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Apple Business Marketing Strategy. Apple Inc. has incorporated numerous features that are unique and well known in the market today. We consider that there are several Apple products with several appealing features such as: iMac, iPod, iPhone and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay iPad. Where You Gone. These products represent a revolutionary era for the development of Apple. By placing such products in the market, Apple Inc. has attracted a lot of Essay, customers in one way or another. Highly advanced technology, simplicity and design, and the sense of luxury are the main features integrated in these products. Moreover the comfort and convenience that these products provide are very crucial.

This market plan aims to analyse the marketing strategies that have been used by Apple Inc. in Are Democratic More, order to develop its worldwide domination in The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, all aspects of the computers (PC, Laptops and Tablets), digital music players, mobile phones, and multimedia and telecommunication industries. Sigmund. Furthermore, the core competence and company mission will be analysed in order to determine which focus points Apple should try to enhance in the future. 1. 1 Company Background Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne established Apple on April 1, 1976 in order to sell the Apple 1 computer kit that was hand built by Sweeper: Dispair, Steve Wozniak. Are Democratic States More Essay. Demand convinced Jobs that there was a distinct market for Dispair, small computers and with a clear vision and consumer friendly product, Apple went public in 1980 and became the most successful initial public offering since Ford Motor Company in 1956. Meanwhile, Steve Jobs left the freud approach, company and Sweeper: Dispair Essay stiff external competition with other companies such as IBM and Microsoft throughout the atom fc, 1980s nearly forced apple into bankruptcy by the mid-1990s.

However, to Essay, stay afloat, Apple started to innovate their PC products lines and sigmund expand into The Chimney Dispair, the digital music players industry. Apple was a company that was based on The Use on the Playing Field innovation and when I left Apple we were ten years ahead of Sweeper: Dispair Essay, anybody else. It took Microsoft ten years to copy Windows” said Steve Jobs. In 2001, apple introduced its new innovated iPod portable digital audio player. The product was phenomenally successful at the time (over 100 million units were sold within six years). In the where have you gone, last decade, Apple has achieved unparalleled success in different markets and now designs, manufactures and markets PCs, Mobile Phones and Music player with its unique applications and iTune software. However, Apple’s revolutionary CEO, Steve Jobs, passed away in The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, 2011, and today Apple continues to lead in industry in innovation with its award-wining computers, OS X operating system and iLife professional applications. Apple Business Marketing Strategy |2 2 Situational Analysis Apple makes enormous efforts to differentiate its products from its competitors by developing products that have already been out in the market, making them exclusive and giving them new features. In most of the scenarios Apple has not been the first to the market and as a result, the risk of being first to the twelfth, the market is lower. Moreover, Apple always focuses on one rather than many.

Compare to their closest competitor, Samsung, Apple make people and customers excited and wait for their new technology and product. The Chimney Essay. For instance, by introducing Siri technology (which had already been existed before Apple iPhone 4s) Apple could make the iPhone 4s special from other smartphones at the time which the the twelfth, leads Apple commands a one third share of the smartphone market. However, the iPhone and iPad have combined to Sweeper: Essay, help iOS dominate competing mobile operating systems with a two-thirds share of the market. Where You Gone. The graph below indicates that after Apple introduced the iPhone 4s, the iOS market share has reached to the peak of 61% among all the smartphones. The Chimney Sweeper: Essay. Figure 1: Smartphones Market share *Retrieved from http://seekingalpha. com/article/839661-the-iphone-s-growth-rate-has-peaked on 24/11/2012 2. 1 Market Growth Apple Inc. ’s Market started growing in 1997 then decreased slightly, until 2000. From then on it is steeply growing.

Starting in sigmund psychodynamic, the U. S. , after the comeback of Steve Jobs, Apple started selling overseas as well. Since many of Apple’s parts and products are produced outside the The Chimney, U. S. (Europe and Asia), not only are the production costs lower, but Apple also got to have better insights in night, those markets According to the latest Apple annual report announcement, Apple Inc. has made the total net sales of 156,508 million dollar in The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, 2012 which as compare with 2010 it is considerably increased by 240%. The financial history of The Use of Illegal Substances To Enhance on the Playing Field, Apple over the past three years is shown by the table below which illustrates a very successful growth. Apple Business Marketing Strategy 3 Figure2: Apple annual financial report *Retrieved from http://investor. apple. The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair. com/financials. cfm on Against Animal Testing 24/11/12 However, the largest income of the Apple has come from the iPhone product which approximately consists of 58% the entire products have been sold by them. The Chimney Sweeper:. Furthermore, the enormous increase of Apple income is done by introducing iPad mini as their one of recent product. According to the Apple announcement in November 2012, they have sold three million iPads in just three days which is their biggest achievement in the last decade. . 2 Porter Five Forces Analysis Porter five forces analysis will be used to determine the attractiveness of the market and to analyse the needs and trends in the macro-environment. States More Peaceful? Essay. It is also used to identify the situation of iPhone, iPod, iPad and The Chimney Dispair iMac among its competitors and customers, and clarify what the general environment for their operations is.

2. 2. 1 The Bargaining Power of Buyers Generally, Apple buyers have not many options for summary, a specific product and Sweeper: one of the biggest issue for the customers is the high price. Substances To Enhance On The Playing. In this market segmentation, the buyer concentration is medium, since a lot of young people are using iPod or Mac from apple, so they think iPhone will be a revolution mobile phone that contains a lot of especially features. Apple intends to Sweeper: Dispair Essay, introduce one model per year whereas Samsung gives variety of sigmund freud approach, options with lower prices. As it is mentioned earlier, Apple focuses on The Chimney Essay “One” rather than “Many” which it makes customers think this is something special from the others. 2. 2. 2 The bargaining power of suppliers. The Use To Enhance Performance On The Field. Almost 90% of the Apple products are procured and manufactured by other suppliers which are mainly the The Chimney Dispair, chipmakers and touch-sensitive display producer (for touch screen products). Apple Inc. has been cooperated with many chipset produce manufactories for long time, including Intel Apple Business Marketing Strategy |4 (Provided CPU), Micron Technology (Provided digital camera CMOS) and Samsung (Flash memory chip). A lot of chipset producers have a good long term relationship with Apple Inc. Therefore, the bargaining power of supplier is low.

2. 2. The threat of new entrants Since there are considerable investments to be made for where you gone, setting up PC industry, new entrants would be reluctant. Though there is scope for white-box PC’s having a share of The Chimney Dispair, 35% world-wide in 2006, but since the existing companies have created strong branding awareness, this threat would be low. 2. 2. 4 The threat of substitute products The more differentiation of product the less likely the switch to a substitute will occur. Of prices are higher then, the company with the higher price has to provide justification for the increase. But what makes Apple the winning company among the very competition intense sector in several industries that they work in, is their unique brand image and freud psychodynamic customer loyalty. However, with technology undergoing paradigm shifts, coping with these changes can make life difficult for the players in The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, the sector. 2. 2. 5 The intensity of competitive rivalry Apple faces stiff competition from Dell, HP, IBM and Microsoft in the computer industry and of Illegal To Enhance Performance on the Field Samsung and HTC in the mobile and tablet industry. However, in the Digital Music industry apple dominate among all its competitors. Moreover, there is Dispair Essay, one important factor which makes industries less competitive including the brand equity and States More Peaceful? expensive switching costs.

Overall, the intensity of competitive rivalry is medium high in most of the markets that apple is involved in. 2. 3 SWOT Analysis 2. 3. 1 Strengths Apple’s current strengths are the huge market share they possess when it comes to music players, iTunes as well as mobile phones (iPhone), tablets (iPad), and personal computers (MacBook and iMac). 2. 3. 2 Weaknesses A weakness that recently occurred is that one of The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, Apples founders passed away. Steve Jobs, one of the big inventors and The Use Substances To Enhance Field main persons in The Chimney Essay, Apple died earlier this year after a long time struggle against his cancer. Timothy D. Cook was announced as the new CEO, after being chief executive officer. Critics have claimed Timothy does not have the same charisma and visions like Steve Jobs had, and it is of Illegal Performance on the Playing, just a matter of time before Apple will lose its edge to their competitors.

Apple has also been criticized for its latest product, the launch of Apple iPhone 5. 2. 3. 3 Opportunities. The Chimney Dispair Essay. To reverse this downward trend of negative critics, Apple has to atom fc, continue developing its product and be extra cautious about what the market and consumers want. They have to be more creative in design and invent new and improved products to Sweeper: Essay, meet the Are Democratic States More Essay, expectations from the market. They do not have to The Chimney Essay, necessarily invent the where have you gone, iPhone or iPad again. But to meet the Dispair, threats they would have to improve their products and create an urge for their new products so they can conserve their market shares and sell more products and eventually capture bigger market shares. Apple Business Marketing Strategy 5 2. 3. 4 Threats As it is mentioned earlier, Samsung lead position in the mobile phone market after they released their new mobile phone Galaxy S3. Their products are based on the Android operative system, while Apple’s system is based on their OS X system.

Sony and Nokia (Windows mobile phone) have also recently managed to capture huge market shares from Apple and Samsung and in the future they might overtake them. 3 Marketing Strategies 3. The Use Substances On The Playing. 1 Products Apple has a solid track record of innovation in Sweeper: Dispair Essay, different markets, often changing the way we view those markets entirely. Apple in most of the time has not been First to the Market and according to the “five secrets of the world’s best marketing machine” by Steve M. Chazin the former Apple Marketing executive, Apple tries to make something good greater. A clear example for this could be the iMac. At the time iMac was introduced by Apple there were Windows All-in-one computers competing with Apple but what actually made iMac so special was its unique design, free of noise and being fast CPUs inside a thin monitor. Steve Chazin believes that The Mac, iPad, iPod, iTunes and iPhone are all successful because they were late to market and improved on existing designs and functionality. Apple does one thing very well and atom fc that is, making complex things easy and elegant, It is no coincidence that Apple users compliment about the exceptional user interface of their iPads, iPods or iPhones. In addition, Apple tries to exert control over the users’ experience with its products. So, apart from the hardware, the The Chimney Sweeper: Essay, company also develops the software so that the user has the best possible experience. . The Use Substances Performance On The. 2 Pricing Strategy Apple is Dispair, usually referred to as the technology industry’s “high-price” leader.

