with her husband, is only preoccupied with the raise of her children and obeys entirely her husband because he is always right. Anna has an ardent spirit and is determinate to live her life on her own terms. ‘All the girls in the world were divided into two classes: one class included all the girls in the world except her, and they had all the usual human feelings and were very ordinary girls; while the The Process of Risk Management other class ‘ herself alone- had no weaknesses and was superior to all humanity.’ Tolstoy writes ‘Anna Karenina’ in order to explain the great changes occurring in the Russian society during the late nineteenth century.

The novel presents a battle between the old patriarchal values which characterize the old society, the aristocracy and the new, modern values, the West values. Thinking! The landowning aristocracy believe in traditions like servitude, and autocratic government, while the West brings values like technology, democracy, rationalism. This major theme can be seen in the difficulty Levin has with his workers when he tries to introduce a new way of farming. His peasants refuse to implement the new technology having the strong belief that the traditional Russian way of Management Essay farming should not be changed. ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’ presents the My First and the Essay changes brought in the nineteenth century in the Victorian Age, also the importance of social class in The Process Management Essay England and in the same time the complication of defining class in Essay about Interacts the Victorian England. A proof for this affirmation is offered by the fact that Durbeyfields are no longer considered in of Risk Management Essay the Victorian Age as a dominant symbol as it would have been in the Middle Ages. Alec’s father, Simon Stokes was able to use his money and to My First College and the Friends I met Essay, buy a very important, aristocratic name, being another proof that in the Victorian period money are more important than the origin and The Process of Risk Management Essay family history. In the both novels, ‘Anna Karenina’ and ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles the barlcays online banking changes brought in the society are presented by the main heroines. Alexei Karenin, the government official with a weak personality is playing the of Risk role of an educated and sophisticated man who is capable to forgive his wife for her infidelity and to offer her the chance at a respectful life despite her adventure with the young officer. What Karenin does not understand is the Women Obstacles power of love that can make people to choose the complicated way and Management Essay not the barlcays online banking simple and known path. Anna Karenina, like Tess, is not just a simple woman, who can leave in conventionalism, she has another perception of live and she wants to love, to of Risk Essay, be appreciated as a special woman and Day at College Friends I met not just as wife and mother.

She craves for a life of ardent emotion and noble passions. Karenin’s entire life is The Process of Risk Essay, characterized by formalism, he knows which his duties are and he respects the Paton's the Beloved Country - A Biblical Parable professional obligations of his function. Alexei is a very good government official because this role defines him and in fact is the ratio of his life- a life without grand passion and of Risk Management Essay excitement. Anna and Karenin have a marriage of convenience. There’s a big age gap between the two characters and also different ways of living and seeing the life and life’s values. Anna craves for laterally sentimental devotion and sincerity while Alexei is happy with the monotonous work and family life. The Process Essay! ‘All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way’ is the first line of the Tolstoy’s novel and Legal Overcoming Obstacles reveals the fact that the Management novel is concerned with the happiness, is a declaration for the need of happiness. Is it Anna Karenina happy? Why did the heroine immediately fall in love with Vronsky and renounced to her comfortable and respectful life?

Why is Paton's the Beloved Biblical Essay, a mother ready to sacrifice her child for a man? These are the questions Tolstoy tries to answer and his explanation is that women are capable of great and of Risk Essay powerful feelings. They can live in misery but a domestic one, not a sentimental failure; they can have a conventional marriage but will always crave for My First Day at the real love and for fervent feelings and Essay when they will meet the the theory tectonics love they will be capable of leaving everything for that noble feeling. Anna Karenina has an unhappy marriage, her husband does not appreciate her as a woman, he can only The Process of Risk Essay see the mother Anna and the wife Anna but not the woman Anna who needs love, appreciation, adventure and My First College and the Essay emotion. Anna is ready to defend her love for Vronsky, she can accept the social rejection, the fact that she will never be respected and she will be seen as a sinful women. But that’s the essence: a woman, who has the courage to Management, love and to openly live with a man that is not her husband, is not captive in a formal arrangement that could have offered her protection and could have been the institutionalization of a lie is Paton's Cry, - A Biblical Parable, what defines a heroine. Tess of D’Urberville is not an unfaithful married woman, she is The Process Management, just an innocent peasant girl who is convinced that two people that are meant to online, be together will meet and will live a beautiful love story like in the novels she used to read. She is not a sinful woman because is not her choice to be raped but is considered by the Victorian society as a decadent human being and convicted to The Process of Risk Essay, the social rejection. ‘Anna, Eustacia, [Vye], Tess [Durbeyfield] or Sue [Bridehead] – what was there in their position that was necessarily tragic? Necessarily painful it was, but they were not at war with God, only with Society. Yet they were all cowed by the mere judgement of man upon them and all the while by their own souls they were right.

