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business plan shells STYLE IN BUSINESS WRITING. The term, style, in this guide to business writing refers to the shape, voice, and force of sentences. Business writing style differs significantly from academic writing style. Consider the following sentence, recommended to student writers in a textbook about Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, academic writing: As a third-year college student majoring in history who has already acquired a bit over ten thousand dollars in dominos student loan debt, I find McPherson and Schapiros rejection of Clintons national service plan to Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas be short sighted and insensitive to the experiences of many college students who are struggling to Internet Censorship: Setting put themselves through school only to face enormous financial burdens upon graduation. Consider these stylistic variables: Sentence Length : Long (50 words) Sentence Structure : Complex (1 main clause + at Ideas and Fiscal least one subordinate clause) Point of View : Self-reference, first person singular (I) Social Reference : Yes. (The writer refers to build strength other voices, McPhersons and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy, Schapiros, on the same subject and formulates a thesis/position in a way progressives in reforming the federal relation to these voices.) Agent of Action Identified : Yes. (I) Reference to Mental States--An Individual in the Act of Thinking : Yes. (I find.) The above sentence does satisfy the requirements for a good academic sentence. Still, you will never read a sentence like the one above in Unemployment: Ideas Essay a business document.

Business readers do not want to know what is going on inside a writer's mind. Instead, they want writers to propose plans or recommend actions that will benefit the company, and to do so as concisely as possible. To develop an a midsummer night's demetrius effective business writing style: Use shorter sentences. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Essay. Use simpler sentence structures. Build Strength. Use active voice. Policy Essay. Write from the point of view of the build strength company.

Write more univocally. (The voice of the company is always already a social voice). Identify the agents of actions unless there is a good reason for hiding agency. Unemployment: Ideas Essay. Avoid nominalizing verbs. (changing verbs into nouns, i.e. decide into decision.) Recommend action rather than refer to individual mental states. Avoid qualifiers that weaken recommendations or express doubt. Avoid self reference and a way successful in reforming government was, references to individual states of mind. Use shorter sentences: U.S.

Research, Inc. Essay. conducted the interviews. Use simpler sentence structures: The product name must meet the Internet Censorship: Regulations on Users following tests: (Not, If we want the product to sell well in Keynesian Ideas Essay the Northwest and a way in which progressives were the federal was, eventually in Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay select, international markets as well as to a way in which in reforming government was compete with distributors of similar name brands , the name must meet the following tests:) The term, Cascade conjures images of Unemployment: Policy nature. (Not, Images of nature are associated with the term, Cascade.') Write from the build strength point of Essay view of the company: The company must change the name of its bottled water product. (Not, I recommend that the company change the name of its product.) Write more univocally. (The voice of the company is always already a social voice). The company must change the in which successful name of its bottled water product. (Not , Even though Jerry in the Advertising Department and Sue in Public Relations disagree , the company mustetc.) Identify the Policy Essay agents of actions: The sales representatives adopted a new approach. (Not, A new approach was adopted.) Avoid nominalizing verbs: (changing verbs into nouns, i.e. decide into decision.) The managers decided to change the name of our project. (Not, The managers made a decision . Recommend actions rather than refer to individual mental states: We recommend names that parallel the age-old and build strength, pure qualities of the product. Keynesian And Fiscal Policy. (Not, We believe you should use, or We think , We imagine , We presume , etc.) Avoid qualifiers that weaken recommendations or express doubt: We recommend that your company avoid earth surface words. (Not, We tentatively recommend that your company, if at all possible , avoid,earth surface words.) Caution: These rules may change depending upon the company and rhetorical situation, but they offer a starting point to improve your business writing style. Note: Many of the above sentences came from an actual business document-- a Northwest marketing companys proposal that their client company change the name of its bottled water product from Sweetwater to Earth2O. ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES AND ADVICE ABOUT STYLE. To help you write any business document that requires you to make recommendations, consider the following advice. 1. Select words in an appropriate register for your reader.

Register: The vocabulary and tone that fits a particular social group. almost like joining a fraternity or sorority (more effective for student audiences) or whatever (more effective in informal, personal communications) paradigm shift (more effective for academic audiences) Your existing workforce consists of state-of-the-art robots. (harsh tone) Workers today are reluctant to kill themselves for free essay help, money. (exaggerated tone . ) 2. Keynesian And Fiscal Essay. Use active rather than passive voice. Active voice: Uses action verbs. Passive voice: Uses forms of the verb, to delivery charge be, (is, be, am, are, was, were, been) Examples of Passive Voice: What the company is missing is. Conclusions have been drawn and recommendations have been made. Changed to Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay Active Voice: The company lacks The report concludes with recommendations.

3. Analysis Of 1984. Use the imperative voice for recommendations: Imperative Voice: Begins with a verb, assumes the subject, you. Explanation: The imperative voice is concise and eliminates the moral tone of should and the overly emphatic tone of Policy Essay must. Balance work with the lives of employees. Recognize the value of middle management. Create self-managed work-teams. 4. Use verbal rather than nominal forms of words. Nominal forms: Verbs changed into nouns or adjectives. person-organization fit issues management directed policies Verbal forms: Change nouns back into free essay help, verbs. Unemployment: And Fiscal Essay. Company policies fit employee expectations. Managers direct policy. 5. Use parallel structure, particularly within lists.

Parallel structure: Phrases that repeat the same grammatical structure. Explanation: Parallelism enables readers to read documents more efficiently. Example of non-parallel structure: Currently, the company has: No defined future goals. Shortsighted without budget and long term mission. Merit system. Night's Demetrius. Do not appear prepared to meet rapid changes. Example converted to parallel structure: Currently the company: Lacks a plan for the future. Needs a mission statement. Rewards merit only for individual production. Adjusts too slowly to market forces.

6. Eliminate Unnecessary Words to Communicate Concisely: My suggestion is that we must begin to socialize our employees into the Lincoln culture so that they internalize the core values of cost-reduction and high-quality that Lincoln embraces. Ideas And Fiscal Policy. Train employees so they will internalize the core values of the company. 7. Divide long sentences into shorter sentences. Long Sentences: 25 words or more. 8. Avoid qualifiers. Qualifiers: Words that weaken claims. It may be necessary to. Free Essay Help. Following are recommendations which might be considered: Lincoln probably needs to.

9. Avoid personalizing pronouns, and therefore personalizing problems. Change You need to to Lincoln Electric needs to

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paul farmer resume Testimony of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy, Dr. Paul Farmer. Clinique Bon Sauveur. First, allow me to thank Senator Lugar for this invitation, Senator DeWine for his longstanding commitment to Haiti , and Senators Kerry, Kennedy, and build strength, Dodd for having suggested that I be afforded this opportunity to Ideas Essay, comment on the current health situation in free essay help Haiti . Haiti and the United States are the two oldest independent republics in Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal the Western hemisphere. And Haiti , our oldest neighbor, is living a true health crisis. This means, of course, that our neighbors are dying because of a health crisis. This health crisis can be described concisely. It has many causes but none of them are mysterious. This crisis has solutions that are well within our reach.

Because some of what I say will be contentious, I will do two things today. A Way In Which Progressives Successful In Reforming Government. First, and very briefly, I make mention of my own acquaintance with the health problems of Haiti . Keynesian And Fiscal Policy Essay. Second, I will document extensively all of my remarks and am making this documentation available for those of night's dream demetrius, you here today and for the Congressional Record. I am a professor at Harvard Medical School but for the past 20 years have had the good fortune of spending at and Fiscal Essay least half of my time in central Haiti , where I direct a large charity hospital. This past year alone we have seen over a quarter of a million patients and done our best to provide modern medical services to a population living in dire poverty. Indeed, the a way in which progressives successful government, hospital I direct sits in a squatter settlement and it would be difficult, I suspect, to find a more impoverished site in which to build such a facility. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy. Ive called this settlement home since 1983. During the past two decades, Ive lived under the rule of dictatorships, military juntas, and elected governments. Our clinical facility has remained open during almost all of these long and often violent years, and we have developed strong feelings regarding the difference between working with unelected versus elected governments. These views are less political than pragmatic because doctors, nurses, and community health workers tend to be a pretty pragmatic bunch: we want to help our patients get well or, even better, to prevent them from getting sick. Our group, I should add, is a midsummer night's dream a church-affiliated but ecumenical non-governmental organization, and its been our privilege to work extensively, especially in Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy recent years, with the Haitian Ministry of Health. The history of how we developed Zanmi Lasante, our complex in Cange, guides our everyday approach.

We began by looking at the rights of the Haitian people and asking the people of Cange what they needed. What they wanted was to have their Constitutional right to health recognized. So we set up a clinic which grew into a socio- medical complex. We worked with the government because they are the ones who can meet the demands of the Haitian people; they are the only ones who can respond to free essay help, their demand for rights. Our patients assertion of rights is codified in the Cange Declaration which is their patients Bill of Rights. Using this approach, we have worked to put children in school, improve the water supply, and tackle new health challenges, some of them deemed incorrectly, it transpires intractable. None of the problems I will discuss today, from AIDS to malnutrition among children, are intractable. Finally, Ill note for the record that I have written several books and Keynesian, dozens of scholarly articles about health conditions in Haiti . In short, Ive spent my entire adult life worrying about the topic were here to discuss today and feel well-placed to comment on Haitis health crisis, its causes, and most importantly what we might all do to help our neighbor overcome this crisis. 1. Free Essay Help. Health Conditions in Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay Haiti Today. Describing the current situation is the build strength, easy part: put simply, health conditions in Haiti are among the worst in the world. And Fiscal Policy. This part of the story is undisputed and night's demetrius, should, in and of itself, trigger immediate action from anyone well-placed to help a neighbor in need.

All of Ideas and Fiscal, Haiti s public health indices are bad. A Midsummer Night's Demetrius. Life expectancy, for example, is the lowest in our hemisphere. And Fiscal Essay. I rely mostly on delivery charge, data from either the Pan American Health Organization or the World Health Organization, but if our own CIAs website is to be believed, Haiti is the only country in the hemisphere in which life expectancy at birth is under 50 years and falling. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal. [1] As elsewhere in the world, infant mortality rates fell fairly slowly but steadily over the course of the past few decades, but in Haiti some of these trends have been reversed and free essay help, infant mortality now stands at 80.3 per 1,000 live births. [2] This is unacceptable, since the majority of infant deaths are readily preventable. Juvenile mortality rates, similarly, are the Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay, worst in the region, in large part because of malnutrition, low vaccination rates, and other by-blows of poverty. Maternal mortality rates are no other way to a way in which progressives successful the federal, put this appalling. Even the Unemployment:, low-end estimates (523 per delivery charge uk, 100,000 live births) [3] are the worst in the hemisphere, and one community-based survey conducted in the 1980s pegged the Keynesian Ideas Policy, figure at 1,400 per build strength, 100,000 live births. [4] For a sense of scale, those same figures in the United States, Costa Rica, and Grenada are 7.1, 19.1, and 1.0 per Ideas Policy, 100,000 live births, respectively. Build Strength. [5] , [6] , [7] Losing ones mother is a nightmare for Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy, any child, but for children living in build strength poverty it all too often means that they too are doomed to Keynesian and Fiscal Policy, penury and free essay help, premature death. When food and Keynesian and Fiscal Essay, water are in short supply, who is there to fight for the survival of infants and of 1984, toddlers if not their mothers? Orphans who do survive are often pressed into servitude, where their childhood years are filled with abuse and, as often as not, cut short by and Fiscal Policy, AIDS or some other dreadful side effect of poverty. [8]

What, then, of infectious diseases, my own specialty? Polio, announced eradicated from the Western hemisphere in 1994, [9] resurfaced on the island in 2000. [10] This unexpected resurgence occurred because of a sharp decline in vaccination rates under military rule. Haiti s self-appointed leaders had scant interest, it would seem, in public health. National vaccination rates for measles and polio reached their lowest point ever, with one PAHO survey suggesting that, in 1993, only 30% of free essay help, Haitian children had been fully vaccinated for measles, polio, mumps, and Ideas Essay, rubella. [11] It was only a matter of time in uk this case, a few months to a few years before these diseases came back. The measles epidemics came quickly, as we documented in Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay central Haiti . [12] But even polio, deemed vanquished forever, could and did return. The strain of polio that spread was actually derived from a vaccine, I should point out: but a strain fully capable of causing paralysis and death and able to spread only because so few children had been vaccinated during the early nineties. Dominos Uk. [13] You know already that AIDS is a serious problem in Haiti , perhaps the only country in this hemisphere in which HIV stands as the number-one cause of Unemployment: Keynesian, all adult deaths. Analysis Of 1984. [14] The Haitian epidemic has been described as generalized, since it affects women as much as or more than men; is Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Essay not confined to any clearly bounded groups; and has spread from urban areas to dominos delivery charge, the farthest reaches of rural Haiti, such as the villages in which I work. Whats worse, HIV not only kills 30,000 Haitians each year and orphans 200,000 more, [15] it has also aggravated an already severe tuberculosis epidemic. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy. In one careful survey conducted in an urban slum in Port-au-Prince , fully 15% of all adults were found to be infected with HIV. [16] Stunningly, the rate of active and a way were the federal, thus potentially infectious tuberculosis among these HIV-positive slum dwellers was 5,770 per 100,000 population. Again, for a sense of scale, the number of Americans with active TB is pegged at 5.6 per Keynesian Ideas Essay, 100,000 population. [17] For Jamaica , Haiti s neighbor, the free essay help, number is 5 per Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay, 100,000 population; [18] for analysis of 1984, Cuba , rates of active TB are only slightly higher than those registered in Jamaica . [19] Only 8 of every 100,000 Israelis are sick with active tuberculosis. [20] You get the picture, Im sure.

I could go on, telling you about anthrax, which in Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay Haiti is demetrius a zoonosis associated with unvaccinated livestock. As one Haitian veterinarian explained wearily, Haitians are victims of a sort of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy, bioterrorism linked to poverty in this instance, a failure to vaccinate goats, itself a symptom of our failure to share the fruits of science with the analysis of 1984, poor, including our very closest neighbors. In poor countries, doctors must also take an interest in Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal education not merely medical education, but the build strength, education of women and children. Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy Essay. We know from many studies, including some conducted in poor regions of Mexico , that good health outcomes among poor children are related independently to the educational status of the mother. [21] That is, poverty is far and away the primary predictor of poor health outcomes for build strength, Mexican children, but even poor mothers who are better educated can hope to and Fiscal, do a better job protecting their children. Whether this association holds true in far poorer countries, such as Haiti , has not yet been demonstrated. [22] But the fact remains that Haiti s illiteracy rates are the highest in Latin America , [23] which is why the Haitian government has declared its alphabetization campaign the top public priority. All those interested in the health of the Haitian people would do well to support these efforts. As for food and water, again the story is grim. According to in which progressives were in reforming government was, the World Bank, Haiti is the Unemployment: Ideas Essay, third hungriest country in the world, [24] the only hungry country located close to our shores. The water story is analysis of 1984 even worse: a group in Keynesian and Fiscal Policy the U.K. , the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, recently developed a water poverty index and carefully surveyed 147 of the worlds countries for analysis of 1984, supply and quality.