However, of late, the company has been offering its products at More Peaceful? Essay lower price points in a clear effort to expand its market. Even so, Apple, at the launch of its products, targets early adopters with higher-than-competition prices. It initially adopts skimming strategy and later launches lower-price versions with fewer features or launches a newer version while continuing to sell older versions at lower price. 3. 3 Promotion Strategy. Apple’s promotion strategy is Sweeper: Dispair Essay, centred on creating hype. The late Steve Jobs, founder of you gone, Apple, was known for hyping up. His theatrical style and panache were successful in Essay, creating excitement before the launch of Apple products. These efforts have succeeded in making Apple products aspirational. 3. 3. 1 People Buy what Other People Have If you look at night summary when apple was promoting iPod on TV adverts, they did not show and focus on the product like other adverts you would watch on television, instead there were a long white headsets that could show other people you have an Apple iPod. The other reason that Apple only advertise Apple Business Marketing Strategy |6 long white headsets with white iPods and they did not show a closed-up picture of The Chimney Dispair, their product is that they do not want to only sell their product to customers; however, they want people to experience of joining to a special and exclusive Apple lifestyle and to become a part of iPod community which allows them to buy music through their unique software program (iTunes) and put their music in whatever order they want. 3. 3. 2 Help your Customers Help you.

When Apple first introduced their PowerBook, they made them outstanding buy making them in silver colour and freud psychodynamic approach have big Apple logo at the back so owners can feel proud and to be different therefore they try to show it off to Sweeper: Dispair Essay, other people. Atom Fc. Apple earned nearly 40% market share on the back of early PowerBooks users. 3. 3. The Chimney Dispair Essay. 3 TV shows and Movies Apple relies heavily on working closely with Hollywood in have, order to The Chimney Dispair Essay, promote their product. This gives them opportunity to get their product used by Hollywood stars which have an enormous influence on Against public. . Sweeper: Dispair. 4 Placing and atom fc Distribution Channels Apple works with number of network providers that they deal with the placing. However, online shopping from Apple. com or giving order in store for a new launched product can take up to two weeks due to the high demand. 4 Conclusion “An Apple computer on every desk” –Steve Jobs. Apple Inc. states its vision very clearly. They have changed our life with their products and services. They have demonstrated the world, that a human has a strong capacity to Dispair Essay, create huge things with a big impact. The analysis of the different elements of freud psychodynamic approach, a marketing plan outline the various aspects involved in the penetration of a new market and the successful launch of The Chimney Dispair Essay, a new product or service.

Being aware of its own position and capabilities, and seeing opportunities in a new trend a company can enter a new market and develop. On its way, the company has to use its strength, respect its internal weaknesses and consider the outer world with its opportunities and threads Apple Business Marketing Strategy |7 5 Bibliography ? 5 secrets of atom fc, world#8217;s best marketing machine. 2007). Retrieved 11 24, 2012, from Marketing Apple: http://www. marketingapple. com/Marketing_Apple_eBook. pdf ? Apple Sells Three Million iPads in Three Days. (2012, November 5). Retrieved 11 24, 2012, from Apple: http://www. apple. com/pr/library/2012/11/05Apple-Sells-Three-Million-iPadsin-Three-Days. html ? APPLE THREE-YEAR FINANCIAL HISTORY. (2012, October ). Retrieved 11 21, 2012, from The Chimney Essay, shareholder: http://files. Testing. shareholder. com/downloads/AAPL/2199577444x0x444195/E7A8FE5F-883546AB-ACC2-6FA28DFB546D/Three_Yr_Financial_History. The Chimney Dispair Essay. pdf. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

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resume of jose rizal The Research Paper Factory. Home Page Current: Curriculum Vitae Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal Y Alonso Realonda Personal Information Home Address Calamba Laguna Date Of Birth June 19 1861 Place Of Birth Calamba Laguna Philippines Height 5 Feet Weight 42 Kg. Curriculum Vitae Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal Y Alonso Realonda Personal Information Home Address Calamba Laguna Date Of Birth June 19 1861 Place Of Birth Calamba Laguna Philippines Height 5 Feet Weight 42 Kg. India launches 1st Moon Mission India launches its firs moon mission which was on The Chimney Sweeper: Essay, Wednesday October 15 2008.

They were seeking how to convert its money into politics And military clout and join the best group of Against Animal Essay nation with scientific know- How to reach space. India is trying to be become the Dispair, leader in Space Research on Asian continent. Last year Asia had taken the lead to atom fc, exploring the moon. The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair! Japan and China sent up space crafts last year and India’s moon craft-1 joined them to. Words: 517 - Pages: 3. Jose Rizal Directed by: Marilou Diaz-Abaya; GMA FILMS PRODUCTION 19th Century Spain saw her empire crumble away as colonies like Chile, Peru and Cuba rose in Are Democratic More, arms and achieved their independence. In the Philippines, Spain faced the Sweeper:, threat of yet another revolution due to mounting social unrest among the Are Democratic, natives.

Jose Rizal, at age of 35, was the greatest political enemy of Spain in the Philippines. With his exceptional linguistic ability and interest in the science and arts. Words: 2076 - Pages: 9. with the wrong information. Sweeper: Dispair! A little bit of checking (indeed, even reading the Wikipedia page till the end) would correct them. But of course few people would actually check. This is the crux of the Wikipedia phenomenon: it pays no attention to the matter of expertise.

A teenager sitting in her home in a remote village in China with an internet connection has as much weight and scope to expound on the causes and freud psychodynamic approach, effects of the Great Depression as the renowned expert at Harvard who has spent a. Words: 1185 - Pages: 5. John Esposito 3/28/12 MWF/10-10:50 Mrs. Perez Birthing story The scramble, the chaos, the disarray, everyone rushing to the hospital all because of me! Well, all that happened twenty years ago on a bright fall, sunny day of November 3rd 1991 at 8:20 am at Homestead hospital in Homestead, FL. My older sister and I were born at the same time in the same hospital, what are the odds? My heart felt mother Lucy Esposito gave birth to an awesome, wonderful, amazing son in me had to be born with. Words: 937 - Pages: 4. birth weight.

Due to Dispair, the risk of premature birth, the infant#x27;s organs may not fully develop. Sigmund Freud Approach! This can cause disorders such as breathing problems, bleeding on the brain, vision loss or intestinal problems. Teenage mothers are also less likely to get proper prenatal care, which can lead to various other health and developmental problems. Babies of The Chimney Sweeper: teenage mothers are more likely to die in the first year of sigmund freud psychodynamic life than babies born to older mothers. School Less than 40 percent of teenage mothers. Words: 403 - Pages: 2. registration. Her chosen midwife (a person trained to assist women during childbirth) comes to her when she is The Chimney Sweeper: Essay, ready for where have, her. Of course, it is more convenient after the baby is born as well. She will have all of her own baby items there and there would be no need for her husband to drive home to get the baby clothes or anything. The Chimney Sweeper:! The reason women choose to have a hospital birth is because it is usually more convenient for them.

They feel as though all they have to do is pack a few things and The Use Substances Playing, head to. Words: 1056 - Pages: 5. Birth control is an issue that has puzzled our morality for years. When younger adults, teenagers begin to use it, it becomes an even larger controversy. Through this our human nature must comprehend the The Chimney Dispair, problem, act upon it, and therefore take a stand that might occasionally conflict with our personal beliefs. Yet, birth control continues to strive during a period where people of the world neglect to of Illegal Playing, analyze their own actions and accepting the fact that personal dealings seem to reflect their. Words: 497 - Pages: 2.

Brittany Davis J. Myers Essay #4 Birth Control for Teens We have all heard stories about teenage pregnancies. There are girls that have to The Chimney Essay, drop out of school to take care of their newborn and now get jobs to support their unexpected new family. Then there are the atom fc, guys who think they need to marry that girl just because she had his baby. Sweeper:! Very often that marriage will lead into a divorce because they were rushed into of Illegal To Enhance Performance Field it. Essay! Even worse, some men up and leave that girl because he doesn’t want to. Words: 797 - Pages: 4. married Lucinda (1861) and from their union they reared seven children: Eller, John, Lula, Prince Jr., Large, Edna, and Susan.

Eller (2 sons Harvey who died at a youth age; James Frank Major aka Jim Frank, born July 9, 1925 is living and married to where, Mary, Columbia, SC) they have no children in this union. Sweeper:! Susan (my grandmother), married Sandy David Green: out of their union they bared two children Celia, and Henry Lula. Words: 1339 - Pages: 6. experiences that individual learners have in approach, a program of education whose purpose is to achieve broad goals and related specific objectives, which is Dispair Essay, planned in terms of a framework of where have theory and research or past and Sweeper: Dispair, present professional practice” (p.5). Five Basic Types of Curriculum November 12, 2009 tags: academics, child, children, classical, curriculum, curriculum types, education, Home-school, homeschool, programmed, school, Teaching, technological, thematic, traditional, unit study By: Linda. Words: 4625 - Pages: 19. Impact of Prenatal Care on Birth Weight. Health. State Center for Health Statistics 26 (2011): n. Where Have You Gone! pag. Www.schs.state.nc.us. June 2011. Web.

03 Dec. 2012. . 2 Alexander, Greg R., and Carol C. The Chimney! Korenbrot. The Role of Prenatal Care in Preventing Low Birth weight. Where You Gone! The Future of Children 1st ser. Sweeper:! 5 (1995): 103-20. JSTOR. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. 3 Donaldson, Peter J., and sigmund freud psychodynamic, John O.G Billy.

The Impact of Prenatal Care on Birth Weight: Evidence from an International Data Set. Medical Care 22.2 (1984): 177-88. Print 3 The study. Words: 3155 - Pages: 13. professional distinction. PERSONAL DATA * Gender: Male * Date of Birth: 9th Feb, 1983 * Place of Birth: Kontagora * Marital Status: Single * Local Government: Bida * State of Origin: Niger * Nationality: Nigerian * Religion: Islam * Languages: English, Hausa and Nupe. The Chimney Dispair Essay! EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS 2007 – 2012 Federal University of Technology, Minna Niger State. Words: 627 - Pages: 3. CURRICULUM VITAE Graeme Anthony CROOK June 2013 PERSONAL DETAILS NAME CROOK Graeme Anthony PRIVATE 12 Wood Cres, One Tree Hill ADDRESS South Australia, 5114 TELEPHONE Home (08) 8280 7670 Mobile 0417 805 422 EMAIL gcrook@internode.on.net DATE OF BIRTH October 1, 1955 BIRTH PLACE Hampton Court, Middlesex, England Australian Resident since August 1964 MARITAL STATUS. Words: 2897 - Pages: 12.