And the Alan Paton's Cry, Country - A Biblical Parable Essay judgement of men killed them, not the judgement of their own souls or the judgement of Ethernal God. Lev Tolstoy chose to analyze the “woman question” enclosed in a comparison: He puts in opposition Anna’s search for sense in of Risk life with that of Levin, the Tolstoy’s other main character. And Tolstoy chose to My First Day at I met Essay, do something scandalous for his epoch: He converted Anna in an unfaithful woman- a sensitive character. Anna wasn’t miserable because she disobeyed her unbearable, suffocating husband and had to of Risk, be punished; she was unhappy because she didn’t find, in Tolstoy’s opinion, meaningful love and the life’s signification. Tolstoy’s belief that true love and happiness could be accomplished only through a love marriage means represents the heroine’s drama. Who Came Up With Tectonics! Anna finds for a short period of time happiness outside marriage, in Vronsky’s arms but her lack of autonomy and social rejection brought by a forbidden relationship causes her sorrow. Tolstoy puts in opposition Anna’s story with the The Process of Risk story of Levin, an open-minded man who succeeded in his search for meaning in life by choosing a marriage partner he considered his equal rather than his inferior. Tolstoy also presents the hypocrisy that characterizes the Paton's - A Parable nineteenth society, the fact that men could cheat his partners without punishment whereas women could not.

He also highlights the idea that lots of woman had relationships outside the marriage including discreet women who blames Anna for her actions similar to their own. The Process Management! The Victorian controversy of grand importance in ‘Tess of D’Urberville’ is also ‘the Woman question’ or how woman should be seen and what roles they should play in society. Many writers thought that woman should stay at home and work in who came the theory the house, being unable to learn and to work for the society. The Victorian women were meant to The Process of Risk Essay, be ‘an angel in the house’ and also for their husbands and nothing more. If the woman lost her virginity and honour, before marriage, she was convicted to live a life full of shame and laterally sorrow. If the The Process of Risk husband was unfaithful, the society won’t blame him for the sexual behaviour.

R.G. Christian says: ‘It was people not God who threw Anna under the train’ highlighting the power of the society which can determine the destiny of a human being. Vladimir Nabokov, in his work on Alan Paton's Country - A Biblical Russian literature, characterized Anna as ‘a young, handsome, and fundamentally good woman, and a fundamentally doomed woman.’ Nabokov also protects her role as a foreigner of the society she lives in: ‘[Anna] is The Process of Risk, a woman with a full, compact, important moral nature: everything about her character is significant and Essay about How Media Interacts with My Daily striking, and this applied as well to her love. She cannot limit herself as another character in the book, Princess Betsy, does, to an undercover affair. Her truthful and passionate nature makes disguise and secrecy impossible.’ Tolstoy makes Anna almost completely a human being of passion and then allows that passion to kill her. The Process Essay! After the heroine meets Vronsky, all of her actions are concerned with keeping a loving relationship with him. Anna is also ready to renounce to her existence in order to feel and to enjoy the full love. Her passion for Vronsky causes a separation between herself and Kitty and also between herself and the domestic sphere.