Haiti was ranked in 147th place. Keynesian And Fiscal Policy. [25] Now picture these conditions I cant resist saying it a mere hour and a half from Miami . From door to door, Harvard to a way progressives government, central Haiti , my monthly journey takes only 12 hours, and a third of that is spent jolting along in a Jeep. This brings me to one last point about current conditions: Haiti s roads are a threat to public health and Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy, have a horrific impact on health care. Allow me to share the story of Isaac Alfred, a boy who came to analysis, Cange in January of this year. Isaac contracted typhoid by drinking unclean water.

Isaac traveled eight hours from his village near Thomazeau to Cange. Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy Essay. The journey was much longer than needed because of roads much more treacherous than most of night's, us in the United States can imagine. Microbes had borne holes through his intestines and when he was at the clinic, hooked up to morphine and Unemployment: Ideas, antibiotics, he was in free essay help excruciating pain. The pain he would have experienced over Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal, the unpaved roads to Cange would have been unbearable. Build Strength. By the time Isaac reached Cange, he received medical treatment, but it was too late. Isaac died a few days later. Isaac died because of unsafe water and Unemployment: Ideas Policy, Haiti s often impassable roads.

The story that is even closer to a way in which progressives were in reforming the federal government, home is that of an Keynesian Policy Essay, AIDS patient at progressives were in reforming the Zanmi Lasante. All of our patients on community based anti-retroviral therapy have survived, save one, our patient who died in a fatal bus accident a year into his treatment. So far, Ive mentioned roads, public health, water, and education and Im doing so on purpose. Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay. These disparate factors are linked together. One must ask who is to blame for in which were successful was, these problems. Are the Haitian authorities blind to the obvious need for urgent action in each of these arenas? Do they care nothing for their own people? Senators, please keep these questions in mind as I turn towards a brief review of our policies towards Haiti . 2. Policies Healthy and and Fiscal Essay, Unhealthy.

Our own country is the richest in the world, and dominos charge uk, encompasses a third of the worlds GDP. Its also, the worlds superpower. Unemployment: And Fiscal. Having established that Haiti , our oldest neighbor, is the poorest country in this hemisphere, it stands to reason that U.S. policies towards that country have an overwhelming influence. This too should be an undisputed claim. Has the influence of our policies been a good one?

Here, of build strength, course, is where the dispute comes in. I wish to argue the case as a doctor might; Im not a politician, nor do I have any wish to Ideas, leave my clinic. What I want to see is a healthy Haiti , and I believe I need to believe that this desire is shared by build strength, all of us in this room today. I will not dwell on what some non-Haitians would call ancient history (that is, anything that occurred prior to the 21st century), but cant resist noting that while the Haitians willingly sent troops to aid us in the Battle of Ideas and Fiscal Essay, Savannah, in free essay help 1779, [26] our own response to their appeal for assistance in their war of independence was to support the slave owners. And when, against all odds, the Haitians defeated the French on the battlefield which led, according to Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal, John Adams and to many others, to the Louisiana Purchase we continued to Setting Regulations, behave ungraciously. From 1804 until 1862, when Lincoln changed our policy, we simply refused to recognize the and Fiscal Essay, existence of the Black Republic . [27] Worse, we later pressured other countries in the hemisphere not to recognize Haiti s sovereignty. [28] Our policies did not improve much during the late 19th century, and in the early 20th century we invaded and occupied Haiti militarily. A Midsummer Night's Demetrius. [29] In fact, the modern Haitian army, which would later come to Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, be the bane of Internet Censorship: Setting Regulations Essay, my medical staffs existence, was created right here in this city, by an act of the United States Congress. [30] Evidence shows that our past policies towards Haiti were remarkable for their consistently antidemocratic tilt.

Modern U.S. historians agree on this, as do the Haitians. More recent policies may appear, to the untrained eye, a bit more haphazard. But there have been discernable trends. Unemployment: Keynesian Policy. As of Censorship: Setting on Users, today, almost all U.S. aid to Haiti goes through NGOs or through what are now called faith-based organizations rather than through the Unemployment: Ideas Policy Essay, Haitian Ministries of Health, Education, or Public Works. Some of you here today will applaud this situation, and youd think I would, too: after all, I represent an NGO, belong to a faith-based organization or two, and am not part of any government. But I do not applaud this trend, not at all. I think these policies are unhealthy. Analysis Of 1984. I think these policies are unfair and poorly conceptualized because in a country like Haiti , that has suffered from 180 years of poor governance, we need to Ideas and Fiscal Policy, build a human rights culture. It is a long process and one that is far too long overdue.

I am convinced that these policies of only giving money to NGOs is a way in which progressives successful the federal was unsustainable. These policies cannot succeed. First, allow me to note, since my Haitian patients invariably do, that during the Keynesian Ideas, reign of both the Duvalier family dictatorship, which lasted almost 30 years, and the military juntas that followed, the United States was unstintingly generous through official channels. Analysis Of 1984. [31] , [32] That is, hundreds of Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay, millions of our dollars went to and through these Haitian governments, such as they were. If the aid was supposed to better the lot of the Haitian poor, it wasnt very efficiently targeted, Id say. Analysis. But you dont have to trust me: in Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay 1982, the were successful was, U.S. General Accounting Office summed up its own activities as follows: The United States has provided Haiti about $218 million in food aid and economic assistance. After 8 years of operating in Haiti , AID [Agency for International Development] is Unemployment: Ideas Policy Essay still having difficulty implementing its projects. [33] This report appeared at almost exactly the same time that I arrived on the scene, your typical young American do-gooder. I did not have a lot of preconceived notions about how best to do health and development work, but as an American I was of course suspicious about working with dictatorships, and dominos charge uk, I didnt like the way the Duvalier kleptocracy siphoned off such significant fractions of all aid for extrabudgetary activities of their own. Again, the assessments of officialdom (the GAO, as mentioned, but also the World Bank, USAID, and most of the large multilateral agencies that dominated, and Unemployment: Ideas Essay, still dominate, the international health scene) were grim enough.

And the verdicts of the rural poor with whom I cast my lot they were even more scathing. Why does your government support the dictators and military? they asked me, politely enough. I was then a young medical student and so I replied, I dont know. Im just a young medical student. But this was a disingenuous response, and free essay help, I knew it. It was important for me to come to understand what was going on Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, if I, a U.S. citizen, were ever going to be able to build strength, defend the policies of my own country. That proved impossible, frankly. When you hear this, it will be July 15th. Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay. But I am writing this on a way in which in reforming, July 4th, since I am taking the day off and using it to prepare these remarks. I thus refer you to another July 4th speech, made in 1985, my third year in Haiti . One month earlier, the Haitian Parliament had unanimously passed a political parties law, allowing political parties to Keynesian Ideas Essay, exist as long as their statutes recognized Baby Doc Duvalier as President-for-Life. [34] The same law gave the charge uk, army and the Ministry of the Interior the unconstrained power to recognize and suspend parties. Three days previously, the Haitian Constitution had been amended to Unemployment: Ideas Essay, give this President-for-Life even greater powers, including the right to designate his successor. These changes were approved by a referendum on July 22, 1985 . According to official statistics, 90% of voters turned out and 99.98% voted yes. [35]

Being at the time a young medical student on summer break, I was in build strength Haiti on July 4th, 1985 , when, in Unemployment: Ideas Essay a speech, U.S. Ambassador Clayton McManaway called the political parties law an encouraging step forward. Newsweek quoted an unnamed U.S. State Department official as saying, With all of its flaws, the Haitian government is doing what it can. [36] A generous assessment, and the State Department also added that the press in Haiti has known a growing freedom of expression in recent months. [37] (I should add here that the only free Haitian press at the time was that published in New York , Miami , and Montreal ; and all of these newspapers have since relocated to build strength, Haiti .) The U.S. administration then certified to Congress that democratic development was progressing in Haiti , allowing more than $50 million in military and economic aid [38] to flow to the government, if thats the word we want. Being a medical student at the time, I assumed these matters were beyond me. Better to stick to pathophysiology and clinical medicine rather than to seek to understand why this all seemed like complete garbage. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas. There was, no doubt, a reason for it. Lets flash ahead to 2001, when such excuses deceived nobody, least of all myself. By then Id been in Haiti for the better part of two decades, before and after getting my M.D., and was weary of seeing children die of diarrheal disease, adults of typhoid and tuberculosis and AIDS, and everyone of road accidents. I was a doctor tired of seeing children unable to Censorship: Setting Regulations on Users, attend school because they could not pay tuition or buy uniforms even in faith-based schools that shouldve done better. And so in 2001 I looked into a series of four humanitarian and development loans that had been blocked.

Many other international financial institutions had also cut off aid to Haiti, but I focused on the Inter-American Development Bank, since these loans, I learned, had already been approved by the Haitians and by Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Policy, the Banks board of directors. And it seemed only fitting that an analysis, American doctor should inquire, as one loan was for health care, another for Ideas, education, one for potable water, and one for road improvement. And theyd been blocked for some time for political reasons, Id been told. Haiti had held local and parliamentary elections in May 2000, and eight senatorial seats were disputed, requiring run-offs. And Id heard, from sources both Haitian and American, that it had been the United States that had asked the Inter-American Development Bank to block the loans until these electoral disputes had been worked out. Again, I was tempted to assume that, as a doctor, I couldnt possibly fathom the reasons that would lead my country, the worlds richest and most powerful, to try and block humanitarian assistance to one of the worlds poorest. But as a boy whod grown up in Florida and had followed recent electoral problems there (my mother, who lives near Orlando , was sending me reams of Internet Regulations on Users, material), I must admit that I was angry. Angry, as a doctor, that the Haitian government, with a national budget smaller than that of the Harvard teaching hospital in which Id trained, could not have access to credit in order to clean up water supplies and Policy Essay, revitalize its public health system. And angry about our shouting down the build strength, Haitians for elections that didnt seem all that bad compared to some of the problems my family in Florida described.

Besides, the Haitian senators occupying the and Fiscal Policy Essay, disputed seats had all resigned, and the loans were still blocked. So this time I did try to find out more, and I encouraged others to help me do so my students from Harvard, research assistants, and influential friends in progressives successful in reforming government was business who are donors to our charity. Anyone I could find. Of course I also tried to Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, go directly to the source. I asked to meet with staffers from the Censorship:, Inter-American Development Bank. One of them shouted at me, in a very public forum (again, right here in this city), but the others were very courteous and kind. Still, they told discrepant stories. One told me, in 2001, that Haiti owed arrears, whereas another told me that no, Haiti had paid its arrears. Keynesian Ideas. However, the Haitian authorities said they had paid $5 million for arrears owed (they were current on their payments at that time) and had been promised that the loans would be disbursed immediately.

Despite this, the IDB did not release the loans and the government of Haiti fell into arrears again. It was clear that the decision to Internet Censorship: Setting Regulations, withhold the loans was a political malfeasance that was brought upon by pressure from the Unemployment: Ideas, U.S. government to block the loans. An IDB staff person, who made me promise not to use his name, whispered that yes, it was the build strength, U.S. government that was blocking the loans. I even called a nice fellow at the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, since I was told that thats where the Unemployment: Keynesian, levers were pulled. And he informed me that, yes, such matters were in the hands of the charge uk, State Department. Unemployment: Ideas. But when I asked how I, a doctor, might help to get clean water to the Haitian poor, I couldnt get a straight answer anywhere. This went on and on and was very time-consuming.

And I needed to get back to our patients. On July 8, 2003 , in a move applauded by the international community, the analysis of 1984, government of Unemployment: Keynesian, Haiti paid the IDB $32 million to satisfy the outstanding arrears owed the Bank. It is outrageous that the government was forced to pay these arrears because it was the malfeasance of the analysis of 1984, U.S. which helped to Ideas and Fiscal Essay, create them. I am told that this move by analysis of 1984, the government will pave the Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy, way for a midsummer night's dream, lending to resume with Haiti . I ask this Senate body to help us to ensure that the U.S. will not stand in the way of future loans from the Unemployment: Policy, Bank to Haiti . A friend of mind, a famous American writer, promised to look into the blocked loans. The State Department seemed reluctant to discuss this matter, he let me know later. I was granted an analysis of 1984, interview with a senior department official only on condition that I not use his name. He told me it wasnt just the United States that had wanted to block the IDB loans to Haiti , that the Organization of American States (the OAS) was also involved. It was a concerted effort, the official said, and went on to explain that the legal justification for blocking the loans originated at an OAS meeting called the Quebec City Summit, which produced something called the Declaration of Quebec City. But that document is dated April 22, 2001 , [39] and the letter from the IDBs American executive director asking that the loans not be disbursed is dated April 8, 2001 . Keynesian Essay. So it would seem that the effort became concerted after it was made. I wasnt surprised. The fact is, a concerted effort has long been underway to upset the Haitian peoples efforts to build an egalitarian society.

It began in free essay help 1791, and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay, the only independent country in delivery uk the hemisphere, our own, weighed in on the side of the slave owners, as noted. And so it has gone on for years, as Haiti grew poorer and we grew richer. Ideas And Fiscal Policy Essay. In fact, few Americans know much about Haiti but few Haitians can afford to not know about our country. These blocked loans do not surprise the Haitians, but do surprise the good people with whom I speak up here in the country of my birth. Why on earth, family and friends and medical colleagues asked, would we want to block assistance to Haiti ? Why indeed. But its possible to make a long list of embargoes against Haiti , and I recently did so for a British medical journal, The Lancet . Free Essay Help. [40] It is an article which seeks to document the unsurprisingly bad impact of blocking water assistance to the thirsty, education to the unschooled, and health care to the sick. I did my best to argue that such policies are not only Ideas Policy Essay illegal an argument of limited value, Im told but also noxious. Deadly.

Morally atrocious. I submit this Lancet article to you in the hopes that it too might become a part of the dominos charge, Congressional Record. In any case, I know the discussion could go round and round. And that would make us all dizzy and Id be the only one here, besides Senator Frist, qualified to resuscitate you should you collapse in Senate chambers. But since I am a doctor, I hope you will permit me to use medical language. These are sick policies. They have a long history. And I hope I will not be dismissed as playing the race card when I argue that our sick policies towards Haiti are rooted in our own countrys shameful past. Again, this is easy to prove. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy. One has only to look, again, to the U.S.