Using your own words, explain three (3) world arguments for birth control and two (2) world arguments against birth control. Give original examples (not in the textbook) or further clarification of States Essay each viewpoint or position. Our world has many different views on birth control. There are some positive and The Chimney Sweeper:, many are negative effects of birth control. Are Democratic Peaceful?! Some of the positive arguments the world has for Sweeper:, birth control are: services need position, human rights position, and population control. Words: 466 - Pages: 2. Curriculum Vitae PERSONAL INFORMATION Betty Smith 32 Reading rd,Birmingham B26 3QJ United Kingdom +44 2012345679 smith@kotmail.com AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) betty.smith Sex Female | Date of birth 01 March 1975 +44 7123456789 JOB APPLIED FOR WORK EXPERIENCE August 2002 – Present European project manager Independent consultant British Council 123, Bd Ney, 75023 Paris (France) Evaluation of European Commission youth training support measures for States Peaceful?, youth national agencies and young. Words: 559 - Pages: 3. is the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, order in which are placed into where have you gone this world. The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay! Everyone is born into a family, whether we come first, second or even fifth is freud approach, out of our control.

There are certain traits that tend to The Chimney Essay, follow each one of the positions in birth order. Whether we like it or not, where we are born in the family line up has some effect on us all throughout our lives. From the time we are born, our tiny baby minds are absorbing every piece of information we can possibly find. Our personalities take shape in of Illegal To Enhance on the, these. Words: 1344 - Pages: 6. So here’s a little key about what each planet represents since it can get a little confusing. The Chimney! Most people think that astrology is The Use Substances To Enhance Performance on the Field, all about their Sun sign but it isn’t! Sun - Ego, Conscious will, individuality.

Who you are as a person. Essay! Moon - Your feelings and the twelfth summary, emotional side. Ascendant also known as Rising - How others see you. How you act around people you don#x27;t know. Think of it as a front. Venus - Your love style. Sweeper: Dispair Essay! How you act in friendships and sigmund, personal relationships. Mars - Your.

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6. Birth defects About one in The Chimney, every 33 babies (about 3%) is born with a birth defect. Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at on the Playing, birth that cause physical or mental disability. The Chimney Essay! There are two types of birth defects structure and where have you gone, functional. Structural birth defects are related to a problem with body parts. Some physical problems include cleft lip or cleft palate, heart defects, such as missing or misshaped valves, and abnormal limbs, such as a club foot. Functional birth. Words: 348 - Pages: 2.

1. Red, White, and Blue. 2.50 3. The Chimney Essay! White. 4. One for each state in the Union. 5. Atom Fc! 13 6. Red and White. 7. They represent the original 13 states. Dispair! 8. 50 9. Independence Day. 10. July 4th 11. England 12. Where! England 13. George Washington 14.

Currently Barack Obama 15. Currently Joseph Biden 16. The Electoral College 17. Vice - President 18. Dispair Essay! Four years 19. The supreme law of the land 20. Yes 21. An Amendment 22. 27 23. 3 24. Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary 25.

Congress 26. Words: 548 - Pages: 3. . • Internet. E-Mail. Sigmund Freud! Language Skill • Bengali as Mother Tongue • Hindi can understand • English – Good in Speaking and Writing. Others • Participated World scout jamboree in Thailand. • Achieved President Scout Award. The Chimney Sweeper:! • Adviser of city University Textile Club. Personal information Father’s name: Md. Abdul Khaleque Chowdhury Mother’s name: Taslema Begum Date of birth: 05/10/1988 Marital status: Unmarried Religion: Islam. Words: 626 - Pages: 3. Birth Story Me and my husband had just gotten married and start throwing up. I must be sick or something, we convince our selfs. Against Testing! After a couple of day of this and the nagging voice of my bestfriend in Dispair Essay, my ear your pregnant, watch.

I get a pregnancy test. Are Democratic States Essay! The longest 5 minutes ever, I take a deep breath and look its positive. We are haveing our second baby. After a breaf freak out we get excited. The Chimney Dispair Essay! We both grab a phone and sigmund freud psychodynamic, start calling and Essay, telling all our family. I loved being pregnant. Words: 647 - Pages: 3.

Early Education in Calamba and Binan Summary. grief. Jose and his father went on a pilgrimage to Antipolo on June 6, 1868 so that they could fulfill his mother#x27;s vow, which she made when Jose was born. Teodora could not join them on psychodynamic approach, this pilgrimage because she had given birth to Jose#x27;s sister Trinidad. After the pilgrimage, Jose went with his father to Manila where they visited his sister Saturnina, who was then a boarding student at The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, La Concordia College in Santa Ana.

On The Story of the Moth, Rizal thought that the creature#x27;s death was. Words: 2256 - Pages: 10. CURRICULUM VITAE I. PERSONAL INFORMATION | Full name | BUI KHONG DUONG | | | Male/Female | Male | | Date of birth | 20/03/1988 | | Address | 1/19 Truong Hoang Thanh, Ward 12, Tan Binh District, HCMC | | Marital status | single | | Email | bkhduong@gmail.com | | Tel | 0986.374.786 | | II. WORKING EXPERIENCES | During four years at the university, I accumulated good experience about Are Democratic States Essay control systems, mechanical systems. I can understand principle of The Chimney Sweeper: Essay machinery. Words: 749 - Pages: 3. what do I say should say happen? We need birth control in stores just because the fact that it’s going to the twelfth night, happen and you can’t stop it. As a high school student I’m telling you first hand it’s going to happen so we might as well have the greatest form of protection. Words: 524 - Pages: 3. Low-Birth-Weight Infants and Preterm Births.

women typically have low rates of preterm birth, as do Hispanic women. The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay! Women from South Asia and especially the Indian subcontinent have very high rates of night summary fetal growth restriction and low birth weight. Among all the various groups living in the United States, the very high preterm birth rate in black women stands out Sweeper: Dispair Essay, and to approach, this date remains mostly unexplained. http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/85/2/584S.long Over the past 20 y, it has become apparent that many of the early spontaneous. Words: 1417 - Pages: 6. one’s child constitute the main part of the role of a parent. Sustaining the Sweeper: Essay, life that one has is one thing; sustaining the lives of more children than you can support is another thing. Atom Fc! Birth control is necessary to help control overpopulation.

Without the proper information and access to The Chimney Sweeper:, birth control, it may come to a point where birth rates and booming populations surpass the point of atom fc control resulting to The Chimney Essay, maxed-out resources and eventually destitution. Argument 1 against Birth Control: Birth. Words: 492 - Pages: 2. Laguna Pit Bulls Volunteer Program. . Qualifications: Volunteers must have good coordination skills in filing documents and atom fc, keeping them up-to-date. Basic knowledge Microsoft Office is an advantage.

Save the Laguna Pit Bulls 2013 ? “LPB ADOPTION COUNSELLOR” ? Goal: To assist members of the Sweeper: Dispair Essay, public in finding an where you gone, appropriate dog for their home. Save the Laguna Pit Bulls 2013 ? Description: Volunteer will visit with potential adopters in the adoption area and assist them in finding their “dog-match. Words: 1049 - Pages: 5. In the article Parent Sue for The Chimney Sweeper:, #x27;Wrongful Birth#x27;, originally published by Animal Essay The Daily Beast on August 17th, 2014. Elizabeth Picciuto mention that wrongful birth is sometime a burden for both the child and parents. The Hall and Sarah, a couple who have to take care of his sister, Jennifer who have a extremely rare configuration of her genome and need a special care after his mother die suddenly. The Hall, who is non-disability but he is carrier of Jennifer#x27;s syndrome. The Chimney Dispair Essay! “And that mean any children. Words: 995 - Pages: 4.

Ethnicity and Low Birth Weight of Babies. Black infants have a higher infant mortality rate than whites approximately 2.4 times higher, in More Peaceful? Essay, the United States, this as a result of low birth weight (The office of The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay Minority Health, 2011.)Women from Against, East Asia typically have low preterm birth, and Hispanic women. Sweeper: Dispair Essay! Women from South Asia and Indians have high rates of The Use of Illegal Substances To Enhance on the low birth weight infants, but is higher in black mothers among all groups living in The Chimney Essay, the United States. It is suggested that environmental factors can could contributed to sigmund psychodynamic, this such. Words: 356 - Pages: 2. separate from any members of the shortlisting or interviewing panel. In order to monitor the effectiveness and success of The Chimney Sweeper: Essay this policy it would be helpful to us if you provide the Against Animal Testing Essay, information requested below regarding your personal details. The details supplied by The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay you on this form are confidential, but will form part of the personnel record of the successful candidate. Personal Details Title: First name(s): Last name: Known as: Date of Birth: Address: Postcode: Contact Number: Email address.

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Oral Contraceptives and Sweeper: Dispair Essay, Cancer Risk. National Cancer Institute. N.p., 21 Mar. 2012. Web. 10 Oct. 2014. Weber, Craig. Can Your Birth Control Impact High Blood Pressure? About. N.p., 4 June 2014. Web. Freud! 12 Oct. 2014. Words: 1715 - Pages: 7.

LAGUNA UNIVERSITY SPORTS COMPLEX, BUBUKAL, STA. CRUZ, LAGUNA A.Y. 2014-2015 WRITTEN REPORT ABOUT EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER/ LEARNING CENTER Submitted by: Elton John F. Violanda Submitted to: Dr. Adelina Acelajado Learning Resource Center Purpose Information and communication development opportunities and information flow are the big challenges arising from a dedicated review of most educational questions, whether from theoretical frames or material facilitations. The Chimney Dispair! School. Words: 1448 - Pages: 6. are due to congenital anomalies. 1 2 See document EB126/2010/REC/2, summary record of the atom fc, seventh meeting.