After the social rejection also the position of mother is soon denied her, and later she is not enough concerned in developing a relationship with her daughter and make this relationship essential part of her life. Thinking! Even her outfits limit the character. She wears only Management Essay black clothing expressing the fact that she is in online banking a profound grief and of Risk she seems convicted to die for about How Media with Life the fact that she was capable to renounce to her family for living the love story of her life. Tess of D’Urberville is not a rich, aristocratic girl, on of Risk Essay the contrary, she is Workplace: Women Overcoming Obstacles, put under immense pressure by her family to The Process of Risk Essay, improve their economic position and reputation. She grows in thinking a small village being protected from the The Process Management influence of an aristocratic society with decadent values. Legal Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles Essay! She is The Process of Risk Management, a genuine young girl who wants to have a happy marriage, to love and to be loved. She is not interested in having a certain social position because she believes in love as a way of being happy. But the society is cruel with the Thomas Hardy’s heroine and Paton's Country Parable Essay signs her conviction to dead.

Even though she cannot be found guilty because she did not consciously commit a mistake she is blamed by a superficial society which cannot see under the appearances. Anna Karenina is found guilty because she had the courage to of Risk, admit that her marriage is the Beloved Country - A Biblical, a formal one and she is not happy. She discovers another Anna when she is The Process Essay, with Vronsky and she is very happy. My First! Her guilty is that she refuses to live a love story outside her marriage in a society in which the relationships outside a marriage are accepted and formal alliances are protected. Tess of D’Urberville was found guilty because her family couldn’t protect and defend herself against a world dominated by men and she had the courage to tell Angel that she was raped and of Risk he had a little baby. She did not want to marry with Alec, to have a formal marriage because the hypocrisy dominated in the Victorian society did not affect her perception about does a marriage mean. Legal Workplace: Women Overcoming Obstacles! Vronsky is a good looking character, rich, and The Process Management also a charming man who is Legal Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles Essay, as willing as Anna is to renounce to his social status and professional position for finding the real love. His involvement in his hospital-building project shows a carrying person who wants to protect the weak people. But the Tolstoy’s work also shows a Vronsky with defects and blames.

His strange hair, his mistake in calculating the horse race, his ambitions of of Risk Essay military fame these entire characteristics make a Vronsky human and not a romantic character. Anna finds Alexei an exceptional man who could make her very happy and thinking laterally could offer her a completely rescue and a burial into a seductive passion. The heroine is very disappointed when she discovers that Vronsky’s passion is limited and he is just another man and not THE man. The Tolstoy’s choice to give Vronsky the same name as his husband’s suggests that Anna is doomed to repeat the The Process of Risk failure of her first relationship. Overcoming Essay! ‘Anna had been preparing herself for this meeting, had thought what she would say to him, but she did not succeed in The Process Management Essay saying anything of it; his passion mastered her. She tried to calm him, to calm herself, but it was too late. Alan The Beloved Country Essay! His feeling infected her. Her lips trembled so that for a long while she could say nothing.’ Vronsky’s commitment to The Process of Risk, Anna seems to decrease in later chapters of Tolstoy’s novel but the reader cannot be convinced that this is the true situation because he finds out about this wane of devotion from Anna’s confessions which betrays the fear that the man she loves and for whom she has sacrificed her marriage and her social position, becoming a mistress, is not any more in love with the heroine. The events related to this episode seem to indicate that Vronsky’s love hasn’t faded: he takes Anna to his country home which is Essay My Daily Life, luxurious, elegant, he stays with the heroine and refuses to visit his old friends and even mother, he is still fascinated by her beauty and personality. He occasionally misses the old fame and military glory especially when he meets his old comrades but he does not blame Anna for this situation. Vronsky accepts Anna’s paranoia and her whims but for Tolstoy’s main character these proves are not enough, are just signs of duty and not actions indicating true love.

The reader cannot decide is right in this situation because Vronsky’s thoughts are not exposed. Management Essay! Angel Clare is who came tectonics, Tess’ Vronsky, the man full of passion who can kidnap the heroine’s present and can project a whole new world outside the mediocrity of an irrational and hypocritical society. When Tess first meets Angel she realizes that she definitely has seen him before, at the May-dance and he did not choose Tess to be his dance partner. But because the destiny wants to bring together Tess and Angel and also to Management, determine, Tess’ dead conviction, they meet again at the dairy. The love the both characters feel for each other is genuine, pure, without being jealous or proud. ‘It was then, as has been said, that she impressed him most deeply. Day At College Friends! She was no longer the milkmaid, but a visionary essence of woman- a whole sex condensed into one physical form. He called her Artemis, Demeter, and other fanciful names half teasingly, which she did not like because she did not understand them. ‘Call me Tess’, she would say askance; and he did. In this quote from the novel the reader can clearly see that Angel is in love with the image of a perfect woman and not exclusively with Tess herself. She is compared with the of Risk Essay Greek goddesses and that means that she has to be the ideal of feminine beauty and My Daily Life perfection in order to The Process of Risk Management Essay, be loved by Angel. And Tess is not a goddess, she’s a simply peasant young girl who just wants to love and to be loved.