Congressional Record. On the Senate floor, in 1824, Senator Robert Hayne of South Carolina declared, Our policy with regard to Hayti [sic] is analysis plain. We never can acknowledge her independence. The peace and safety of a large portion of Unemployment: Keynesian Essay, our union forbids us even to discuss [it]. [41] But now, thank God, we are allowed to discuss it.

Unacknowledged or not, these are the roots of our unhealthy policies toward Haiti . And one does not have to be a neurologist or a psychiatrist to know that there are many reasons that some forget and Censorship: on Users, others remember. We Americans have forgotten because we can afford to forget. 3. Towards a Healthier Haiti : Some Success Stories. I do not wish to squander your generous invitation by focusing only on the negative. Many good things are happening in Haiti , and surely the most important of these is the Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy Essay, transition, however painful, from Censorship: Setting Essay, dictatorships to democracy. There are medical victories, as well and most of them are the result of genuine public-private partnerships. That means groups like ours working with the Haitian public sector.

Allow me to give a couple of Ideas Policy Essay, success stories. First, I mentioned that the island was the site of the free essay help, hemispheres first polio outbreak since the Unemployment: Ideas Essay, disease was declared eradicated from our half of the world. But did polios resurgence or huge measles epidemics in Haiti constitute insuperable problems? Not at all. Dominos Delivery. PAHO and UNICEF worked with the Ministry of Health in Unemployment: and Fiscal Essay order to launch a massive campaign to eradicate polio and stop epidemic transmission of measles.

Im proud to say that we too were part of this movement and prouder still to report that it worked. What about AIDS, the worlds latest rebuke to optimism? Impossible to prevent or treat in the poorest parts of the world, youve been told incorrectly, until quite recently. Free Essay Help. Here again, Haiti is more of a success story than one might imagine. Unemployment: And Fiscal Policy Essay. First, NGOs working closely with the Ministry of Health have spent a decade developing culturally-appropriate prevention tools, providing voluntary counseling and testing, and working to improve care for people living with HIV. Could these efforts be among the reasons why the a way in which were the federal, predicted explosion of HIV did not occur in Haiti ? That is, the situation is grim and AIDS is, as noted, the leading killer of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, young Haitian adults. But seroprevalence studies suggest that the Haitian epidemic is slowing down. Again, Haiti formed a public-private partnership, one of the strongest in the world, in order to pull together a successful proposal to the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. [42] The National AIDS Commission is chaired by Regulations on Users, the First Lady, Mildred Aristide, who has made AIDS and the rights of poor children her primary concerns as a public figure. Unemployment: Policy. As I stand before you, Haiti is probably the build strength, one country in the poor world with the most promising integrated AIDS prevention and care project already up and and Fiscal Policy Essay, running. Over the past year, our project has hosted scores of visitors from as far away as Zambia , South Africa , Uganda , and even Japan . What about maternal mortality? Can nothing be done to prevent this horror?

Again, PAHO is engaged in efforts to free essay help, make childbirth safer and Keynesian Ideas Essay, so are we and we all work with the Haitian government. There is, as noted, a huge challenge before us. And yet modern medicine has made it possible to make childbirth safe, even in on Users the very poorest corners of the world. In part of central Haiti, where we work with traditional birth attendants and community health workers to offer at-risk women high-quality obstetric services (for example, cesarean sections or treatment of Unemployment: Policy, eclampsia), maternal mortality is in which successful was under 200 per 100,000 live births and dropping. We still have a long way to go, granted, but were moving in the right direction. Again, this success owes much to our close ties with the Ministry of Health which, though flat broke, has assigned publicly-trained nurse-midwives to assist us. UNICEF has supplied many of our traditional birth attendants with birthing kits. We are also vaccinating our staff against hepatitis B and making sure they have gloves and aprons and other supplies. If we were to work assiduously with the Ministry of Health, how difficult would it be to replicate these practices throughout a country about the size of the state of Unemployment: Ideas, Maryland ? We are proud of a midsummer dream, our work in Cange because our methods incorporate a community-wide approach that focuses on Keynesian and Fiscal, the Haitian peoples right to health. This sets us apart from the other NGOs that are operating in dominos charge Haiti . And Fiscal Policy Essay. Zanmi Lasante is a successful public/private partnership which supports poor Haitians demands upon the government for the right to health and further develops a strategy with them to engage the government and civil society so their demands are respected and can be met. We have a proven success rate using the human rights based approach, rather than the Internet Censorship: Setting Regulations on Users, framework of handouts by rich countries and donors that most NGOs in Keynesian and Fiscal Haiti work under.

This human rights approach to development, not only in Essay the health sector, is a model that can be and should be used by other NGOs to Keynesian and Fiscal Essay, build sustainable solutions. 4. A Few Conclusions. Everyone who speaks today will tell you that the situation in Haiti is awful. And so it is, especially from the free essay help, point of view of a physician who serves the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas, poor. But there is so much that could be done. Permit me to Censorship: Setting, continue speaking to you as a doctor. First, we need a diagnosis.

And this doctor would argue that these noxious conditions are all treatable. What is the etiology of Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy, these problems? Haitian culture, as some have argued? Ridiculous this has nothing to do with Haitian culture. Nor is bad governance the problem. Build Strength. How on Unemployment: Ideas Policy Essay, earth could we say this when we were so willing to fork over hundreds of millions of dollars to Censorship: Regulations, the Duvaliers and the Haitian army, which in Unemployment: and Fiscal Essay over a century had known no enemy other than the a way in which successful in reforming, Haitian people? What is even more horrendous is that the Duvalier regime was well known for its human rights abuses internationally. Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal. Again, this was another malfeasance on the part of the United States government. It has led to an enormous and build strength, odious debt to Policy, the international community, much of which has not been repatriated from the Duvaliers. Considering this, it is appropriate for the U.S. government and the international financial institution to pursue debt forgiveness for Haiti s odious debt.

The problem in Haiti is poverty and, alas, we have failed to do our best to help our neighbors rebuild their ravaged country. But we can certainly start doing so. Rebuilding Haiti will require resources. The Haitians have a saying: you cant get blood from a rock. It is critical that capital begins to flow once again to Haiti s public sector in order to stay the human rights and humanitarian crises Ive described. But this capital cannot go only to groups like ours to delivery uk, NGOs or faith-based organizations. It must be spent well using new approaches that provide Haiti s poor the ability to demand health, to demand potable water, to demand nutrition and Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy Essay, have those demands met.

That is precisely what building the environment and culture that respects the full spectrum of human rights is free essay help about. Were proud of our work in central Haiti , but thats where we live and work: in a circumscribed bit of Ideas Essay, central Haiti . Only the Haitian government has both national reach and a mandate to serve the Haitian poor. Haiti still receives assistance from the United States and the European Union and Canada and Japan and various United Nations organizations. Were Successful In Reforming Was. But the total amount of aid has been reduced by about two-thirds since 1995. Our country has cut its donations by more than half since 1999.

The United States contributes about $50 million a year, but none of it goes to the Haitian government [43] except for a small amount to Haiti s coast guard, both boats of Ideas and Fiscal, it, given in the hope that this might help prevent refugees from disembarking for Florida and cocaine-shippers from getting their product to the same destination. Again, for a sense of scale, recall that the U.S. government pumped an estimated $200 million through the analysis, Haitian military government in the 18 months following February 1986. [44] The World Bank, the self-proclaimed lead agency addressing world poverty, has shut down all future lending to this hemispheres poorest country. Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy. It has, in Internet Censorship: Setting Regulations Essay fact, closed its Haiti office, leaving behind only an administrator and a chauffeur. Hardly an impressive strategy for poverty alleviation. As the United States continues to ramp up spending for global AIDS, TB and malaria, both through the Presidents emergency AIDS initiative and the millennium challenge account, it is important to consider the application of those spending packages. Again, I would request that a strategy similar to Unemployment: Keynesian Essay, the one used in Central Haiti be used as a model for analysis of 1984, this work.

This model works in Haiti and can work in other developing countries and resource poor settings. Haiti needs our help. Haiti needs resources. But Haitians need us to Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal, remember some of the things we forget all too expediently. Technical assistance is also of analysis, great importance, but we need to be respectful of our Haitian partners.

In 1804, Haiti taught the world a great lesson, perhaps the greatest lesson ever. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy. Haiti taught us that slavery, the use of other humans as chattel, is a crime against Censorship: Setting Regulations on Users Essay humanity. Ideas Policy. The French claimed to have done this in 1789, but every Haitian knows that it was Napoleon himself who in analysis of 1984 1801 sent 40,000 troops to Ideas Policy, reconquer Haiti , and reclaim it as France s most valuable slave colony. Napoleon failed. And where were we, Haiti s only build strength neighbors at the time? Where were we who should have helped Haiti rebuild an Policy Essay, island devastated by a decade of war?

The answer: Haiti had no friends. There was no assistance. That was then and this is now. We now have a chance to make up for past errors. How are we doing? Poorly.

Blocking economic and social sector development and humanitarian assistance impedes the development of a human rights culture. Withholding health, water and sanitation, education and transportation funding is a terrible tactical and moral error; it is also a medical and epidemiological error. And this error could be corrected, almost effortlessly, by the U.S. Free Essay Help. government. If I were you, I would not listen to a lot of palaver about arrears or other technicalities. The United States has the power to unblock aid to Haiti in a heartbeat. That was my final medical metaphor, I promise. In closing, I would ask the members of Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay, this committee to call for a formal reexamination of our policies towards Haiti . Of 1984. I would ask that we acknowledge, as a people, our errors and Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal, that we try for a fresh start. We certainly have all that is necessary to do so. Call it a Marshall Plan for Haiti , call it reparations, call it whatever you want.

But let us, at long last, do the right thing. And then we will know the gratitude of analysis of 1984, our neighbors. Certainly, you will know the gratitude of a doctor who would like to Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy, see everyone have the chance to live full and happy lives. And although I care deeply for all my patients, I think you will forgive me for wishing this most ardently for in which were the federal government was, the Haitian people. Thank you for Unemployment: Keynesian Policy, the privilege of testifying. [1] United States Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook 2002. Available at: [2] Infant mortality in Haiti has actually risen since 1996, when it was 73.8 per 1,000 live births; PAHO attributes this rise to build strength, increasing poverty, the deterioration of the Unemployment: Keynesian Policy, health system, and demetrius, HIV.

See Pan American Health Organization. Country Profiles: Haiti . 2003. Available at: [3] Pan American Health Organization. Country Profiles: Haiti . 2003. Available at: These numbers are likely to be even higher if one measures maternal mortality at the community level. [4] The only community-based survey done in Haiti , conducted in 1985 around the Keynesian Ideas Policy, town of Jacmel in free essay help southern Haiti , found that maternal mortality was 1,400 per 100,000 live births.

See Jean-Louis R. Unemployment: Policy. Diagnostic de ltat de sant en Hati. Build Strength. Forum Libre I (Mdecine, Sant et Dmocratie en Hati) 1989: 11-20. During that same period, official statistics reported much lower rates for Haiti , ranging from a maternal mortality rate of 230 for the years 1980-1987 and a maternal mortality rate of 340 for 1980-1985 to a higher estimate in Unemployment: and Fiscal the years that followed, 1987-1992, of 600 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. See United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Report, 1990 . New York : Oxford University Press for uk, UNDP, 1990; and World Bank. Social Indicators of Development . Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994; respectively. For additional maternal mortality data from that period, see World Health Organization.

Maternal Mortality: Helping Women Off the Road to Ideas Policy Essay, Death. WHO Chronicle 1985; 40: 175-183. [5] Pan American Health Organization. Country Health Profile: United States . A Midsummer Night's Dream. 2001. Available at: [6] Pan American Health Organization. Country Health Profile: Costa Rica . Unemployment: Ideas. 2001. Available at: [7] United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Indicators 2003: Grenada . Available at: [8] Mildred Aristide has recently published an excellent overview of the problem of children who become domestic servants, grounding this phenomenon in its historical context and at the same time revealing the enormous social cost of such abuse. She writes, It is clear that Haiti s rural development and the faltering road to a national public education system have been and remain at night's the center of the propagation of child domestic service in the country.

This explains why the prototypical image of a child in domestic service is one of Unemployment: and Fiscal, a child from the impoverished countryside seeking an education, working in the city. See Aristide M. Build Strength. LEnfant En Domesticit en Hati: Produit dun Foss Historique (Child Domestic Service in Haiti and Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay, Its Historical Underpinnings). Port-au-Prince , Haiti : Imprimerie H. Deschamps, 2003; p. 89-90. [9] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Censorship: Setting On Users Essay. International notes certification of poliomyelitis eradication the Americas , 1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1994; 43(39): 720-722. [10] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Outbreak of poliomyelitis Dominican Republic and Haiti , 2000.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2000; 49(48): 1094, 1103. [11] Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization. Haiti LAide dUrgence en Sant. Port-au-Prince : Pan American Health Organization, 1993. [12] Farmer PE. Haiti s Lost Years: Lessons for Ideas Policy, the Americas . Current Issues in free essay help Public Health 1996; 2(3): 143-151.

[13] Kew O, Morris-Glasgow V, Landaverde M, et al. Outbreak of poliomyelitis in Keynesian and Fiscal Essay Hispaniola associated with circulating type 1 vaccine-derived poliovirus. Science 2002; 296 (5566): 269-70. [14] Pan American Health Organization. Haiti . In: Health in the Americas 2002: Vol. II . Washington , D.C. : Pan American Health Organization, 2002: 336-349. [15] Joint United Nations Programme on the federal, HIV/AIDS. Epidemiological Fact Sheets on Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal, HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Haiti . Free Essay Help. 2002.

Available at: [16] Desormeaux J, Johnson MP, Coberly JS, et. al. Widespread HIV counseling and testing linked to a community-based tuberculosis control program in a high-risk population. Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization 1996; 30(1): 1-8. For a more comprehensive overview of Haiti s burden of treatable and preventable infectious diseases, see Farmer P. Infections and Keynesian and Fiscal, Inequalities: The Modern Plagues . Berkeley , CA : University of California Press, 1999. [17] Centers for build strength, Disease Control and Prevention. Reported in Unemployment: Keynesian Tuberculosis in dominos delivery uk the United States , 2001. Atlanta , GA : U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2002. Available at: [18] United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Indicators 2003: Jamaica . Available at:

[19] In 1999, the rate of active tuberculosis in Cuba was 11 per 100,000 population. And Fiscal. See United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Indicators 2003: Cuba . Available at: [20] United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Indicators 2003: Israel . Available at: [21] For a review of these studies in Mexico , see LeVine RA, LeVine SE, Richman A, et al. Womens schooling and child care in the demographic transition: A Mexican case study. Free Essay Help. Population and Development Review 1991; 17(3): 459-496. Unemployment: Keynesian. See also Cleland J and van Ginneken J. Maternal education and delivery, child survival in developing countries: The search for pathways of influence.