Management of birth defects and haemoglobin disorders: report of a joint WHO–March of Dimes meeting, Geneva, Switzerland, 17–19 May 2006. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006. 3 The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008. A63/10 5. There are currently no sound estimates of the Sweeper: Dispair, number of children born with a serious congenital disorder. Words: 2582 - Pages: 11. Jose Rizal was born to Against Animal Essay, the wealthy Mercado-Rizal family in The Chimney Sweeper: Essay, Calamba, Laguna, of the Philippines. The Mercado-Rizals were considered one of the most prestigious Filipino families during their time. Atom Fc! Jose Rizal came from the 13-member family consisting of his parents, Francisco Mercado II and Teodora Alonso Realonda, and Sweeper: Essay, nine sisters and More Essay, one brother. His parents were leaseholders of a hacienda and Dispair, an accompanying rice farm by The Use To Enhance Field the Dominicans.[11][12] From an The Chimney Essay, early age, Jose Rizal Mercado showed a. Words: 326 - Pages: 2. women who sent him letters and talking to them.

18.) Each and the twelfth summary, everytime he was approachable and adorable when interacting with the Sweeper: Dispair Essay, faithful. 19.) When he inspired men and women all over the world, regardless of their faith. PILA LAGUNA HISTORY: Pila is the 3rd municipality in the province of laguna Philippines. According to the 2010 cen sus, it has a population of where you gone 46, 534 people. Pila has a total land area of 31.2 km2. The Chimney Sweeper:! The town of Pila is site for some well-preserved houses dating. Words: 799 - Pages: 4.

A Logistic Regression About Longitudinal Low Birth Weight Study. A Logistic Regression About Longitudinal Low Birth Weight Study 1. Introduction to the data NAME: Longitudinal Low Birth Weight Study (CLSLOWBWT.DAT) SIZE: 488 observations, 8 variables. SOURCE: Hosmer and Against Animal Testing Essay, Lemeshow (2000) Applied Logistic Regression: Second Edition. These data are copyrighted by The Chimney Dispair John Wiley Sons Inc. and must be acknowledged and Are Democratic More Peaceful? Essay, used accordingly. Sweeper: Essay! 2.Variable Definitions Study on the Longitudinal Low Birth Weight, impact. Words: 2050 - Pages: 9. performed later Be performed with anesthesia Be performed in the presence of me AND/OR my partner Page 5 of Essay 6 TheBump.com birth plan As needed post-delivery, please give me: Extra-strength acetaminophen Percoset Stool softener Laxative After birth, I’d like to stay in the hospital: As long as possible As briefly as possible If baby is not well, I’d like: My partner and I to accompany it to the NICU or another facility To breastfeed or provide pumped breastmilk To hold him or her whenever possible Page 6 of 6. Words: 1034 - Pages: 5. : There is no crime, no sentence with no law. • Likewise (egalement), the procedure by which criminals are arrested, prosecuted, convicted and sentenced are outside the scope. • Similarly, the study of punishment and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, efficacy or the various sentencing options is penology. • It is necessary to have you gone, place substantive law in The Chimney Sweeper: Essay, context.

So, Allan considers what is a crime, what purpose does a criminal law serves, and atom fc, why a particular conduct is classified as criminal. Paragraphe I. Words: 767 - Pages: 4. the standard procedure. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Essay, Academic Affairs Department (AAD). The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. 5/5 LEARNING MODULE Computer College Effectivity: SY 2014-2015 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Life and psychodynamic, Works of Sweeper: Dispair Jose Rizal (SSCI 111) Revision No: 00 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: Illustration of Polo y Servicios [Forced Labor] From http://maharlikansite.blogspot.com/2008/08/polo-y. Words: 3162 - Pages: 13. relationship with Rizal, who was then a known filibustero. She hid from Leonor all letters sent to her sweetheart.

Leonor believing that Rizal had already forgotten her, sadly consented her to marry the Englishman Henry Kipping, her mother’s choice. Consuelo Ortiga Consuelo Ortiga y Rey, the prettier of Against Testing Don Pablo Ortiga’s daughters, fell in love with him. He dedicated to her A la Senorita C.O. y R., which became one of his best poems. The Ortiga#x27;s residence in Madrid was frequented by The Chimney Sweeper: Rizal and his. Words: 923 - Pages: 4. Marker managed to prepare $300,000 worth of progesterone. He later formed his own company and managed to atom fc, drop the market price of progesterone to $10 per Dispair gram and later on even lower, to $5 a gram. While Marker’s work was indeed valuable, he only created concentrated extracts of progesterone, never truly creating a birth control pill. Carl Djerasssi, along with other Syntex chemists managed to where you gone, make the progesterone more effective orally by removing 19 carbon. However, the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, true “initial discoveries. Words: 3300 - Pages: 14.

Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and sigmund psychodynamic, Taiwan. Sweeper: Dispair Essay! We keep asserting the problem in sigmund freud psychodynamic, the South China Sea is Essay, not a regional problem, Aquino told journalists. This is a problem of the whole world because 40 percent of global trade pass through these waters. Global leaders have already expressed their concern on this problem. Of Illegal Substances To Enhance Performance Playing! China claims most of the potentially energy-rich South China Sea, through which $5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year, and Sweeper: Essay, denies accusations its actions in its. Words: 448 - Pages: 2. CURRICULUM VITAE –DARAMOLA, PETER TUNJI 9C IMMAM TANNI STREET, OFF FADAHUNSI, IJESHATEDO, SURULERE LAGOS STATE. Phone: 08183024374 E-mail: pet4lyph@gmail.com EDUCATION Valley View University, Accra – Ghana 2009 – 2013 B.sc in Information Technology (IT) Relevant Course Modules: Database Systems Design, Operating Systems, Programming, Network Project Management, Software Development Life Cycle, Information Technology Systems, Expert Systems amp; Artificial Intelligence, Computer And. Words: 360 - Pages: 2. brings information from States More Peaceful? Essay, mind to outside. About the retraction letter, honestly speaking, my thoughts were not that concise considering that there were many speculations about it. In my opinion, despite of people who are doubtful, I strongly believe that Rizal deserves to be called a National Hero.

I think the retraction letter became his instrument to repent and hug the Catholic Church once again and for he can die in the guidance of God. I also believe that “although” Rizal retracted for the church, he never retracted his fight for Sweeper: Dispair, the freedom of his beloved Philippines until his last breath. Words: 458 - Pages: 2. Synopsis Jose Rizal was born on June 19, 1861, in Calamba, Philippines. While living in Europe, Rizal wrote about the discrimination that accompanied Spain#x27;s colonial rule of his country. He returned to the Philippines in 1892, but was exiled due to his desire for reform. Although he supported peaceful change, Rizal was convicted of sedition and executed on States, December 30, 1896, at age 35. Early Life On June 19, 1861, Jose Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda was born in The Chimney Essay, Calamba in the. Words: 469 - Pages: 2. and woke up the following day determined to fulfill his promise to Segunda. Summary! The steamer carrying Segunda anchored in Sweeper: Dispair Essay, Binan so Jose saddled his white horse to wait at the road. When Segunda’s carromata passed by, she smiled and waved her handkerchief to psychodynamic approach, him.

Initially wanting to The Chimney Essay, follow, Rizal at The Use Substances on the Field, the last minute turned his horse around and decided to The Chimney, ride home instead. That incident marked the end of everything between the More Peaceful? Essay, young lovers. Segunda returned to Batangas and in Sweeper: Dispair Essay, due time married Don. Words: 1191 - Pages: 5. – Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moringa_oleifera Ketchup – Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketchup (1)Dr. Are Democratic States More! Jose V. Dayao (2010) DEVELOPMENT ON-FARM DEMONSTRATION AND PILOTIN OF PROMISING VALUE ADDED TECHNOLOGY FOR EXPORT POTENTIAL AND BANNER COMMODITIES OF BICOL http://www.bar.gov.ph/digest-home/digest-archives/63-2008-4ht-quarter/1438-octdec08-moringa-4 (2) October Issue (Vol. 9 No. 10) - Bureau of Agricultural Reform www.bar.gov.ph/downloadables/chronicle/2008/October2008. Words: 2981 - Pages: 12. Jose Rizal was born to the wealthy Mercado-Rizal family in Calamba, Laguna, of the Philippines. The Mercado-Rizals were considered one of the most prestigious Filipino families during their time. Jose Rizal came from the 13-member family consisting of The Chimney Sweeper: his parents, Francisco Mercado II and Teodora Alonso Realonda, and nine sisters and one brother.

His parents were leaseholders of a hacienda and Testing, an accompanying rice farm by the Dominicans.[11][12] From an early age, Jose Rizal Mercado showed. Words: 326 - Pages: 2. many women died from the effects such as is The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, bleeding and infections and improperly performed abortions. If a woman was wealthy she was most likely to be able to afford an abortion, but if a woman was poor she would not it not be able to More Essay, afford for this kind of The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair procedure done, so she would make home remedies using herbs or using other methods such as inserting hangers, hooks and knitting needles inside themselves. Night! Emma Goldman, hoped that birth control would helped woman to control their own. Words: 319 - Pages: 2. exhilarating and emotionally satisfying experience. The Chimney Sweeper: Essay! My personal feeling about child birth is that, it was best thing that could ever happen to me in States More Essay, the world, despite all the horror stories and roomers that I have been hearing most of my live, it was an amazing experience it happen so fast, I’m happy I was alert and well enough to see my sons take their first breath on earth. Knowing that I was able to push out such a precious buddle of Sweeper: Essay joy was a wonderful experience.

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A Comprehensive Guide to APA Citations and Format. This page will provide you with an Dispair Essay overview of APA citation format. Included is information about APA referencing, various citation formats and examples for each source type, and other helpful information related to APA. If you’re looking for MLA format, check out Citation Machine’s MLA Guide. Also, visit Citation Machine’s homepage to use the APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator. See more across the site. Night! Being Responsible While Researching. When you’re writing a research paper or creating a research project, you will probably use another individual’s work to Sweeper: help develop your own project. A good researcher or scholar uses another individual’s work in a responsible way. This involves indicating that the work of other individuals is Animal Testing Essay included in Sweeper: your project, which is one way to prevent plagiarism. Substances To Enhance Performance On The! The word plagiarism is derived from the latin word, plagiare, which means to kidnap.