In the critical essay ‘Why women are oppressed’ Anna Jonasdottir says: ‘Man is willing to accept woman as an equal, as a man in skirt, as an angel, a devil, a baby-face, a machine, an instrument, a bosom, a womb, a pair of legs, a servant, an encyclopaedia, an ideal or an obscenity; the who came of plate only thing he won’t accept her as is a human being, a real human being of the real sex.’ Angel seems to be a character that wants to be surrounded by The Process Management Essay, angels and can’t accept that human beings have a past, made mistakes, he cannot forgive and forget even though he asks for forgiveness. He is an example of a fallen angel who couldn’t remain pure and also failed in being a good Christian by confessing Tess his sin. His mistake is also Tess’s mistake but the banking influence of the Victorian society does not allow him to The Process of Risk, see clearly and to only after the longue journey he realizes that ‘the beauty or ugliness of a character lay not only in its achievements, but in its aims and impulses; its true story lay, not among things done, but among thinks willed.’ Tess of D’Urbervilles and Anna share also another pattern-fog, haziness, mystery. When Tess of D’Urbervilles is raped, the thinking scene is surrounded by mist and the reader does not exactly knows what to think about this situation: ‘She was silent, and the horse ambled along for a consider- able distance, till a faint luminous fog, which had hung in the hollows all the evening, became general and enveloped them. It seemed to hold the moonlight in suspension, rendering it more pervasive than in clear air. Whether on this account, or from The Process Essay, absent-mindedness, or from sleepiness, she did not perceive that they had long ago passed the point at the theory, which the lane to Trantridge branched from the highway, and The Process Essay that her conductor had not taken the Trantridge track.’ Anna herself speaks of a certain haze which in Workplace: Women Obstacles associating it with the purity of first love: “I remember that blue haze, like the haze on the mountains in Switzerland.

That haze which envelops everything at that blissful time when childhood is just coming to an end and its huge merry circle narrows to a path which one treads gaily yet with dread into life’s corridor” . Management! . . Kitty smiled … “How did she go through it? How I should like to know the Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles Essay whole romance of her life!” she thought, recalling the unromantic exterior of Anna’s husband.’ The patter appears again when Kitty realizes the visible sympathy between Anna and The Process of Risk Vronsky at My First Day at, the ball and “a mist spread(s) over of Risk Essay, her soul” Anna and Tess are two heroines who have lots o resemblances but also dissimilarities. Tess of D’Urbervilles is an innocent peasant girl who takes care of her family being fascinated with the novels she reads. She is not selfish, she does not to Essay Interacts with My Daily, marry with an aristocratic men and to be part of the aristocratic society. Anna is also intelligent, cultivated, simple, honest, and a devoted mother. But the The Process of Risk relationship with Vronsky changes her completely. Tess’s downfall is caused by her lack of Essay How Media My Daily education in what concern such a complicated subject for the society she lives in- sexual relationships and The Process Essay it can be said that her trust in men is determined by reading romantic novels and identifying with their heroines in a specifically sensual and innocent way. Anna, on contrary, is unable to barlcays online banking, read her novel on of Risk Management Essay her train ride home after flirting with Vronsky. “She was too eager to live herself. If she read how the heroine of the My First and the Essay novel nursed a sick man, she wanted to be moving about a sickroom with noiseless tread herself”.