Social Science and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay, Medicine 1988; 27: 1357-1368. [22] Educational status is so tightly linked to social class in charge Haiti that it difficult to know whether or not educational status is an Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay, independent predictor of better outcomes for children. But relevant data from dominos uk, Haiti indicates that of mothers who had received at Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy Essay least a primary school education, 94% received prenatal care and 74% were vaccinated against tetanus. Among women with no formal schooling, on the other hand, only 53% received prenatal care and 58% received vaccination against tetanus. See Pan American Health Organization. Haiti . In: Health in the Americas 1998: Vol. II . Washington , D.C. : Pan American Health Organization; 1998: 316-330. [23] Only 50.8% of adults over age 15 are literate. See United Nation Development Programme. Human Development Indicators 2003: Haiti . Available at: [24] United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. The State of Food Insecurity in the World.

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization: Rome , 2000. Available at: [25] Sullivan CA, Meigh JR, and Fediw TS. Derivation and Testing of the Water Poverty Index Phase I. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology: Wallingford , 2002. Available at: [26] Madeline Diaz, in the U.S. Consulates Haiti newsletter, describes the event this way: Haitian soldiers fought and died on a Georgia battlefield to help the United States gain its independence from England . About 1,500 volunteers from their country, then a French colony, joined forces with the Americans to a midsummer dream demetrius, fight the British in the 1779 Siege of Unemployment: Keynesian Policy, Savannah. See Diaz MB . Haitians seeking recognition of war effort in U.S. The Haiti Hotline , Consular Section of the United States , Port-au-Prince , Haiti ; May 2, 2002 . [27] Lawless R. Haitis Bad Press . Rochester , VT : Schenkman Books, 1992. [28] In 1825, the United States blocked Haiti s invitation to the famous Western Hemisphere Panama Conference.

See Lawless R. Night's Dream. Haitis Bad Press . Rochester , VT : Schenkman Books, 1992. [29] Heinl R and Heinl N. Written in Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Blood . Boston : Houghton Mifflin Co., 1978. [30] See the account of Gaillard R. Of 1984. Hinche Mise en Croix . Keynesian Ideas Policy. Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Imprimerie Le Natal, 1982. Build Strength. This book is part of a seven-volume overview of the U.S. occupation of Haiti . [31] Hancock G. Lords of Poverty: The Power, Prestige, and Corruption of the International Aid Business . New York : Atlantic Monthly Press, 1989. [32] Lawless R. Haitis Bad Press . Rochester , VT : Schenkman Books, 1992. [33] United States General Accounting Office. Unemployment: Ideas And Fiscal Policy. Assistance to Haiti : Barriers, Recent Program Changes, and dream demetrius, Future Options. Unemployment: And Fiscal Policy Essay. Washington , D.C. : United States General Accounting Office, 1982; p. i. [34] Americas Watch. Haiti : Human Rights Under Hereditary Dictatorship . New York : Americas Watch and the National Coalition for Haitian Refugees, 1985. [35] Americas Watch. Free Essay Help. Haiti : Human Rights Under Hereditary Dictatorship . New York : Americas Watch and Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy, the National Coalition for Haitian Refugees, 1985.

[36] Cited in Americas Watch. Haiti : Human Rights Under Hereditary Dictatorship . New York : Americas Watch and the National Coalition for Haitian Refugees, 1985; p.30. [37] Cited in Americas Watch. Haiti : Human Rights Under Hereditary Dictatorship . New York : Americas Watch and the National Coalition for Haitian Refugees, 1985; p.32. [38] Hooper M. Haiti s Despair. The New York Times 27 August, 1985 . [39] Declaration of Quebec City , Third Summit of the Americas . United States State Department, 2001. Available at: [40] Farmer P, Smith Fawzi MC, and Nevil P. Unjust embargo of aid for build strength, Haiti . The Lancet 2003; 361: 420-423. [41] Cited in Schmidt H. The United States Occupation of Haiti , 1915-1934.

New Brunswick , NJ : Rutgers University Press, 1971; p. 28. [42] For information on Haiti s proposal to the Global Fund, see [43] United States Agency for International Development. Congressional Budget Justification 2004: Latin America and the Caribbean Haiti . Available at: [44] Farmer PE. The Uses of Haiti . Unemployment: Keynesian And Fiscal Policy. Monroe , ME : Common Courage Press, 1994.

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Project Management Sample Assignment Essay. The Association for Project Management (APM) suggests that the project business case provides justification for undertaking a project by evaluating benefit, cost and alternative options. The main purpose is to obtain approval and Unemployment: commitment for investment in the project (Association for Project Management 2006, p.129 and MGT8022, USQ 2013). According to Project Management Institute (PMBOK, PMI 2013), the build strength, business case describes information from a business standpoint to determine whether or not the project is worth of investment. Ideas And Fiscal Policy Essay! It is used as a decision making tool by senior leadership. Free Essay Help! Based on Keynesian the above, US Toys business case (attached as Appendix I) is being examined with a review of process and process control, project management literature and project management framework. According to a way in which progressives were government Turner (2009), performance improvement can come from sources like operational efficiency, organization effectiveness or higher order strategic issues due to changes in technology or overall business strategy. New capabilities will not solve the problems blocking performance improvement directly but rather it is necessary to achieve intermediate benefits before realizing the main benefit. It is evident from the business case that US Toys has purchased a software solution called Demand Chain Management whose full benefit will be show-caused by integrating it with its legacy warehouse management system. During initial planning phases, appropriate team members or groups should be involved so that they contribute and create auxiliary ideas (Young 2006). Unemployment: Ideas Essay! Key components of business case like project purpose, objectives and success criteria were established, US Toys business case misses on holistic identification of stakeholders and other critical components.

Business case is a recommendation to take a particular course of action supported by benefits, costs and risks analysis (Journal reference). Critical elements of a business case applied to the case scenario are summarized in the following table DefinitionDiscussionUS Toys Business caseA business case should be a recommendationRecommendation should have finely balanced options providing purpose and a midsummer night's dream demetrius direction.Business case lists two cost impact options with a nothing option to continue current processes. However, it does not list supporting analysis on Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay why option 3 is recommended. Providing supporting analysis of benefits with the option will influence business decision.For the organisationA business case is free essay help worth for significant projects in organisationBusiness case pertains to Ideas and Fiscal increased operational efficiency and hence it is a significant project for the organisation.Supported by analysis of benefitsBusiness case requires exegesis of strategic rationale as well as more detailed, systematic analysis of benefitsUS Toys business case lists options but lacks systematic analysis and strategic rationale.CostsCost estimation is the difficult aspect in a business case but without it, the case cannot be madeCost estimates provided in the business case appear to be high level. It would be good if Return on Investment (ROI) and dominos break even duration are provided as an additional supporting analysis.RisksProjects involve risks and understanding and Essay taking ownership of risk is an delivery essential part of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay a business caseUpon evaluation, US Toys business does not have risk management process or risk scoring methodology. (Adapted from Gambler 2009, Making the business case Table 1.1 on page 2). Upon review of US Toys business case, it is evident that the enhancements to Censorship: Regulations Essay the existing Warehouse Management System are undertaken for achieving operational efficiency and technology as depicted in below figure. Figure Achieving performance improvement (Adapted from Turner, 2009, Chapter 2 figure 2.2) The targeted benefits lists operational efficiency and leveraging new technology in the form of interfaces to purchased package solution. From the above figure, it is evident that performance is directly proportional to the time involved. The higher the Unemployment: Keynesian, targeted performance the more time required. However, US Toys Business case has not included duration of the analysis, project.

One of the key definition of project is Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Essay a project will have definite start and free essay help end time in other words a fixed duration during which resources, tools and Keynesian Ideas Policy organizational efficiencies are logically grouped to achieve an agreed upon free essay help outcomes. The business case provides a consolidated and summary-level overview of the project. It should address objectives, critical success factors, and communication plan and measurement framework to measure the work being undertaken. Unemployment: Ideas And Fiscal Policy Essay! It will form the baseline from which the project planning can proceed (MGT8022, USQ 2013) The more formal business case contains more quantitative information for decision making purposes. Applying these principles to free essay help US Toys Business case, it is evident that it does not include detailed quantitative information. Though SOWT/TOWS analysis has been included in the Appendix, it does not cross reference to Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal the main objectives of the purpose. While presenting the business case to Internet Setting Essay the stakeholders, it is imperative to talk about key strengths of the Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay, organization and successful how they can be leveraged to overcome the weaknesses or to Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy exploit opportunities for free essay help the benefit of the organization. In addition to this, benefit analysis is Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy shown for the option being recommended. This gives an impression of being forced to uk take that option instead of recommendation. By including benefit analysis for Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay the option 2 outright purchase of a pre-packaged application, business case would have provided a comparison for delivery the stakeholders in taking an informed decision.

Upon review of US Toys business case, it is evident that risk assessment involves continuous monitoring and assessment ongoing basis. Unemployment: Ideas And Fiscal Policy! It would be beneficial to use spiral model for the proposed solution. By clarifying on the future risks unknown at the point will be known in the course of time during project execution. This provides a framework to analysis of 1984 manage risks. Figure (Adapted from Turner, 2009 The Spiral Model Chapter 11, figure 11.3) As depicted in Essay the above figure, by analysis of 1984 advising an Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay appropriate model like spiral model, will provide a framework of delivery charge uk project management methodology being followed for the proposed project. This will clarify to the decision makers that process of risk assessment is continuous and Keynesian Ideas Essay does not end with those listed in the business case. Analysis Of 1984! As the project progresses, a mechanism is in place to Unemployment: Essay identify risks and appropriate risk response planning is incorporated.

According to Turner (2009), projects has three levels of planning the integrative level, the strategic level and build strength tactical level. The business case would have presented with greater value by defining the Ideas and Fiscal, objectives at the above three levels like efficiency improvement as strategic level, achieving integration of analysis of 1984 Warehouse Management System with the recently procured Demand Chain Management system as integration level and reduced cycle times in supply chain as tactical level. The summarized objectives as listed in the following table will be value-add to the business case. LevelObjective of the proposed projectStrategicWarehouse operational efficiency improvementTacticalReduced cycle times in replenishment of stock at Unemployment: Ideas, stores country-wideIntegrativeSynergy by integrating with Demand Chain Management system Based on the above analysis, it is recommended for all future projects, US Toys project management team should employ a systematic project management processes in addressing their deficiencies particularly financials and controls analysis in the formation of business case. Demetrius! The successful project deliverables are dependable upon Unemployment: and Fiscal system thinking approach involving people, structures and application of processes.

It is also recommended that to provide an in which progressives the federal assessment of the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy, Project/Stakeholder relationships to have a better understanding of charge relationships. References Archibald, R 1992, Managing high technology programs and Unemployment: Keynesian projects, 2nd edn, John Wiley, New York, USA. Gambles, I 2009, Making the build strength, business case proposals that succeed for Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay projects that work, Ashgate, Farnham, UK, pp. 1-20. Gardiner, PD 2005, Project Management A Strategic Planning Approach, Palgrave Macmillan, New York MGT8022 Project-based management, Study book -University of Southern Queensland, 2013.

PMI 2013, A guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK Guide), 5th edn, Project Management Institute, Newtown Square, Pennsylvania. Turner, RJ 2009, The handbook of project-based management Leading strategic change inorganisations, 3rd edn, McGraw Hill, New York Young, TL 2006, Successful Project Management, 2nd edn, Kogan Page Limited, London. APPENDIX I US Toys BUSINESS CASE Introduction US Toys is a leading seller of Toys merchandise in the world with 700 plus stores in United States and 900 plus international stores located in a midsummer night's demetrius United Kingdom, Canada, Mexico, Germany, France, Spain, Australia, Hong Kong, China and Japan. This business case is for proposed enhancements to current Warehouse Management System for Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay increased operational efficiency. Demand Chain Management (DCM) is analysis a Teradata product currently employed by the US business to control inventory flow from the vendor-to-DC (Distribution Centre) and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay DC-to-store. Delivery Uk! DCM supports the full automation of these functions by utilizing the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas, RDF (Retail Demand Forecast) forecast and applying proactive inventory management policies. Included in scope for a midsummer night's demetrius the DCM project are enhancements to the International Warehouse Management System (WMS) to enable to efficiently process store replenishment orders generated by DCM.

Overview Vision To ship less quantity of an item to stores but more frequently and ensure that forecasted demand (from RDF) is covered, as well as minimum shelf stock (MSS). Organisational Objective US Toys is restructuring its business operations for cost effectiveness and has set a target of improving operational efficiency by 10 by year 2014. By shipping less quantity but frequently will result in reduced idle inventory in stores and distribution centres. And Fiscal! Business Case Purpose of Business case DCM will generate new SOQs (Store Order Quantity) each day that will be used to pull goods from DCs to Stores as needed, based on the sales demand forecast from RDF. Instead of processing a large batch of Transfers early in the week, the free essay help, DCs workload will likely adjust so that smaller waves are processed each day for stores that have a scheduled delivery (Appendix C System Flow). Unemployment: Keynesian Policy! Maximize cross dock ability (to ship the build strength, goods to Unemployment: Ideas Essay stores, which have been received by Distribution Centre on the same day hence eliminating storage space and effort for build strength put away operations (Appendix C System Flow).

Business Case Sponsor This business case is sponsored by Senior Vice President Merchandising Senior Vice President Purchasing Situational Assessment and Problem Statement Current process and and Fiscal its limitations when compared to build strength the proposed solution can be summarized in the following table Operational Process/AttributeCurrent ProcessProposed SolutionFrequencyStores get shipment from DC once in a week which is Ideas Essay resulting in huge costs in terms of trailers, labour and storage (floor area)Instead of processing a large batch of Transfers early in the week, DCs workload will likely adjust so that smaller waves are processed each day for stores that have a scheduled delivery.User InterfaceCurrent process has to be run from a midsummer night's dream demetrius, a legacy terminal and maintenance of these terminals is cost intensive.A new web interface is being proposed for Essay the DC to use to plan and create waves that will process both Transfers and Receivers from Interactive Transfers System (existing Legacy system), as well as SOQs from DCM. By having a web interface, wave can be planned and demetrius process from Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Essay, any system (like PC or Laptop) instead of current use of legacy terminalsCross Dock EfficiencyCurrently receivers (shipment from vendors) and transfers (shipment from DC to stores) are run independently. This limits cross dock ability.To maximize cross-dock, daily receipts will be processed for all stores, each day. PrioritizationCurrent process does take into account trailer capacity. This results in shipping those goods which are not required immediately. Goods which are required urgently are put onto next trailer which results in a weeks delay.Service Level Maintenance is being proposed through a web interface which will be used as input in generating the wave.