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The first type of citation, which is called in-text, or parenthetical citations, are included when you’re adding text, word for word, from another individual’s work into your own project. If you don’t use the information from another source word for word in The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair your assignment, but you paraphrase it in your own words, you also need to Are Democratic Essay add an in-text citation. The other type of APA format citations, which are called reference citations, are found at the end of your research project, usually on The Chimney, the last page. The Use Of Illegal Substances Performance Field! Included on this reference list page are the full citations for any in-text citations found in The Chimney Dispair Essay the body of the project, as well as full citations for any other sources you used to help develop your research. These citations are listed in the twelfth night alphabetical order, one after the other. The two types of citations, in-text and reference citations, look very different.

In-text citations include three items: the last name(s) of the author, the year the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, source was published, and the page or location of the information. Reference citations include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the title of the source, and the URL or page range. Are Democratic States More Essay! Why is The Chimney Essay it Important to Include APA Citations? Including APA citations into your research projects is a very important component of the research process. When you include citations, you’re being a responsible researcher. Freud! You’re showing readers that you were able to find valuable, high-quality information from other sources, place them into your project where appropriate, all while acknowledging those original authors. The American Psychological Association, also called APA, is an The Chimney Dispair Essay organization created for individuals in the psychology field. With close to 116,000 members, they provide education opportunities, funding, guidance, and research information for sigmund psychodynamic, everything psychology related. APA also has numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health. The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating APA Style, which is a popular way to create citations. This citation format is used by individuals not only in the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well.

Education, economics, business, and social sciences also use APA style quite frequently. Click here for The Chimney Essay, more information. APA created APA style format in 1929 in you gone order to form a standard way for researchers in Sweeper: Dispair Essay the science fields to document their sources. Prior to the inception of these standards, individuals were most likely including various pieces of information about a source, in a random order. You can probably imagine how difficult it would be to look at a few different pieces of research and determine the types of sources that were used to develop the research project! Having a standard format for citing sources allows readers to Against Animal Essay glance at an APA citation and easily locate the The Chimney Sweeper: Essay, title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of information needed to understand a source. Click here to More Peaceful? Essay learn more about The Chimney Dispair Essay why the Testing Essay, American Psychological Association created APA. The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay! APA Style is currently in its 6th edition, which was released in 2009. In previous versions of atom fc APA format, researchers and scholars were required to include the date that an Dispair electronic resource was accessed. In addition, names of databases were included, and only the name of the city was included for publication information. Now, it is no longer required to include the date of access as well as the name of the database in an APA citation.

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They’re included after a direct quote or paraphrase. See the next section below to learn more about how to format and include in-text citations in your project. Complete reference citations are found at the end of a research project. These reference citations are longer, complete citations for all of the sources used in a project. So, full citations for all of the The Chimney Sweeper:, in-text citations are found here. The format for APA reference citations varies, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published).

Title . Retrieved from URL. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for atom fc, the source that they’re using. Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and so on. Scroll down to Sweeper: Essay find the proper format for the source you’re trying to cite. If you would like to cite your sources automatically, Citation Machine’s APA generator is The Use of Illegal Substances Performance on the Playing a helpful APA reference generator that will make the citation process easier for you. In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in The Chimney Essay research projects in Against Testing Essay three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for word, from another source and include it in their own research projects. This is done for many reasons. Sometimes, another author’s words are so eloquently written that there isn’t a better way to rephrase it yourself. Other times, the The Chimney Essay, author’s words can help prove a point or establish an understanding for something in your research project.

When using another author’s exact words in your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it. In addition to using the exact words from another source and placing them into your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in The Use Substances Performance on the Playing your own words. When simply referring to another piece of information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference.

They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Author’s Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase. This information is where have you gone included in order to help the reader locate the Sweeper: Essay, exact text themselves. It is not necessary to include this information when you’re simply referring to another source. Here’s are some examples of in-text APA citations: “Well, you’re about to enter the land of the free and the twelfth night summary, the brave. And I don’t know how you got that stamp on your passport. The priest must know someone” (Toibi?n, 2009, p. 52). Student teachers who use technology in The Chimney their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). If including the author’s names in States More Peaceful? Essay the sentence, only include the The Chimney Dispair Essay, year in the in-text APA citation. According to a study done by Kent and where have you gone, Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. The full references, or citations, for these sources can be found on the last part of Essay a research project, the “Reference List.” While this guide’s intent is to help you understand and the twelfth summary, develop citations on your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on Citation Machine. Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage.

Click here to learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components. As stated above, reference list citations are the full citations for all of the in-text citations found in the body of a research project. These full citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names. They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for APA reference citations varies based on the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Retrieved from URL. Learn more about each component of the reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order.

Include the initials for the first and middle names. Sweeper: Dispair Essay! End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. G., Giles, R. M. Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. J, He, Y. If there are 8 or more authors listed on a source, only include the first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and then add the last author’s name. Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. K. , . Lopez, G. S. If you plan on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator, the names of the authors will format properly for you. Where Have You Gone! Directly after the author’s name is the date the Sweeper:, source was published. Include the full date for newspapers, the month and year for magazine articles, and only the year for journals and all other sources. If no date is found on the source, include the initials, n.d. for “no date.”

Narducci, M. (2017, May 19). City renames part of 11th Street Ed Snider Way to Testing honor Flyers founder. The Chimney Sweeper:! The Philadelphia Inquirer . If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machine’s APA generator will add the Are Democratic States Peaceful? Essay, correct date format for you automatically. When writing out titles for Sweeper: Dispair Essay, books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the first word of the title and Animal, the first word of the subtitle. Names of people, places, organizations, and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized.

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Wake up the Against Testing, nation: Public libraries, policy making, and political discourse. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and The Chimney Essay, other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in each word and italicize the title. The Seattle Times. A common question is whether to of Illegal Substances Playing underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks. In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in quotation marks. They are either placed in italics or not. Here’s a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the title in italics. If the source does not sit alone and Essay, is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on an album, episodes of television shows, chapters in books, and where, articles in The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay journals are not placed in italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes.

Citation Machine’s APA citation generator formats the title in your citations automatically by following proper APA bibliography guidelines. Additional Information about the Title. If you feel as though it would be helpful to the reader to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title. Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the the twelfth summary, first letter. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. R. (Producer), Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. USA: Universal. Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, additional information about the title is automatically added for you. The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose. Information About the Sweeper: Dispair Essay, Publication. For books and reports, include the city and Are Democratic More, state, or the city and country, of the publisher’s location.

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The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. Peaceful? Essay! (2016, May). The Chimney Dispair! A study on the role of where have you gone computers in adult education. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Retrieved from The Chimney Essay, http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2688. If the publisher is a college or university, and the location name matches part of the school’s information, exclude the publisher information from the citation. After including the location and publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period. London, England: Pearson. New York, NY: Perseus Books.

Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for you. Psychodynamic! Visit Citation Machine’s homepage to learn more. For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at the end of a citation. DOI numbers are often created by publishers for journal articles and Sweeper: Dispair Essay, other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs.

When a journal article is assigned a DOI number, it is static, and will never change. Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of electronic information to include in APA citations. When a DOI number is not available, include the source’s URL. For DOIs, include the number in this format: For URLs, only include the information about the homepage and write it in Substances Performance on the Playing this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about electronic sources: - If the URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the source changes often over time. - It is not necessary to The Chimney Sweeper: include the names of databases. The Twelfth Summary! When using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by the DOI. Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for you, automatically. Click here for more information about the basics of APA. APA Citation Examples for Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . Location: Publisher.

Dickens, C. (1942). Great expectations . New York, NY: Dodd, Mead. Print Books with Two or More Authors. Sweeper: Dispair! Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date). Title . Location: Publisher. Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. States Peaceful? Essay! F. (2008). The race between education and Essay, technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in archives, libraries and Peaceful?, museums . Farnham, England: Ashgate.

When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the Sweeper: Dispair Essay, following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: Last name of chapter author, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher. APA reference Example for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: De Abreu, B.S. Animal Testing Essay! (2001). The Chimney! The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. In D.E. Agosto J. Performance Field! Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp.

39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. APA reference Structure for Chapters in Essay Edited Books, found Online: Last name of chapter author, First initial. (Year published). Against Testing Essay! Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. xx-xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx or Retrieved from The Chimney Essay, http://xxxx. Example for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. F. (2003). Atom Fc! Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites. In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology (pp.

65-89). Retrieved from https://books.google.com. If you’re still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machine’s APA formatter. Essay! Your citations will automatically format properly when using the generator. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work [E-reader Version]. Are Democratic States More Peaceful?! http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Auster, P. (2007). The Brooklyn follies [Nook version]. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com/ Only the The Chimney, first letter of the first word and night summary, any proper nouns in Sweeper: Dispair Essay the title should be capitalized in Peaceful? an APA citation. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet.

This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to include it in your APA referencing citation. Author Last Name, F. Sweeper: Dispair Essay! I. (Year Published). Title of work . http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Baloh, P., Burke, M. Are Democratic States Essay! E. (2007). Attaining organizational innovations.

To cite your e-books automatically, use the “Book” form on Citation Machine’s APA generator, click on Dispair, “Manual entry mode,” and click the “E-book” tab. Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Author Last name, F. Atom Fc! I. (Year Published). Title of Dispair Essay article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013).

The forum: The decline of night war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419. The Chimney Dispair! If your source is found online, but there is no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in your citation rather than including a URL. Unlike previous editions of APA, the 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for freud approach, online sources.

A retrieval date is only necessary if the The Chimney, source is likely to change (ex. Wikipedia). Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article.

Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009). Are Democratic States Peaceful? Essay! Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for Dispair, you. Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’ If an article appears is on Are Democratic States More Essay, non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. The Chimney Dispair Essay! Example: pp.

D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to include the atom fc, date of access for electronic sources. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Day Published). Title of article. Title of Newspaper , page range. The Chimney Essay! Frost, L. Freud! (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune , A2.

You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on a database. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article . Title of Sweeper: Newspaper. Peaceful? Essay! Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. The Chimney Essay! Whiteside, K. You Gone! (2004, August 31). College athletes want cut of action. USA Today . Dispair! Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com. The Use Of Illegal Substances To Enhance Performance Playing! Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published). Title of article. Title of Dispair Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range.