When she discovers, it is to make an instinctual moral perception: ‘The hero of the novel had nearly attained his Englishman’s idea of Management happiness … and Anna was wishing she could go to the estate with him, when she suddenly felt that he must be feeling ashamed and that she was ashamed for the same reason.’ Anna Karenina and Tess D’Urbervilles are honorable women. Even though Anna has a sexual relationship outside her marriage she does not accept Karenin’s proposal when he decides that they can stay into a formal marriage and forget Anna’s infidelity. The heroine is not ashamed that she has a relationship with Vronsky because this relationship represents her entire life-love, fantasy, eternity, nobles. ‘Alexey Alexandrovitch! What is it you want of me”?I want you not to meet that man here, and to conduct yourself so that neither the world nor the tectonics servants can reproach you…not to see him. That’s not much, I think. And in return you will enjoy all the privileges of The Process of Risk Essay a faithful wife without fulfilling her duties. That’s all I have to say to you.

Now it’s time for me to go. I’m not dining at Legal Women Overcoming Obstacles Essay, home.’ He got up and moved towards the door. Of Risk Essay! Anna got up too. Bowing in Day at College and the I met Essay silence, he let her pass before him.’ Tess of D’Urbervilles also refuses Alec’s proposal to be his mistress because she cannot have a relationship with a man she is not in love with, a man who harmed her. ‘Very well,’ he said, laughing; ‘I am sorry to wound you. I did wrong’I admit it.’ He dropped into some little bitterness as he continued: ‘Only you needn’t be so everlastingly flinging it in my face. I am ready to pay to the uttermost farthing. You know you need not work in the fields or the dairies again. You know you may clothe yourself with the The Process Management best, instead of in the bald plain way you have lately affected, as if you couldn’t get a ribbon more than you earn.’ ‘I have said I will not take anything more from Day at College Friends Essay, you, and I will not’I cannot! I SHOULD be your creature to of Risk Management, go on doing that, and I won’t.’

Bibliography Chapter four. 1. Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 2. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 3. Lotman, Iuri, ‘The structure of the artistic text’, translation by thinking laterally, Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 4. Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question, and the Victorian novel’, The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio State University Press, 1993.

5. Nabocov, V. ‘Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 6. R.G. Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge 1969. 7. Tolstoy, L. ‘Anna Karenina’, translated by Louise Shanks #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The Process Management Essay! The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the Workplace: Women Obstacles Essay haven, in which men found love from their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. The Process Of Risk Essay! They were ‘angels in the house’, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and of plate tectonics children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in Essay the society.

The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the banking wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. 1. Blathway, Taymond, ‘A Chat with the Author of The Process of Risk Essay Tess, Black and White, IV’. Paton's The Beloved Country - A Biblical Parable Essay! Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. The Process Of Risk! Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press. 4. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 5. Davis, W., ‘Thomas Hardy and the law’, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and barlcays Fiction, Rosemont publishing and The Process Management and printing corp, 2003. 6. Ertu??rul, Ko. ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the tragedy of Alan Paton's Cry, - A Biblical Parable Essay a Godless human existence’, Journals of Arts and The Process of Risk Management Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 7. Freeman, J., ‘Studies in Philology’, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 8. Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text’, Oxford University Press, 1991.

9. Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 10. How Media With My Daily Life! Hardy, T., ‘Letter to Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The Process Management The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed. Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 11. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 12. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and Women Obstacles Essay sexuality in The Process of Risk Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 13.

Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 14. Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and Legal Workplace: Overcoming Obstacles Literature in the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 15. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 16. Kent, Susan.’Sex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 17. Lotman, I. ‘The structure of the artistic text’, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977.

18. Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question and the Victorian novel’The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio, State University Press, 1993. 19. Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in The Process Management Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 20. Millgate, M., ‘Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist’, London: Macmillan, 1994.

21. Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 22. Morgan, R., ‘Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy,’ Routledge London and New York, 2006. 23. Morgan, R., ‘Student companion to Thomas Hardy’, Greenwood Press, London, 2007.

24. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in Acquaintance rape, the hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 25. Day At I Met! Nabokov, V. ‘Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 26. R. G. Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge, 1969. 27. The Process Of Risk Essay! Rogers, Katharine, ‘The Centennial Review’, Vol 19, No. 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press.

28. Simone de Beauvoir, ‘The Second Sex,’ trans. H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953. 29. Tolstoy, L. Thinking Laterally! ‘Anna Karenina’, translation by Louise Shanks Maude #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. 30. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’, societyhttp://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/cg/lt/rb/600/600PDF/chen.PDf. 31. The Process Of Risk Management! Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

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