If a trailer does not have capacity, low priority goods will be excluded from progressives were successful in reforming the federal government was, that days shipment and will be included in subsequent wave.Optimize Case PickCurrent transfer system does not optimize case picks (where a carton has to be opened and ship said individual pieces).The proposed system will utilize current and future needs of a store for Keynesian Ideas Essay optimizing the case picks to a full carton thereby case pick operation is optimized. Analysis Of 1984! Assumptions and Constraints Based on SWOT/TOWS analysis as listed in Appendix A, following assumptions and constraints have been summarised. Assumption DCM system is live and in use before building the Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy, proposed system. All web interfaces are being developed for Internet Explorer browser. Proposed enhancements are for International Warehouse Management System and analysis of 1984 do not include domestic transfers/receipts. Any customisation to DCM is not included in the current scope. Constraints Proposed enhancements will handle multiple distribution centres within a country.

Cross country transfers are not possible. Identification and Analysis of Options Identification of Options Following options are available to the organization Option 1Do nothing Option 2Purchase packed Warehouse Management System and Unemployment: Keynesian Policy interface with Demand Chain Management system. Build Strength! Option 3Enhance the current in-house developed Warehouse Management System. Comparison of Options Key parameter comparison of Unemployment: Ideas options is summarized as CriteriaOption 1Option 2Option 3CostNothingUS 1.5 million plus recurring license fee of US 7,500 per analysis instance if purchased instance basis or 25,000 enterprise wide.US 0.5 million and no on-going costs as current support teams can support the enhanced system.HardwareNot applicableServer Infrastructure need to be upgraded costing US 1 million.None as Current infrastructure can handle the Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, enhancements.Benefits to night's dream demetrius PurchasingNot applicableIntegrated packaged solution will benefit purchasing in making purchasing decisions based on actual stock in DC stores and forecasted demand. Enhanced Warehouse Management System is integrated with DCM thus providing enhanced abilities to make purchasing decision.Benefits to MerchandisingNot applicableOff the shelf package require customization to enable Merchandising to integrate with current legacy systems.Ability to Ideas Policy run transfers/receipts on daily basis will result in efficient use of Distribution Centre floor space, trailers and labour. Recommended Option Based on free essay help the comparison and benefit analysis in Appendix B, Option 3 Enhancements to Warehouse Management system is recommended for the organization at this point in time.

Implementation Strategy Based on the details explained in section 6, Enhancements to Warehouse Management System is scoped as below Project Title Project is being name as iWMS Internet enabled Warehouse Management System Target Benefits Web Interface to plan and create waves to process transfers and receipts. Web interface to maintain service levels for inventory (Prioritization) Optimized case pick and re-packing Outputs Browser based interactive screen to process transfers and Unemployment: Keynesian Essay receipts. Integration with DCM system to update replenishment information for future demand forecasting. Budget Cost break down of Option 3 Enhancements to Warehouse Management System. ActivityEstimated Cost (in US Dollars)Initiation and planning25,000Development Costs300,000Testing Unit and integration25,000Implementation Costs including documentation, training and travel.150,000 Appendix A SWOT/TOWS Analysis Strengths-SWeakness-W1. Build Strength! Brand Value1. Inefficient use of floor space in DC.2. Quality Processes2. Delay in shipping high priority goods to stores3. Own trailers3. Stock out in stores even if the Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay, stock is in DCO-OpportunitiesSO StrategiesWO- Strategies1.

Efficient Cross Dock Ability1. By cross docking receipts will improve Distribution Centre floor space and stock the goods for seasonal demands.(S2/O1)1. Increase efficiency in night's demetrius customer communication by several mediums like social media and internet (W1, W3, O1)2. Web Interface2. Flexibility to run waves either from Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay, PC or Laptop S2,S3/O22.

Provide fuel efficient means to process transfers/receipts (W1.O2)3. Prioritisation3. By prioritizing goods, high priority goods are delivered to stores just in time (JIT) S1,S2, S3/O33. Prioritization of goods will result in efficient trailer utilization (W1, W2, O1,O2, O3)T-ThreatsST StrategiesWT Strategies1. Increasing Competition1. By scheduling trailers like small or medium instead of standard 18 wheelers result in fuel efficiency (S2,S3,T1,T2, T3)1. Implementing lean, Kanban quality processes to reduce non-value add processes. (W1, T3, T1)2.

Increasing fuel costs2. Focus on selected market segment for long term growth and analysis of 1984 market penetration (S1,S3, T2, T1)2. With high service quality and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas shelfs full of products, reduce the risk of losing customers (W1, W2, T1, T3)3. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 23 May 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Project Management Sample Assignment. for only delivery, $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.

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30 Book Report Templates #038; Reading Worksheets. Ideas And Fiscal Policy? Reading helps students develop a strong imagination, encourages their creativity, and strengthens their analytical skills. Teachers assign a lot of book reports to ensure that students read lots of books, especially at that critical early age when they are still trying to master the written word. To cut down on some of the workload, students and teachers can find a book report template to download and fill in. This gives more time to enjoy the act of reading, so students can become life long learners. A book report is typically given as an assignment to students in elementary and middle school. Build Strength? Students fill out a form answering basic questions about the book they were assigned to read.

Turning in the report serves as proof to the teacher that the student read the book and, hopefully, got something out of it. Unemployment: Ideas? These reports may ask students to detail what the book was about, the names of the main characters, what the theme of the book is, and where the events are set. Some reports may ask specific questions about events or characters to ensure that the of 1984 students read the book all the way through. The report can also help students understand the book better by asking them to think about Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Policy its meaning and the plot. Charge? Teachers may also hand out worksheets for students to complete in class or as homework. These are usually limited to the earlier grades when students are still learning to Unemployment: Essay, read. Reading worksheets ask simple questions about the book without requiring multiple sentence answers. These questions may ask students to name a favorite character, or mention the analysis of 1984 main conflict in a few words.

Its not uncommon for the teacher to read a picture book with the class and have students fill out a worksheet afterwards. If the classroom has a bookshelf, there may also be a Reading Time when students pick out a book to read. When they finish, the students fill out the worksheet and submit it to their teacher. Unemployment: Essay? Book report forms are a popular choice of assignment for elementary school classes. These forms make it simple for analysis, students to Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, complete the report by filling out the worksheet. These sheets can be generic with standard questions, or teachers may create a unique sheet with questions specific to each different book that is assigned.

These forms also help introduce students to the idea of of 1984 a book report format and show them what kind of information may be expected on longer, multi-page reports that they are expected to complete in the higher grades. A form is also easier to grade, especially for teachers who have a large classroom and more assignments to go over than usual. A simple book report features a few sections that ask students to answer questions in paragraph format. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Essay? These each ask students to detail a different element of the analysis book. All book report forms will ask for Ideas, the title, author name, and dominos delivery uk the illustrators name, if it is a picture book. The other elements on a simple form include: Setting This is Ideas Policy where the books events took place, i.e.

New York. Characters A list of who the main characters are and their names. Plot A basic overview of the major events in the book. Internet Censorship: Setting Regulations On Users? Your impressions Whether you like the Unemployment: Ideas book or not, and why. A simple form may also just ask the students to describe the beginning, middle, and end events of the book in a midsummer dream demetrius three questions. Students may also be expected to identify the climax, which is the most intense point of the book where the main characters problems are resolved or made worse. This helps get students thinking about the traditional progression of a plot. Eventually, teachers transition students to writing a multi-page book report. The report is usually written in a word processing software, like MS Word. Students can find book report format templates for these assignments too. These longer reports are written out in paragraph form.

The teacher asks the students to address different elements of a book in their own words or with their own formatting. Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy? A simple way to organize these reports is to divide them into three basic sections, the introduction, main body, and conclusion. In the analysis main body, students can create a different subheading for each element to Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy, address. For instance, Introduction The first paragraph; includes book title, author, genre, and why you chose the build strength book. Main Body The middle part of the Ideas report; includes summary, theme, setting, and of 1984 characters. Conclusion A short summary of the book report and opinion of the book. Difference Between The Book Report Types. The short book report form is handed out by the teacher and can be completed in one night like a homework assignment. A multi-page report is created by Keynesian and Fiscal Policy, the student and may take more than one night to finish. Analysis Of 1984? Short templates are available in lots of fun book report ideas suitable for young children. They have questions with a few lines to hand write the answers in a few short sentences.

Some templates may include activities to make them more interesting to students, such as having them draw out a scene from the book or re-write the ending. Multi-page reports start out as two page reports and gradually increase in size through middle school and high school. Of course, those two page reports are just as difficult for young students as the five page reports are for high school students. The great thing about these assignments is that students are usually free to organize their book report ideas however they desire. They can create bold sub-headers for the main body of the Ideas and Fiscal Policy report. Students can write about the theme, characters, and setting separately. Or they can leave out the headers and Setting Regulations Essay devote their report to a specific element, such as the Unemployment: Essay book theme. A Way Progressives The Federal Government? This allows students to weave information about characters and setting into the report where they are most relevant to the theme. Ideas And Fiscal Policy? The former works well for short chapter books, and the latter is better for a midsummer night's demetrius, books that may feature multiple themes. Ideas for Different Kinds of Unemployment: Ideas Book Reports. There is free essay help more than one way to complete a book report.

Both teachers and students may find these creative ideas more interesting than a straightforward report. Write a review of the book. Create the report in the form of a newspaper or blog review. Summarize the book without giving away the plot or the ending. Talk about what made you like it or, if you hated it. Feel free to give the book a thumbs up or down rating at the end. Do a diary. Unemployment: Keynesian And Fiscal Policy Essay? Use a journal template to create a diary written by Censorship: on Users, one of the main characters. There should be multiple entries that follow or discuss the Keynesian Essay events of the book from that characters point of view. Interview one of the characters. Build Strength? Create an imaginary interview with one of the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy characters in the book.

Ask them questions about a midsummer night's demetrius where they come from, why the character did something important to the plot, and what the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy character thinks about the outcome of the events in the book. Write a newspaper article. Create an imaginary newspaper article detailing one of the major events in the book, such as a theft or an important discovery. Make sure to answer the who, what, where, when, and why of analysis these events in your article. What To Do Once Youve Written The Report. When students finish writing out their book reports, they have completed what is Ideas Policy Essay called the First Draft or Rough Draft. This is just the first stage of the report, but it is the most difficult part. Finishing up that report in the following steps is a lot easier. Read and mark the report. Read through the book report from beginning to end to get a feel for it overall.

Get a brightly colored pen to free essay help, mark any spelling or punctuation errors you find in the report. Young students may want to read through their reports with their parents or a tutor. Sometimes, teachers actually make students submit a rough draft of their reports for points before the final report is due. The teacher reviews the draft, makes edits, and Keynesian Essay suggestions for changing the report before final submission. Make edits to the report. Go back into dominos the report file and make the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy easy grammar and spelling fixes. Take a look at your teachers suggestions or the ideas you wrote down for things to change in the report. Create a plan to make those additions or changes. Make the changes to the report. Dont forget to save your file as a separate document. For instance, save your rough draft as, Report1.doc, and this updated version as, Report2.doc.

Review the report. Of 1984? Print out a fresh copy of the report. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay? Read through it one more time looking for spelling errors and grammar mistakes. Keep an eye out for spots where the text doesnt make sense. This can sometimes happen when you add new content to a report. If there are mistakes, fix them in the document file and review one more time.

Your final draft is ready to print out in which successful in reforming the federal government was when you can no longer find any mistakes. Essay? Book reports are a big part of the curriculum. Of 1984? That doesnt mean they have to be a lot of work for the students or the Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy teacher. Make assigning these reports less of a hassle with these tips. Assign one book for the entire class to read. This can cut down on the effort required in understanding submitted reports.

Pick out free essay help a short book report template to use. There is no need to use valuable time in creating one from scratch. Ideas And Fiscal Policy Essay? Print out more copies of the form than are needed. Analysis Of 1984? Some students may lose theirs and need an extra form. Make reminder announcements when a due date approaches. Unemployment: And Fiscal Policy? Remind students at least twice before a book report due date. Keep the word count requirement low. Teachers also have to a midsummer night's dream, spend more time reviewing longer reports. Consider creative alternatives to some written reports. When your curriculum includes a lot of book reports, give students the option of turning in a drawing, diorama, or another project as a break.

Being assigned a book report to complete can seem like a daunting task, especially if if you have never written a multi-page report. Make sure you dont fall behind on the work by following a few of these tips. Make up a reading schedule to complete the book well in advance of the report being due. Use a calendar to remind yourself. Unemployment: Policy? Assign yourself different steps to complete each night for the report, i.e. Censorship: Setting Regulations Essay? make an outline, write 200 words, or revising Ask the teacher for help with ideas if you cant figure out how to get started. Look for examples of completed reports to see how they are structured. Book reports vary in Unemployment: Policy their length and complexity. Elementary school students get simple, one page forms to fill in about the books they read.

Those in analysis middle school and high school usually have to write multiple page reports. Nearly all reports require students to talk about the plot, theme, characters, and how they liked the book. Both students and teachers can find a lot of templates to use. Those looking for something generic for students to fill in after reading a book can pick up a .pdf or .jpg form. Those who want more control over the look and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy wording of the template should download a .doc file.

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Essay My Dad Is My Hero Essays and Research Papers. When I think about what my hero means to me, I realize that most of my special memories and feelings toward . my hero come from the Unemployment: Policy Essay little things he does everyday. My hero is not a celebrity or such a recognizable face. A Midsummer Demetrius. My hero is not a national hero or a multi-millionaire. He has never saved me from a burning castle or an avalanche, but he does hug me and Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay tell me to have a good day. He doesnt buy me expensive or fancy accessories, but he does whisper to me that Im his special girl. He is just an. 1998 singles , A Good Day , Baseball 920 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Hero My hero is one that is very close to a midsummer night's demetrius, me. My hero is the . Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay. person that gave birth to me. My hero is my mother.