Quammen, D. (2008, December). The man who wasn’t Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Are Democratic States Essay! Article title. The Chimney Dispair Essay! Retrieved from URL. Example of an APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul’ last? Retrieved from http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-long-can-a-spinoff-like-better-call-saul-last/ Last name, First initial. (Year, Month, Date of blog post). Title of blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL of blog post.

McClintock Miller, S. (2014, January 28). EasyBib joins the Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://vanmeterlibraryvoice.blogspot.com. On our APA citation machine form for have you gone, blogs, you have the option to choose from standard, audio, and video blogs. Citation Machine’s APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for you. Writer Last Name, F. I. (Writer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year aired). Title of episode [Television or Radio series episode]. In Producer Last Name, F. I. (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . City, State of original channel: Channel. Lin, K. (Writer), Coles, J. D. (Director). (2014).

Chapter 18 [Television series episode]. Sweeper:! In Bays, C. Essay! (Executive producer), House of cards . Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machine’s APA generator,television and radio broadcasts use the same form. Producer Last Name, F. The Chimney Dispair! I. Against Testing Essay! (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year Released). Title of film [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio. Bender, L. (Producer), Tarantino, Q. (Director). Dispair! (1994). Pulp fiction [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax. There is the option to automatically cite films found online, in film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder.

It is highly recommended not to use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Instead, this type of source should be formatted as an in-text or parenthetical citation. However, here is an example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011) Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Author Last Name, F. The Twelfth Night Summary! I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. (2011, December 12). Personal Interview.

If you are planning on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text. Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and full reference citations for you. Songs Musical Recordings found Online. Sweeper: Dispair! *Note: If the name of the songwriter is the same as the name of the atom fc, recording artist, leave out the bracketed information located after the name of the song. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. of songwriter. (Year created).

Song title [Recorded by First initial. Middle initial. The Chimney! Last name of the The Use of Illegal To Enhance Performance Playing, performer’s name or the name of the band]. Dispair Essay! On Album Title [Medium]. Retrieved from URL. Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012). Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia]. On Until Now [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://open.spotify.com/track/0VffaI2jwQknRrxpECYHsF.

If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Music/Audio,” to atom fc automatically cite your songs and musical recordings. Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and easy to use. Doctoral Dissertations found on a Database: Last name, First initial. Middle initial. Sweeper: Essay! (Year published). Title of Against Animal dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. The Chimney Dispair Essay! (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx). English, L. Freud Psychodynamic! S. (2014).

The influences of community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from American Doctoral Dissertations. (37CDD15DF659E63F). On our APA citation machine, there is a form for dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Title of Sweeper: Dispair podcast [Audio podcast].

Retrieved from URL. Goodwin, G. (Producer). (2016, February 11). History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/podcasts. Freud! If using Citation Machine’s APA format generator, choose the “Blog/Podcast,” form to cite your podcasts automatically. Dispair! Last name, First initial. [YouTube username]. (Year, Month, Day of posting). Title of YouTube video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL. Damien, M. [Marcelo Damien]. Peaceful?! (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. The Chimney Sweeper:! Retrieved from https://youtu.be/mr4TDnR0ScM.

If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Film” to automatically cite your YouTube videos. Looking for a source type that is To Enhance Performance on the not on this guide? Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes the full reference citations in addition to a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source. When creating your citations, there is a field at the bottom of each form to add your own annotations. Looking to create an APA format title page?

Head to Citation Machine’s homepage and choose “Title Page” at the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Sweeper: Dispair! Can be non-fiction or fiction. Where! A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and opinion articles. A collection of pages that provides information about a certain topic. A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research.

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Composing and Arranging for Brass Band - by James McFadyen. Composer James McFadyen gives his opinions and thoughts what to do when composing and arranging for The Chimney Sweeper: Essay, a brass band. The Brass Band is one of the very few instrumental ensembles supporting real non-pretentious music built with singable tunes, magical harmonies and some good old powerful sounds! In this article I am setting out to encourage and enlighten composers to write for the Brass Band, hopefully showing you some of the vast possibilities of creating your own unique music, while pathing the way for you to write an arrangement for fun and approach, find true happiness through the art of music composition. The Composer – Your Job and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, Responsibilities: The process of on the composition is very complex and highly intellectual and the art of composition is romantic, creative and passionate.

To become a true composer is The Chimney Sweeper: much more than jotting down a few dots on manuscript, in fact, you'll find as you climb up the The Use To Enhance Performance on the Playing, success ladder, it will become even harder for The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, you to define your job as a composer, mostly because it will teach you to question everything that you do, not only in technique but in what you have to say as a composer. This is the key area – what do you have to say with your music? If you have nothing to say, then you have nothing to write, and To Enhance on the, anything you do write will be of no importance to you, your life or it's impact on the audience. Infact, you should take the audience out of the equation and write music for yourself only, satisfying your own needs in expressing yourself in the deepest most emotional way possible – only then can you achieve true happiness and fulfilment as a composer. Your key responsibilities when creating music is communication and aesthetics: It should be fairly obvious that to communicate your aesthetic well, you must have an advanced grip on all aspects of music. This includes melodic and harmonic analysis, scoring techniques, harmony and counterpoint, form and design, etc.

You should also have a developed ear so that composing without the aid of a piano or computer can be achieved. The Chimney Dispair. However I only point this out to show you the level you should be aiming for and what it takes to be a professional composer. An advanced grip on all aspects of 20th century music including: developments in Against Testing notation, form and aesthetics: The most irritating part of composing is how to begin and to Essay generate the core ideas. All composers have this same dilemma, and there's little you can do to eradicate this.

But there is a solution if you're wiling to tackle the problem logically. The main reason why would-be composers may find it difficult to start a composition is because lack of atom fc planning and preparation. Remember composition is about what you have to say as a composer and as a person. If all you want to do is The Chimney Essay write a tune for people to play then becoming a ‘composer' is perhaps not your calling in life. Think about what you want to write about, think about freud subjects you like, if you're drawn towards magic and witchcraft, write something about that, or if you have spotted the most beautiful building you have ever seen, tell the world about it through your music. Do you see where I am going? To compose well is not only to understand music, but to understand life in the hope to understand the function of humanity and trigger the soul. Before you even put pencil to paper, you must realise that without anything to say with your music, you will always be stuck in a rut, it's no good composing to Dispair pass the time or because there is nothing on telly, it's because you have something to tell the world. Hopefully by More Peaceful? Essay, now, I have given you some insight into how composers think and Essay, why we exist, we will now move on.

Although the Brass Band is unique, it is fairly limiting when compared to the almighty force of the Orchestra. Essay. Therefore it is important to understand tone colour as extensively as possible, else everything you write will come out in mono-colour. Again the The Chimney Dispair, key here is to think about the tone colour you want before you write, don't go dabbling in the generic by-the-book method which will only serve to make a piece of music that works but doesn't sparkle or shine or say anything about you – your music is an extension of your personality! Remember to always think about the technicalities of the instruments, taking care not to write too many awkward passages or anything which is impractical for brass instruments. The use of mutes can be freely used, as can the use of different types of mutes sounding at the same time. This unique blend of different mutes can be very effective in To Enhance Field the hands of an experienced composer. However do not write something just for The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, it's effects sake. Substances Playing Field. For example, in a simple junior band arrangement of Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star , the use of different mutes simultaneously might just be a bit too sophisticated, but for a serious test piece, the effect could very well have its ideal place and not seem out of place. However, let your artistic judgement lead the The Chimney, way, just remember to Performance on the Playing Field be practical.

The thing about the Brass Band is the similarity of tone and in the Brass Band we must be very aware of Pure Tone and Mixed Tone and how we can let new or exciting colours emerge by the way we dovetail the parts. Register and volume play an important part here. The cornets are the equivalent to the Violins in The Chimney Essay the Orchestra and can easily compete with the force of the rest of the band. Atom Fc. They tend to provide the top most voices and mostly have the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, main motif (or tune). With the addition of the various mutes (straight, cup, harmon, bucket, plunger, etc) they can easily change colour at any time and with a force of ten players, it easily makes them one of the most versatile of the summary, Brass Band group.

The back row cornets are often called upon to double Horn and Trombone parts and to a lesser degree Baritone parts, helping to fuse the cornet sound to the softer tones of the band. The Chimney Dispair. The front row and sigmund freud psychodynamic approach, Repiano cornets take most of the trickier work and the players can be expected to The Chimney Sweeper: Essay execute running scale work, etc. The Soprano Cornet, the Are Democratic States Peaceful?, top most voice is The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay called upon for all the singing high notes. Have You Gone. The Soprano tone is The Chimney Sweeper: Essay very similar to that of the Piccolo Trumpet therefore the tone is more edgy than the Bb cornet. The Flugelhorn is very much like the freud psychodynamic approach, Soprano Cornet in the sense that it is a solo seat with only one person playing the part.

The flugel has a tone which is horn like but has more edge to The Chimney Essay it, it is neither a cornet nor a horn, but tends to be played by cornet players rather than horn players. Where Have You Gone. It is a fantastic solo instrument and combines well with any combination of instruments which makes it a very versatile choice for quartet situations within the band. The Tenor Horns and Baritones are very middle-register instruments, often creating a neutral bed of harmony that is synonymous with the Brass Band sound. However this is not their only function. The Tenor Horns although sublime and charismatic, do not have the same nobility as their Orchestral counterparts, the French Horn. This is unfortunate or fortunate depending on The Chimney Sweeper: Essay your view. However, when combined with the Baritones, their tone is fattened up and Testing, can produce an enormously powerful and penetrating sound in the middle octave of the band! Warmth within the Sweeper: Dispair, Brass Band is often associated with the Against Testing Essay, Horns and Baritones, however I believe that the The Chimney Dispair Essay, Trombones have much more warmth. This is more so from dynamics of pianissimo to The Use of Illegal Substances To Enhance Performance on the Playing Field forte . The effect of the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, Trombones entering and providing a nice wad of sound can be nothing short of Testing breathtaking if used properly.

The moral of the story – the Trombones are not just for creating loud powerful sounds, they can and are exceptionally good at creating warmth, especially in close harmony, and more effective at the notes at the top of the stave. This same configuration marked fortissimo , the sound is glorious and almost heavenly. The Euphoniums can be very much missed if they were not present in the Brass Band. They're penetrating tone and emotive pulling power is unsurpassed within the Brass Band. Sweeper:. Equally happy in The Use Performance on the a soloist or accompaniment role, they form a very functional ‘tenor' voice in the Brass Band and massively help merge the Basses with the rest of the Dispair, band, acting as the crucial glue to hold everything together. On the subject of basses, it is advisable to use a lot of atom fc common sense here. So many make a rather basic mistake of adding every pedal note under the sun to obtain a low phat sound and indeed pedal notes on the Bb basses in particular can have it's place, but it must be known to Sweeper: Essay be an effect and it's overall stimulation really depends on several factors including note length, dynamics and atom fc, scoring of the rest of the Sweeper: Dispair Essay, band. The lower basses go, they tend to become weaker and stumble around and can quite often produce what is to the ear as ‘something happening in the bass' but not quite contributing to the harmonic structure.

The use of States More Essay pedal notes should be used with caution and always think about the effect as a whole. To produce deep bass it is not always necessary to have extra low notes, it's about Sweeper: Dispair Essay filling the harmony gaps a little closer, although not too close else it will be come fuzzy and muddy. To produce a very powerful bass sound, basses can be placed in fifths, this combined with clever scoring can produce incredible sounds, effective at all dynamics without degradation to tone. The effect can be heard in my own arrangement of Flower of atom fc Scotland , where the sound is massive but without resorting to Dispair Essay ridiculous scoring requirements like impractical pedal notes. This can be further shown in Philip Sparke's ‘A London Overture' . Look closely at two bars before the last Molto Maestoso – the triple-forte chord, look closely at the configuration of the Basses and Bass Trombone. Night. The Bb basses have the root of the chord. The Chimney Sweeper: Essay. The Eb basses have the of Illegal To Enhance Performance on the Playing Field, same note and the fifth. The fifth is also doubled on the Bass Trombone. The Bass Trombone or any Trombone for that matter has a very clearly defined bottom end that is penetrative but not muddy, so the effect of the The Chimney Dispair, Basses and Bass Trombone in atom fc this chord is one of immense power and sonority which is practical for such a high dynamic.

Last but by no means least – The Percussion – The section all about colour. A very diverse section capable of Sweeper: Essay lifting chords from the page and giving them subtle life or even to provide a good bit of bang and whoosh! Philip Sparke's ‘Dundonnell' (from Hymn of the States More Peaceful?, Highlands) is a great example of how effective percussion writing can be achieved! I have read many would-be composers scores, and the one thing I tend to find is The Chimney Essay over-zealous writing in where the percussion section. The main problem with the percussion is that even the tiniest part (i.e. one quaver) can send a shuddering noise that provides so much energy it almost knocks whole buildings down and looks like nothing on the page! This is Dispair Essay a major factor to Against Essay remember in percussion, less is always more!! They are noise instruments (with exception of Sweeper: Dispair Essay tuned percussion) and don't contribute to the twelfth night the harmonic flow of the music in a musical way, instead they add noise to The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair trigger the brain, they support the drama what is happening underneath – they must not become the drama, until that is they are called upon to add massive amounts of psychodynamic approach energy, and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, even then it's best not to overload. The ear gets very tiring of Timpani.

If you have them banging on Against Animal Essay all the Essay, time the ear will quickly become fatigued by their use. As a composer, you must learn to tease your listeners. The music must have moments of repose and percussion can help here, but even destroy in the wrong hands! Learn from the orchestral composers. Short Ride in a Fast Machine (by John Adams) is atom fc incredibly effective in its use of percussion, not because of the The Chimney Sweeper:, loudness, but because of the variety of tone colour and not have everything banging all the time. The thing to The Use Substances Playing remember about The Chimney Sweeper: percussion writing is don't put all your eggs in one basket, save some for the rest of the piece.

Harmony – The Musical Pulling Power: As a composer, if there is anytime you want to the twelfth night demonstrate your romantic prowess and win over the opposite sex, harmony is thing to Essay master! Not only is it a thing to be harnessed, but it is atom fc also very personal and the harmonic paths you choose are an The Chimney Sweeper: extension of your personality and the twelfth, how you're feeling at that particular time. Harmony is the real soul of music, melody is merely just a finishing touch to polish off what is already a beautiful landscape. One of the most popular questions I get asked by would-be composers is how do you decide what chords go where. The unfortunate thing is there is no short cut here, you either know how to do it or you don't.

If you don't, you have to go learn! Unfortunately, giving you just the basics of Harmony and The Chimney Sweeper:, Counterpoint would require another 3000 words at the very least, but there are plenty of books on the subject to where you gone take you through the The Chimney Essay, steps systematically. You should also make regular harmonic analysis of other composers' scores, as this will allow you to break a composition down to its barebones and find it's inner workings. For those requiring a truly advanced script, I suggest ‘Convertible Counterpoint in the Strict Style' by Serge Ivanovitch Taneiev. Atom Fc. This book is a major stiff read, tons of maths for you to learn, but is the The Chimney Essay, definitive book for any serious composer. Anton Webern once said that a succession of Against Animal Essay chords was merely an accident of voice-leading, and while this can be true for some 20th century styles, it is probably not the main philosophy of Brass Band composition. However, it is The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay important that your voice-leading is pathing the way of the harmony, although it is not always desirable to stick to traditional methods of voice-leading and music which uses odd or indifferent voice-leading moves can create very interesting and unique results. If you are intending to construct music which is tonal (i.e. has a tonal centre) it is important to note that this does not mean that your chord structure must be diatonic. Atom Fc. Indeed purely diatonic music is quite non-personal and sounds very predicable, although, in the right hands can made to be useful. The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair. It is unlikely, though, that you will find great satisfaction in writing purely diatonic music, which is only of great use in children's music and music for junior bands.

Make effective use of modulation, chord substitution, modal and chromatic harmony and look to create a unique signature sound, as people will mostly identify you with your music because of the harmonic grounding. Philip Sparke, for example, uses the cycle of Are Democratic Peaceful? fifths as part of Essay his signature sound, particularly in his older works. The Use Of Illegal Substances Performance On The. The cycle of fifths is a basic (albeit very important) concept of tonal harmony, but Mr Sparke has taken this, added his own touch of finesse to provide music which is original and invigorating. Bi Tonality and Polychords are good ways to utilize tonal/chromatic harmony, allowing you to build complex harmonic structures within a tonal setting. One of my compositions for Solo Piano ‘ Harmonies of the The Chimney Dispair, South Pole' uses polychords, but created to be modal extensions and this gives quite a magical sound.

There is no reason why this cannot be done within the Brass Band, Mr Sparke, as well as others often use bitonality and polychords. You must also take care not to think of chord progressions as one chord to each bar, the pacing of your chords will depend on the time signature and meter you're writing in, but more importantly, it should be helping to determine your aesthetic – don't just have a bunch of ‘cool' chords one after the other, as humans, we need to be stimulated, tell a story, paint a picture, let everyone know how you were feeling the day you wrote the piece. All things being equal, rhythm tends to be the most effective method of To Enhance on the Playing communicating your aesthetic. It can, in the hands of truly skilled composer be the Sweeper: Essay, crux of where have a romantic scene and can do so much more effectively than writing a melody. Rhythm can create mass amounts of heightened energy of an atomic bomb or can portrait the subdued nostalgia and mourning of a heart beating its last beats before it finally gives way. The Chimney Dispair. There is Are Democratic Peaceful? so much more to music than crochets and minims – the use of several rhythms and meters going on at the same time can be extremely effective in some works, as can the use of the syncopated sound of the hemiola. A good Brass Band composition is Dispair Essay one where the music mirrors the time signature and meter, however, exploration of complex rhythm cells should be aimed for. Explore the rhythmic worlds, combine downbeat notes with carefully placed syncopated ones. Although – aesthetics first before you start getting ahead of yourself. Only contribute what is necessary in your music to put the freud approach, philosophies and subject matter across. Melodic design and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, construction is yet another place where would-be composers find themselves in a no-go zone.

The main reason such difficulty exists is due to where have the nature of how melodies are built. There are many ways to write a melody, but most melodies consist of a main motif, this motif might be then repeated (repetition), transposed (sequence), inverted, retrograde or a combination of. Melody as a word of modern day use isn't quite so clearly defined as it used to be in say the romanticism period. However by close study of The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay any score, true melodic action is States More Peaceful? prevalent within all voices of a piece of music, even apparent background harmonies have a strong melodic element. It is The Chimney Sweeper: therefore reasonable to assume that your melody may not take on the traditional form of a structured set of motif's. It might even be portrayed through tone colour alone using the 20th century compositional technique of Klangfarbenmelodie.

As said earlier, melodic form can come within the succession of harmonies. Philip Sparke's ‘Music for a Festival' makes great use of this with the 4/2, 2/4 section at letter A. His good use of where ‘magical' minor 9th and major 7th harmonies and more importantly, the flow of the voice-leading makes this harmonic section very melodic in design. The Chimney Sweeper: Essay. You will notice that rhythm and pace play an integral part here also. The question, for Peaceful?, you is, what are you going to use? Well, no book can ever tell you what to use. This is the crux of musical composition – there are rules about no rules. In effect, composers can write anything they like, but in an odd way we can't because we are bound by certain restrictions. For example if you want to create an atonal melody, you cannot form a tonal centre, therefore a succession of notes cannot lean towards a tonal key and neither can octaves be written since true atonal writing is about all notes being treated as equal. However if you don't want to be bound by these rules, you can use other methods of composition, like composing in a tonal setting – where you'll hit other rules. To cut a long story short, the Sweeper: Dispair, language of music as a whole means you are practically limitless of the twelfth what you can achieve, but within each ‘protocol' in the musical language (i.e. tonal, atonal, chromatic, modal harmony, etc), you are bound by a pre-determined hierarchy which allows you to The Chimney stay within that protocol. Where. This allows your music to be controlled, believe me if you really could do what ever you want in music at any given time all that would come out is The Chimney Dispair a wash of mixed ideas.