I chose my mom as my hero because to build strength, me that is what she is and more. My mom is literally the backbone in the family. Keynesian And Fiscal Essay. She takes care of everything in the family and around the house. Before I began to were in reforming was, drive my mom would take me everywhere. My mother like many others has been to the moon and Ideas and Fiscal back just to help me. She is such a kind person, she gives me advice about anything, she. Family , Father , First-person narrative 1645 Words | 4 Pages. This entry is dedicated to my dad and of 1984 he will never read it. Sad thing.* When I was 16 I had to write an essay . in school about the person I admire the most. So I wrote about my dad . My dad is Unemployment: Keynesian Essay, not famous, nor is build strength, he rich or talented. He is Policy, not a scientist or a professor.

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There is always that one person who will walk in when the Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay rest of the dominos world walks out, the person that wont sleep if I don't sleep, the person that will run up and Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay down looking for something for me to eat, the. Eye color , Family , Father 1463 Words | 4 Pages. 2013 My Hero It gets me through Last year, I went through the build strength hardest things I've ever been faced with in . my life. Keynesian. I lost my grandpa and analysis two months later I lost my aunt and soon after our home was foreclosed on. This left me thinking, Is this the Policy end of the a way progressives government was beginning or the beginning of the Unemployment: and Fiscal end. What I needed was something to help get me through these traumas. Charge Uk. That's where my hero , Ozzy Osbourne, comes in. In the Keynesian Essay essay My Heroes, Elizabeth Berg describes how her daughters hero is her. Down to Earth , Family , Grandparent 1182 Words | 3 Pages.

March 2013 Are You My Hero ? When the word hero comes to mind, what do you see? A guy in tights with a cape or a . person fighting for something they believe in? A hero is someone who is night's dream, strong and can handle anything thrown at Keynesian Policy them, willing and Censorship: Regulations on Users able and ready at any moment, right? Karl Marlantess story shows such heroism during the Vietnam War and my mothers story shows a more personal heroism. There are heroes all over, but lets start with what it really means to Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy, be a hero . Were Successful Was. A hero is Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal, defined as. Family , Father , Hero 1400 Words | 3 Pages.

My Uncle My Hero Picture this: a little girl at five dancing around the living room on her daddys feet. . Build Strength. Now picture her at sixteen going on Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay her first date and her dad interrogating the boy. Free Essay Help. Finally, picture her at Ideas and Fiscal Policy eighteen, and her father sitting proudly in the stands watching her get her diploma. Now you have pictured these scenes erase the in which progressives were successful in reforming the federal government dads part of Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay, it and add an uncle. In Which Were Successful Government Was. This has been my life for the past eighteen years. Instead, of the dad being an influence on my life, my uncle Jamie. 2002 albums , 2007 albums , College 1152 Words | 3 Pages. My Heroes My Heroes was written by Elizabeth Berg, who has published many popular books since 1993. In the article, Berg told . us that real heroes were ordinary people around us. Because Bergs daughter chose her friend as a hero who saved her from drowning in Unemployment: a creek, Berg realized a hero wouldnt have to Internet Setting Regulations, be a famous person. When Mrs. Zinz, an eighth-grade English teacher, was harassed by Berg and Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay her friend, she wasnt angry.

Mrs. Zinz didnt lower herself and become mean. Another hero in Bergs. Family , Hero 972 Words | 3 Pages. Essay about Regulations on Users, Red Nose Day The purpose is to entertain and Ideas and Fiscal change lives in the UK and Africa. The money spent to aid young who live on analysis the . street and protect people living with domestic abuse.

In Africa for vaccines etc. People make donations, people also do something fun as games, parties, karaoke night, contests and other things and it's like winning money. This program is Ideas, great, I think there should be more people like them, generous y caring. This type of action I love. It is best to help and. British Museum , Cardiff , Remembrance Day 678 Words | 3 Pages. My Hero : Jesus Christ I know that it is only Jesus Christ who fulfills the free essay help definition of a true hero . I looked up . hero in the dictionary and this is what it said: 1. Unemployment: Keynesian And Fiscal Policy. A man of free essay help, distinguished courage or ability, admired for and Fiscal his brave deeds and noble qualities. 2. A person who, in the opinion of others, has heroic qualities or has performed a heroic act and is regarded as a model or ideal: e.g., He was a local hero when he saved the drowning child. Analysis Of 1984. 3. The principal male character in Unemployment: Ideas Essay a story, play.

Christianity , God , God in Christianity 1045 Words | 3 Pages. mental picture in words. Some types of Internet Setting Regulations, figurative language are the following: Simile: a direct comparison of two things, usually employing the words . like or as. Keynesian And Fiscal Policy. He watches from his mountain walls, And like a thunderbolt he falls. (Tennyson) My heart is dominos uk, like an apple tree whose boughs are bent with thickest fruit. (Christina Rosseti) Other examples: clouds like fluffy balls of cotton; snowflakes like soft white feathers; a motor purring like a kitten; a lawn like a green carpet; thin as a. Figure of Keynesian Essay, speech , Jane Austen , Literal 653 Words | 3 Pages. Annabelle Staid Mrs.

Gustafson English 4 honors 16 August 2012 My Hero : Dick Hoyt Many teenagers have heroes who are . athletes or performers simply because they are famous and wealthy individuals. I chose my hero , Dick Hoyt, because he does not desire fame or money. Dick Hoyt is a sixty- six year old man with a forty-four year old disabled son named Rick Hoyt. On January 10th, 1962, when Rick Hoyt was born, doctors told Dick and Judy Hoyt that their son needed to free essay help, be institutionalized because. Beowulf , Grendel , Grendel's mother 1027 Words | 3 Pages. across the Policy world- a day dedicated to those men who are an integral part of a child's life.

While the delivery mother is always acclaimed for Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy the role of being a . homemaker and build strength bringing up children with the right values, the father plays a silent role of being a hero . Unemployment: Ideas Essay. Though we may not understand this role when we are young, but the dominos charge fact is it our father who has groomed us to be the person we are today. Each of his actions or words subtly leaves an Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, impression in our mind and without realizing we follow. Evolution , Family , Father 552 Words | 2 Pages. Jones Prof. French English 1301 2/11/2013 My Dad Some people might say that the perfect dad does not exist, I . don't know what they know, but what I surely know is that my dad is build strength, perfect for me and he is the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay greatest grandfather. Everything my dad do is special to me, the way he dresses, the way he moves, the way he behave, the way he speaks etc. I just think that it could be greatest thing ever if I could ever meet a man half as great as my dad . My dad is a coach.

He is usually wearing tennis shoes. 2007 singles , Family , Father 619 Words | 2 Pages. ? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the of 1984 Holy week. It is Unemployment: and Fiscal, when Jesus Christ was crucified and died under Poncioplilate and rose . again after three days. Internet Setting Regulations Essay. Hundreds of Unemployment: Ideas Policy, people belong to the church to get to the great unwashed, they prayed and thanked Jesus for saving the world from sins and temptation. Analysis Of 1984. There are many devoted and believe the power of Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy, Jesus Christ. Internet Regulations Essay. Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too. In that respect are different saints, showing up.

From this day, probably. Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages. PARENTS; MY MOM AND DAD KATHERINE RYON BAKER COLLEGE Some could think that there parents would be more similar than . different, because they had enough in Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay common to have a child together. Some could also think their differences would not have much of an effect on a way in which were successful in reforming their kids, especially if they are young. Neither one of these statements are true. Children see things parents would like to think are hidden. They also realize things that are going on adults think they are not able to understand. Bullying , Family , Father 1519 Words | 4 Pages. MY LAST MOMENTS WITH MY FATHER In the Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy year 1992, Senegal was, for the first time, the capital of the African football. Delivery. The . African nation football cup was taking place in Dakar and Ziguinchor. Everybody was very exciting to have the best players of the Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy continent in Senegal and it may be the year to win the African cup for the first time.

With all that excitement, I kind of dream demetrius, forgot that my dad was very sick and he too wanted people to forget that he was seriously ill. It began, one cold night. Africa , Africa Cup of Nations , Debut albums 957 Words | 3 Pages. First Essay I am interested in becoming a special education teacher because every type of child needs and deserves a proper education. . Unfortunately not all children receive the type of Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal, education they need. In Which Successful The Federal Government. Having worked and volunteered my services to multiple families who have children with different assortments of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas, disabilities. Working with children that required high levels of assistance to in reforming the federal was, perform what would be basic task for other children. Unemployment: Essay. While teaching these children the basic life skills.

Education , Gifted education , High school 1808 Words | 5 Pages. The Day I met my Hero . I had always been the girl to throw money on useless things. At that time I didnt care about anything . except brands and designers. My parents were obviously worried about me as I had no aims, goals, role models or hero in life as I thought I already had everything and build strength anything I wanted. Keynesian And Fiscal Policy. And as I had just started my last year in high school my parents wanted me to actually graduate with good marks and go to university, which seemed useless to me. But that all changed when. Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles , Family , Fashion design 995 Words | 3 Pages. accompanied your mom to buy some stuffs then you couldnt come to the competition that I took last week. Of 1984. Do you know that your coming is really important for Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay . Free Essay Help. me. Dont you realize that? Ami was so sad. Well, I do have sin with you, Mi. But, I have my own reason why I couldnt came lastweek.

Believe me that Ive tried to come, unfortunately God didnt allow me to Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, see you directly on that competition. Sorry.. Denny explained. Free Essay Help. Just tell me the Keynesian Ideas Essay real reasons! I.Ive something to a midsummer demetrius, do at that. 2005 singles , 2006 singles , 2007 singles 2316 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative Essay (Proving Myself to My Dad) My father is a very traditional, conservative, religious man. A product of his time, upbringing, and culture.

Abandoned by his mother, . Keynesian Policy Essay. neglected by uk his father, and raised by an aunt who already had too many children of her own, my father has always had to Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy, fend for himself. From an early age he had to Setting Essay, start working, I was once told by him that in the absence of his father, he looked up to his bosses for a role model. A lot of them were drunks and chauvinist. My father grew around these men, idolizing. 2007 singles , Family , Man 1483 Words | 4 Pages. story ending with: he left and closed the Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy door behind him quietly. 4) Success comes to those who work hard. Do you agree?

5) Strength 1)Why should . In Which Were Successful The Federal Government Was. children help their parents at home? 2) Describe the Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay scene during recess in school 3) Power 4) My life is delivery charge uk, a joy 5) Write a story which begins with: It was a miserable day until the phone rang. 1) An ideal holiday 2) The benefits of saving when you are young. 3) Social networking brings more harm than good. Discuss. 4) Write a story which. Fiction , Novel , The Last Five Years 802 Words | 7 Pages. He Was My Hero My . hero has always been my grandfather.

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A Great Way to free essay help, Care , Children's literature , Early childhood education 1786 Words | 5 Pages. Thumb wrestling federation Regan Lee Block C/D Paolo!! Paolo! My mother said, Paolo what did I say about watching those thumb . wrestling matches come on ma what has thumb wrestling ever done to you said Paolo you know what I finally think your old enough to know. Now Paolo youre Grandfather Enrique you know the man you always see in and Fiscal Policy the old pictures well when he was 22 he was drafted into the TWF, he was better known as rumble because of his monstrous thumb. Night's Demetrius. Anyway he was knocking. Animation Collective , Family , Ice cream 1625 Words | 4 Pages. 4. Does this recipe include a good balance of essential nutrients? Explain your answer.

Yes. This recipe only has 120 calories and includes milk and Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal . cheese which are good for the bones and provide vitamins that are healthy. Free Essay Help. I like to Keynesian Ideas Essay, give my children mac and cheese because its kid friendly and I know they are eating a meal that is healthy for analysis them. Unemployment: And Fiscal Policy Essay. 5. How could the night's dream recipe be altered to include more essential nutrients? This recipe can be made healthier by Ideas Essay substituting the flour noodles. Eating , Essential nutrient , Food 647 Words | 3 Pages. Section: AE4AA Submitted to: Mrs. Elsa Laquindanum Technical Writing My Great Teacher also My Hero . Objective/Purpose: To inspire and a way the federal was encourage many of us, also cheers us up to Keep Looking Forward. Description of Lesson: A teacher (also called a schoolteacher) is a person who provides education for students.

I decided to start my compilation with something meaningful, I entitled it My Great Teacher also My Hero . A simple tribute to her and to them, to our beloved teachers who shows us. Certified teacher , Education , Lesson plan 1101 Words | 4 Pages. Where the and Fiscal Policy Essay Hells My Dad ? Today we are seeing more and a way in which were successful in reforming the federal government more of . our youth engaging in sexual relationships. In these relationships, the Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay use of a condom is rarely used if even discussed. Many teens are involved because they are looking for popularity or to feel wanted by another person. A Midsummer Night's Dream. These types of relationships lead to Unemployment: Keynesian Essay, pregnancy, which leads into charge my topic of Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal, fatherless households. The men are not ready to be settled down or to. Divorce , Family , Father 1644 Words | 4 Pages. Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela, a true hero in this controversial world or just another politician? Was his 27 years of imprisonment for Censorship: on Users . standing up against Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay, his nations government, which did not support human rights, equality and world poverty, something the free essay help country of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Policy, Africa should be proud about?

As disappointing as it might seem, the answer is free essay help, a straight and Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy simple, no. Nelson Mandela, my hero , the man that everyone knows, that conquered black domination in Africa, that healed his countries. 2003 Cricket World Cup , Africa , African National Congress 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Sanela Orucevic English 101 Argument Essay Final Draft 03/01/13 Most people think that age difference between two people that love each . other wont work out delivery because one of the partners is 18 and Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Policy the other is analysis, under age. Age is Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal, nothing but a number and it shouldnt stop people from being together. Age is a problem to people because they think that there is no way the relationship will work out since one person is immature and the other is an adult and a way in which were in reforming the federal was is mature. Age difference between two people. AIDS , Chlamydia infection , Human sexual behavior 1125 Words | 3 Pages. have My tenth birthday The experience I had with my neighbours dogs The love of a mother A memorable tour to Africa The . plain crash I survived Fingerprints at my doorstep Winning the lottery The day robbers snatched my wallet The twins who made my life a living hell The train experience The red carpet welcome When I Got Lost If I Could Go Back in Keynesian Essay Time If I Could Only See One Color My Secret Place My Hero Most Interesting Animal Encounter You Wont Believe I Saw This My Parents. Family , Mother 801 Words | 3 Pages. My Grandfather Amanda Jeffries Mid-Continent University English II January 16, 2013 . It was April 30, 2011.

I was on my way to Wal-Mart with my two boys, Hunter and Harper. Since it was a Saturday morning, we were going to free essay help, spend the Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay day doing some shopping and later on, Hunter and Harper were going to baseball practice. Dominos Delivery Uk. As I was driving down the road, suddenly, I heard the ringtone chiming. Essay , Essays , Family 1985 Words | 7 Pages. of Piraeus, obtain a clean on-board bill of landing market freight prepaid, and forward it along with the invoice to the buyer for payment. The seller also . obtains marine insurance to cover the risk of loss once it passes to the buyer. c) My suggestion for this scenario is Incoterm 2000 ExWorks or EXW. The E Group places minimal responsibility and liability on the seller. Under such an Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas, the Dutch sellers only requirement is to make the goods available at its warehouse and present to delivery, the.

Alternative dispute resolution , Arbitral tribunal , Arbitration 1832 Words | 6 Pages. to love is family. Having somewhere to go is home and having both is Unemployment: and Fiscal, a blessing. My family unlike others is a way in which progressives successful in reforming the federal was, small. We enjoy spending time with . each other and making memories we will cherish forever. My mother had my brother at a very young age but unlike any other teenager at her age she did what she thought it was right which was keeping my brother. Since that day my mother has worked very hard to provide for me and my siblings. A year ago she opened her own hair salon, she loves styling hair and. English-language films , Family , Father 1377 Words | 3 Pages. My Past, Present, and Future Rachelle Barlow PSY 202 Judi Muhammad March 14, 2011 About nine years ago now when I turned . eighteen and received my G.E.D. I was under the impression that a higher education was definitely not an option for Ideas Policy me, and honestly, it wasnt. Due to my knowledge of this, along with the fact that I was hired right away at what was my dream job at the time, I came to the conclusion that I wouldnt ever need or want a higher education; I accepted the fact.

Cashier , Future , Past 2980 Words | 7 Pages. Significant Event in My Life Essay. Vesna Bejdic December 10th, 2010 UNI 101 Final Draft Most Significant Event in My Life Life seems to take many twists and night's dream demetrius turns that . somehow mesh into each other to form a chaotic knot of happenings. All of these occurrences are supposed to Unemployment: Ideas Essay, shape you into a wiser more experienced person. Many people can even pin point the exact moment in their life which was forever changed by a single event. When that event happens it becomes an unforgettable memory for build strength you and teaches you a lesson that becomes. Experience , High school , Sociology 1532 Words | 4 Pages. _____________________________________ Date ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed . final drafts are due on _______________________ at Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal the beginning of the delivery period.

Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Keynesian and Fiscal, Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the hooks from the six choices on side 2. Dont forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends, relationships, house. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. update me in my daily lives, like what is free essay help, happening in the government, education, religions, and Unemployment: Ideas economy or to our social institutions which is analysis of 1984, . the Policy Essay structure of our society. These will also develop my own behavior and free essay help my interaction to other people. I can clearly understand why there are different peoples with different characteristics, ideas, beliefs, principles and values. Unemployment: Ideas Policy. It can also affect me through the influence of the different peoples in a way in reforming was my own environment. It lets me know what is my role as. Better , Institution , Person 1247 Words | 3 Pages.

? Part One: You will read Who Moved My Cheese by Spencer Johnson, MD. This is a very short book with an Ideas Policy Essay, amazing message. Build Strength. Read this book and . write a two page paper in 12pt font, 1 in Ideas Policy margins, double-spaced Times New Roman with the information below. Spelling and grammar are part of this assignment, so make sure you proofread. Part 1: Tell what character you identify with. I want to know why and provide examples to support your answer. Build Strength. Part 2: Tell me why you believe this book has become such. Personal life , Spencer Johnson 1363 Words | 6 Pages. Connecting Information: Having goals is the best way to achieve success in life. Goals are the building blocks to a happy and prosperous life. And Fiscal. C. Thesis . Statement: Over my lifetime I would like to dominos charge uk, achieve many things but there are three main things I would like to Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, accomplish those being: to join the army national guard after my 2 years here at Leeward, to analysis, become a certified accountant, and to Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal, travel the a midsummer dream demetrius world.

II. Unemployment: Keynesian And Fiscal Policy Essay. BODY: A. Paragraph 2 1. Topic Sentence: To join and delivery uk become a member of the army National. Accountant , Army National Guard , Need 819 Words | 5 Pages. My Ambition In Life Essay To Become A C. My ambition in Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay life essay to in which progressives were successful the federal government was, become a collector Free Essays on My Ambition In Life To Become A . Collector for students. Use our papers to help you with yours. My Ambition Become a Collector: exaggeration of your dream and Ideas and Fiscal Policy thoughts of how you want to be in your life. My ambition is to become an IAS officer. Build Strength. Though I. My ambition in life is to Keynesian Ideas Essay, become a teacher.

There are a number of reasons for Internet Setting Regulations my choice. First, about 35 per Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas cent of the of 1984 people in India are illiterate. They are. And Fiscal. Plan essay thirsha Websites. Essay , Writing 1073 Words | 4 Pages. 101 Prof. Progressives Were Successful. Blandford My Space photo essay My space There are many places that I could have used to Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy, describe . myself. Although there are so many I have three that really describe the person I am. One of these pictures may come to free essay help, most people as a surprise.

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Suhail Singh English A Block December 9, 2012 Personal Essay Draft Having grown up in a culture radically different from the one . my parents grew up in, I have had both the privilege and challenge of straddling two different worlds. Born and brought up in the United States, I find myself at ease with and build strength well-integrated into American culture and values. Although I have always been fascinated, and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas deeply in love with, with my land of origin, India, I have been frequently baffled by, and at a way progressives were was odds. A Different World , Amritsar , Harmandir Sahib 911 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jazmyne Turner Lydia Gwyn English 111 N4 February 12th, 2015 Dr. Crumpler motivated to change my career goal into becoming a biomedical . technologist Dr. Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy. Crumpler motivated me to change my career goal into becoming a biomedical technologist.

It all started when was reading an article online for were successful the federal was a black history story for a program at my church on someone famous from the past. So I decided to do some research about Dr. Rebecca Crumpler. Unemployment: And Fiscal Policy. I found an article about Dr. Internet Censorship: Regulations On Users. Crumpler. Although I could had have. African American , Black people , Rebecca Lee Crumpler 1244 Words | 6 Pages.

My Hero In everyone's life there are people who mean a lot to them but,every once in a while someone even more unique comes . along. Someone who you can call a hero . This hero is someone who has made a difference in my life, and Keynesian Policy it is obvious to the people around my family and myself. My hero is my mom and there is definitely no doubt about it. There are many reasons why she is my hero but here are just a few of them. My mom was always there for me when I was feeling down and out. She would. American films , English-language films , Family 462 Words | 2 Pages. recommend CDs by Florence + the Machine, Hawk Nelson and LMFAO. FROM OUR READERS Essay contest: Who do you admire? Our . essay contest winners wrote about a brother who is gay, a mom who works hard and delivery charge an inspiring wife. Letters to Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay, the editor (March April 2012) These are letters we received about stories that appeared in the January February 2012 issue of L.A. Youth.

Essay contest: Who do you admire? My brother was courageous for coming out 1st Place $50 Authors name withheld . 2008 singles , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles , Coming out 2173 Words | 7 Pages. remind me of a hero like Spiderman. Analysis Of 1984. In movie Spiderman, Peter Parker initially used his special power to make money for his retired uncle. . However, after he witnessed his uncles death, he decided to Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas, use his power for protecting civilians in New York. Free Essay Help. Heroes do something special that ordinary people cannot do. From my personal experience, courage does not come from an individuals personality.

It comes from Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay, experience. One person who fits this definition in this definition is a moral hero in Cambodia. Cambodia , Cambodian Civil War , Democratic Kampuchea 1029 Words | 3 Pages. Reflective Essay by a midsummer dream Liam Shortall Visiting Papa It was March 2011, and Unemployment: my Dad and I had just been to pick up . my brand new trombone from the Rath factory in Huddersfield and were heading towards Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital to of 1984, visit my grandfather. He had just had been through quadruple bypass heart surgery at the tender age of 79. My grandfather, or Papa, had been suffering from acute pain in the heart, and severe exhaustion :the daily stroll to the shop had now become an impossible. Anxiety , Coronary artery bypass surgery , Heart 1007 Words | 3 Pages. When my friends asked me to Unemployment: Policy Essay, write again, I decided to start my compilation with something meaningful, a themed . essay for the My Teacher, My Hero theme, contrary to analysis of 1984, last year wherein I had a hard time choosing who to pay tribute to, this year is much different, it was easy and I believe, it is the Ideas and Fiscal Essay most obvious choice.

Everyone has someone to keep them on their own feet as they walk through life. Normally, it would be your parent or friend, but mine is different, I had kept myself intact with the. Far Eastern University , Proposal , Time 809 Words | 2 Pages. Everyone is different this is one of the few things in my life where I have no doubt. And since everyone is different, then his dreams, . ideals and dominos charge uk perspective are different. But everyone in this world there is Ideas Policy Essay, no other perspective than his own. As we try to put a strange place, it only managed to touch the foreign thoughts and feelings, and is quite short. But not every time you try to put in place to someone else, you need to change our mindset and our way of thinking. There is a really a much. Bee Gees , Debut albums , Earth 921 Words | 3 Pages. ? In my view, a hero is someone who you admire.

You may admire them for their achievement, outlooks in life or maybe just . because they are famous. When I think of a hero , I immediately think of someone who is possesses courage, honesty, bravery, selflessness and the will to a way in which progressives successful government, try. With regards to African American history, the names, Martin Luther King, Jr., Rose Parks, W.E.B. Dubois, and Fredrick Douglas usually come to mind. Keynesian Ideas And Fiscal Policy. My hero , however, is a lesser known woman named Harriet Jacobs. She. Abolitionism , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 1242 Words | 3 Pages. to the imaginary friend.

As we grow from children to young adults our heroes change to those more tangible, movie stars or athletes. When we reach . adulthood, the dominos delivery charge uk definition of hero becomes clear and our heroes become those that we love and Unemployment: Ideas Essay can look up to. Build Strength. It took me a while to realize it but my hero is an 83 year old woman. In 1986, at the ripe age of 6, I was given the news that a big storm was coming. Ideas And Fiscal Policy. As a child the news of a big storm frightened me, I was paralyzed by. Apartment , Condominium , Hero 699 Words | 4 Pages. My Essay Hello my name is uk, Tillaeva Dildora and I work at daycare named Ann Kids. This is not . my first year of working with kids, before this preschool, I have worked in and Fiscal Policy Essay variety of dominos delivery uk, different preschools. Here, I work for two years with kids age from Unemployment: Ideas Essay, three and four. I really enjoy working here, because of the kids and the environment of this daycare. Free Essay Help. How my day starts?

This might been your first question, and answer to Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, it is. First I check the night's dream demetrius room, before I let my kids to the class. Health , Hygiene , Occupational safety and Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy health 1776 Words | 8 Pages. A Gift for My Mother The story A Gift for My Mother is a short story written by Viv McDade which deals with a family of three; . A Midsummer Demetrius. a set of parents and their daughter. The mother envies the beautiful houses with hallways and moulded skirting boards on the other side of the railway, and she usually gets angry about the differences between her own family and their property compared to the house on other side of the railway. The mother is a housewife, and the narrator lets the reader get to know this.

Character , Family , Father 969 Words | 3 Pages. Stacey Wilson October 14, 2011 Swrk 251 Social work value essay My mother likes to tell the story of Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Policy, when I was four . years old going to my reading circle. While I was waiting for my reading circle to start, I noticed a baby crying so I picked up toys and started shaking them and a way in which progressives successful in reforming the federal government making the baby smile. For as long as I can remember I have always like to help others, I got enjoyment out of making my friends happy. Whenever one of my friends had a problem I was always there for them, to listen. International Federation of Social Workers , School social worker , Social change 2231 Words | 5 Pages. The person that influences me the most is my dad . Unemployment: Ideas And Fiscal. He is well educated. Dominos Delivery Charge Uk. Also he is very helpful. In addition to that he is Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay, kind. I . want to Censorship: Setting, emulate him when I grow up.

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Forever In My Memories Dear Dad , August 9, 2009 marks the tragic night that you left my life. I had just gone to . bed, after a wonderful day full of birthday wishes. The last time I saw you alive, you had a drunken smile on analysis of 1984 your face and a Heineken bottle in your left hand. Half an hour after I had fallen asleep, mom shouted and banged on my door, awakening me from my slumber. Assuming that she was acting bizarre, I thought nothing of it, as I attempted to fall back asleep. Unemployment: Keynesian Policy. Before I knew it, she.

Debut albums , Eddie Vedder , English-language films 632 Words | 2 Pages. She saw how much they hurt, but how they couldn't change their living standards by themselves. She wrote in her diary: Today I learnt a good lesson. The . life of the poor must be so hard for them. While looking for a home I walked and walked till my arms and legs ache. I though how much they must ache in body and soul, looking for a home, food and health On October 7, 1950, Teresa started her own order, The Missionaries of Charity. Free Essay Help. They strived to love and Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal care for those who nobody was prepared.

Canonization , Heart , Missionaries of Charity 944 Words | 3 Pages. WRITING THE COLLEGE ESSAY PURPOSE OF THE ESSAY Your GPA, class rank, SATI and SATII scores are all important to a college . Free Essay Help. admissions officer in helping to Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas Essay, assess your academic abilities. But they are only dominos delivery charge numbers they have no personality. Unemployment: Ideas And Fiscal. What can make your application stand apart are the personal essays . The college essay will allow an dominos uk, admissions officer to look beyond those numbers and see you as a person. A well-written essay should convey your thoughts, attitudes, personal qualities.

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essays competition Excerpt from Christopher Bates Doob's Sociology an Introduction, 6e. Most athletes just get to collegethey're looking to have a chance to play pros . . . Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay? so they're gonna do whatever they're told by the coaches and administration, and these are the a way in which progressives successful in reforming the federal, ones who are really shaping the person's mind, more so than probably even their parents or anyone else. (Parker 1994, 296) It was a life Rick could not tolerate.

With one year of eligibility and the certainty of Unemployment: Ideas Policy Essay a professional career, he transferred to a small college where he felt playing would be fun again. While young athletes in the crucible of sports competition usually do not drop out, particularly if they are successful, an examination of evidence reveals significant difficulties. In this section we analyze competition as a value in American culture and then focus on competition in sports, considering how this value impacts in organizational activity and people's lives. We also consider future strategies. Competition in American Culture. We begin historically. This country started with unique economic and political conditions giving early business leaders a distinct advantage over their European counterpartsthe opportunity to pursue money-making ventures without rivalry or opposition from an established nobility; location in the New World away from dangerous rivals, making it unnecessary to develop a strong military presence that could have rivaled the capitalists as leaders; no central church that could have created a set of beliefs that might have challenged capitalism for ideological dominance within American culture; a relatively weak central government originating from separate colonial territories and thus unable to rival the analysis, strong, growing capitalist class (Domhoff 1990, 1213; Mills 1956, 1213). These four factors are negatives, focusing on qualities the American culture lacked compared to its European rivals. The absence of these factors cleared the path for what Robin Williams Jr. described as a culture where the values of the business man dominated national life (Williams 1970, 455).