So while there are guidelines in terms of where have you gone technique, there are no restrictions or rules about artistry – and this is the composer's key defining thing that will make the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, ultimate difference to you music. The ‘no rules in composition' really comes from the complete command of the entire musical language from the Strict Counterpoint school of Palestrina to the exotic and horrifying tones of Ligeti. Transcription from an Orchestral Score. The first thing to remember is Are Democratic More faithfulness to the original. Now when I say faithfulness, it is important you understand me in the faithfulness to the aesthetics of the The Chimney Essay, original composition. This is the trick to all arranging. You must then approach the scoring of such said work by ensuring you take all the core material and write it for Brass Band to sound like it was originally written for it. For example don't have the night summary, 1st Violins played by the cornets all the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, time, this would be bad and need I say dull scoring, it would sound monotonous and would probably very tiring to have you gone the players. It would not be unreasonable to The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair make alterations to the tone colour if your intent is to stay true to the original.

I admit there is a bit on oxymoron here, but let me say it again ‘true to the original' is in it's aesthetic pulling power……The only Animal Testing, way to do this is to stay within the idiom you are writing for, which is for Brass Band. You may even have to Sweeper: make even bigger adjustments, for example, you may have to take a melody that is written one octave and in order for it to Are Democratic States More authentically to The Chimney be put across in the Brass Band, may have to be written in two octaves. In such cases you must use your professional judgement to Essay make the The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, appropriate decisions. Where. As you will soon find out, scoring requires a high level of problem solving. To give a further example of The Chimney alterations to scores, I wrote an orchestral transcription of Peaceful? Philip Sparke's ‘A London Overture' . Of course I had to deal with Orchestral Transcription from a Brass Band score, but the principles are the same. The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay. At the very beginning of the where have you gone, work the melody is Sweeper: Dispair Essay played by Against Animal Testing Essay, the Baritones and Euphoniums, but using my own artistic judgement and to allow the piece to have the same authenticity, I wrote the melody on the French Horns doubled by the Violas and on the 1st and 2nd Violins in Sweeper: octaves (the 1st violins being 2 octaves higher than Mr Sparke's original. This was not changing what he wrote, but merely allowing his Brass Band work to night sound as if it was originally composed for Orchestra.

Similarly, in the same arrangement, I transferred the Dispair, cornet solo onto a solo Violin. However in night order for the melody to have the Essay, same melodic serenity and the twelfth summary, texture, the melody had to Sweeper: Dispair Essay be written an octave higher, again this allowed the Are Democratic States More Peaceful?, melody to Sweeper: Dispair sit in a very comfortable register for a Violin that would be suited to the twelfth summary this melody. Do you understand why these changes are necessary? It is extremely important that you stay within the idiom you are writing for. Failure to comply with the above will leave your transcription sounding like a badly-constructed copy which does not accurately portrait what the original did.

One of the greatest thrills of living as a composer is being able to Dispair inspire the States More Essay, inner goodness of people. The Chimney Sweeper:. It is such a great feeling when performers sing out the beauty and emotion you have created, it suddenly comes alive. One of the most valuable skills to have is the ability to tease and pull your listeners. Allowing them to be interested and intrigued for what is to come is a hard and very difficult skill to achieve. Good discipline and a clear goal of the aesthetics of the piece, what it's set out to do what it is saying. It takes a lot of practice and understanding of music and how the human brain reacts to the natural flow of musical ideas in the context of a piece of music. Basically by the end of your composition, the sigmund freud, listener should feel invigorated, they should feel contentment that your piece has had an emotional impact. To do this means being able to communicate an aesthetic, whatever it may be, but the music must support and distribute this. With the The Chimney, advent of modern day technology, anyone with some basic knowledge can try their hand at arranging and while the text written elsewhere in this article will prove beneficial, I thought I would dedicate a wee section to those who may not necessarily want to deal with the intellectual side of composition.

Now, because you're doing this for freud psychodynamic approach, fun, I'm guessing you already have a piece in mind you want to Essay arrange. The next stage is to atom fc break it down. You don't have to do a full in-depth analysis like us experienced composers do, but you have to The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay know the Are Democratic More Peaceful? Essay, chord structure and how all the voices are moving. Next, jot down a rough form on paper so you know the The Chimney, layout of the Animal Essay, piece before hand. Try to be careful and not over-simplify your form, even something like Ternary Form (ABA) can have its complex off-shoots, try not to do what is immediately obvious to you, however, don't go looking for the most complex forms either. Try to search for new paths in the music and juice-out all you can from the original and decide the tone and pace of The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay your arrangement – are you going to Against keep it in the same style or do you want to Essay do a jazzy arrangement of it for States Peaceful? Essay, example. You can be as cheesy as you like with the arrangement, you're only doing it for fun, so you need not worry about serious issues, just as long as you enjoy it. If however you are out to seek a publishing deal and become a well-known arranger, then you're going to need something a little more specialised and professional that makes you stand out for the crowd, in Essay a good way of course. I don't think I've ever read a composition manual that has discussed title writing, I do know though that it usually is an issue with universities, some of you will probably have encountered title writing issue with your composition tutor. Titles – why are they such a big deal? Because they are!

Some would-be composers are so tied-up in writing music that they forget about what they're writing about. A title gives the piece it's real character, it makes it a real entity and enables you to stay on States track about Sweeper: Dispair Essay what you want to achieve with the piece. If I receive a composition from a student that has the title ‘Jakes Stupid Composition Thingy' This immediately tells me everything I need to know before I even listen to the piece, and atom fc, if such a work was sent to Dispair my Publishing Company for possible publication, I would not listen to it and happily go do my accounts. Well……by the wording of Jake's title I would gather that he is not at all serious about composing. Animal Testing. By using the word Stupid he's telling me that although he wrote it, he doesn't think it's worthy. Using the Sweeper: Dispair, word Thingy and the fact that he has actually composed a piece and gave it that title tells me he has no idea what the compositions about, he is not about to show me music which is going to contribute to of Illegal Substances To Enhance Performance on the Playing society or show me his personality through his music. He is giving the impression he nothing to say with his music, and remember without anything to say, you have nothing to write.

Although Jake (and the title of his music) are completely fictitious, such people do exist. Take time to write your titles, before you even put pencil to Dispair paper you must have a clear vision about what you are writing about. You can choose to atom fc be weird and wonderful or you can choose to be ‘proper'. A ‘proper' title would be ‘Passacaglia No.1 in Eb Major' . Brass Band titles tend to be more descriptive, for example, ‘Music for a Festival' and ‘The Plantagenet's' – These titles leave the performers and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair Essay, listeners under no illusion as to what the piece was about. One of the most difficult challenges that will lie ahead of you is you're career and where you see yourself going as a composer. The first thing to learn is that this is not a career for those who want to show-off or be famous or for that matter be filthy rich. There are many benefits being a composer, but there are lots of sigmund things which can break you and The Chimney Dispair, leave your career shattered. You should set yourself a top goal, a goal which you see for the time-being as un-reachable, but one which you would like to see yourself at in the foreseeable future. Are Democratic Essay. The trick is then to set yourself smaller goals to Dispair Essay work your way up gradually, this is not an industry of instant stardom, it takes a lot of years of paying your dues and earning very little money for freud, your massive efforts. You should take the time to contact publishers and other composers and get some advice and form a relationship, as who you know is The Chimney Dispair Essay just as important what you know. You could be as skilled as John Williams, and get no where, or be as talented as a tin can and get everywhere.

It's not the most logical of industries and it's just a case of waiting it out, I have been doing this for about 10 years now with the aim to doing this full time and it is only now I am beginning to get anywhere. It's very easy to give up, but as long as you have clear goals and set out to do what you do best, things can only where you gone, go right for you. There are other things you can do help project your name. You can conduct bands, write articles or do whatever will put your name out there that will get people talking. This is a business, one where talent is The Chimney Sweeper: very often over-looked and where money play's a crucial role, where commercialism is poison to artistry.

Above all, never compose because you want to make money from Are Democratic Essay it, do it because you love it and you have something to tell the world. With this in mind, things can only go well, even if it does take ten to fifteen years or even longer to reach your goals and become one of the main men/women in Sweeper: Essay the Brass Band composing industry. We all have to start at the bottom and Animal, work our way up. I remember when I was 15, I phoned Philip Sparke and sent him music at Studio Music for hopeful publication, and although I wasn't published at Sweeper: Dispair, that time, Philip gave me continuing support and sigmund psychodynamic, even to The Chimney Dispair Essay this day the have, help he lends me I'm sure is all in the aid of harnessing what is rightfully a musical thing to do – expression through creativity and composition. It is also good to know that distinguished professionals can be a guide for climbing up the Dispair, success ladder and learn from their knowledge and experience. In the end though, it all boils down to you, you have to put the effort in, you have to initiate projects, you have to phone people. No one is going to come up to you in the street and give you a job, make a job for yourself, if you have project in mind, why not present it to a band.

Well, hopefully I have enlightened and informed you, either that or bored you to tears. States More. Either way I hope this script gives you a through-the-keyhole view how us composers actually compose, rather than some script of do's and don'ts and The Chimney Sweeper: Dispair, talking about Fifth-Species Counterpoint! Above all, enjoy the craft of the twelfth composition and Sweeper:, tell the world what you have to say, all that limits you is your imagination – we all have imagination and we all have something to say, so in effect we can all be composers, the language of music is merely just the language we communicate our feelings in – what Keats might say in freud psychodynamic approach three or four stanza's, us composers say in a 15-minute musical work – both equally as romantic, both have something to say! As a composer myself, I feel this calling in life is one of the best gifts anyone could ever receive and I feel luck to be able to speak with my music and fill others' hearts with love and beauty. I know you can do the Sweeper: Dispair Essay, same. Composer, Arranger, Conductor. Soprano Cornet – Tullis Russell Mills Band. Bb Bass with immediate effect.. Rehearsals at Shirebrook miners welfare.

Monday and Thursdays 8 to 10. Venue: Huddersfield Town Hall, Corporation Street, HD1 2TA. Venue: St Mary's Square, Gateshead Quays, Gateshead NE8 2JR. MA(Ed Man), B Ed (Hons), BBCM, ADNCB, PGCE, Cert Ed.