In his famous book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Essay Capitalism, Max Weber (1958) provided a consistent argument, indicating that the build strength, Calvinist distinction between those individuals designated by God to Policy be saved or damned in the afterlife served to Internet Censorship: Setting Essay encourage people to strive for economic success in this world, thereby proving to themselves and Ideas Policy Essay others that they were destined for salvation at the next level. Thus, Weber declared, the American work ethic was rooted in free essay help, a religious fervor, which soon declined as Calvinism lost its hold in the new land. However, at least ideally, Americans were expected to approach work with a sense of moral virtue: They might play tough, but they would play fairby the rules, at least ideally. With this focus on Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay, the importance of work, individuals' worth lay in their accomplishments, not in their intrinsic qualities as people. Charge? By emphasizing results, American culture became more concerned with ends than means, for instance lionizing big-business leaders who engaged in violent, illegal tactics (the Robber Barons) and organized-crime personnel (Williams 1970, 455). Many Americans, in fact, honor and Unemployment: enjoy competition, sometimes brutal competition, and sports seem to build strength be widely considered a prime showcase for Unemployment: Policy Essay it. Sport stars often represent the epitome of Internet Censorship: Setting Essay success on the job, those who have used physical skill, discipline, and often intelligencein recent years we seem to hear more about the latter as a part of big-time sportsto defeat others in Keynesian Ideas Essay, direct individual or team competition. In a world where most of us lead fairly prosaic work lives, these top athletes represent a dramatic contrast.

Some of the year's highest television ratings come for such major sporting events as the Super Bowl and the World Series. The superstars in the most popular American sportsMichael Jordan, Shaquille O'Neal, Charles Barkley, Dan Marino, Deion Sanders, and Ken Griffey Jr.are famous, wealthy, and a way in which were successful the federal widely marketed. Unemployment: Essay? Some middle-class, primarily white mean spend four or five thousand dollars to attend week-long fantasy baseball or basketball camps where they can receive instruction from and associate with their childhood heroes. Let us move beyond a broad conceptualization, however, and analyze how competition actually unfolds in analysis, the sporting world. Competition in American Sport. In examining values, Robin Williams Jr. (1970, 453) observed that the analyst establishes the significance of a given value by assessing the impact it has on its society, both in a general sense and in Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay, terms of particular individuals or groups within the society. Alfie Kohn (1986, 8486) has been more specific, indicating how the value of competition has affected American society through sport.

Kohn suggested that organized American sports have trained participants to accept a goal-oriented model focused on winning through competition. Implementation of the model involves two steps: to establish the organizations that maximally prepare athletes for successful competition and to in which were in reforming the federal prepare the athletes to accept and implement this model. Let us consider social-scientific analysis and research on these two issues. The Goal-Oriented System. Whether college or professional, big-time sports emphasize highly organized, efficient systems. At the professional level, competitive success requires a high level of funding and organization so the and Fiscal Policy, team can sign and integrate top players. Yet while funding is important, sensitivity to organizational effectiveness is critical.

For partially overlapping twenty-year spans, the New York Yankees and the New York Giants had well-financed teams but lacked the management personnel either to choose top-level performers or to pick those who would blend effectively into their current teams. Build Strength? As a result these wealthy organizations produced embarrassingly poor long-term records. In contrast, one might consider the Ideas and Fiscal, dramatic case of the charge, 1995 Houston Rockets, the defending champions of the National Basketball Association. In the midst of the season, the Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal, team was floundering, and top administration realized that if they did not make a trade, their season would be unsuccessful. Ultimately they gambled on an aging but talented guard named Clyde Drexler, whose contribution played a major role in the team's surprise repeat as champions. Of the trade the coach said, [I]f we didn't make it, I don't know if we would have even been in of 1984, the playoffs (Wise 1995, 27). In big-time college sports, administrators and coaches have often cheated to Unemployment: Keynesian Policy promote a successful program. In the 1994 film Blue Chips, the basketball coach realized his only hope to return his team quickly to national prominence was to permit wealthy alumni to bribe top recruits into signing letters of intent committing to his team. Analysis? At the Unemployment: and Fiscal Essay, end of the build strength, film, the coach, whose conscience in true American fashion would not permit him to forsake the rules, confessed his recruiting sins at Policy, a press conference.

In reality, recruiting violations happen frequently. One study of professional football players, for build strength instance, indicated that about a third admitted they had received illegal payments during their college careers (Sack 1991). Within teams the coaches are the bosses. If we are going to win, we must all be following the same plan, the head coach explains. I construct the plan, and Keynesian and Fiscal Essay you guys carry it out. At both the professional and in which successful the federal college levels, coaches vary widely in how much control they impose and how fiercely they impose it. Interestingly some of the most controlling, ferocious coaches are found working with juveniles. Don Sabo, a former college player, indicated that as an Keynesian and Fiscal, 8 year old he went through the initiation rites of having his flesh pricked with thorns until blood was drawn, had hot peppers rubbed into his eyes, and a midsummer demetrius was punched in the gut again and againall to toughen him up and to maximize his development as an animal (Sabo 1995, 228). Sabo noted that in sport systems there prevails intermale dominance, in Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy, which a minority of men dominates the build strength, masses of men (Sabo 1995, 229). The acceptance of Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay pain is analysis, a significant element in the brutalization process.

Athletes are often socialized to live with pain and the risk of injury, conceding that it is the only viable choice if they want to play (Nixon 1993). Unemployment: Ideas And Fiscal Essay? Their coaches encourage them to take the emotional arousalthe insecurity, anger, and even rage they often feel because of painand direct it toward their opponents (Sabo 1995, 229). Free Essay Help? For many coaches, players' introspection is Unemployment: Ideas Policy, hardly a priority. They seem to believe that insightful, balanced athletes are less productive than their animalistic counterparts. Closely related is the ever-present emphasis on violence in sports. To be violent is to dream demetrius be tough and Unemployment: manlythe epitome in a way in which successful in reforming government, many people's minds of the highly competitive athlete. Coaches often find it unseemly to Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay suggest otherwise. Consider the following commentary from two prominent baseball managers, whose teams were engaged in a series of games eleven days after Jim Leyritz of the New York Yankees had been hit in the arm and dominos delivery face with a 96 miles-per-hour fastball thrown by Unemployment: Policy Randy Johnson of the Censorship: Setting Regulations Essay, Seattle Mariners:

I don't tell my pitchers to throw at a hitter, Lou Piniella, the Mariners' manager said before yesterday's game. He smiled. But we don't want batters feeling at home at the plate, either. Do we retaliate? asked Buck Showalter, the Yankee manager. We don't go out Keynesian Essay, with any preconceived ideas. We just respond to dominos uk what the competition brings. In other words, batteror pitcher, as the case may bebeware. How, we need to consider, do such systems affect individual athletes? Pawns in the System? Athletes play roles in their coaches' systems, which obviously vary in Ideas Policy, the demands they make. In systems requiring individuals to a way in which progressives in reforming the federal was play with extensive pain, the Ideas Policy, impact can be numbing, stifling awareness of their bodies and stunting emotional expression (Sabo 1995, 228).

With increasing time in a brutalized system, athletes are likely to night's find that it becomes more and Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay more difficult to free essay help separate a fierce approach to the game from their approach to the rest of life. Playing in a big-time college football system, one athlete noted that. I split more and morethe guy off the Unemployment: Keynesian Policy Essay, field and the guy on the field. And the thing that was scaring me was that the guy that was on night's dream, the field was becoming more and Unemployment: Ideas and Fiscal Essay more the person that I was off the field, too. It started bleeding over. (Parker 1994, 296) Once the transformation process is build strength, initiated, Dr. Jekyll increasingly becomes Mr. Hyde.

In sociological terminology a brutally competitive team setting can brutalize athletes' sense of self. We might wonder whether athletes perform at top levels without becoming brutalized. Certainly some affirmative indications exist. One study of 678 collegiate athletes at Keynesian Ideas Policy Essay, three Division I schools found that most of the athletes were more focused on achieving their personal goals than on winning. One significant finding, which was consistent with other research, indicated that male athletes were more concerned with winning than their female counterparts, who seemed more concentrated on their personal standards of build strength excellence (Weinberg et al. Unemployment: Keynesian And Fiscal Policy Essay? 1993).

Some top athletes set high standards in this regard. For over a decade, Jackie Joyner-Kersee and Heike Drechsler were the two top women long jumpers in the world. In their many meetings, competition was tightvictories measured in half inches and centimetersand yet they never exchanged a cross word or made a negative comment about each other in the press, remaining friendly rivals who chatted and showed each other pictures of their children. Noting that some of the sprinters engage in trash talk, Joyner-Kersee commented, It's a comedy act sometimes. It is entertaining. But I try to charge uk be for real. You can't talk up a gold medal, although some people think you can (Vecsey 1995, B13). Unemployment: Ideas And Fiscal Policy Essay? The idea is to focus on one's own performance, recognizing that competitive jabs at one's opponent are not an effective way to enhance it. As we move toward some action proposals, let us quickly review the substance of this section.

Historically American culture has strongly emphasized the significance of night's work, with competition toward achievement and success integral to that emphasis. In modern times major college and professional sports have been arenas in which the development and glorification of Ideas competition have occurred. We examined the organizational context of sport competition along with the individual athlete's role in such a setting. There appear to be two broad courses of action: I will just mention the analysis of 1984, first and then develop the and Fiscal Policy, second at length. In Reforming The Federal Government Was? First, either because of what they consider the contribution competition makes to Unemployment: Keynesian Policy participants' growth and/or because the value appears so prominent in our cultural tradition, some observers will conclude it would be unwise, impractical, or some combination of of 1984 both to de-emphasize athletic competition. Others who enjoy and value American sports feel that college and professional systems are often destructive for participants and are a negative representation to Unemployment: Policy the society at large. So what can individuals do? We consider several options. The militant opponents of competition might consider widespread replacementthe development of Censorship: games that stress cooperation and Unemployment: Ideas Policy Essay not competition.

For instance, instead of seeking to move one's marbles faster than the opponent, cooperative Chinese checkers involves a coordinated movement of marbles so that both players reach their home sections simultaneously. Cooperative bowling involves the challenging task of charge uk knocking down all ten pins, with each participant taking a turn and contributing at least one pin to the total (Kohn 1986, 94). The problem with the purely cooperative approach is that it represents a clear case of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Essay throwing out the baby with the bath water: To escape competition, opponents discard a lengthy tradition of Western sport. A more practical course of action for free essay help initiating reform seems to be a focus on one's individual performance. Let us consider some of the actions sport practitioners and athletes themselves might pursue. At the Ideas and Fiscal Essay, organizational level, it would be interesting to examine the role of cooperation in free essay help, current competitive sport. Generally American athletes are socialized to consider their opponents as enemies, and from the high-school to the professional levels, newspaper articles that can fuel a heated rivalry are tacked up on team bulletin boards. However, what about exploring cooperative activity between or among teams?

The most institutionalized example appears to be team cycling. In the course of Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy Essay such international events as the Tour de France and the Tour of Italy, the members of different teams engage in temporary alliances to break away from the pack or to catch up with the race leaders. American athletes might find it revealing to Internet Censorship: Regulations Essay analyze what literally is a foreign way of relating to Keynesian Policy Essay opponents during sport contests. Build Strength? Another organizational issue worth studying involves the Unemployment: Keynesian and Fiscal Essay, orientation and style of women's teams. Analysis? As we noted earlier, female athletes tend to be more focused on personal performances than males. It is likely that women's teams are often less brutally competitive and perhaps more cooperative with both their own team members and their opponents than men's teams.

Finally consider the Keynesian Ideas Essay, individual athlete's focus on a way progressives successful the federal was, performance. Speaking from several years of personal experience as a race walker who sometimes enters competitions, I can say that it is a revealing journey in self-discovery to set athletic goals. Why, athletes need to ask themselves, do I want to pursue this sport? What will I get out of it? What, if anything, will I lose by doing it? Friends and perhaps professionals, such as therapists or sport psychologists, can be helpful sounding boards for goal setting. Then there is implementation. Athletes must come to grips with the realities of their livesthe demands on their time and Unemployment: Keynesian Ideas and Fiscal Policy energy as well as their capacity both in training and in build strength, public performance to approximate their goals. How, they can wonder and and Fiscal Policy assess, will they respond to both self-motivated and others' pressure to perform?

The discussion of competition in sport raises many important, stimulating issues. The functions and dysfunctions of competitive sport at both the of 1984, professional and amateur levels. Specific topics involving competition in Unemployment: and Fiscal Policy, sport where sociologists could provide constructive investigation and useful recommendations. Prospects for build strength significant changes within sport systems, ranging from those in primary schools through those at the professional level. Sources: Ira Berkow. Take Me Out to the Beanball Game, New York Times. And Fiscal Policy? (June 11, 1995), sec. Delivery? 8, p. 7; William G. Domhoff.

The Power Elite and the State: How Policy Is Made in and Fiscal Essay, America. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1990; Alfie Kohn. A Midsummer Night's Demetrius? No Contest: The Case Against Competition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986; C. Wright Mills. The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press, 1956; Howard L. Nixon II.

Accepting the Risks of Pain and Injury in Sport: Mediated Cultural Influences on Unemployment: Policy Essay, Playing Hurt, Sociology of Sport Journal. 10 (June 1993), pp. 18396; Kathy B. Parker, 'Has-Beens' and 'Wanna-Bes': Transition Experiences of delivery charge Former Major College Football Players, Sport Psychologist. 8 (September 1994), pp. 287304; Don Sabo. Pigskin, Patriarchy, and Pain. In Paula S. Rothenberg (ed.), Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study, 3rd ed. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995, pp.

22730; Allen L. Sack. The Underground Economy of College Football, Sociology in and Fiscal Policy, Sport Journal. 8 (March 1991), pp. Free Essay Help? 115; George Vecsey. Great Rivals Don't Need Trash Talks, New York Times. And Fiscal? (February 3, 1995), p. In Which In Reforming Government Was? B13; Max Weber. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Keynesian and Fiscal Policy Essay Capitalism. Trans. Talcott Parsons (1930). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1958; Robert Weinberg et al. Goal Setting in Competitive Sport: An Exploratory Investigation of Practices of Collegiate Athletes, Sport Psychologist.

7 (September 1993), pp. 27589; Robin M. Williams Jr. American Society, 3rd ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1970; Mike Wise. Of 1984? The Addition of Drexler Pays Dividends for Rockets, New York Times. (June 10, 1995), pp.